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Ivarsson, A. & Johnson, U. (2024). Biopsychosocial Risk Factors of Sport Injury (2ed.). In: Arvinen-Barrow, Monna; Clement, Damien (Ed.), The Psychology of Sport Injury and Rehabilitation: (pp. 13-26). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biopsychosocial Risk Factors of Sport Injury
2024 (English)In: The Psychology of Sport Injury and Rehabilitation / [ed] Arvinen-Barrow, Monna; Clement, Damien, Abingdon: Routledge, 2024, 2, p. 13-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Being injured is often associated with undesirable consequences, such as negative emotions, pain, and increased risk of career termination. When considered alongside high risk of injuries within sport, sport injury prevention should be considered paramount in any sport. This chapter aims to provide an overview of the biopsychosocial risk factors associated with sport injury. The chapter outlines the existing theoretical models explaining biopsychosocial injury risk factors, summarizes the most common biopsychosocial sport injury risk factors, and synthesizes research evidence in support of existing injury prevention programs. © 2024 Taylor and Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2024 Edition: 2
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-52424 (URN)10.4324/9781003295709-3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180874668 (Scopus ID)978-1-032-28204-6 (ISBN)978-1-032-28203-9 (ISBN)978-1-003-29570-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-18 Created: 2024-01-18 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Johnson, U., Ivarsson, A., Parker, J., Svetoft, I. & Andersen, M. (2023). A study on the benefits of participation in an electronic tracking physical activity program and motivational interviewing during a three-month period. Movement & sport sciences (119), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A study on the benefits of participation in an electronic tracking physical activity program and motivational interviewing during a three-month period
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2023 (English)In: Movement & sport sciences, ISSN 2118-5735, no 119, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The purpose was to investigate if participation in a three-month electronic tracking outdoor physical activity and a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention led to positive behavioural, psychological, and physiological outcomes. Methods: Based on a two-group pre-post design, 12 middle-aged women and 6 men were randomly assign to an experimental and a control group. Physical activity data were collected by wrist-worn activity sensors, and pre-post data were collected on the GHQ-12, the BREQ-2, body mass, body fat mass and total body muscle. Measures of cardiovascular fitness were taken pre to post. The experimental group was supported through individual MI coaching sessions and resistance-training for use in an outdoor gym. Magnitude based inferences (MBI) were calculated based on the disposition of the confidence limits for the mean differences to the smallest worthwhile changes. Results: The experimental group had a beneficial increase in its physical activity behaviour (steps). The control group had a medium decrease in identified regulation, the experimental group maintained the same level at the post-measure. Conclusion: Few studies have investigated how the combination of MI and the use of activity-tracking devices effect physical and mental health. This study investigates the use of both MI and activity-tracking devices on psychological well-being, motivation, and physical health in an outdoor context. Future research recommendations are given. © 2022 ACAPS

Abstract [fr]

Introduction: L'objectif était de déterminer si la participation à une intervention d'activité physique extérieure avec suivi électronique et d'entretiens motivationnels (MI) d'une durée de trois mois conduisait à des résultats positifs sur les plans comportementaux, psychologiques et physiologiques. Méthodes: Suivant un design d'étude pré-post à deux groupes, 12 femmes d'âge moyen et 6 hommes ont été assignés par randomisation à un groupe expérimental ou à un groupe contrôle. Les données relatives à l'activité physique ont été collectées au moyen de capteurs d'activité portés au poignet. Les données pré- et post-intervention concernaient le GHQ-12, le BREQ-2, la masse corporelle, la masse grasse et la masse musculaire. La condition cardiovasculaire a également été mesurée pré- et post-intervention. Le groupe expérimental a bénéficié de MI individuels et d'ateliers de renforcement musculaire en plein air. Des magnitude based inferences (MBI) ont été calculées à partir de la disposition des limites de confiance concernant les différences moyennes des plus petits changements significatifs. Résultats: Le groupe expérimental présentait une augmentation bénéfique du comportement d'activité physique (nombre de pas). Le groupe contrôle présentait une diminution moyenne de la régulation identifiée, tandis que cette valeur est restée stable dans le groupe expérimental. Conclusion: Peu d'études ont examiné comment la combinaison de MI et de dispositifs de suivi de l'activité affectent la santé physique et mentale. Cette étude a examiné l'influence de l'utilisation conjointe de MI et de dispositifs de suivi d'activité sur le bien-être psychologique, la motivation et la santé physique dans un contexte de pratique extérieure. Des recommandations relatives aux recherches futures ont été formulées. © 2022 ACAPS

