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Widén, Kristian, Associate ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7585-0718
Publications (10 of 50) Show all publications
Lindgren, J. & Widén, K. (2016). Diffusing BIM – knowledge integration mechanisms and their effects. In: Nebil Achour (Ed.), Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing products and services. Paper presented at CIB World Building Congress 2016, Tampere, Finland, May 30-June 3, 2016 (pp. 832-843). Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diffusing BIM – knowledge integration mechanisms and their effects
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing products and services / [ed] Nebil Achour, Tampere: Tampere University of Technology , 2016, Vol. 5, p. 832-843Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has for a number of years been seen as a systemic inter-organizational innovation that will have great impact on the efficiency of the construction process as a whole. In this study both successful and unsuccessful attempts to diffuse a BIM-service in the construction sector by a building material manufacturer has been studied through multiple data collection methods. Of special interest has been in what ways knowledge has been integrated, i.e. what mechanisms has been used in the case, since it is a key area for diffusion, and this is described and discussed.  Furthermore, the contextual characteristics of the construction sector have been highlighted as influential on diffusion, especially when it comes to areas such as learning, flow of knowledge and feedback loops. Therefore, the context of the different cases and in what ways this affects the knowledge integration process is also described and discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 2016
Series
Tampere University of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering. Construction Management and Economics. Report, ISSN 1797-8904 ; 18
Keywords
Building Information Modelling, Diffusion, Systemic Innovations, Knowledge Integration Mechanisms
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32722 (URN)978-952-15-3745-5 (ISBN)
Conference
CIB World Building Congress 2016, Tampere, Finland, May 30-June 3, 2016
Projects
Innovation processes in the interface between building materials production and construction
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Hjort, B., Petersson, P., Sendabo, T., Ström, K. & Widén, K. (2016). Introduction of sustainable low-cost housing. Experiences from a demonstration project viewed from an innovation diffusion perspective. In: Nebil Achour (Ed.), Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing Products and Services. Paper presented at CIB World Congress 2016, Tampere Hall, Tampere, Finland, May 30-June 3, 2016 (pp. 431-442). Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction of sustainable low-cost housing. Experiences from a demonstration project viewed from an innovation diffusion perspective
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2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the CIB World Building Congress 2016: Volume V - Advancing Products and Services / [ed] Nebil Achour, Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 2016, Vol. 5, p. 431-442Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to describe and analyse, from an innovation diffusion perspective, factors important when using demonstration projects as a tool for introduction of sustainable low cost housing. The study is focused on Ethiopia, a country with big challenges as regards population increase, lack of resources, deforestation, land erosion and a general need for better and sustainable housing, especially in rural areas. The study is furthermore focused on the adobe technology as a more sustainable alternative to the traditional building technology which is very timber consuming. Many attempts have been made to introduce this technology with the use of demonstration buildings. A great part of these attempts have failed, some have been successful. In order to study and discuss important factors in connection with the use of demonstration buildings, a project executed some years ago in southern Ethiopia has been analysed. The study is based on findings collected during and after the erection of these buildings mainly through practical tests, interviews and observations. From a technical point of view this demonstration project was successful. It was possible to develop an appropriate production technology and the result was buildings with a good standard and good function. Experiences up to now indicate a good durability. From an innovation diffusion perspective however the demonstration buildings have not fulfilled their purpose. The impact in the region seems to be very small. The conclusion in the paper is that the reasons behind this failure mainly are: (1) Lack of clear and visible relative advantage in comparison to the traditional building technology. The supply of construction timber in the area in question is still good. (2) Lack of a champion advocating the technology by using the demonstration buildings and thereby giving the message to the society that the technology is valuable and trustworthy. (3) Lack of continuity in the demonstration efforts, as a result of the lack of a champion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampere: Tampere University of Technology, 2016
Series
Tampere University of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering. Construction Management and Economics. Report, ISSN 1797-8904 ; 18
Keywords
innovation diffusion, adobe, demonstration project, sustainability, low-cost
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32723 (URN)978-952-15-3745-5 (ISBN)
Conference
CIB World Congress 2016, Tampere Hall, Tampere, Finland, May 30-June 3, 2016
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Hjort, B., Larsson, B. & Widén, K. (2015). Adoption of a Working Environment Innovation: “Rollout Bar Carpets”. In: Mike Behm & Ciaran McAleenan (Ed.), Proceedings CIB W099 Belfast 2015: . Paper presented at CIB W099 Benefitting Workers and Society through Inherently Safe(r) Construction, 10-11 September 2015, Belfast, Northern Ireland (pp. 417-425). Downpatrick: EEI Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adoption of a Working Environment Innovation: “Rollout Bar Carpets”
