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Cregård, A., Berntson, E. & Tengblad, S. (Eds.). (2018). Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet. Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet
2018 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018. p. 219
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38588 (URN)978-91-27-82254-2 (ISBN)978-91-27-82429-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A. & Eriksson, N. (2018). Chefskap i professionella organisationer: Läkare som chefer. In: Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad (Ed.), Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet (pp. 71-84). Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chefskap i professionella organisationer: Läkare som chefer
2018 (Swedish)In: Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, p. 71-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38590 (URN)978-91-27-82254-2 (ISBN)978-91-27-82429-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A., Berntson, E., Tengblad, S., Andersson, P. & Lindgren, H. (2018). En introduktion till ledarskap och organisatorisk komplexitet. In: Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad (Ed.), Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet (pp. 9-21). Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En introduktion till ledarskap och organisatorisk komplexitet
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2018 (Swedish)In: Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, p. 9-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38589 (URN)978-91-27-82429-4 (ISBN)978-91-27-82254-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A. (2018). Inter-occupational cooperation and boundary work in the hospital setting. Journal of Health Organisation & Management, 32(5), 658-673
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter-occupational cooperation and boundary work in the hospital setting
2018 (English)In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 658-673Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to add a little piece to the research on boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation by addressing two questions: how do actors perform boundary work in an inter-occupational cooperation project that seeks to improve the personnel health work in a hospital setting? What impact does the boundary work have on such cooperation in the personnel health project?

Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on individual, in-depth interviews and participative observations of focus group discussions conducted at a regional municipal organization in Sweden. Respondents are hospital line managers, experts and strategists in the HR departments, and experts from the internal occupational health service.

Findings: The concepts on boundary work, which include closing/opening boundary strategies, provide the framework for the empirical illustrations. The cooperation runs smoothly in the rehabilitation work because of an agreed upon process in which the professionals’ jurisdictions are preserved through closing strategies. Illness prevention and health promotion are not areas of inter-occupational cooperation because the stronger actors use closing strategies. While the weaker actors, who try to cooperate, use opening boundary strategies in these areas, they are excluded or marginalized.

Research limitations/implications: The empirical investigation concerns one cooperation project and was completed at one data collection point.

Originality/value: No similar study of boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation in a hospital setting is available despite the frequency of this professional group configuration in practice. A more inclusive concept of professionalism may facilitate the study of boundary work and inter-occupational cooperation among actors with different professional authority. © Emerald Publishing Limited 2018

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Collaboration, Cooperation, Boundary work, Jurisdiction, Occupation, Personnel health
National Category
Public Administration Studies Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38592 (URN)10.1108/JHOM-10-2016-0188 (DOI)000443420800002 ()2-s2.0-85050680926 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A., Forsberg, T. & Berntson, E. (2018). Models for cooperation between line-managers and techno structure experts: creating value and professionalization in local government. In: : . Paper presented at XXII IRSPM Annual Conference 2018, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 11-13 April, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Models for cooperation between line-managers and techno structure experts: creating value and professionalization in local government
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In recent years the number of people working within the techno structure in public sector organizations has increased, for example within human resource, communication, financial control, and general administration, just as Mintzberg (1993) foresaw already in the beginning of the 1980’s[1]. Many of these occupations have initiated a professionalization process, which among other things has resulted in an increased focus on developing the profession itself, strengthening boundaries towards other occupations and functions, and elevating the jurisdiction. For example within local government human resource and communication functions the jurisdictional claim has been transferred from the operative, hands-on work to more strategic work and in partnership with strategic management[2]. The techno structure experts can be described as more professional, more knowledgeable and highly skilled, but also more detached from the everyday work of civil servants and operative managers trying to execute the public organization’s mission, hence creating public value.

Professionalization within the local governments’ techno structure is theoretically interesting. For example there is a matter of gender, since women mostly inhabit the techno structure functions. It is also interesting from a cooperation and boundary work point of view, since different models of cooperation contain different logics of negotiations, conflict and agreements. And cooperation is hard to achieve, since that requires actual prioritization and redistribution of resources[3]. In this study our aim is to develop knowledge on cooperation models between the techno structure experts and line-managers in order to create sustainable and healthy organizing that can foster public value creation. Following Zhou, et al.[4] inter-occupational cooperation is defined here as working together across boundaries in order to achieve common goals, emphasizing the multi-actor and multi-occupational relationships.

In order to investigate the content and effects of different models of cooperation we have conducted case studies in three Swedish local governments, including focus group interviews, survey data and secondary sources. We have also re-analyzed both survey data and interview data from our previous investigations on related issues in local governments.

We present three analytical models of cooperation between line-managers and techno structure experts, derived from the empirical investigation. The three models are built up by different logics, and hence create different levels of value to the public organization and common good on the one hand, and to the different functions and professions involved on the other hand. The models may be used as analytical tools for empirical and normative work for the development of the public organization, but also as a foundation for adding a little piece of the theoretical puzzle of how to create cooperation and value within local government organizations. 

