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Franck, Alina
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2019). Individual pathways through the junior-to-senior transition: Narratives of two Swedish team sport athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual pathways through the junior-to-senior transition: Narratives of two Swedish team sport athletes
2019 (English)In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Athletes frequently describe the JST as the most difficult within-career transition, and many of them have acknowledged that they failed to cope well with it (e.g., Stambulova, 2009). Athletes’ development in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) is influenced by narratives existing within relevant contexts and settings. This study served as a follow-up to the quantitative longitudinal study to gain a deeper understanding of individual JST paths through a qualitative narrative approach. The aim was to explore two team sport athletes’ (John, the football player, and Anna, the basketball player) JST pathways, emphasizing psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith, 2016) was used. Through their narratives, John and Anna reconstructed their JST paths, attaching meanings to certain events, recounting the people involved, and making personal reflections. John had a performance and family narrative and Anna, an enjoyment and relationship narrative. They perceived their key facilitating persons to be their family members and teammates. The debilitating factors were some coaches’ behaviors. At the time of this study, John and Anna had already terminated their athletic careers and had refocused on getting an education. Although they did not reach elite senior levels in their sports, they found their athletic career meaningful life experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, PA: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
career transition, junior-to-senior, narrative, psychosocial factors, team sports
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39057 (URN)10.1080/10413200.2018.1525625 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-03-19
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2019). The junior to senior transition: A narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(3), 284-298
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The junior to senior transition: A narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes
2019 (English)In: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 284-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There are as many careers with various pathways as there are athletes, and the interest in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) stems from its particular importance for athletes’ lives when aiming for the senior elite levels of their sports (Stambulova 1994, 2009). This study is a follow-up of the quantitative longitudinal study that investigated the JST process in Swedish sport club athletes (Franck et al. 2016a, 2016b). The aim of this study was to explore two athletes’ (pseudonyms Erik, the swimmer, and Jessika, the tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the transition process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the stories were analysed using the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith 2016). The analysis provided a central storyline (performance narrative) that is similar for both athletes, and two side storylines: Erik’s effort and relationship narrative and Jessika’s injury and reorientation narrative. They shared psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating the transition process, including family, coaches and sport club environment. For Erik, the debilitating factors were the negative changes in the group and a poor relationship with the new coach. The debilitating factors that influenced Jessika’s JST were the decrease/loss of financial support and the challenge of facing younger opponents against whom she felt she shouldn’t lose when making a comeback after an injury. After the JST, both Erik and Jessika changed their tracks in life, terminated their athletic careers and focused on pursuing higher education qualifications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
career transition, junior-to-senior, narrative, psychosocial factors, swimming, tennis
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39056 (URN)10.1080/2159676X.2018.1479979 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048360113 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-15 Created: 2019-03-15 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2019). The junior to senior transition: a narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(3), 284-298
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The junior to senior transition: a narrative analysis of the pathways of two Swedish athletes
2019 (English)In: Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, ISSN 2159-676X, E-ISSN 2159-6778, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 284-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There are as many careers with various pathways as there are athletes, and the interest in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) stems from its particular importance for athletes’ lives when aiming for the senior elite levels of their sports (Stambulova 1994, 2009). This study is a follow-up of the quantitative longitudinal study that investigated the JST process in Swedish sport club athletes (Authors et al. 2016a, 2016b). The aim of this study was to explore two athletes’ (pseudonyms Erik, the swimmer, and Jessika, the tennis player) JST transition pathways, emphasising psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating and debilitating the transition process. Narrative type interviews were conducted, and the stories were analysed using the holistic-form structural analysis (Smith 2016). The analysis provided a central storyline (performance narrative) that is similar for both athletes, and two side storylines: Erik’s effort and relationship narrative and Jessika’s injury and reorientation narrative. They shared psychosocial factors that were perceived as facilitating the transition process, including family, coaches and sport club environment. For Erik, the debilitating factors were the negative changes in the group and a poor relationship with the new coach. The debilitating factors that influenced Jessika’s JST were the decrease/loss of financial support and the challenge of facing younger opponents against whom she felt she shouldn’t lose when making a comeback after an injury. After the JST, both Erik and Jessika changed their tracks in life, terminated their athletic careers and focused on pursuing higher education qualifications. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
career transition, junior-to-senior, narrative, psychosocial factors, swimming, tennis
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37877 (URN)10.1080/2159676X.2018.1479979 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048360113 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-02 Created: 2018-09-02 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Franck, A., Stambulova, N. & Ivarsson, A. (2018). Swedish athletes' adjustment patterns in the junior-to-senior transition. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(4), 398-414
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish athletes' adjustment patterns in the junior-to-senior transition
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 398-414Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The specific objectives of this study were: (a) to identify adjustment patterns in the JST based on athletes’ dynamics of adjustment during a two-and-a–half-year period, and (b) to describe the athletes’ demographic, personal and transitional characteristics at the beginning of the JST that were related to the different adjustment patterns. This quantitative longitudinal study consisted of five measurements conducted approximately every six months over a two-and-a-half-year period. One instrument was used to measure the transition variables and three instruments to measure personal characteristics. In the first measurement, 101 club-based Swedish athletes with the mean age of 16.51 (SD = 1.32) took part. The latent profile analysis (LPA) on athletes’ perceived degree of adjustment provided three profiles with different patterns in the JST. Profile 1 had a progressive adjustment pattern, whereas the second profile had a regressive adjustment pattern, and the third profile had a sustainable adjustment pattern. The descriptive statistics and Cohen’s d indicated that there were differences (with variation in magnitude) between the three profiles at the first measurement in terms of how athletes perceived different transitional characteristics. Keeping a primary focus on sport (but also having attention to other spheres of life), high athletic identity and motivation to reach senior level were characteristics relevant for both progressive and sustainable adjustment patterns. © 2016 International Society of Sport Psychology