2015 (English)In: Proceedings CIB W099 Belfast 2015 / [ed] Mike Behm & Ciaran McAleenan, Downpatrick: EEI Publishing , 2015, p. 417-425Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Work environment problems associated with reinforcement work at constructions sites are often great and difficult. This applies especially to the ergonomic situation. The situation is particularly difficult in connection with reinforcement in horizontal structural elements such as slabs and foundation slabs on the ground, where several of the most difficult load factors occur. Since about 15 years there is an innovation (rollout bar carpets) available on the Swedish market. This innovation can many times be used at these structural elements and gives both time savings and working environmental benefits. Despite this the innovation has been and is adopted rather seldom. The reasons for this have been studied through semi structured interviews with with design-engineers, site-managers, workers and persons working at a reinforcement manufacturing company. The main results from the study are as follows: i) Rollout bar carpets have a potential of improving both work environment and time consumption on site. However, this may not be enough in itself to achieve a general adoption of the technology. ii) The implementation and adoption of innovations in construction may be more complex than the novelty of the innovation may suggest. This is due to the contextual delimitations of a project-based industry and the different roles in the construction process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Downpatrick: EEI Publishing, 2015
Keywords
adoption, innovation, reinforcement work, rollout bar carpets
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27118 (URN)978-1-909854-01-7 (ISBN)
Conference
CIB W099 Benefitting Workers and Society through Inherently Safe(r) Construction, 10-11 September 2015, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Available from: 2015-12-14 Created: 2014-11-25 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Hooper, M. & Widén, K. (2015). BIM Inertia: Contracts & Behaviours. In: Raja R. A. Issa & Svetlana Olbina (Ed.), Building Information Modeling: Applications and Practices (pp. 107-134). Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM Inertia: Contracts & Behaviours
2015 (English)In: Building Information Modeling: Applications and Practices / [ed] Raja R. A. Issa & Svetlana Olbina, Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015, p. 107-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Whilst Building Information Modelling (BIM) promises significant improvements in construction quality and efficiency, current contractual models do not encourage its use; indeed actively inhibit the collaboration at its core. To help bring BIM into the mainstream, it is claimed we need to re-craft existing contractual relationships to facilitate collaborative decision making and to equitably allocate responsibility among construction participants. This chapter looks at the case of Sweden and aims to identify and appraise observed hindrances to BIM collaboration and digital information stewardship. It presents an understanding of the connections between the commercial environment and contractual provisions that regulate the party’s business relationships and the resultant procedural and behavioural phenomena that can be viewed to thwart BIM collaboration and degrade the value or integrity of digital deliverables. The study then, in a more general context, asks what we can learn here that may have wider application through consideration of suitable BIM collaboration support mechanisms that may reduce or remove collaboration barriers, induce open, sharing behaviours and support the creators and users of digital information. Methods employed include a critical review of existing contract forms, synthesized with focus group interviews (FGIs) with representatives from diverse AEC disciplines. Results indicate that a number of systemic difficulties exist that can create an inertia which can be traced through behaviours and circumstances to contractual provisions. An understanding of such difficulties is presented and a consensus emerges on a number of key supporting mechanisms that may better facilitate meaningful early BIM collaboration and oil the wheels of communication without recourse to re-writing the rule-book.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015
Keywords
BIM, Building Information Modelling, Collaboration, Construction documents, Contracts
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30616 (URN)10.1061/9780784413982.ch05 (DOI)9780784479131 (ISBN)978-0-7844-1398-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-03 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Hjort, B. & Widén, K. (2015). Introduction of Sustainable Low-cost Housing in Ethiopia – an Innovation Diffusion Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at 8th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Tampere, Finland, 28 - 29 May, 2015 (pp. 454-460). Amsterdam: Elsevier, 21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction of Sustainable Low-cost Housing in Ethiopia – an Innovation Diffusion Perspective
