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Jonsson, Linus
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Lindwall, M., Ivarsson, A., Weman Josefsson, K., Jonsson, L., Ntoumanis, N., Patrick, H., . . . Teixeira, P. (2017). Stirring the motivational soup: within-person latent profiles of motivation in exercise. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stirring the motivational soup: within-person latent profiles of motivation in exercise
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, ISSN 1479-5868, E-ISSN 1479-5868, Vol. 14, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The purpose of the present study was to use a person-oriented analytical approach to identify latent motivational profiles, based on the different behavioural regulations for exercise, and to examine differences in satisfaction of basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness) and exercise behaviour across these motivational profiles.

Methods

Two samples, consisting of 1084 and 511 adults respectively, completed exercise-related measures of behavioural regulation and psychological need satisfaction as well as exercise behaviour. Latent profile analyses were used to identify motivational profiles.

Results

Six profiles, representing different combinations of regulations for exercise, were found to best represent data in both samples. Some profiles were found in both samples (e.g., low motivation profile, self-determined motivation profile and self-determined with high introjected regulation profile), whereas others were unique to each sample. In line with the Self-Determination Theory, individuals belonging to more self-determined profiles demonstrated higher scores on need satisfaction.

Conclusions

The results support the notions of motivation being a multidimensional construct and that people have different, sometimes competing, reasons for engaging in exercise. The benefits of using person-oriented analyses to examine within-person interactions of motivation and different regulations are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2017
Keywords
Motivation profile, Person-oriented, Exercise, Need satisfaction, Self-determination
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33075 (URN)10.1186/s12966-017-0464-4 (DOI)000395349900001 ()2-s2.0-85009410594 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (grant number P2015-0050), Centre for Person-Centred Care at Gothenburg University; Halmstad University; Health Technology Centre Halland; Tappa Service AB and the European Regional Development Fund.

Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-16 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Staveborg Kerkelä, E., Jonsson, L., Lindwall, M. & Strand, J. (2015). Individual experiences following a 6-month exercise intervention: A qualitative study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 10, Article ID 26376.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual experiences following a 6-month exercise intervention: A qualitative study
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 26376Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Dropout is a common problem in various exercise interventions. The individual’s experience is believed to greatly impact dropout, yet little is known about the individual experiences of taking part in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to examine individuals’ experiences following a self-determination theory based exercise intervention in order to gain understanding of how standardized interventions can be adjusted to fit individuals’ specific needs, capacities, and circumstances.

Methods: A qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews was conducted with eight informants (three male and five female) aged between 26 and 47 years, whom all had participated in a 6-month exercise intervention with individual coaching based on self-determination theory and motivational interviewing. The interviews were analyzed thematically with an inductive approach.

Results: Aspects that influenced the informants’ motivation and participation in the exercise intervention were linked to three themes: the frames of the intervention, measurable changes, and the individual’s context. The themes present information about the process and to what extent the informants felt that the intervention was adapted to fit their lives and needs.

Conclusions: This study emphasizes the importance of individualizing exercise interventions to support individuals’ diverse capacities and psychological needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Järfälla: Co-Action Publishing, 2015
Keywords
Self-determination theory, inductive approach, thematic analysis, motivational interviewing, dropout, adherence
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29209 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v10.26376 (DOI)000369763700001 ()26282865 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84940426246 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Staveborg Kerkelä, E., Jonsson, L., Lindwall, M. & Strand, J. (2015). Individual experiences following a six month exercise intervention: a qualitative study. In: Edinburgh 2015: ISBNPA: International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity: Advancing Behavior Change Science: 3rd – 6th June 2015: Abstract Book. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA 2015), Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3-6 June, 2015 (pp. 399-399).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual experiences following a six month exercise intervention: a qualitative study
2015 (English)In: Edinburgh 2015: ISBNPA: International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity: Advancing Behavior Change Science: 3rd – 6th June 2015: Abstract Book, 2015, p. 399-399Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose:

Dropout is a common problem invarious exercise interventions. The individual ́s experience is believed to greatly impact dropout, yet little is known about the individual experiences of taking part in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to gain understanding of participants’ personal experiences in relation to participating in an exercise intervention.

Methods:

A qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews was conducted with eight informants (malen= 3; femalen: 5) aged between 26 to 47 years, whom all had participated in a six month exercise intervention with individual coaching based on Self-Determination Theory and Motivational Interviewing. The interviews were analyzed thematically with an inductive approach.

