hh.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Ivarsson, Andreas
Publications (10 of 92) Show all publications
Li, C., Ivarsson, A., Lam, L. & Sun, J. (2019). Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration, Stress, and Sports Injury among University Athletes: A Four-Wave Prospective Survey. Frontiers in Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration, Stress, and Sports Injury among University Athletes: A Four-Wave Prospective Survey
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

The prevalence of sports injury among athletes is rather high, suggesting the need to better understand the causes of sports injury, including the risk factors, for preventive purposes. Grounded in Basic Psychological Needs Theory (BPNT) and the Model of Stress and Athletic Injury, the aim of this four-wave prospective survey study was to investigate the relationships among basic psychological needs satisfaction and frustration, stress responses, and sports injury. Study variables, including basic psychological need satisfaction/frustration, and perceived stress, were measured using a survey from 112 university athletes at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd months of the study. Sports injury was assessed using a self-report form at the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th months of study. Results of the Bayesian multilevel analysis showed that basic psychological need satisfaction negatively predicted sports injuries, whereas stress was a positive predictor. In addition, basic psychological need satisfaction had an indirect effect on injury occurrence via stress. However, basic psychological need frustration did not predict sports injury. BPNT is a viable model to provide additional explanations to psychological risk factors of injury. Intervention programs may be formulated based on the evidence obtained on the model. © 2019 Li, Ivarsson, Lam and Sun.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lausanne: Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
Athlete, injury, self-determination theory, longitudinal design, stress
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39043 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-03-18
Kristiansen, E., Ivarsson, A., Solstad, B. & Roberts, G. (2019). Motivational processes affecting the perception of organizational and media stressors among professional football players: A longitudinal mixed methods research study. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 43, 172-182
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motivational processes affecting the perception of organizational and media stressors among professional football players: A longitudinal mixed methods research study
2019 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 43, p. 172-182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine professional football players’ perceptions of organizational and media stressors over a season using Achievement Goal Theory (AGT) as the overarching motivational framework. We elaborated upon the experience of the extant motivational climate and how playersperceived and coped with a number of organizational and media stressors during the season.

Design: A mixed-methods approach was used in this longitudinal investigation with the quantitative testing of hypotheses (strand 1) complemented with interviews (strand II) exploring the perceptions of players of the target variables within their role in the team (captains, starters, and marginal players).

Method: 27 players from one men's team in a Scandinavian Premier Division completed a series of questionnaires at ten occasions during the season. We used the Bayesian dynamic p-technique analysis to investigate the relationships between AGT constructs and stressors. At the end of the season, 11 players were interviewed. The qualitative data were coded and narratives were used when presenting the findings.

Results: The quantitative results showed that a perceived mastery climate created by the coach was associated with low perceived magnitude of organizational stressors. The qualitative results revealed the main categories of organizational stressors were the selected line-up for games, injuries, and losing games. The results for media stressorsrevealed that task orientation was associated with low perceived magnitude of media stressors the following month, while ego orientation had the opposite relationship. The qualitative findings revealed that injured and marginal players were more sensitive to media questioning in a season where the team was acknowledged for their team performance.