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Les Ulis: EDP Sciences, 2023
Keywords
Computerized exercise intervention, computerized exercise intervention, Experimental design, Motivational interviewing, Physical activity, Physiological health, Psychological well-being, Activité physique, Bien-être psychologique, Santé physiologique, Design expérimental
National Category
Health Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-50226 (URN)10.1051/sm/2022023 (DOI)2-s2.0-85149781091 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160097
Note

Titel på franska: Une étude sur les avantages de la participation à un programme de suivi électronique de l’activité physique et d’entretiens motivationnels pendant une période de trois mois

Available from: 2023-03-29 Created: 2023-03-29 Last updated: 2023-03-29Bibliographically approved
Hertting, K., Johnson, U., Lindgren, E.-C. & Ivarsson, A. (2023). “Someday it will be better again”: upper-secondary student athletes’ experiences of schoolwork and sport 7 and 14 months after the COVID-19 outbreak. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Someday it will be better again”: upper-secondary student athletes’ experiences of schoolwork and sport 7 and 14 months after the COVID-19 outbreak
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Globally, educational systems were thoroughly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Upper-secondary students were faced with school closures and distance education. For student-athletes, the COVID-19 pandemic, besides academic stress, also contributed to sports-related stress. In this paper, we explore upper-secondary school student athletes’ experiences of schoolwork and sport during two phases of the pandemic. A qualitative research design was used, and 53 student-athletes participated in focus group interviews. Three themes appeared: Struggling to cope with the new life situation, Reevaluating and longing for social life, and Speeding up the transition to adulthood. The themes were elucidated from temporal perspectives. The students experienced challenges in handling school, sports, and social life, but they also experienced opportunities for personal development. Student-athletes are a common responsibility between schools and sports, and, based on the results, schools and sports in collaboration need to increase readiness for action when major societal challenges, such as pandemics, occur. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Coping, COVID-19, distance education, dual-career development, sports, student-athletes
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Health Innovation, M4HP - Movement for health and performance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51859 (URN)10.1080/00313831.2023.2263475 (DOI)001078293900001 ()2-s2.0-85173499665 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Available from: 2023-10-24 Created: 2023-10-24 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Back, J., Johnson, U., Svedberg, P. & Ivarsson, A. (2022). Achievement goals, motivational climate, perceived sport competence and dropout: a prospective study in adolescent soccer. In: : . Paper presented at SVEBI Årskonferens 2021 – Sport in a Changing World, Malmö, Sweden, February 10–11, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achievement goals, motivational climate, perceived sport competence and dropout: a prospective study in adolescent soccer
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46912 (URN)
Conference
SVEBI Årskonferens 2021 – Sport in a Changing World, Malmö, Sweden, February 10–11, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-03 Last updated: 2023-01-09Bibliographically approved
Ageberg, E., Brodin, E. M., Linnéll, J., Moesch, K., Donaldson, A., Adébo, E., . . . Bunke, S. (2022). Cocreating injury prevention training for youth team handball: bridging theory and practice. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 8(2), Article ID 001263.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cocreating injury prevention training for youth team handball: bridging theory and practice
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2022 (English)In: BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, ISSN 2055-7647, Vol. 8, no 2, article id 001263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it is advocated that end-users are engaged in developing evidence-based injury prevention training to enhance the implementation, this rarely happens. The € Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)' uses an ecological participatory design incorporating the perspectives of multiple stakeholders throughout the project. Within the I-PROTECT project, the current study aimed to describe the development of holistic injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players through using knowledge from both end-users (coaches and players) and researchers/handball experts. Employing action evaluation within participatory action research, the cyclical development process included three phases: research team preparation, handball expert-based preparation and end-user evaluation to develop injury prevention training incorporating both physical and psychological perspectives. To grow the knowledge of the interdisciplinary research team, rethinking was conducted within and between phases based on participants' contributions. Researchers and end-users cocreated examples of handball-specific exercises, including injury prevention physical principles (movement technique for upper and lower extremities, respectively, and muscle strength) combined with psychological aspects (increase end-user motivation, task focus and body awareness) to integrate into warm-up and skills training within handball practice. A cyclical development process that engaged researchers/handball experts and end-users to cocreate evidence-based, theory-informed and context-specific injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players generated a first pilot version of exercises including physical principles combined with psychological aspects to be integrated within handball practice. © 2022 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. © 2022 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2022
Keywords
Adolescent, Ecological, Handball, Implementation, Prevention
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-50034 (URN)10.1136/bmjsem-2021-001263 (DOI)000779012100001 ()35505981 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85126300079 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in SportsThe Crafoord FoundationMagnus Bergvall FoundationAlfred Österlunds FoundationSten K Johnson Foundation
Note