  

[1] Mintzberg, H. (1993). Structure in fives: Designing effective organizations. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 

[2] Condrey, S.E. (2015). Public Human Resource Management: How We Get Where We are Today. Riccucci, N. M. (ed) Public Personnel Management. 1-13. Routledge. 

[3] Ashkenas, R. (2015). There’s a Difference Between Cooperation and Collaboration. Harvard Business Review, April 20, 1-6. 

[4] Zhou, J., et al. (2014). Making collaborators happy: The outcome priming effect in integrative negotiation. Public Personnel Management, 43(3), 290-300.

National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38593 (URN)
Conference
XXII IRSPM Annual Conference 2018, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 11-13 April, 2018
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Tengblad, S., Berntson, E. & Cregård, A. (2018). Organisatorisk komplexitet är också en möjlighet. In: Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad (Ed.), Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet (pp. 183-195). Stockholm: Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisatorisk komplexitet är också en möjlighet
2018 (Swedish)In: Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson & Stefan Tengblad, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, p. 183-195Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38591 (URN)978-91-27-82429-4 (ISBN)978-91-27-82254-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A. & Solli, R. (2018). Top managerial role in transition – or not? Trajectories during 20 years in Swedish local government. In: : . Paper presented at XXII IRSPM Annual Conference 2018, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 11-13 April, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Top managerial role in transition – or not? Trajectories during 20 years in Swedish local government
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The top municipal managers – the CEOs – hold an important role in the Swedish municipalities. He or she is the highest non-politically appointed official, in charge of the administration. Often the position has ensured stability in municipalities with high turnover on politicians and changing political majority, and with the position also comes a comprehensive and professional bureaucracy. The municipal services are extensive in Sweden, and are characterized by high competence, independence from state intervention and a wide-ranging scope. Politics and management usually work close to each other. However, this makes the position of the municipal CEO both influential and difficult, as she or he moves in and between major political issues but always has to be perceived as apolitical and objective. The position is formally unregulated and is often described in terms of understanding and making sense about a golden interface. In this paper we analyze the past, present and the future of Swedish municipal administrative governance based on the perspective of the municipal CEO. We also discuss effects of the development of the role and its performance. We conclude by suggesting how the role - and thus also part of the municipal governance - could develop in the future.

Two theoretical frameworks form the basis of our studies. Institutional theory forms the basis for analyzing path dependencies and change. Theoretical concepts of leadership form the basis for studying the managerial role of the municipal CEO. The framework provides the starting point for our operationalization of questions to a questionnaire sent to all Swedish municipal CEOs every five years for a 20-year period (a total of five times starting in 1995). In addition to the survey data, we use longitudinally collected interview data as well as secondary sources.

Our investigations reveal that the municipal CEO holds his or her position in a shorter period (increased turnover) grows older and the proportion of women is increasing rapidly and steadily. The CEO puts less emphasis on economic crisis management, but puts more emphasis on ensuring compliance with rules, giving politicians advice and planning for regional development with other municipalities’ CEO. Comparing to other countries' corresponding positions, we notice that the Swedish municipal CEO has much in common with Northern Europe's local administrations, but not with Southern Europe's countries or Great Britain. The leadership style is more participatory than authoritative even if this changes slightly over the years. The CEOs describe their role as difficult, especially in relation to the political level. The changes in the role during the investigated 20 years suggest there are at least three trajectories to choose from in the future: 1) to become increasingly political (and perhaps even politically appointed), 2) to be clearly separated from the political level through increased formal regulation, or 3) to support continued informal interpreting of the mystic and undefined golden interface.