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
career transition, junior-to-senior, adjustment patterns, longitudinal design
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32255 (URN)10.1080/1612197X.2016.1256339 (DOI)2-s2.0-84996671095 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-21 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-08-21Bibliographically approved
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2017). A Swedish female basketball player’s junior-to-seniortransition: A narrative case study. In: Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson (Ed.), Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: . Paper presented at Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017 (pp. 32-33). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Swedish female basketball player’s junior-to-seniortransition: A narrative case study
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, p. 32-33Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35832 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2017). Social influences on the junior-to-senior transition in Swedish athletes: narrative case studies. In: G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes (Ed.), Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology. Paper presented at The 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology, Sevilla, Spain, July 10-14th, 2017 (pp. 124-124).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social influences on the junior-to-senior transition in Swedish athletes: narrative case studies
2017 (English)In: Sport psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] G. Si, J. Cruz and J.C. Jaenes, 2017, p. 124-124Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The junior-to-senior transition (JST) is decisive for athletes who want to reach the elite/professional sport level. The JST: (a) is initiated by a set of demands relevant to athletic and non-athletic development, (b) lasts between one and four years, and (c) is characterized by athletes’ high dropout rate (Bruner, Munroe-Chandler, & Spink, 2008; Franck, Stambulova, & Weibull, 2016; Stambulova, 2009). This study is a follow up of the quantitative longitudinal study of the JST in Swedish club-based athletes (Franck et al., 2016; Franck, Stambulova, & Ivarsson, in press) and aimed at further qualitative exploration of the JST process emphasizing social influences involved. Four athletes (age M = 24.2, SD = 1.5) representing tennis, swimming, football, and basketball were interviewed. They were encouraged to reflect retrospectively on their JST process using five measurement points of the longitudinal study as an aid to structure their narratives. The interviews lasted for about 90 minutes. Thematic narrative analysis (Smith, 2016) was used to identify themes related to social influences during the JST and their perceived facilitative or debilitative effects. All four JST narratives were unique, however, to structure the results the narratives were pared to represent individual vs. team sport contexts. The results revealed that the social factors facilitating the JST were shared by both sport contexts and included family support, and good relationships with coaches and peers. The debilitating social factors that worked as the JST barriers were more diverse across the sport contexts. These factors covered a lack of sponsors/financial support and the ambiguity of requirements from the sport federations in individual sports, and changes in the structure of the team and selection to a higher level team not being ready for, in team sports. All participants went through the JST, continued a few years after, and then terminated their athletic careers.

