hh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Håman, L., Prell, H. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2019). Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym. In: : . Paper presented at AIESEP World Congress, AIESEP2019, New York, USA, June 19-22, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fitness gyms have become popular places for physical activity. Several individuals exercise at gyms and an increasing number hire a personal trainer (PT). PTs have an important role in offering advice and exercise programs as well as detecting unhealthy behaviors among their clients. Norms regarding exercise habits in the gyms appear to be strongly gendered, which may influence PTs’ advice. The purpose of this presentation is to describe PTs’ health advice to clients. In total, 19 PTs, nine women and ten men, aged 23 – 47 years were recruited through purposive sampling. An explorative design was employed and seven focus group discussions were carried out. These were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis guided by a gender perspective. The findings suggest that PTs had a gendered health advice approach towards women regarding exercise and diet. The PTs gave reactive health advice especially to women showing unhealthy exercise and eating behaviors in order to correct these unhealthy behaviors. The specific advice involved a) eating more and exercising less, b) focusing on performance rather than appearance and c) avoiding heavy weight lifting. However, the PTs avoided to advise men showing similar unhealthy training and eating behaviors. The PTs also had a transgressive health advice approach. They advised both women and men to a) adopt a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, b) to prioritize and rationalize their exercise and diet and c) to eat a natural diet. The gendered health advice approach might give women and men different opportunities to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Men with unhealthy behaviors might not be supported by the PTs, which adversely can affect men's health. We recommend that gym managers and PT-educators increase their awareness about the importance of providing equal opportunities for women and men to improve their physical fitness and health.