Results/findings:

Aspects that influenced the informants’ participation, motivation and adherence to the exercise intervention could be linked to three themes: For the greater good, Self-awareness: knowing, and The individual’s context. In relation to the themes, it was discussed to what extent the informants felt that the intervention was adapted to fit their specific needs.

Conclusions:

This study highlights the importance of tailoring exercise interventions to better support the individuals’ specific needs.

Keywords
Self-determination theory, inductive approach, thematic analysis, motivational interviewing, dropout, adherence
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28378 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA 2015), Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3-6 June, 2015
Note

Poster no: P1.133

Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Fröberg, A. & Jonsson, L. (2015). Physical Activity and Academic Achievement in a Swedish Elementary School [Letter to the editor]. Journal of School Health, 85(5), 277-278
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical Activity and Academic Achievement in a Swedish Elementary School
2015 (English)In: Journal of School Health, ISSN 0022-4391, E-ISSN 1746-1561, Vol. 85, no 5, p. 277-278Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015
Keywords
Physical Activity, Academic Achievement
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28058 (URN)000352531500001 ()25846305 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84926340353 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Weman-Josefsson, K., Jonsson, L. & Johansson, G. (2014). FaR har stor utvecklingspotential. Läkartidningen, 111(CZ77)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>FaR har stor utvecklingspotential
2014 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 111, no CZ77Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges läkarförbund, 2014
Keywords
FaR, fysisk aktivitet på recept
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27154 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2014-12-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L., Lindwall, M. & Weman-Josefsson, K. A. (2014). Rationale and development of individual counseling based on self-determination theory and motivational interviewing. In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014 (pp. 282-282).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rationale and development of individual counseling based on self-determination theory and motivational interviewing
2014 (English)In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, p. 282-282Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: In a recent published article series in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity a marriage between Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and Motivational Interviewing (MI) was proposed. The purpose of the present paper is to describe the rationale and development of individual counseling, based on the tenets of SDT and techniques drawn from MI, used to promote exercise adherence.

Methods: A review of the literature relevant to the marriage of SDT and MI was conducted, and a counseling approach based on SDT and MI progressed. Guidelines for how to support individuals basic needs in individual counseling and scripts for individual counselling sessions to promote exercise adherence was developed.

Results: To support the individuals need for autonomy, competence and relatedness different techniques and approaches was proposed. The counseling technique is now being tested in a randomized control intervention (intervention group  (n=50), control group (n=50)) to promote regular exercise among healthy, inactive adults.

Conclusions: This paper outlines the rationale and development of individual counseling based on SDT and MI. Although a ‘complete marriage’ between SDT and MI may not be possible, an initial step towards a ‘new’ counseling approach has been made.

National Category
Psychology Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25418 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L. (2014). The role of autonomy and controlling teachers behaviors on pupils needs satisfaction and needs thwarting. In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014 (pp. 325-325).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of autonomy and controlling teachers behaviors on pupils needs satisfaction and needs thwarting
2014 (English)In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, p. 325-325Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Physical Education (PE) can be of importance for increasing pupils’ physical activity (PA) levels, whereas the PE teachers may play an important role in motivating the pupils to engage in PA. Based on the tenets of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), the overall aim of this study is to explore social conditions that satisfies versus thwarts the basic psychological needs of pupils, and in turn impacts well-/ill-being and behavior outcomes in the PE context.

Methods: A set of SDT-based instruments measuring perceived autonomy supportive/controlling teacher behaviors, needs satisfaction/thwarting, motivation, and physical (in)activity will be distributed to about 200 pupils in grades seven to nine.Structural equation modeling will be used to test a proposed working model.

Results: On the one hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as autonomy supportive this will satisfy the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more self-determined motivation and enhanced well-being. Self-determined motivation will in turn predict healthy behaviors, such as PA. On the other hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as controlling this will thwart the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more controlled motivation and greater ill-being. Controlled motivation will in turn predict unhealthy behaviors, such as physical inactivity.

Conclusions: There is a lack of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of controlling teachers’ behavior on pupils’ needs thwarting and ill-being. This knowledge should be considered essential when developing future interventions and educating new PE teachers.

National Category
Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25419 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L. (2014). The role of basic needs satisfaction in the prediction of university students exercise behavior and well-being. In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014 (pp. 374-374).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of basic needs satisfaction in the prediction of university students exercise behavior and well-being
2014 (English)In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, p. 374-374Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Despite the growing body of research supporting the positive effects of exercise on both psychological and physiological well-being, most people do not engage in regular exercise. Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was to examine relationships between basic needs satisfaction, self-efficacy, motivation, exercise behavior and well-being among Swedish university students.

