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Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2019). Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach (1ed.). In: Anna Olofsson & Jens Zinn (Ed.), Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies (pp. 265-286). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach
2019 (English)In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] Anna Olofsson & Jens Zinn, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 1, p. 265-286Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter combines sociological risk research with feminist theory and explorative methodology. This provides a more comprehensive account of the complexity of intersecting social forces at work when social inequalities are (re)produced, as risk is entangled with power assemblages such as gender, class and ethnicity, which together produce positions of privilege and subordination. Using multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) to visualise risk and uncertainty in everyday life, an empirical example demonstrates that risk perceptions are not linear, that they vary by type of risk and that intersectional assemblages capture a level of complexity beyond single categories such as gender, ethnicity or class. © The Authors 2019

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019 Edition: 1
Series
Critical Studies in Risk and Uncertainty, ISSN 2523-7268 ; 3
Keywords
uncertain futures, social change, environmental change, technological change, danger, visual research, observation, critical discourse analysis
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39163 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-95852-1_11 (DOI)978-3-319-95851-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-95852-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-12
Öhman, S., Olofsson, A. & Giritli Nygren, K. (2018). A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden. Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 16(3), 501-516
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden
2018 (English)In: Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, ISSN 1727-0634, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 501-516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article explores the complex patterns of inequality in Sweden from an intersectional standpoint by developing a methodological strategy using data from quantitative national survey material. Intersectionality stands in contrast to the inductive and hypothesis-testing approaches, which tend to reproduce categories as having an essential and stable meaning. It is generally acknowledged that quantitative approaches to intersectionality are rare or in development. Quantitative analyses tend to disregard some of the theoretical cornerstones of intersectionality: in particular, the relational and fluid character of categories. This may be why intersectionality researchers tend to reject quantitative approaches altogether. To address this dilemma, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) is applied as a means of linking objective structures to subjective experiences, and it is argued that this methodology is well suited to detecting and capturing social spaces of privilege and oppression. The result shows that this kind of quantitative approach to intersectional analysis can facilitate the exploration of inequalities and positions of privilege across populations and globally at particular times, as well as contributing to ontological and epistemological perspectives on intersectionality. By exploring what the category is said to describe and how these parts relate to other sub-categories, especially about time and place settings and their intersections, we were able to identify relationships between structures of oppression and subjective experiences at a particular time and in a particular place, which is important in understanding both inequalities and positions of privilege. These analyses not only illuminate the hegemonic structures of power that create subordinated and privileged positions but also help us to theorize the non-linear and stochastic relations between and within these positions. This methodological advance also has important implications for social policy. © 2018 National Research University Higher School of Economics. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Moscow: National Research University "Higher School of Economics", 2018
Keywords