Keywords
diet, exercise, fitness gym, gender, health advice, personal trainer
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39468 (URN)
Conference
AIESEP World Congress, AIESEP2019, New York, USA, June 19-22, 2019
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, P2018-0064
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, E.-C., Haraldsson, K. & Håman, L. (2019). ‘Pulse for learning and health [PuLH]’ in primary school; pupil’s experiences. In: : . Paper presented at AIESEP World Congress, New York, USA, June 19-22, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Pulse for learning and health [PuLH]’ in primary school; pupil’s experiences
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To improve academic performance and health in schoolchildren, the program Pulse for learning and health [PuLH] in Sweden has introduced moderate to vigorous physical activities [MVPA] three times a week (á 30 minutes). The teachers used a child-centered coaching approach, which has the child’s best interests in mind and focused on having fun. The objective of this contribution is to describe what Swedish pupils convey, using their own voices, about their experiences of participating in the school-based program PuLH. We have taken on children’s perspectives in order to be able to understand the children’s own culture. Eight schools in the Region of Jönköping, Sweden, have implemented PuLH. In total, 73 pupils (34 girls, 39 boys, grades 4-9) were recruited through purposive sampling. Thirteen focus group interviews (n=71) and individual interviews (n=2) were carried out. An explorative design was employed, in which data were categorized using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in four major themes, which we classify as ‘promotes academic performance’, ‘promotes a learning school environment’, ‘promotes health and well-being’, and ‘individual and structural barriers’. The pupils stated that they increased their working capacity, the classroom environment became more calm and peaceful, they got more cohesion and new friends, their needs and interest were in focus, they felt more alert and got in a better mood, they increased their physical competence, their habits became healthier and illness decreased. However, some of the pupils revealed individual and structural barriers, which reduced pleasure and motivation to participate in MVPA due to; poor planning and that they felt time pressure, felt uncomfortable showing their bodies and digital challenges. We recommend that schools take pupils’ interests and needs into consideration when planning for and implementing MVPA activities and not use MVPA as a 'quick fix' i.e. to solve complex problems regarding pupil's learning.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39471 (URN)
Conference
AIESEP World Congress, New York, USA, June 19-22, 2019
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Svedberg, P., Nygren, J. M., Källstrand Eriksson, J. & Håman, L. (2019). Utvärdering - Välmående ger Resultat.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utvärdering - Välmående ger Resultat
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 35
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39470 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-09-09
Håman, L., Lindgren, E.-C. & Prell, H. (2017). “If it’s not Iron it’s Iron f*cking biggest Ironman”: personal trainers’s views on health norms, orthorexia and deviant behaviours. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 12(Suppl. 2), Article ID 1364602.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“If it’s not Iron it’s Iron f*cking biggest Ironman”: personal trainers’s views on health norms, orthorexia and deviant behaviours
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no Suppl. 2, article id 1364602Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs’ understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context. Five focus groups with 14 PTs were conducted. These were analysed using interpretative qualitative content analysis and Becker’s model “Kinds of Deviance.” In contrast to PTs’ health norms (practicing balanced behaviours and contributing to well-being), ON was expressed mainly in terms of exercise behaviour and as being excessive and in total control. The PTs maintain that extreme behaviours are legitimized by an aggressive exercise trend in society and that they fear to falsely accuse clients of being pathological. Certain sport contexts (bodybuilding, fitness competitions and elite sports) and specific groups (fitness professionals) contribute to complicating PTs’ negotiations due to a competition, performance and/or profession norm, making it difficult to determine whether or not to intervene. © 2017 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Diet, disordered eating, exercise dependence, fitness culture, focus groups, gym
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34822 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2017.1364602 (DOI)28826371 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Håman, L., Lindgren, E.-C. & Prell, H. (2017). The challenges in responding to unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours among clients: From personal trainers’ views. In: Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson (Ed.), Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: . Paper presented at Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017 (pp. 57-58). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The challenges in responding to unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours among clients: From personal trainers’ views
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, p. 57-58Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017
Keywords
Diet, disordered eating, exercise dependence, fitness culture, focus groups, gym, personal trainers
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36036 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017
Projects
Personliga tränares villkor och förutsättningar
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Håman, L., Barker-Ruchti, N., Patriksson, G. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2016). The framing of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers: A longitudinal qualitative content analysis. Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, 7, 27-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The framing of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers: A longitudinal qualitative content analysis
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 7, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explored and elucidated how orthorexia is framed in Swedish daily newspapers with a focus on characteristics of orthorexia. Key questions include: 1) how do the newspaper articles connect exercise with orthorexia? and 2) what trends in depicting exercise in relation to orthorexia do the newspaper articles represent over time? The method used was a longitudinal qualitative content analysis guided by the framing theory. We analyzed 166 articles published between 1998 and 2013. Our analysis revealed that orthorexia originally was framed as an eating disorder and subsequently included unhealthy exercise. Two trend shifts could be identified: in 2004, exercise was added as an element and in 2013 extreme exercise trends were described to influence the increase of orthorexia. The findings indicate that Swedish newspapers extend Bratman’s definition and depict orthorexia indiscriminately to describe a range of different behavioral characteristics. These results are discussed in terms of the idea of “healthism” and general health trends in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö University, 2016
Keywords
Critical perspective, Dietary regulation, Excessive exercise, Framing theory, Healthism, Media Representations, Sports
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30519 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Håman, L., Barker-Ruchti, N., Patriksson, G. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2015). Orthorexia is framed as exercise dependence in Swedish daily newspapers. In: : . Paper presented at Svensk Beteendevetenskaplig Idrottsforsknings konferens (SVEBI), Växjö, Sverige, 11-12 november, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Orthorexia is framed as exercise dependence in Swedish daily newspapers
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Keywords
Daily newspapers, Disordered eating, Exercise dependence, Framing, Orthorexia Nervosa
National Category
Pedagogy Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30516 (URN)
Conference
Svensk Beteendevetenskaplig Idrottsforsknings konferens (SVEBI), Växjö, Sverige, 11-12 november, 2015
Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Håman, L., Barker Ruchti, N., Patriksson, G. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2015). Orthorexia nervosa: An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 10, Article ID 26799.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Orthorexia nervosa: An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 26799Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia. Key questions were: What aspects of food and eating are related to orthorexia? What role do exercise and sports play in relation to orthorexia? In what ways are orthorexia contextualized? Consequently, the concept of healthism was used to discuss and contextualize orthorexia. The method used was an integrative literature review; the material covered 19 empirical and theoretical articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This review demonstrates a multifaceted nature of orthorexia research; this field has been examined from four different philosophies of science approaches (i.e., empirical-atomistic, empirical-atomistic with elements of empirical-holistic, empirical-holistic, and rational-holistic) on individual, social, and societal levels. The majority of the articles followed an empirical-atomistic approach that focused on orthorexia as an individual issue, which was discussed using healthism. Our analysis indicates a need for (a) more empirical-holistic research that applies interpretive qualitative methods and uses a social perspective of health, e.g., healthism and (b) examining the role of sports and exercise in relation to orthorexia that takes the problematizing of “orthorexic behaviours” within the sports context into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Järfälla: Co-Action Publishing, 2015
Keywords
Disordered eating, Excessive exercise, Food regulation, Health, Healthism, Sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28748 (URN)10.3402/qhw.v10.26799 (DOI)000369764200001 ()26282866 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84940416982 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-23 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Håman (née Eriksson), L., Patriksson, G., Barker-Ruchti, N. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2014). Disordered eating outside the sport setting: Contextualizing representations of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers. In: : . Paper presented at AIESEP (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) World Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 10-13 February, 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disordered eating outside the sport setting: Contextualizing representations of orthorexia nervosa in Swedish daily newspapers
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the late 1990s, Bratman coined the term orthorexia nervosa to mean an unhealthy obsession of only eating healthy foods (Bratman & Knight, 2000). The research is limited and orthorexia has rarely been researched in sport settings (e.g. Eriksson et al., 2008; Segura-García et al., 2012). At this stage, this concept is considered under establishment and negotiation – a process of formation where it is not clear what orthorexia is. How orthorexia is contextualized and represented influences the establishment and understanding of the condition and concept. The aim of this study is to analyze representations of orthorexia in articles printed in Swedish newspapers, with a special view on how the articles refer to sport as a social setting. Notions of healthy and disordered eating are influenced by cultural ideas in society. The language is central in this process as it creates and organizes beliefs about social reality. Perceptions and knowledge about orthorexia are created through, for example, newspaper texts. The material included in this study was limited to national, regional and local Swedish daily newspaper articles published between January 2004 and June 2011. A total of 102 articles were included as they explicitly dealt with orthorexia. The articles were analyzed using a discourse analytical approach through a qualitative content analysis. The articles represented orthorexia in different ways: a) (un)controlled and obsessive patterns of behavior; b) sacrificing social situations; c) an eating disorder in new clothes; d) a painful existence; and e) an invisible problem. Within the last category, the way orthorexia is represented in relation to sport points to how different norms and values apply in and outside this setting. Orthorexia is only considered as disordered eating in non-sport settings. In sport, orthorexic behaviours are considered standard practice. These findings thus further problematize disordered eating in and outside sport settings.