Conclusions: There are benefits of being task-involved through task orientation and perception of a mastery climate to combat the quantity, frequency, and/or intensity of the perception of organizational and media stressors in professional football. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Coach-athlete relationship, Goal orientations, Longitudinal investigation, Media stressors, Motivational climate, Organizational stressors, Person-centred analysis
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39042 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.02.009 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062402847 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Josefsson, T., Tornberg, R., Gustafsson, H. & Ivarsson, A. (2019). Practitioners’ reflections of working with the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) approach in team sport settings. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practitioners’ reflections of working with the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) approach in team sport settings
2019 (English)In: Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, ISSN 2152-0704, E-ISSN 2152-0712Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article was to describe the implementation of a team-based MAC intervention, and discuss important aspects to consider when implementing the MAC protocol in elite team sports. The MAC program contains seven modules in which core concepts such as mindfulness, acceptance, and values-driven behavior are being taught and practiced. We experienced conceptual as well as practical challenges in the application of the MAC protocol. A general recommendation in implementing MAC concepts and exercises for teams is to make the content of the program sport-specific.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, PA: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Acceptance, commitment, intervention, MAC, mindfulness
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38808 (URN)10.1080/21520704.2018.1549641 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2016-0037/P2016-0146
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-01-30
Nylandsted Jensen, S., Ivarsson, A., Fallby, J., Dankers, S. & Elbe, A.-M. (2018). Depression in Danish and Swedish elite football players and its relation to perfectionism and anxiety. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 36, 147-155
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Depression in Danish and Swedish elite football players and its relation to perfectionism and anxiety
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 36, p. 147-155Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of perfectionism and anxiety to depressive symptoms in Danish and Swedish male elite football players. Additionally, the relationship between age and the study variables, and differences between elite junior and professional players were examined. Design and Methods. A cross-sectional design was used to survey 323 A-squad and U19 players (M age = 22.08 years, SD = 5.15). The survey included biographical information as well as measures of depressive symptoms, perfectionism (strivings and concerns), competitive anxiety, and social phobia. Results. Results revealed an overall prevalence rate for depressive symptoms among the participants of 16.7%. Moreover, correlation analyses showed evidence of the relationships between depression and perfectionistic concerns, competitive anxiety and social phobia. The results of a mediation analysis demonstrated that there was a positive indirect effect of perfectionistic concerns on depression via competitive anxiety. Significant negative correlations between age and anxiety, social phobia, and perfectionistic concerns were found. Depression, however, was not significantly correlated with age even though elite junior players’ depression levels were significantly higher than those of professional players and they showed higher levels in competitive anxiety and social phobia. Conclusions. Findings of the study indicate that more awareness of mental health in elite football is needed, and that the investigated psychological factors may be a starting point for establishing preventive programs and supportive interventions for footballers suffering from depressive symptoms. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Elite athletes, Depressive symptoms, Perfectionistic strivings, Perfectionistic concerns, Social phobia, Competitive anxiety
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36389 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.02.008 (DOI)2-s2.0-85042729902 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Ingrell, J., Johnson, U. & Ivarsson, A. (2018). Developmental changes in burnout perceptions among student-athletes: An achievement goal perspective. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developmental changes in burnout perceptions among student-athletes: An achievement goal perspective
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study examined (a) the developmental trajectories of student-athlete burnout perceptions and (b) the within-person relationship between achievement goals and burnout perceptions. A three-year and six-wave longitudinal study was conducted with 78 student-athletes (30 young women and 48 young men, Mage at T1 = 12.7 years, SD = 0.44), attending a sport compulsory school. The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire and the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire were used. The results from multilevel growth models revealed that burnout perceptions increased for this age group over the three-year period. Furthermore, task orientation was significantly and negatively related to a reduced sense of accomplishment and sport devaluation. The results from this study underline the advantage of considering developmental processes when studying burnout. Furthermore, by focusing on the within-person effect of achievement goals, this study provides findings that support a motivational approach to the longitudinally study of burnout propensity among young student-athletes. The current study suggests that sport school staff should be aware of their student-athletes’ burnout perceptions and that these could change over time. Results also highlights that task-oriented goals might help decrease burnout perceptions, specifically reduced sense of accomplishment and sport devaluation. © 2018 International Society of Sport Psychology

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
achievement goals, adolescents, burnout, school sport, student-athlete
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36308 (URN)10.1080/1612197X.2017.1421679 (DOI)2-s2.0-85040984492 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-16 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Ivarsson, A., Johnson, U., Karlsson, J., Börjesson, M., Hägglund, M., Andersen, M. & Waldén, M. (2018). Elite female footballers’ stories of sociocultural factors, emotions, and behaviours prior to anterior cruciate ligament injury. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elite female footballers’ stories of sociocultural factors, emotions, and behaviours prior to anterior cruciate ligament injury
Show others...
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to examine how players’ perceptions of sociocultural factors and intra- and interpersonal aspects of sporting experiences may have influenced the emotions, cognitions, and behaviours of elite female soccer players prior to the occurrence of ACL injuries. The research questions guiding the study were: (a) how did female elite soccer players perceive that their psychosocial experiences were related to their cognitive, physiological, and emotional states prior to their ACL injuries, and (b) how did the players feel their perceived states influenced their behaviours prior to injury occurrence. The participants consisted of the total population of female players (N = 18) competing in the Swedish women’s elite league, who incurred a total ACL tear during the 2012 season. Using a semi-structured interview guide, all players were interviewed post-season. We represented the data using a storytelling approach of aggregated creative nonfiction. The aggregated stories showed sociocultural rules and expectations of overtraining and placing pressure on athletes to play even if they were not physically or psychologically fit. Responding to pressures with potentially risk-increasing behaviours might raise the probability of becoming injured through a number of pathways. Team managers, coaches, and members of the medical team are recommended to develop environments that stimulate the players to engage in adaptive stress-recovery and risk-decreasing behaviours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
anterior cruciate ligament, athletic injuries, elite athletes, female athletes, psychosocial factors, soccer
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36646 (URN)10.1080/1612197X.2018.1462227 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Stenling, A., Ivarsson, A., Lindwall, M. & Gucciardi, D. F. (2018). Exploring longitudinal measurement invariance and the continuum hypothesis in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): An exploratory structural equation modeling approach. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 36, 187-196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring longitudinal measurement invariance and the continuum hypothesis in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): An exploratory structural equation modeling approach
2018 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 36, p. 187-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aims of the present study were to: (a) examine longitudinal measurement invariance in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulations in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ) and (b) examine the continuum hypothesis of motivation as postulated within self-determination theory.

Design

Two-wave survey.

