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Berggren, Eva
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Berggren, E. (2017). Researchers as enablers of commercialization at an entrepreneurial university. Journal of Management Development, 36(2), 217-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Researchers as enablers of commercialization at an entrepreneurial university
2017 (English)In: Journal of Management Development, ISSN 0262-1711, E-ISSN 1758-7492, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 217-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to explore and visualize alternative ways – how and by whom – that academic research can come into commercial use. This study in the Swedish context investigates one entrepreneurial university, Chalmers University of Technology. In total, 18 interviews were conducted about researchers' views on commercialization and on how research comes into commercial use.Five propositions are advocated in relation to researchers’ role as enablers of others' commercialization. The concept of “need for utilization” is introduced as the critical explanation for researchers'  readiness to transfer knowledge mainly via alumni to established companies. This study suggests that both universities and policy should acknowledge alternative ways of commercialization of academic research instead of putting all efforts on trying to transform unwilling academic researchers into entrepreneurs. One alternative is to foster ongoing contacts between researchers and alumni, who make commercial use of academic research in established firms. This study furthers the knowledge about researchers’ individual motivation for commercialization, as driven by a “need for utilization.” By showing how researchers enable others commercialization, this study broadens the prevailing focus on researchers' formation of university spin-offs as the essential output from entrepreneurial universities. The results also contribute to understanding the role of alumni in knowledge transfer to existing industry. © 2017 © Emerald Publishing Limited

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2017
Keywords
Academic research, Commercialization, Entrepreneurial university, Alumni, Academic entrepreneurship, University spinn-offs
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33960 (URN)10.1108/JMD-06-2016-0117 (DOI)000397240800006 ()2-s2.0-85012910216 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-09Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S. & Berggren, E. (2016). Born Global or Local? Factors influencing the Internationalization of University Spin-Offs - The Case of Halmstad University. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 296-322
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Born Global or Local? Factors influencing the Internationalization of University Spin-Offs - The Case of Halmstad University
2016 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 296-322Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A wealth of research in the past decades has examined born globals or international new ventures, which are firms that from inception view the whole world as a market and as a source to access resources. Many of these firms build their competitive advantage on high-tech knowledge. However, although many studies have shown how born globals can achieve success if they access resources through their relationships from actors in their networks, few studies have explored the relationship between born globals and universities. Universities are important actors in creating new technology knowledge, and many studies have shown how new firms, or so-called university spin-offs (USOs), are formed around universities. The current study explores why some USOs are successful in their international growth strategy and discusses the factors that influence and facilitate the internationalization process. The study investigates 10 USOs around the newly established Halmstad University in Sweden and finds that universities have a positive effect on firm creation and initial international growth. The regional competence base increases from the establishment of a local university, primarily by strengthening the regional human capital and by increasing university research. This study shows that researcher entrepreneurs’ ventures start as born globals, but that these firms do not continue to grow. Born global business models, per se, do not lead to competitive advantage and successful internationalization. Instead, a strategy built on customer focus and an ability to adapt to different customer demands lead to growth, and the location of growth is dependent on the size of the home market. This study also shows that student entrepreneurship can be a successful growth strategy for USOs focusing on both international and local markets. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016
Keywords
International entrepreneurship, Academic entrepreneurship, Born globals, University spin-offs, Student entrepreneurs, International new ventures
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31974 (URN)10.1007/s10843-016-0182-z (DOI)000408927500003 ()2-s2.0-84978066766 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-10 Created: 2016-09-10 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S. & Berggren, E. (2015). Born Globals and Born Locals originating from University Spin-Offs. In: : . Paper presented at 18th Annual Irish Academy of Management, NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland, September 2-4, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Born Globals and Born Locals originating from University Spin-Offs
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research on firm’s that already from inception see the whole world as a market and/or the whole world as a source to access resources, so called born globals. Many of these firms, build their competitive advantage on high-tech knowledge. Universities have shown to be an important actor, to create technology knowledge, and numerous studies have shown how new firms are created around universities, so called University Spin-offs (USOs). Earlier research has shown that some USOs are successful with their international growth strategies. This study aims to explore why some USOs are successful in their international growth strategy and some are not. 10 USO around the newly established Halmstad University in Sweden is investigated. Both USOs founded be students and researchers are included in the sample. This study shows the positive influence of a university for firm creation and international growth. The regional competence base has increased by the establishment of a local university, primarily by strengthening the regional human capital, but lately also by an increased amount of university research. This study has showed student entrepreneurs more successful in growth and international development than researcher entrepreneurs, which imply that further development of support for student entrepreneurship is fruitful to create international growing firms.