Keywords
Daily newspapers, Disordered eating, Orthorexia nervosa, Sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25018 (URN)
Conference
AIESEP (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) World Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 10-13 February, 2014
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Håman (née Eriksson), L., Barker-Ruchti, N., Patriksson, G. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2014). Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa. In: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise: . Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, Loughborough, United Kingdom, 1-3 September, 2014 (pp. 37-37).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa
2014 (English)In: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 2014, p. 37-37Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fitness center activities have gained popularity. One central role fitness staff members have is to help participants to become or maintain health and fitness. In recent years, a new phenomenon – orthorexia nervosa, which M.D. Bratman coined in the late 1990s – has emerged. He termed orthorexia as "a fixation on eating healthy food". Research has mentioned that participants in sports and fitness activities may be at higher risk of becoming orthorexic. Since the late 1990s, orthorexia has been noticed, also in Swedish newspaper articles. In so doing, the 'condition' has evolved to include fanatic exercise and eating behaviours. Fitness professionals might thus work with individuals that are considered to suffering from orthorexia. The purpose of this presentation is to elucidate and problematize ethical issues that are raised during the research that deals with personal trainers and group fitness instructors talk of health and orthorexia. The material will consist of four focus groups with 18 fitness professionals that work in Swedish fitness centers. It will be carried out as a qualitative study. This study raises ethical issues, including for instance: a) by focusing and giving attention to orthorexia, the study may contribute to categorizing "the problem", as well as enlarge it. This paradoxical situation as the aim is to contribute scientific knowledge that can problematize orthorexia; b) the challenge to manage and balance a critical approach without causing harm (e.g. introduce orthorexia to fitness professionals who might have an erroneous perspective of and/or have little knowledge about orthorexia) (cf. Halse & Honey, 2005).

Keywords
Fitness center, Fitness professionals', Orthorexia, Research ethics
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27186 (URN)
Conference
4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, Loughborough, United Kingdom, 1-3 September, 2014
Available from: 2014-12-08 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9753-3000

Search in DiVA

Show all publications