Keywords
career transition, social factors, individual sports, team sports
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34642 (URN)
Conference
The 14th ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology, Sevilla, Spain, July 10-14th, 2017
Available from: 2017-07-23 Created: 2017-07-23 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Franck, A., Stambulova, N. & Weibull, F. (2016). Profiles of personal characteristics and relevant pathways in the junior-to-senior transition: A longitudinal study of Swedish athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 47(6), 483-507
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profiles of personal characteristics and relevant pathways in the junior-to-senior transition: A longitudinal study of Swedish athletes
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 483-507Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study the specific foci were as follows: (1) to identify profiles of athletes in the junior-to-senior transition (JST) based on their personal characteristics (athletic identity, self-esteem and goal orientation) and (2) to describe the JST pathways relevant to the profiles. This quantitative longitudinal study included five measurements that were conducted approximately every six months. The following package of four instruments was used: the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993), the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda, 1989), the self-esteem sub-scale from the Physical Self-Perception Profile – Revised (Lindwall, Hagger, & Asci, 2007) and the Transition Monitoring Survey (Stambulova, Franck, & Weibull, 2012). In the first measurement 100 club-based Swedish athletes (73 male and 27 female) with the mean age of 16.51 (SD = 1.32) participated. The Latent Profile Analysis identified three profiles of athletes and several similarities and differences can be seen in the profiles of athletes’ transition pathways. The main findings are: (1) three profiles of personal characteristics associated with different JST transition pathways were identified; (2) athletic identity appeared to be key personal characteristic that influenced the dynamic of adjustment and (3) different styles of coping strategies were associated with different JST pathways. The JST pathways relevant to the profiles are discussed based on the theoretical framework and previous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rome: Edizioni Luigi Pozzi s.r.l., 2016
Keywords
career transition, junior-to-senior, pathways, personal characteristics
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32260 (URN)000393359200001 ()2-s2.0-85013838119 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-21 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Stambulova, N., Engström, C., Franck, A., Linnér, L. & Lindahl, K. (2015). Searching for an optimal balance: Dual career experiences of Swedish adolescent athletes. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 21, 4-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Searching for an optimal balance: Dual career experiences of Swedish adolescent athletes
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 21, p. 4-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The paper presents a national level Swedish project aimed at examining adolescent student-athletes' dual career experiences (including sport, studies, and private life) during their first year at national elite sport schools (Swedish abbreviation RIGs will be used) with a particular focus on development of their athletic and student identities. The developmental model of transitions faced by athletes (Wylleman & Lavallee, 2004) and the athletic career transition model (Stambulova, 2003) served as underlying frameworks.

Design: A longitudinal mixed-method research design was used with autumn-to-spring quantitative and qualitative parts.

Method: Sixteen year old student-athletes, representing 27 sports and 33 RIGs (n = 261 in the first and n = 250 in the second measurement), completed three quantitative instruments. Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 participants.

Results: Results revealed (a) significant changes in the participants' transition/adaptation variables from the first to the second measurement accompanied by rather high perceived quality of adjustment at RIG both at the beginning and at the end of the educational year; (b) significant contributions of the transition variables to the perceived quality of adjustment with personal resources as a key predictor; (c) significantly higher athletic than student identity in both quantitative measurements, but with inter- and intra-individual differences with regard to balancing the two shown by the qualitative data.

Conclusions: The study contributes to deeper understanding of dual career experiences of Swedish adolescent athletes; the authors provide recommendations for psychological dual career support services at RIGs and outline future research in the Swedish dual career model. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Adolescent athletes, athletic identity, dual career, student identity, transition
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27227 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.08.009 (DOI)000362612000002 ()2-s2.0-84941625578 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: The Swedish Sports Confederation (grant #700/10-51)

Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Franck, A. & Stambulova, N. (2015). Swedish junior athletes’ personal profiles in relation to the dynamics of adjustment in the junior-to-senior transition. In: A. Radmann, S. Hedemborg & E. Tsolakidis (Ed.), Book of Abstracts of the 20th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science – 24th - 27th June 2015, Malmö – Sweden: . Paper presented at The 20th Annual Congress of European College of Sport Science, Malmö, Sweden, 24th-27th June, 2015 (pp. 295-295). Malmö: European College of Sport Science (ECSS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish junior athletes’ personal profiles in relation to the dynamics of adjustment in the junior-to-senior transition
2015 (English)In: Book of Abstracts of the 20th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science – 24th - 27th June 2015, Malmö – Sweden / [ed] A. Radmann, S. Hedemborg & E. Tsolakidis, Malmö: European College of Sport Science (ECSS) , 2015, p. 295-295Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

