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Wiman, Virginia
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Wiman, V., Lydell, M. & Nyholm, M. (2016). Views of the workplace as a health promotion arena among managers of small companies. Health Education Journal, 75(8), 950-960
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Views of the workplace as a health promotion arena among managers of small companies
2016 (English)In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, no 8, p. 950-960Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Several studies have shown that workplace health promotion leads to better health, increased productivity, as well as reduced absenteeism and presenteeism among employees. The objective of this study was to describe how managers in small companies (10–19 employees) perceive their company as an arena for promoting employees’ health.

Method: A sample of 10 managers (four women) was strategically selected. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with each person. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis focused on both manifest and latent content.

Results: Three main categories emerged from the analysis: the potential to promote employees’ health, responsibility as an employer and the need for external support. An arena for workplace health promotion is created when managers prioritise health at the workplace.

Conclusion: Small companies often lack the knowledge and resources to manage health and safety problems and also have less access to occupational health services. This paper highlights the importance of the views of small company managers as resources for the development of health promotion. © 2016 by Health Education Journal

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2016
Keywords
Health promotion, small companies, Sweden, workplace
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30819 (URN)10.1177/0017896916643355 (DOI)2-s2.0-85000786895 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Wiman, V., Lydell, M. & Nyholm, M. (2012). Workplace health promotion; views from managers of small companies. Paper presented at 5th European Public Health Conference, St Julian's, Malta, 8-10 November, 2012. European Journal of Public Health, 22(Suppl. 2), 129-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workplace health promotion; views from managers of small companies
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, no Suppl. 2, p. 129-129Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Workplace health promotion leads to better health, high morale, increased productivity and reduced absenteeism among employees. The role of leadership is vital when creating strategies for workplace health promotion. Small companies (less than 50 employees) have increased need for health promotion, as they often lack knowledge and resources to manage health and safety problems. Moreover, small companies have less access to occupational health service. The aim of this study was to describe how managers at small companies perceive their company as an arena for health promotion. 

Methods: A sample of ten managers (four females) was strategically selected using maximal variation in terms of branch of industry. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis comprised of both manifest and latent content and triangulation between the authors was used. 

Results: Three main categories emerged from the analysis; sees the workplace as a possible arena, sees the opportunity to promote employees health and sees a need for external support. More in-depth analysis resulted in six subcategories. The latent content of these categories is described by the theme; Health promotion leadership in order to perceive the company as a health promotion arena. A key factor for workplace health promotion was the manager´s view of health promotion as a beneficial factor for the company. Furthermore, the managers expressed that they could promote employees´ health by organizing health promotion activities and promote a positive psychosocial work environment. The findings showed a need for easily accessible external support to assist managers in their work with health promotion. It is essential that the external support contributes with inspiration and knowledge of health promotion activities, for example by highlighting good practice from other small companies. 

Conclusions: Using the manager´s view about the workplace as an arena for promoting health can be a step towards strategies for implementing workplace health promotion. However, for the development of healthy organizations it is necessary to have a comprehensive strategy in which employers, employees and society is pursuing the same goal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20301 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cks115 (DOI)000310370400312 ()
Conference
5th European Public Health Conference, St Julian's, Malta, 8-10 November, 2012
Note

Poster

Available from: 2013-01-14 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
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