National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38594 (URN)
Conference
XXII IRSPM Annual Conference 2018, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 11-13 April, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A., Liff, R. & Wikström, E. (2017). Att arbeta med förebyggande och hälsofrämjande genom samarbete. In: Roy Liff & Ewa Wikström (Ed.), Hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbetsmiljöinsatser genom nya samarbetsformer: (pp. 61-74). Göteborg: Institutet för stressmedicin (ISM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att arbeta med förebyggande och hälsofrämjande genom samarbete
2017 (Swedish)In: Hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbetsmiljöinsatser genom nya samarbetsformer / [ed] Roy Liff & Ewa Wikström, Göteborg: Institutet för stressmedicin (ISM) , 2017, p. 61-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Institutet för stressmedicin (ISM), 2017
Series
ISM-rapport, ISSN 1652-7089 ; 19
Keywords
Samarbete, hälsofrämjande, förebyggande, linjechefer, företagshälsovård
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35826 (URN)978-91-979247-9-5 (ISBN)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-30Bibliographically approved
Cregård, A. & Sobis, I. (2017). Dissemination of Environmental Information and its Effects on Stakeholders’ Decision-Making: A Comparative Study between Swedish and Polish Municipalities. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy, 10(2), 9-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dissemination of Environmental Information and its Effects on Stakeholders’ Decision-Making: A Comparative Study between Swedish and Polish Municipalities
2017 (English)In: NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy, ISSN 1337-9038, E-ISSN 1338-4309, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 9-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to Action Agenda 21, which was adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992, sustainable development is a major objective for local and global development. Economic growth, good living conditions, and protection of the earth’s natural environment are important to all people in the world. This article focuses on one aspect of sustainable development, i.e. on environmental sustainability. Research shows that local government can take a leading position in protecting the natural environment and disseminating information on it among stakeholders. However, our knowledge about the dissemination of environmental information practices among stakeholders is limited. The purpose of this research is to fill a gap in current knowledge, to describe and compare the practical work with dissemination of such information among stakeholders in Swedish and Polish municipalities. The questions to be answered are: What environmental information is collected and produced by the local government? At what stakeholders is such information targeted? and What effects does it have on decision-making by stakeholders in the investigated municipalities? The study is based on state regulations, the homepages of municipal offices, and policy documents, official reports, and semi-structured interviews with key managers responsible for the protection of the natural environment in the studied municipalities. Data were collected from late 2015 to early 2017. This research indicates that dissemination of environmental information has a positive effect on the decision-making of internal stakeholders. In both countries, the municipal authorities follow the EU recommendations, resulting in innovative work and growing environmental awareness among the municipal authorities, the residents, and other stakeholders. Improvement of the natural environment is perceived as “a must” for the future. Nonetheless, especially larger municipalities face challenges because the production and dissemination of environmental information is time-consuming. In the long run, however, surprisingly positive effects on the local protection of the natural environment appear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bratislava: The Network of Institutes and Schools of Public Administration in Central and Eastern Europe, 2017
Keywords
sustainable development, Action Agenda 21, environmental sustainability, environmental information, practical work, dissemination
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36171 (URN)10.1515/nispa-2017-0010 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-26 Created: 2018-01-26 Last updated: 2018-01-30Bibliographically approved
Sobis, I. & Cregård, A. (2017). Dissemination of Sustainability Information and its Effects on Local Sustainable Development. A Comparative Study between the Swedish and Polish Big Cities.. In: : . Paper presented at 25th Annual NISPAcee Conference 2017: Innovation Governance in the Public Sector, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation, May 18-20, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dissemination of Sustainability Information and its Effects on Local Sustainable Development. A Comparative Study between the Swedish and Polish Big Cities.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

According to Action Agenda 21, adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992, sustainable development should be realized as a major objective for local and global development. Economic growth, good living conditions, and protection of the earth's natural environment are very important to all people in the world. Ball et al., 2006; Marcuccio & Steccolini, 2005; Osborne and Ball, 2011; Lodhia et al., 2012 show that local government has a leading position regarding practical work and dissemination of information on sustainability among stakeholders. Schoolars like Wilmhurst & Frost, 2000; Deegan et al., 2002; Steccolini, 2004; Gonzalez and Perez-Chamorro, 2008 share the opinion that research focus mostly on content of information on sustainability, when analysing reports, brochures, or other documents, while knowledge about dissemination process of information on sustainability among stakeholders, and its effects on decision making by local authority is limited. The purpose in this paper is to compare the dissemination process of information on environmental sustainability among stakeholders and to explain its effects on decision making in two countries (Sweden and Poland). We ask: What do we know about the local governments’ practical work with the dissemination of information on environmental sustainablity among stakeholders within the Gothenburg Region in Sweden and the Lodz Region in Poland? What effects do the dissemination of such information have on decision-making by the local authority and on sustainable development in the chosen municipalities? The research is based on semi-structured interviews with key-respondents responsible for sustainable development in four municipalities in each region; homepages and official reports in the chosen municipalities, and state, regional and local regulations.

Our research indicates that the dissemination of information on environmental sustainablity among stakeholders have a positive effect on decision-making by the local authorities and sustainable development in general. The dissemination of such information in Poland is not just bleak imitations of the Swedish municipal work but it is adapted to the Polish context, financial possibilities and local specific needs. In both countries, the local authorities follow the EU:s recommendations rather strictly. In both countries innovative work is observed but also a growing awarnes among the residents and other stakeholders that improvement of sustainable development as “the must” for the future. The bigger municipalities take on greater challenges than the smaller ones. Hence their work is more intense and is a paragon for smaller municipalities. Although the production and dissemination of information on environmental sustainability is time consuming and not always proves useful in the short run, our respondents point out that in the long run, it may give surprisingly positive effects on a local sustainable development and hence, it may contribute to the improvement of global sustainable development.  

Keywords
Sustainability, municipality, Poland, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35838 (URN)
Conference
25th Annual NISPAcee Conference 2017: Innovation Governance in the Public Sector, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation, May 18-20, 2017
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8823-4423

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