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Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D., Kronholm, J. & Persson, K. M. (2016). Promoting innovation through a virtual incubator model: The Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN). In: Academy of Management: Proceedings. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM), Anaheim, California, United States, August 5-9, 2016. New York: Academy of Management, Article ID 16798.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting innovation through a virtual incubator model: The Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN)
2016 (English)In: Academy of Management: Proceedings, New York: Academy of Management , 2016, article id 16798Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this study we explore and analyse a virtual network-centred incubator model called the Water Innovation Accelerator (WIN). The incubator model has been designed and implemented in Sweden to enable and orchestrate water-related innovative solutions by connecting different players via organized networks. Framed by theory and research on open innovation, incubation models, and entrepreneurial networks we provide an overview of the overall design, management and organization of WIN. We also analyse and assess the working and performance of WIN with respect to its purpose to aid the development and market uptake of water related innovative solutions via its entrepreneurial network. Our findings offer theoretical and empirical insights to researchers, policy makers and incubation managers that may aid current and future efforts to accelerate water innovation. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Academy of Management, 2016
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33360 (URN)10.5465/AMBPP.2016.16798abstract (DOI)
Conference
Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM), Anaheim, California, United States, August 5-9, 2016
Note

Meeting Abstract Supplement

Available from: 2017-02-27 Created: 2017-02-27 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Politis, D. & Gabrielsson, J. (2015). Modes of learning and entrepreneurial knowledge. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 18(1), 101-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modes of learning and entrepreneurial knowledge
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 101-122Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examine how entrepreneurs differ in their modes of learning and whether variations in modes of learning have any influence on their possession of entrepreneurial knowledge that increase their ability to recognise and exploit new business opportunities. Based on statistical analysis of 291 entrepreneurs we find that a learning mode that favours exploration is positively associated with the ability to recognise a higher number of business opportunities. A learning mode that favours exploitation is on the other hand negatively associated with the ability to cope with liabilities of newness. Adding to this, we find that the positive association between career experience and entrepreneurial knowledge is stronger with a learning mode that favours exploration. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney: InderScience Publishers, 2015
Keywords
entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial knowledge, innovation, learning, exploration, exploitation, learning modes, business opportunities, opportunity recognition, career experience
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29286 (URN)10.1504/IJIL.2015.070241 (DOI)2-s2.0-84936772088 (Scopus ID)
Note

This paper is a revised and expanded version of a paper entitled ‘Exploration and exploitation as learning strategies among entrepreneurs: associations with entrepreneurial knowledge’ presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, USA, August 2008.

Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-25 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Politis, D., Gabrielsson, J. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2014). Academic entrepreneurship: Multi-level factors associated with female-led incubator projects (1ed.). In: Kate V. Lewis, Colette Henry, Elizabeth J. Gatewood & John Watson (Ed.), Women’s Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century: An International Multi-Level Research Analysis (pp. 32-49). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic entrepreneurship: Multi-level factors associated with female-led incubator projects
2014 (English)In: Women’s Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century: An International Multi-Level Research Analysis / [ed] Kate V. Lewis, Colette Henry, Elizabeth J. Gatewood & John Watson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, 1, p. 32-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter we examine how institutional factors in and around university incubators are associated with the likelihood that a female will engage in the commercialization of university science by championing an incubator project. Our empirical data comes from a unique database consisting of over 1400 venture projects in 19 Swedish incubators that are part of a nationally financed incubator program. Our findings suggest that women’s engagement in academic entrepreneurship is related to a number of institutional factors operating at multiple levels in and around incubators. We find systematic differences related to 1) the proportion of female faculty in senior positions at the associated university, 2) the presence of women on incubator boards; and 3) the technological sector of the project itself. In all, our findings largely support the notion that university incubators can be seen as embedded in gendered structures, where socially and culturally constructed roles and relationships between men and women create imbalances in their prospective career opportunities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014 Edition: 1
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, incubator, innovation, women
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27049 (URN)9781782544609 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-11-15 Created: 2014-11-15 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Voordeckers, W., Van Gils, A., Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D. & Huse, M. (2014). Board structures and board behaviour: A cross-country comparison of privately held SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, 9(2), 197-219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Board structures and board behaviour: A cross-country comparison of privately held SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway
Show others...
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, ISSN 1477-9048, E-ISSN 1741-802X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 197-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examine and compare formal board structures and actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. We integrate and build on ideas from institutional theory and the behavioural theory of the firm to propose that privately held firms have specific governance needs that 'decouple' formal board structures from actual board behaviour. Following this logic, we expect board structures to vary across countries while board behaviour does not. We test this in a cross-country sample of SMEs in Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. The empirical results support the proposition that board structures are largely decoupled from actual board behaviour in privately held SMEs. Overall, the findings imply that it is possible to coordinate and disseminate board development research and practice across countries despite national differences in formal board structures. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney, UK: InderScience Publishers, 2014
Keywords
Board structures, board behaviour, cross-country corporate governance, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway, SMEs, small and medium-sized enterprises, institutional theory, behavioural theory of the firm, board of directors, national differences
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26218 (URN)10.1504/IJBGE.2014.063279 (DOI)2-s2.0-84904692099 (Scopus ID)
Note