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As many developing countries, Ethiopia is facing a lot of problems. A high population growth and erosion caused by deforestation can be considered the most serious one. The need for housing is increasing while deforestation causes a lack of sustainable and appropriate timber for construction. A challenge facing the Ethiopian society is thus to give a growing population opportunities to obtain decent, sustainable and affordable housing. One way to achieve this is to use adobe technology, which means that houses are built with sun-dried clay blocks. Used correctly, the adobe technology has many benefits. The main advantages are that the technique is relatively simple, local materials can be used and that timber demand is low. Because of this, the technology also has many advantages from a sustain ability perspective. In Ethiopia, most attempts with the adobe technology have been less successful without lasting impacts. In this paper, the reasons for this are discussed. Six cases where adobe has been used are described an analysed. Many factors have been identified as being important for the diffusion of the technology, i.e., a strong champion, market and risk factors, cultural factors creating stigma and basic training. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015
Series
Procedia Economics and Finance, ISSN 2212-5671 ; 21
Keywords
Adobe, diffusion, innovation, low-cost, sustainability
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29981 (URN)10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00199-9 (DOI)000358679700056 ()
Conference
8th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Tampere, Finland, 28 - 29 May, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-14 Created: 2015-12-08 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Widén, K., Olander, S. & Atkin, B. (2014). Links between Successful Innovation Diffusion and Stakeholder Engagement. Journal of Management in Engineering, 30(5), Article ID 04014018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Links between Successful Innovation Diffusion and Stakeholder Engagement
2014 (English)In: Journal of Management in Engineering, ISSN 0742-597X, E-ISSN 1943-5479, Vol. 30, no 5, article id 04014018Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stakeholders can positively assist or hinder attempts at innovation. Much depends on the nature of their engagement. The stakeholder engagement process can be complex and unpredictable, more so if no strategic plan is put in place or if no systematic thinking is invested in the innovation. Stakeholder engagement in the innovation process in general and innovation diffusion in particular is examined in the context of construction. From a theoretical perspective, analysis of the effect of stakeholders could be expected to help in refining the innovation process so that it produces decisions and outcomes more likely to lead to successful innovation and diffusion. To cover diverse applications from product development to the drafting and implementation of national standards, 19 innovation projects were studied. Through a statistical analysis of stakeholder involvement, based on a Fisher's exact test, it was concluded that a structured process of engagement has to be an integral part of the innovation process. Accordingly, an explicit plan for communication and engagement with identified key stakeholders is necessary ex ante as a condition for successful innovation and diffusion. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014
Keywords
Innovation diffusion, Stakeholder theory, Stakeholder engagement, Construction
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30621 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000214 (DOI)000346340600002 ()2-s2.0-84906244256 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, P. E., Olander, S., Szentes, H. & Widén, K. (2014). Managing short-term efficiency and long-term development through industrialized construction. Construction Management and Economics, 32(1-2), 97-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing short-term efficiency and long-term development through industrialized construction
2014 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 32, no 1-2, p. 97-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a strong need for a productive and innovative infrastructure sector because of its monetary value and importance for the development of a sustainable society. An increased level of industrialization is often proposed as a way to improve efficiency and productivity in construction projects. In prior literature on industrialized construction, there are however neither many studies addressing more long-term aspects of innovation and sustainability nor studies within the infrastructure context. Organizational theory suggests that firms need to be ambidextrous and focus on both long-term exploration of new knowledge and Technologies and short-term exploitation of current knowledge and technologies, in order to achieve sustainable development. Therefore, an investigation of how both short-term exploitative performance objectives and long-term explorative development can be addressed when implementing industrialized construction in infrastructure projects was conducted. A case study consisting of four infrastructure projects shows that the main drivers for increased industrialization are of an exploitative nature, focusing on cost savings and increased productivity through more efficient processes. The main barriers to increased industrialization are however related to both explorative and exploitative activities. Hence, by managing the identified barriers and explicitly addressing both exploitation and exploration, industrialized construction can improve both short-term efficiency and long-term innovation and sustainability. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014
Keywords
efficiency, Ambidexterity, industrialization, infrastructure, sustainability
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30620 (URN)10.1080/01446193.2013.814920 (DOI)2-s2.0-84896542504 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Funding: Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications and the Swedish research council Formas

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
AlNasseri, H. A., Widén, K. & Aulin, R. (2013). Towards a Taxonomy of Planning and Scheduling Methods in the Context of Construction Management. In: Ole Jonny Klakegg, Kari Hovin Kjølle, Cecilie G. Mehaug, Nils O.E. Olsson, Asmamaw T. Shiferaw & Ruth Woods (Ed.), Proceedings from 7th Nordic Conference On Construction Economics And Organisation 2013: Green Urbanisation – Implications For Value Creation. Paper presented at 7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Trondheim, Norway, 12-14 June, 2013 (pp. 570-581). Trondheim: Akademika forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Taxonomy of Planning and Scheduling Methods in the Context of Construction Management