Funding text: This work was mainly supported by the Swedish Research Council for Sport Science and the Crafoord Foundation. Grants were also received from Anna-Greta Crafoord's foundation, Kock's foundation, Magnus Bergvall's foundation, Alfred Osterlund's foundation and Sten K Johnson's foundation. No funding bodies were active in study design, data collection, analysis or interpretation, nor in preparation of the manuscript.

Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2023-03-06Bibliographically approved
Back, J., Johnson, U., Svedberg, P., McCall, A. & Ivarsson, A. (2022). Drop-out from team sport among adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 61, Article ID 102205.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Drop-out from team sport among adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
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2022 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 61, article id 102205Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decades, an increased drop-out rate in adolescents’ team sport participation is observed. Given the potential adverse consequences of drop-out from team sport more information about risk factors for drop-out is warranted. The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) synthesise the literature on factors associated with future drop-out from team sport among adolescents and (2) investigate the strength of associations between drop-out and related factors with meta-analysis. The databases Academic Search Elite, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed and SPORTDiscus were searched for relevant publications from the earliest reported date until October 8, 2021. Articles were included if: (1) data about drop-out was collected; (2) the focus was on adolescents; (3) the context was team sport and (4) studies were of prospective design. We used the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Non-randomized Studies (RoBANS) to assess the risk of bias in included studies. A narrative synthesis was conducted according to the reporting guideline of synthesis without meta-analysis. Studies that presented statistical data necessary for the calculation of Hedge’s g effect sizes were included in the meta-analysis. In total, 16 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the narrative synthesis. The meta-analysis included 12 of the studies. Altogether, 6304 adolescent team sport players participated in the selected studies. Of those studies, most had a focus on intrapersonal factors relationship with drop-out. The results showed that constructs related to motivation as well as sport experience had the strongest relationships with drop-out. To prevent drop-out from adolescents’ team sport, organisations and clubs are recommended to focus on developing a high-quality motivation climate that facilitates motivation and enjoyment. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Adolescents, Drop-out, Organised sport, Team sport, Sport participation
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46910 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102205 (DOI)000804923600001 ()2-s2.0-85129949325 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: The Swedish Football Association, Halland's Football Association, Skåne's Football Association, and Västergötland's Football Association. 

Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-03 Last updated: 2023-01-09Bibliographically approved
Gredin, V., Back, J., Johnson, U., Svedberg, P., Stenling, A., Solstad, B. & Ivarsson, A. (2022). Exploring psychosocial risk factors for dropout in adolescent female soccer. Science and medicine in football, 6(5), 668-674
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring psychosocial risk factors for dropout in adolescent female soccer
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2022 (English)In: Science and medicine in football, ISSN 2473-3938, E-ISSN 2473-4446, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 668-674Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: We examined the manner in which age, participation in other sports, socioeconomic status, perceived sport competence, achievement goal orientations, and perceived motivational climate may interact to predict the risk of dropout among adolescent female soccer players.

Methods: Self-reported data from 519 female soccer players between 10 and 19 years of age (M = 13.41, SD = 1.77) were analysed using a person-centred approach to uncover the interactions among risk factors and their relative predictability of dropout.

Results: Perceived motivational climate was identified as the main predictor, where relatively lower levels of mastery climate were associated with a higher dropout tendency (absolute risk reduction [ARR] = 12.2% ±6.1% [95% CL]). If combined with relatively lower levels of mastery climate, then relatively lower levels of perceived sport competence were related to higher dropout risks (ARR = 16.5% ±9.5%), whereas, in combination with relatively higher levels of mastery climate, then relatively lower levels of ego-orientated achievement goals were associated with higher dropout rates (ARR = 10.8% ±12.6%).

Conclusions: Our findings afford novel insights into the interactions between, and the relative importance of, various risk factors for dropout in adolescent female soccer. This knowledge may be useful for soccer associations, clubs, and coaches when developing guidelines and strategies that aim to foster young females' sustained participation in organised soccer. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire: Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
Achievement Goal Theory, participation, sustainability, withdrawal, youth sport
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-47888 (URN)10.1080/24733938.2022.2088843 (DOI)000901840300017 ()36540913 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85144322129 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2023-08-21Bibliographically approved
Johnson, U., Hertting, K., Ivarsson, A. & Lindgren, E.-C. (2022). Favorable Adaptation during SARS-CoV-2-Pandemic as Told by Student-Athletes—A Longitudinal and Behavioral Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(19), Article ID 12512.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Favorable Adaptation during SARS-CoV-2-Pandemic as Told by Student-Athletes—A Longitudinal and Behavioral Study
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 19, article id 12512Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

(1) Background: The aim was to explore the impact of adaptive responses (resilience factors) on student-athletes’ behaviors during a stressful period of life during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic of 2020 and 2021. (2) Methods: A constructivist-based grounded theory (CGT) was used guided by a biopsychosocial approach. Based on purposeful sampling, 22 male and female student-athletes were divided into four focus group interviews (FGI) seven months after the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic (October 2020) and 18 of these were followed up by FGI seven months later (May 2021). The mean age was 17.65 and they represented golf and handball. (3) Results: The CGT contained four main categories seven months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak: Social support, Self-discipline, Physical practice and recovery and Management of everyday life. Fourteen months after the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic outbreak, four additional main categories emerged: More extensive social support, Belief in the future, Self-awareness and Responsibility and problem-solving. (4) Conclusions: The CTG suggests that student-athletes’ favorable adaptations to the stressful SARS-CoV-2-pandemic period 2020–2021 are based on a gradually developed ability to take responsibility for one’s own actions, insight into the importance of deepened social interaction, belief in a positive post-COVID future and increased awareness of physical activity and its relation to perceived health. © 2022 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2022
Keywords
biopsychosocial approach, corona mental health, focus group interviews, resilience, SARS-CoV-2-pandemic, youth athletes
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48547 (URN)10.3390/ijerph191912512 (DOI)000866766300001 ()36231812 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85139948406 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, 2020/3, P2021-0065
Available from: 2022-11-17 Created: 2022-11-17 Last updated: 2022-11-17Bibliographically approved
Piussi, R., Krupic, F., Sundemo, D., Svantesson, E., Ivarsson, A., Johnson, U., . . . Hamrin Senorski, E. (2022). ‘I was young, I wanted to return to sport, and re-ruptured my ACL’ – young active female patients’ voices on the experience of sustaining an ACL re-rupture, a qualitative study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 23, Article ID 760.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘I was young, I wanted to return to sport, and re-ruptured my ACL’ – young active female patients’ voices on the experience of sustaining an ACL re-rupture, a qualitative study
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2022 (English)In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 23, article id 760Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Despite anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) re-ruptures being common, research on patient experiences after knee trauma has primarily focused on the time after primary ACL reconstruction. Integrating qualitative research and patient experiences can facilitate researchers and clinicians in understanding the burden of an ACL re-rupture. The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of an ACL re-rupture journey in young active females aiming to return to knee-strenuous sports after primary ACL reconstruction.