This paper is a revised and expanded version of a paper entitled ‘Structures and behaviour: a cross-country comparison of boards of directors in SMEs’ presented at EURAM Annual Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 14–17 May.

Available from: 2014-08-09 Created: 2014-08-09 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2014). Categorization and analysis of academic patents: Developing a framework to examine differences in technology, opportunity and commercialization characteristics (1ed.). In: Andrew C. Corbett, Donald S. Siegel & Jerome A. Katz (Ed.), Academic Entrepreneurship: Creating An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem (pp. 169-195). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Categorization and analysis of academic patents: Developing a framework to examine differences in technology, opportunity and commercialization characteristics
2014 (English)In: Academic Entrepreneurship: Creating An Entrepreneurial Ecosystem / [ed] Andrew C. Corbett, Donald S. Siegel & Jerome A. Katz, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014, 1, p. 169-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There has been a significant rise in the number of patents originating from academic environments. However, current conceptualizations of academic patents provide a largely homogenous approach to define this entrepreneurial form of technology transfer. In this study we develop a novel categorization framework that identifies three subsets of academic patents which are conceptually distinct from each other. By applying the categorization framework on a unique database of Swedish patents we furthermore find support for its usefulness in detecting underlying differences in technology, opportunity, and commercialization characteristics among the three subsets of academic patents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2014 Edition: 1
Series
Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth, ISSN 1074-7540 ; 16
Keywords
Commercialization, inventions, technology, opportunity, patents, university
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26220 (URN)10.1108/S1074-754020140000016006 (DOI)2-s2.0-84911493513 (Scopus ID)978-1-78350-984-3 (ISBN)978-1-78350-983-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-08-09 Created: 2014-08-09 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Billström, A., Gabrielsson, J. & Politis, D. (2014). Entrepreneurial Networks in University Spin-offs – An Analysis of the External Entrepreneur Model. In: Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter (Ed.), Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research (pp. 136-154). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial Networks in University Spin-offs – An Analysis of the External Entrepreneur Model
2014 (English)In: Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 136-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the study we examine whether external entrepreneurs show differences compared with inventor entrepreneurs in the way they interact and network with others in the start-up process, and – if so – how these differences become manifested in their venturing efforts. The study uses a case study design of four university spin-offs across different industries and development stages originating from a Swedish technical university. In general, our findings emphasize the critical role of incubators for supporting the commercialization and diffusion of technology as they bridge structural holes between research oriented and commercial networks. However, we also find evidence that the external entrepreneur model contains network elements that on the whole makes it more effective in the venturing process. As such, the external entrepreneur model seems to be a highly potent technology transfer mechanism with potential to orchestrate efforts to commercialize public research for the benefit of industry and broader society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial networks, external entrepreneurs, university spin-offs
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26251 (URN)10.4337/9781783478774.00014 (DOI)978-1783478767 (ISBN)987-1783478774 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

This research was conducted within the Linnaeus research program 'Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Creation – Dynamics in Globalising Learning Economies', financed by the Swedish Research Council.