Intersectionality, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), Quantitative intersectional analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39165 (URN)10.17323/727-0634-2018-16-3-501-516 (DOI)000445954700008 ()2-s2.0-85055174575 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Olofsson, A., Pramanik, R. & Öhman, S. (2018). Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our modern society is exposed to multiple hazards and risks. To manage these successfully, it is important to have a good overview of the risks that potentially affect our society and how they are perceived and valued. This pilot study investigated possible ways of mapping and analysing risks that Swedish society and its inhabitants are exposed to and aware of. The aim was to capture complementary perspectives on accidents and crises, and to provide a point of departure for future planning and data collection strategies. To achieve this, previous studies are mapped and critically assessed and an example of a method of analysis is presented. The following questions have guided the work: 1) What methods are currently available to describe risks at a broader societal level? 2) What are the limitations, advantages and disadvantages of these existing methods? 3) Which of these methods are of relevance to Sweden? Summarizing previous studies, the report includes examples of methods, structures and data visualizations for mapping risks nationally or in larger regions. The report analyses 11 types of existing study or report as a source of inspiration and to scope existing gaps for potential improvement. The report makes recommendations for national level risk mapping in a Swedish context, supported by an empirical example.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2018. p. 44
Series
MSB
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39087 (URN)978-91-7383-786-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A., Giritli Nygren, K. & Öhman, S. (2018). Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente. In: Ignacio Rubio Carriquiriborde (Ed.), Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones (pp. 81-99). Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente
2018 (Spanish)In: Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones / [ed] Ignacio Rubio Carriquiriborde, Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2018, p. 81-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2018
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39109 (URN)978-607-30-0577-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-12
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2017). Doing and undoing risk: the mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society. Journal of Risk Research, 20(3), 418-432
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doing and undoing risk: the mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society
2017 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 418-432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper develops the concepts of ‘doing’ and ‘undoing’ risk, a new approach to risk research that echoes the ‘doing gender’ of gender studies. In this way, we combine intersectional and risk theory and apply the new perspective to empirical material. To better explore the doing and undoing, or the performance, of risk, we will refer to practices that simultaneously (re)produce and hide socio-political norms and positions, played out in contemporary, hierarchical relations of power and knowledge. The aim is to develop a theoretical understanding of doing and undoing risk. The study makes use of transcripts from five focus group interviews with men and women, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people of different ages living in Sweden to develop a theory of ‘doing risk’. The doing of risk of our informants takes place within the frame of a hegemonic heteronormativity. The way that risks are perceived and done in everyday life therefore always needs to be read within a frame of prevailing structures of power. This counts for all of us as we are all part of the hegemonic power structures and thereby are both subject to the intersecting doings of risk and performatively reproducing these power structures in practice. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
Keywords
doing risk, inequality, intersectionality, risk theory
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39091 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2015.1088056 (DOI)000393801500007 ()2-s2.0-84945205806 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 344-2011-5104Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation, FO2014-0202
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-12
Öhman, S. (2017). Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 23(1), 1-10, Article ID JESBS.35101.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference
2017 (English)In: Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, E-ISSN 2456-981X, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-10, article id JESBS.35101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of the article is to investigate how experiences of crisis such as accidents, illnesses, violence and natural catastrophes influence perceptions of risk in general. The questions this article poses are whether there are some experiences significant enough to change an individual’s perception not only of the kind of risk experienced but also of other kinds of risks and whether there are certain experiences that are particularly powerful.