Method: Fifteen young (19[range 16–23] years old) active females who suffered an ACL re-rupture were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis using deductive approach based on Wiese-Bjornstal’s ‘integrated model of response to sport injury’ was used.

Results: The results are presented in two timelines 1) from first ACL injury to ACL re-rupture, and 2) from ACL re-rupture to present day, and further stratified according to the domains of the ‘integrated model of psychological response to injury’. Results in the first timeline are summarised into seven categories: Finding hope for the journey; Accepting my ACL injury; I succeeded; What matters now? Who am I?; Where will this end? What is going to happen? In the second timeline, eight categories were identified: Fighting spirit; A helping hand; Working hard; I am a new me; I am destroyed; Loneliness; Painful changes; and, I could have made it to the pro ́s.

Conclusion: Young active females who suffered an ACL re-rupture did not express any positive experience following their first ACL injury, however, in contrast, expressed positive experiences and personal growth after going through the ACL re-rupture journey, characterized by a lot of struggling, and ultimately led to the experience of becoming a new, stronger person. © 2022, The Author(s). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2022
Keywords
Second knee injury, Anterior cruciate ligament, Reconstruction, Revision, Re-rupture, Qualitative, Interviews, Mixed method
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-47887 (URN)10.1186/s12891-022-05708-9 (DOI)000837676800001 ()35941679 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85135552046 (Scopus ID)
Funder
University of Gothenburg
Available from: 2022-08-17 Created: 2022-08-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Clement, D., Tranaeus, U., Johnson, U., Stenling, A. & Ivarsson, A. (2022). Profiles of psychosocial factors: Can they be used to predict injury risk?. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 32(4), 782-788
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profiles of psychosocial factors: Can they be used to predict injury risk?
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2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 782-788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The creation of risk profiles using the model of stress and athletic injury1 represents a proposed shift from the reductionism paradigm to the complex sport approach in an attempt to formulate prevention strategies to combat the increasing number of injuries being reported in sporting populations. As a result, the primary purpose of this study was to: a) identify different risk profiles based on psychosocial factors associated with the Williams and Andersen’s model of stress and athletic injury model; and b) examine potential differences in the frequency of injuries across these risk profiles. A prospective research design was utilized with a sample of 117 competitive soccer players (81 males and 36 females) from Sweden and the United States of America. Data was collected at two time points over the course of three months. At time 1 (beginning of the season) - a demographic information sheet, the Life Event Survey for Collegiate Athletes (LESCA), Sport Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT), and Brief Cope were administered. At time two (T2), three months after the initial data collection, participants’ traumatic injuries were recorded. Latent profile analysis (LPA) showed that 3 profiles solution showed best fit to data. Players in profile 1 and 2 reported fewer injuries compared to players in profile 3. However, whereas individuals in profile 1 had a lower predictive risk of sustaining an injury when compared to those in profile 3, both profiles had similar anxiety levels and use of coping strategies with differing stress levels. These findings suggest that the interaction between different proposed risk factors might influence injury risk. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2022
Keywords
Injury prevention, sport injury, athletes, profiling
National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46059 (URN)10.1111/sms.14110 (DOI)000728738500001 ()34862984 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85120916582 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-12-07 Created: 2021-12-07 Last updated: 2022-09-06Bibliographically approved
Projects
Anticipation in football: the effects of contextual information in advance and physical strain; Halmstad University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0990-4842

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