According to previous research, the junior-to-senior transition (JST) is decisive for athletes who want to reach the elite/professional sport level, it lasts for 2-4 years, and is known for its high dropout rate. The longitudinal study of the junior-to-senior transition process in Swedish club-based athletes conducted by the authors involved several lines of data analysis with this presentation focusing on the dynamics of athletes’ junior-to-senior transition adjustment in relation to their personal characteristics. The study had five measurements conducted every six months using several instruments; these instruments measured the athletes’ level of athletic identity, task- and ego orientation, self-esteem and adjustment in the transition process. The latent profile analysis identified three profiles (based on athletes personal characteristics; BIC = 771.11; entropy = 0.87; Parametric Bootstrapped likelihood ratio test = -356.07, p < 0.001). In the profile-1, athletes (34 males and 11 females) were characterized by high athletic identity, self-esteem, task orientation, and the JST motivation; they also had moderately high ego orientation. These athletes perceived to be 72 % adjusted at the first measurement, had a positive progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived to be 83 % adjusted at the senior level. In the profile-2, athletes (30 males and 7 females) perceived themselves to have high self-esteem and the JST motivation, relatively high athletic identity and task orientation complemented by moderate ego orientation. They perceived themselves to be 66 % adjusted at the first measurement, had a positive progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived themselves to be 73% adjusted. In the profile-3 athletes (9 males and 9 females) reported high self-esteem, relatively high task orientation, as well as moderate athletic identity, ego orientation and the JST motivation. These athletes perceived to be 62 % adjusted at the first measurement, had almost no progression through the transition process, and at the fifth measurement perceived themselves to be 64 % adjusted. These findings supported our hypothesis that athletes with different profiles of personal characteristics follow different pathways through the JST process. The JST pathways are going to be explored more in detail with the aim to understand transition variables contributing to the dynamics of perceived adjustment. Further this knowledge can be used in assisting athletes in the JST.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: European College of Sport Science (ECSS), 2015
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29933 (URN)978-91-7104-567-6 (ISBN)
Conference
The 20th Annual Congress of European College of Sport Science, Malmö, Sweden, 24th-27th June, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Franck, A. & Linnér, L. (2013). Athletic and Student Identities of Swedish Adolescent Student-Athletes: Mixed-Method Exploration. In: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China. Paper presented at ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology, July 21-26, 2013, Beijing, China (pp. 153-154). Beijing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Athletic and Student Identities of Swedish Adolescent Student-Athletes: Mixed-Method Exploration
2013 (English)In: Abstracts of the ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology: July 21-26, 2013, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China, Beijing, 2013, p. 153-154Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the project was to explore Swedish adolescent student-athletes’ transition to, and adaptation at, national elite sport schools (NESS) based on the holistic lifespan perspective (Wylleman & Lavallee, 2004) and career transition framework (Stambulova, 2003). Transitional variables (e.g., demands, coping strategies, personal and environmental resources,) covering student athletes’ sport, studies, and private life were studied in line with their athletic and student identities. This presentation will particularly focus on how student-athletes’ dual career experiences affect their athletic and student identities during their first year at NESS. Participants (main sample) were first year student-athletes of 15-16 years old representing different sports and 33 NESS across the country. A longitudinal mixed-method research design was implemented with the first quantitative measurement conducted in autumn (n = 261), and the second measurement in spring (n = 250). Athletic and student identities were measured using the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993) and the Student Identity Measurement Scale (SIMS; Engström & Stambulova, 2010). Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 participants from the main sample two times during the year (autumn and spring). Interview guides were structured in three parts exploring student athletes’ near past (e.g., previous experiences of combining sport, studies and private life or the dual career experiences between the two interviews), present status in the transition (e.g., demands, coping strategies, perception of themselves as students and athletes), and future expectations. The results of both quantitative and qualitative exploration of the student-athletes’ identity issue can be summarized as follows: (1) no significant changes were found in athletic and student identities between the two quantitative measurements, however, athletic identity was significantly higher than student identity in both measurements, (2) interviews confirmed that student-athletes perceived themselves to have higher athletic than student identity but also that inter-individual variations in their perceptions existed, (3) there were intra-individual differences in how student-athletes perceived their self-identities between the first and the second interview, (4) there was a clear message from the interviews that searching for an optimal balance between student and athlete roles and also between athletic and student identities was perceived as a key issue in adjusting to the dual career at NESS. The participants’ narratives will be used to illustrate the complexity of student-athletes’ perception of their athletic and student identities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Beijing: , 2013
Keywords
dual career, identity, longitudinal mix-method design, student-athlete
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32798 (URN)
Conference
ISSP 13th World Congress of Sport Psychology, July 21-26, 2013, Beijing, China
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
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