Study Design, Place and Duration of Study:The analyses use data from two Swedish national

surveys, ‘Society and Values’, that took the form of mail polls conducted in the winters of 2005 and 2008. Both polls used questionnaires that focus on risk perception, risk communication, risk behavior, experience, and values. The dataset used each year is composed of two representative samples of the Swedish population.

Methodology: The samples consisted of people between the ages of 16 and 75: two national

random samples (n=2000 each) and two random samples of people living in areas with a relatively large population of people with foreign backgrounds (n=750 each). The total number of respondents was 1,472 in 2005 and 951 in 2008.

Results: The results show that previous experience is a strong predictor of higher risk perception even after controlling for gender, origin, income, education and values. Depending on previous experiences of certain hazards and crises, the individual’s perception of risks related to these experiences will vary.

Conclusion: This article has shown that different categories of experiences are powerful to

transfer the feeling of dislike or fear not only to the related risk but also to other kinds of risk. One example is, being the victim of violence increases the level of risk perceived not only for violence but for several lifestyle risks and known risks as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tarakeswar: Sciencedomain international, 2017
Keywords
Previous experience, risk perception, survey results
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39149 (URN)10.9734/JESBS/2017/35101 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A., Öhman, S. & Giritli Nygren, K. (2016). An intersectional risk approach for environmental sociology. Environmental Sociology, 2(4), 346-354
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An intersectional risk approach for environmental sociology
2016 (English)In: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 346-354Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this article is to further develop intersectional perspectives and feminist knowledge in environmental sociology. Environmental sociology has developed a critical theoretical frame with which to describe the social construction of risk, and this article further develops the understanding of the complex multidimensionality of the social relations that shape the lived experience of risk. An analytical and integrating discourse that acknowledges the connectedness of these dimensions and the influence of their interactions on the representation, production and reproduction of risk in society remains an unrealized ambition. Intersectional risk theory shows that risk is constituted and produced in social and geographic spaces, as well as the various power relations that prevail there, and consequently, risk is not only defined and managed differently but also the intersections of privilege and subordination are themselves reproduced through risk management. Using climate risks as a starting point, we propose a perspective for the study of risks that analyses the dynamic, ambiguous character of the doing of risk. Our intent is to investigate how risk discourses are entangled with the doing of class, gender and race, as well as with the differentiation between human and nature. Copyright © 2018 Informa UK Limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
intersectional risk theory, climate change, discourse analysis, doing of risks, human and nature
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39126 (URN)10.1080/23251042.2016.1246086 (DOI)2-s2.0-85050722491 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2016). Everyday places, heterosexist spaces, and risk in contemporary Sweden. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 18(1), 45-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Everyday places, heterosexist spaces, and risk in contemporary Sweden
2016 (English)In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 45-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Subjective feelings of risk are a central feature of everyday life, and evidence shows that people who do not conform to contemporary normative notions are often more exposed to everyday risks than others. Despite this, normative notions are rarely acknowledged as risk objects. By drawing on the theory of ‘doing’ and ‘undoing’ risk, which combines intersectional and risk theory, this study contributes new perspectives on the everyday risks in contemporary society that face people who many would label as being ‘at risk’ – lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. The study consists of five focus group interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people of different ages in Sweden. Findings pinpoint risks and how these are done and un-done in different spheres of interviewees’ lives: the emotional risks prevailing in their private lives; the risk of discrimination at work and in relations with other institutions; and the risk of violence and harassment in public places. These risks are all related to the heteronormative order in which the mere fact of being lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender is perceived as a risk. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
everyday life risk, heterosexism, doing risk, sexuality, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender, Sweden
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39092 (URN)10.1080/13691058.2015.1063814 (DOI)000365596900004 ()26242996 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84948715395 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 344-2011-5104
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (2016). Monster Cows and the Doing of Modern Biotechnology in Sweden: An Intersectional Risk Analysis. Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, 6(4), 186-196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monster Cows and the Doing of Modern Biotechnology in Sweden: An Intersectional Risk Analysis
2016 (English)In: Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, ISSN 2210-8491, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 186-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the aim is to analyse how the insemination of images of a cow is entangled with perceptions of gene technology through the ‘doing’ of risk, nature, periphery and gender in Sweden. Two types of data have been used; the 1996 Eurobarometer survey on public opinion and a corpus of articles from the Swedish daily press. 13.6% of the respondents thought about the Belgian Blue cattle in relation to gene technology. Those who associated to the ‘Belgian Blue’ were more negative to gene technology on a general level, but did not differ from the rest of the sample in their attitudes to the specific applications of gene technology. Only one media article states that Belgian Blue is genetically modified, while 13% mention that the breed has a genetic defect, and almost all of the articles are very negative to the breed. The mass media achieved its most significant effects by (re)creating meanings and frames, frames which the public participated in co-creating and which were sometimes incorporated by the individual into his or her personal understanding of gene technology, in this case, the Belgian Blue as an image of gene technology. The conclusion was that terms like gene technology are so abstract that people have problems in understanding the meaning of the concepts and then turn to easily accessible images for instance in the media.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: Atlantis Press, 2016
Keywords
Intersectional risk theory, Gene technology, Media analysis
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39119 (URN)10.2991/jrarc.2016.6.4.3 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A., Giritli Nygren, K. & Öhman, S. (2016). Samhällets sårbarhet och resiliens: en kritisk begreppsgranskning ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv (1ed.). In: Per Becker, Susann Baez Ullberg (Ed.), Katastrofriskreducering: Perspektiv, praktik, potential (pp. 61-80). Lund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samhällets sårbarhet och resiliens: en kritisk begreppsgranskning ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv
2016 (Swedish)In: Katastrofriskreducering: Perspektiv, praktik, potential / [ed] Per Becker, Susann Baez Ullberg, Lund, 2016, 1, p. 61-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: , 2016 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39107 (URN)9789144106137 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-12
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5355-4280

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