2013 (English)In: Proceedings from 7th Nordic Conference On Construction Economics And Organisation 2013: Green Urbanisation – Implications For Value Creation / [ed] Ole Jonny Klakegg, Kari Hovin Kjølle, Cecilie G. Mehaug, Nils O.E. Olsson, Asmamaw T. Shiferaw & Ruth Woods, Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013, p. 570-581Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Planning and scheduling are considered as one of the most difficult but most important processes from perspectives of project management. These processes involve implementation of a widerange of planning methods used by different organizations with various levels of planning knowledge. The planning methods for scheduling can be classified as traditional methods (e.g. line of balance, Gantt chart and critical path) and modern methods (e.g. last planner and critical chain). Over time these methods had advanced from paper based to computer based. However, some project planners still prefer using the traditional methods despite other new alternatives. Users of those methods have different perspectives about the efficiency and effectiveness of the different planning methods used to manage different projects. Evidences from the secondary data found from extensive literatures have been used to assess the planning and scheduling methods mentioned above. A taxonomy describing each of the method in terms of their theories, key features, application areas, benefits and limitations is presented. The preliminary outcome of this paper may provide a tool to aid organizations in selecting and prioritizing the most appropriate methods to be developed and implemented in planning and scheduling of their projects. It also initializes a theoretical base for more rapid taxonomy studies on the use of different planning and scheduling approaches. As an overall, the present paper reminds practitioners of common ground about its important insights on how such taxonomy studies have potential to make scope of those methods and tools clearer, especially when they compare among them within the same application contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013
Keywords
construction process, planning methods, scheduling, taxonomy, project planners, planning knowledge
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30622 (URN)978-82-321-0273-0 (ISBN)
Conference
7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Trondheim, Norway, 12-14 June, 2013
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Olander, S., Widén, K. & Hansson, B. (2012). Industrialiserat anläggningsbyggande – möjligheter och hinder. In: Produktivitetskommittén (Ed.), Vägar till förbättrad produktivitet och innovationsgrad i anläggningsbranschen: bilagedel : betänkande. D. 2 (pp. 327-356). Stockholm: Fritze
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrialiserat anläggningsbyggande – möjligheter och hinder
2012 (English)In: Vägar till förbättrad produktivitet och innovationsgrad i anläggningsbranschen: bilagedel : betänkande. D. 2 / [ed] Produktivitetskommittén, Stockholm: Fritze , 2012, p. 327-356Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fritze, 2012
Series
Statens offentliga utredningar, ISSN 0375-250X ; 2012:39
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30624 (URN)978-91-38-23745-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Widén, K., Lember, V., Olander, S., Helby Petersen, O. & Scherrer, W. (2012). Institutional reasons for not implementing PPPs in the transport sector. In: Athena Roumboutsos & Nunzia Carbonara (Ed.), COST Action TU1001: Public Private Partnerships in Transport Trends & Theory: 2011 Discussion Papers (pp. 108-121). Bari: Favia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional reasons for not implementing PPPs in the transport sector
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2012 (English)In: COST Action TU1001: Public Private Partnerships in Transport Trends & Theory: 2011 Discussion Papers / [ed] Athena Roumboutsos & Nunzia Carbonara, Bari: Favia , 2012, p. 108-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Italian implementation of PPP has its own features which distinguish it from other models adopted in Europe and in the world. International literature lacks of contributions about the Italian case, while the analyses on this issue in the national literature are not systemic. To fill this gap we aim at characterizing the main features of Italian PPPs, in comparison to the features of such partnerships in Europe and in the world.

Design/methodology/approach – In order to describe the PPP implementation, the paper proposes a theoretical framework describing PPP as it is conceived by international literature.

Findings – A set of factors, like uncertainty on the rules, complex procedures and the lack of private competences  on PPP, hinder the involvement of private operators in PPPs. Consequently, PPP project financing structure is mainly based on public guarantees, even because of scarce utilization of capital markets for funding.

Social implications – Practitioners and scholars can use this framework analysis in order to know strengths and weaknesses of PPP application in their socio-economic context.

Originality/value – The proposed framework represents a useful tool for comparing the application of PPPs among different sectors and different countries. Furthermore, the theoretical framework can be considered a starting point of future research aiming at developing a tool for assessing the expected performance of PPP projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bari: Favia, 2012
Keywords
PPP, Business systems, PPP sceptic countries, public traditions
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30625 (URN)978-1-138-89816-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7585-0718

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