Keywords
University-spinoffs, student entrepreneurs, researcher entrepreneurs, born globals
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29409 (URN)
Conference
18th Annual Irish Academy of Management, NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland, September 2-4, 2015
Available from: 2015-09-08 Created: 2015-09-08 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Berggren, E. (2013). Far from an Ivory tower: Researchers as enablers of commercialization. In: : . Paper presented at Triple Helix 11th International Conference, London, United Kingdom, 8-10 July, 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Far from an Ivory tower: Researchers as enablers of commercialization
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
commercialization, academic research, university entrepreneurship, USOs, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-22955 (URN)
Conference
Triple Helix 11th International Conference, London, United Kingdom, 8-10 July, 2013
Available from: 2013-06-19 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Ulvenblad, P., Berggren, E. & Winborg, J. (2013). The role of entrepreneurship education and start-up experience for handling communication and liability of newness. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 19(2), 187-209
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of entrepreneurship education and start-up experience for handling communication and liability of newness
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 187-209Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The aim of this study is to test the assumption that ability to handle communication and iability of newness (LoN) is enhanced by academic entrepreneurship education and/or previous start-upexperience.

Design/methodology/approach – The data collection includes a questionnaire with a total sample of 392 responding entrepreneurs in Sweden. Statistical analyses are made between entrepreneurs with academic entrepreneurship education respectively previous start-up experience. Findings – The findings show that entrepreneurs with experience from entrepreneurship education report more developed communicative skills in the dimensions of openness as well as adaptation, whereas the dimension of other-orientation is found to be learned by previous start-up experience. When it comes to perceived problems related to LoN the differences between the groups were not as strong as assumed. However, the differences observed imply that also for handling LoN the authors identify a combined effect of possessing start-up experience as well as experience from entrepreneurship education. Consequently, entrepreneurs with experience from both, show in total the most elaborated skills.

Practical implications – One way to improve future entrepreneurship educations is to make students more aware of the mutual profit in a business agreement and how to communicate this in a marketing situation. Another suggestion is to include starting business as a course work.