Available from: 2014-08-15 Created: 2014-08-15 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2014). Entrepreneurship and technological innovation: The influence of uncertainty and entrepreneurial ability on innovation speed in new technology start-ups. In: Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter (Ed.), Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research (pp. 116-135). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and technological innovation: The influence of uncertainty and entrepreneurial ability on innovation speed in new technology start-ups
2014 (English)In: Entrepreneurship, People and Organisations: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Robert Blackburn, Frédéric Delmar, Alain Fayolle & Friederike Walter, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 116-135Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the study we develop and test a novel theoretical framework that examine how innovation speed in technology start-ups are influenced by the uncertain character of the technologies and markets that underlie patented inventions. We rely in our framework on previous conceptual and empirical work to distinguish between perceived state, effect and response uncertainty and to hypothesize about their potential differential impact on innovation speed. In addition, our framework also seeks to explain how the ability of the technology entrepreneur to spot and seize new business opportunities influences the uncertainty-speed relationship in start-up settings. We tested our framework and hypotheses on a unique and comprehensive dataset with detailed information about patented inventions commercialized in start-ups by independent technology entrepreneurs in Sweden. Overall, our results show the value and importance of distinguishing between different kinds of perceived uncertainty when theorizing about the process of developing and commercializing patented inventions in new technology start-ups. Moreover, our empirical findings suggest that the ability to spot and seize new business opportunities can be both an asset and a liability in this process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial ability, innovation speed, new technology, start- ups, technological innovation, uncertainty
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26250 (URN)10.4337/9781783478774.00013 (DOI)9781783478767 (ISBN)9871783478774 (ISBN)
Projects
The Multiplicative Relationship and Effects of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-08-15 Created: 2014-08-15 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, J., Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. & Politis, D. (2014). Sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship: A study of rapidly growing firms in the Scania region. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 15(1), 29-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship: A study of rapidly growing firms in the Scania region
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of high-growth entrepreneurship is widely acknowledged. Previous studies, however, have shown that only a few rapidly growing firms manage to sustain their growth trajectory over long periods. This paper addresses high-growth entrepreneurship in the Scania region of Sweden. The authors analyse a sample of high-growth firms and find that only a minority exhibit sustained high growth. They also compare sustainable high-growth firms with temporary high-growth firms, using unique data about their innovation and R&D activities. The analysis shows that sustainable high-growth firms are more often involved in activities aimed at developing and improving existing production processes, and are also less committed to international operations in new foreign markets. The results can be used to advise policy makers on how to understand and support high-growth entrepreneurship in regional innovation systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: IP Publishing Ltd, 2014
Keywords
Foreign markets, gazelles, high-growth entrepreneurship, innovation, R&D, sustainable high growth
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26276 (URN)10.5367/ijei.2014.0138 (DOI)2-s2.0-84894486022 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-08-23 Created: 2014-08-23 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2013). Patents and entrepreneurship: The impact of opportunity, motivation and ability. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 19(2), 142-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patents and entrepreneurship: The impact of opportunity, motivation and ability
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 142-166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examine individual patent holders and the fate of their inventions. A unique database consisting of over 800 private individuals who have obtained decision rights over a new technology in Sweden is used to analyse how opportunity and individual level characteristics are related to the likelihood that patented inventions are commercialised in a new or existing small firm. Our findings show that the likelihood that patent holders commercialise inventions through such an entrepreneurial mode is influenced by opportunity novelty and the perceived entrepreneurial ability of the individual. © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney: InderScience Publishers, 2013
Keywords
patents, entrepreneurship, start-ups, small firms, technological opportunity, motivation, ability, technology commercialisation, exploitation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26123 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2013.054961 (DOI)2-s2.0-84879675773 (Scopus ID)
Projects
The Multiplicative Relationship and Effects of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

This article is a revised and expanded version of a paper entitled 'Patents and modes of commercialization: a study of the individual-opportunity nexus in technology settings' presented at RENT XXV Conference, Bodø, Norway, 16–18 Novemebr 2011.

Available from: 2014-07-13 Created: 2014-07-13 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Gabrielsson, J., Politis, D. & Oxana, S. (2012). Early-stage finance and the role of external entrepreneurs in the commercialization of university-generated knowledge. Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, 14(2-3), 175-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early-stage finance and the role of external entrepreneurs in the commercialization of university-generated knowledge
2012 (English)In: Venture Capital: an International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, ISSN 1369-1066, E-ISSN 1464-5343, Vol. 14, no 2-3, p. 175-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The past decade has seen a plethora of policy initiatives that seek to bridge the chasm between investments in public R&D and its effective diffusion in society. This article uses a case study approach to explore and contrast the effectiveness of different entrepreneur models in financing and developing university spin-offs (USOs). The distinction between different entrepreneur models is based on whether the USOs are championed by university employees that seek to commercialize their own inventions or by external entrepreneurs who are not the original inventors but with acquired rights to develop and commercialize technology originating from university research. Our analysis show that external entrepreneurs have a different mind-set that makes them better equipped to deal with opportunities and obstacles related to financing and developing USOs. However, the development paths of USOs are embedded in a more complex web of path-dependent interactions, where the championship of the USO becomes interwoven with existing and emerging social relationships and opportunities, and challenges related to the technology that is commercialized. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2012
Keywords
academic entrepreneurship, early-stage finance, external entrepreneurs, high-technology, public R&D, university spin-offs
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20218 (URN)10.1080/13691066.2012.667905 (DOI)2-s2.0-84859708956 (Scopus ID)
Funder
VINNOVASwedish Research Council
Available from: 2012-12-19 Created: 2012-12-19 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5842-8825

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