Methods: A set of instruments measuring basic needs satisfaction, barrier self-efficacy, motivation, well-being, and exercise behaviors was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n=260) were men (n=122) and women (n=138) with a mean age of 22. To analyze and process the gathered data, SPSS was used with Pearson’s r and Multiple Regression Analysis.

Results: The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation. Identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover, positive correlations between all the basic needs, strenuous exercise and well-being were shown. No significant correlations between light or moderate exercise and the independent variables appeared.

Conclusions: This study provides further support for Self-Determination Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory. To promote strenuous exercise and well-being among Swedish university students it appears important to create a need supportive exercise environment, where the basic needs can be satisfied.

National Category
Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25420 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L., Weman Josefsson, K., Stambulova, N. & Papaioannou, G. A. (2013). Exploring exercise behavior and well-being of Swedish university students: A self-determination perspective. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring exercise behavior and well-being of Swedish university students: A self-determination perspective
2013 (English)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between motivational profile, self-efficacy, basic needs satisfaction, exercise behavior, and well-being among Swedish university students. A set of the instruments including GLTEQ, SHIS, BPNES, BREQ-2 and BARSE was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n=260) included men (n=122) and women (n=138). For analysis and processing of the gathered data SPSS was used with Pearson’s r and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation, whilst identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover, a regression analysis showed that only competence was a significant predictor for well-being; however, positive correlations were shown between all the basic needs and well-being. Satisfaction of the basic needs seem to result in more self-determined motivation and higher levels of barrier self-efficacy, which in turn increases the number of strenuous exercise sessions per week. Furthermore, satisfaction of the basic needs, especially competence through exercise, appears to be important for university students’ well-being. Strenuous exercise itself may also have the potential to positively influence well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö universitet, Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap, 2013
Keywords
self-determination, exercise, well-being
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-21854 (URN)
Note

Published online April 16, 2013

Funding: Swedish Sports Confederation

Available from: 2013-04-30 Created: 2013-04-30 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, L. (2013). Self-Determination Theory in Practice. In: Jonsson, Linus (Ed.), Book of Abstracts: ENYSSP 9th Workshop: 25-26th October 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden. Paper presented at ENYSSP 9th Annual International Workshop, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 25-26, 2013 (pp. 10-10).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-Determination Theory in Practice
2013 (English)In: Book of Abstracts: ENYSSP 9th Workshop: 25-26th October 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden / [ed] Jonsson, Linus, 2013, p. 10-10Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a growing body of research supporting the positive effects of physical activity and exercise on both psychological and physiological well-being. However, most people do not engage in regular exercise. Moreover, research shows that individuals who initiate a new exercise program drop out within three to six months. This begs the question, how do we get people to start and adhere to a regular exercise regimen?

It is generally accepted that participation in sport will lead to positive outcomes including increased psycho-social development and physical health. However, research shows that sport participation can lead to damaged self-esteem, anxiety, depression, body image concerns, and disordered eating. This begs the question, how do we promote optimal functioning and well-being of athletes in the world of sports?

The purpose of this workshop is to explore how Self-Determination Theory (SDT) can be used in practice to (1) promote physical activity/exercise based on the principles of Autonomy Support and ‘Motivational Interviewing’; (2) promote optimal functioning and well-being of athletes. The workshop will include the following: 1) a brief introduction 2) discussion in smaller groups 3) presentation of the group discussions.

Recommended readings

Bartholomew, K. J. (2011). THE ROLE OF INTERPERSONAL CONTROL AND NEED THWARTING IN THE PREDICTION OF ILL-BEING IN SPORT: A SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY APPROACH. University of Birmingham: Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., & Hagger, M. S. (2009). Effects of an intervention based on self-determination theory on self-reported leisure-time physical activity participation. Psychology and Health, 24(1), 29-48.

Ng, J. Y. Y., Ntoumanis, N., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., Duda, J. L., & Williams, G. C. (2012). Self-Determination Theory Applied to Health Contexts: A Meta-Analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 325-340.

Sarrazin, P. G., Tessier, D. P., Pelletier, L. G., Trouilloud, D. O., & Chanal, J. P. (2006). The effects of teachers’ expectations about students’ motivation on teachers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling behaviors. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 4, 283-301.

Su, Y-L., & Reeve, J. (2011). A Meta-analysis of the Effectiveness of Intervention Programs Designed to Support Autonomy. Educational Psychology Review, 23, 159-188.

National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25191 (URN)
Conference
ENYSSP 9th Annual International Workshop, Gothenburg, Sweden, October 25-26, 2013
Available from: 2014-04-29 Created: 2014-04-29 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
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