Originality/value – This study not only meets the call for actual outcome from entrepreneurship educations in terms of changed behaviour but also for interdisciplinary research in the entrepreneurship field in integrating leadership research with focus on communication.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013
Keywords
Entrepreneurship education, Start-up experience, Liability of newness, Communication skills, Entrepreneurialism, Education, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-19376 (URN)10.1108/13552551311310374 (DOI)000211609600005 ()2-s2.0-84874576139 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-08-30 Created: 2012-08-30 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Berggren, E. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2012). Creating an Entreprenurial Region: Two Waves of Academic Spin-offs from Halmstad University. In: Bengt Johannisson & Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand (Ed.), Enacting Regional Dynamics and Entrepreneurship: Bridging the Territorial and Functional Rationales. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating an Entreprenurial Region: Two Waves of Academic Spin-offs from Halmstad University
2012 (English)In: Enacting Regional Dynamics and Entrepreneurship: Bridging the Territorial and Functional Rationales / [ed] Bengt Johannisson & Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand, London: Routledge, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2012
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-17544 (URN)978-0-415-69985-3 (ISBN)0-415-69985-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-04-23 Created: 2012-04-23 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Berggren, E. (2011). The entrepreneurial university's influence on commercialisation of academic research: The illustrative case of Chalmers University of Technology. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 12(4), 429-444
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The entrepreneurial university's influence on commercialisation of academic research: The illustrative case of Chalmers University of Technology
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 429-444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to describe how the development of an entrepreneurial university contributes to the commercialisation of research. This is illustrated with the case of Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. The findings show the importance of early pioneers creating a favourable culture from the very beginning of the university’s existence. It also shows the influence of a few key individuals for the developed best practice in the innovation support system, which is to commercialise research by match-making researchers with complementing competences like entrepreneurship students as well as using alumni.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney: InderScience Publishers, 2011
Keywords
entrepreneurial university, commercialisation of university research, university spin-offs, innovation support system
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5330 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2011.039684 (DOI)2-s2.0-79954568251 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-08-12 Created: 2010-08-12 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Berggren, E. (2010). Linking academic research to entrepreneurs by serendipity or conscious match-making?: A case study of Chalmers University of Technology and the Region of Gothenburg. Paper presented at 8th Interdisciplinary European Conference on Entrepreneurship Research (IECER), 10-12 March, Regensburg, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking academic research to entrepreneurs by serendipity or conscious match-making?: A case study of Chalmers University of Technology and the Region of Gothenburg
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to describe how the development of an entrepreneurial university contributes to the commercialisation of research. This is illustrated with the case of Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. The findings show the importance of early pioneers creating a favourable culture from the very beginning of the university's existence. It also shows the influence of a few key individuals for the developed best practice in the innovation support system, which is to commercialise research by match-making researchers with complementing competences like entrepreneurship students as well as using alumni.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5331 (URN)
Conference
8th Interdisciplinary European Conference on Entrepreneurship Research (IECER), 10-12 March, Regensburg, Germany
Available from: 2010-08-12 Created: 2010-08-12 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. & Berggren, E. (2010). Linking Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Higher Education: A Study of Swedish Schools of Entrepreneurship. In: Ray Oakey, Aard Groen, Gary Cook, Peter Van Der Sijde (Ed.), New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium: (pp. 35-50). Bradford, England: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Higher Education: A Study of Swedish Schools of Entrepreneurship
2010 (English)In: New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium / [ed] Ray Oakey, Aard Groen, Gary Cook, Peter Van Der Sijde, Bradford, England: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010, p. 35-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes entrepreneurship students setting up new firms. It includes a comparison of firms set up by graduates from formal schools of entrepreneurship with graduates from an innovator-entrepreneur program. Based on an empirical sample of almost 300 former entrepreneurship students, the results indicate that an entrepreneurship education influences the entrepreneurial behaviour of students. Especially students who choose to participate in a formal school of entrepreneurship seem to benefit from what they have learnt in order to exploit opportunities and create new firms. The results have implications for universities teaching entrepreneurship, incubator managers, and different kinds of policy makers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bradford, England: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010
Series
New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium, ISSN 1876-0228 ; 8
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5705 (URN)2-s2.0-84858079391 (Scopus ID)978-0-85724-373-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-09-14 Created: 2010-09-14 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved
Berggren, E. & Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å. (2009). Creating an entrepreneurial region: Two waves of academic spin-offs from Halmstad University. European Planning Studies, 17(8), 1171-1189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating an entrepreneurial region: Two waves of academic spin-offs from Halmstad University
2009 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 1171-1189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a Swedish case study of the regional effects of academic spin-offs.It is based on empirical data from Halmstad University and the Halmstad region, on the west coast ofSweden. The Halmstad case functions as an illustration of co-existing territorial and functionalrationales, where a “rurban” lifestyle is combined with an increasingly “pracademic”knowledge. Spillover effects of university research (directly as well as indirectly) in the form ofacademic spin-offs have been traced over time. In doing so, we are able to identify two waves ofacademic entrepreneurship with direct and indirect regional effects. These waves contribute tothe strengthening of the regional entrepreneurship and the attractiveness of the region. Theestablishment and (early) actions of the university can be seen as a stone that was thrown in thewater, causing several waves to appear in the region. Whether these waves will be reinforcedenough to create an entrepreneurial region, or just slowly disappear as rings on the water, alsodepends on the creation of an absorptive capacity and construction of the regional innovationsystem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2009
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-4538 (URN)10.1080/09654310902981037 (DOI)000267667600005 ()2-s2.0-70449435767 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-06-03 Created: 2010-06-03 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
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