Method

Young competitive athletes (N = 354) responded to the BRSQ early in the season (November) and at the end of the athletic season (April). Data were analyzed using exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and bifactor ESEM.

Results

We found support for strict longitudinal measurement invariance in the BRSQ. Latent mean comparisons showed an increase in external regulation and amotivation across the season. The latent factor correlations indicated some deviations from a simplex pattern related to amotivation, external regulation, and introjected regulation. In the bifactor model, intrinsic motivation items had negative factor loadings on the global factor, identified regulation items had factor loadings approaching zero, and introjected and external regulation and amotivation items all had moderate to strong positive factor loadings.

Conclusion

The present study adds longitudinal measurement invariance to the psychometric evidence of the BRSQ. Research on why the latent means of the behavioral regulations changed over the athletic season is warranted. The continuum hypothesis was partially supported. Latent factor correlations and factor loadings on the global factor in the bifactor ESEM highlighted that the discriminant validity of the controlled regulations and amotivation needs further investigation. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Latent mean changes, Motivation continuum, Self-determination theory, Temporal stability
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36388 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85043782981 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: Andreas Stenling was supported by grants from Umeå School of Sport Sciences (Dnr: IH 5.3-12-2017) and the Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (CIF), grant numbers P2014-0043 and P2015-0114. Daniel F. Gucciardi is supported by a Curtin Research Fellowship.

Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Nylandsted Jensen, S., Ivarsson, A., Fallby, J. & Elbe, A.-M. (2018). Gambling behaviours among Danish and Swedish elite football players. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gambling behaviours among Danish and Swedish elite football players
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study investigated gambling among Danish and Swedish male elite football players. A cross-sectional design was used to survey 323 players (Mage = 22.08, SD = 5.15). The survey included a screening tool for gambling, as well as measures for depression and sport anxiety. The overall rate of players identified as at-risk gamblers was 16.1%. Linear regression analyses revealed that depression and sport anxiety significantly predicted gambling behaviours, and explained 2% and 6% of variance, respectively. The age of the players and the age at which they specialize did not moderate these relationships. Further research on gambling in football and its relation to mental disorders is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2018
Keywords
depression, sport anxiety, mental health, elite sports, match fixing
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36309 (URN)10.1123/jcsp.2017-0021 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-16 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Blomqvist, M., Ivarsson, A., Carlsson, I.-M., Sandgren, A. & Jormfeldt, H. (2018). Health Risks among People with Severe Mental Illness in Psychiatric Outpatient Settings. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 39(7), 585-591
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health Risks among People with Severe Mental Illness in Psychiatric Outpatient Settings
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 585-591Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Life expectancy is greatly reduced in patients with schizophrenia, and cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationships between self-rated health, sense of coherence, CVD risk, and body mass index (BMI) among people with severe mental illness (SMI) in psychiatric outpatient settings. Nearly 50% of the participants were exposed to moderate/high risk of CVD and over 50% were obese. The results showed no statistically relationships between the subjective and objective measures (Bayes factor <1) of health. The integration of physical health into clinical psychiatric nursing practice is vital. © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36441 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2017.1422200 (DOI)000445651800007 ()29446657 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042136613 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: the regional Council for Medical Health Care Research, County of Halland, Sweden and the regional Council for Medical Health Care Research, County of Kronoberg, Sweden.

Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-15 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Ivarsson, A., Stambulova, N. & Johnson, U. (2018). Injury as a career transition: Experiences of a Swedish elite handball player. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(4), 365-381
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Injury as a career transition: Experiences of a Swedish elite handball player
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 365-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This single-subject case study adopted a narrative approach and focused on two objectives: (a) to explore an athlete’s career development, including the impact of injuries, and (b) to explore that athlete’s injury experiences in detail. The participant was a 26-year-old former elite handball player who had experienced two major anterior cruciate ligament injuries during his career. To guide the research process from the formulation of its objectives to the interpretation of the participant’s narratives, we followed the narrative-oriented inquiry framework. To collect the participant’s stories, a low-structured interview guide consisting of open questions and requests for information about the participant’s handball career and injury experiences was used. The holistic content analysis allowed us to conceptualise injuries as career transition processes embedded in the athlete’s career development. Moreover, the participant’s narratives made it possible to identify four phases of injury transition and the distinct psychological content (demands, resources, barriers, and coping strategies) relevant to each of the four phases. Based on the results of the study, we anticipate that athletes, sport psychology consultants, coaches, and members of sport medicine teams can benefit from greater awareness of the specific demands and barriers relevant to each phase of the injury transition process. This knowledge can be further used to facilitate the development of adequate resources and coping strategies to help injured athletes navigate the rehabilitation process and successfully return to active sport involvement. © 2016 International Society of Sport Psychology

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
athlete career development, athletic injury, handball, narratives, single-subject case study, transition
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31912 (URN)10.1080/1612197X.2016.1242149 (DOI)2-s2.0-84991035213 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2018-08-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications