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Ghannad, Navid
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Sörensson, A. & Ghannad, N. (2024). Entrepreneurial opportunities and difficulties under COVID-19 for women entrepreneurs in Asia and Europe. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 16(1), 119-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial opportunities and difficulties under COVID-19 for women entrepreneurs in Asia and Europe
2024 (English)In: Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, ISSN 2053-4604, E-ISSN 2053-4612, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 119-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore and gain a greater understanding of women's entrepreneurship during the COVID-19 pandemic. How have women entrepreneurs changed their entrepreneurship during the COVID-19 pandemic? What dimensions are highlighted by women entrepreneurs for a sustainable entrepreneurship during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Design/methodology/approach: This study was conducted with a qualitative design where multiple case studies were conducted with 30 women. Data were collected through qualitative interviews with the women entrepreneurs in Asia and Europe.

Findings: The results from this study show that women entrepreneurs have mainly focused on financial resources. Economic sustainability is required for companies to survive a crisis in the form of a pandemic. This study has shown what lessons women have from the pandemic where the four D’s model constitute a first step to a theoretical contribution. For women, it is about dollars (e g economic sustainability), demand from customers, the role that digitization has played and distribution both to customers and from suppliers.

Practical implications: Practical implications from this study are that women entrepreneurs need to be prepared for economic crises to a larger extent. The economic sustainability plays a key role in sustainable businesses for women entrepreneurs in any kind of context

Social implications: Women's entrepreneurship looks different, and more knowledge is needed about their conditions. It contributes to increased social sustainability.

Originality/value: This study contributes to an increased understanding of how women's entrepreneurship has been affected during a global crisis. © 2023, Anna Sörensson and Navid Ghannad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2024
Keywords
Women entrepreneurship, Female entrepreneurship, Digitalization, Crisis management, Distribution, Demand, Economic sustainability, Necessity, Developing countries, COVID-19
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51484 (URN)10.1108/jeee-02-2023-0052 (DOI)001048726300001 ()2-s2.0-85168148259 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-22 Created: 2023-08-22 Last updated: 2024-01-16Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S. & Ghannad, N. (2023). Entrepreneurs’ imprinting history influences on international new venture creation. In: : . Paper presented at The 27th McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference - Resilience of International Entrepreneurship in times of turbulence, Kalmar, Sweden, August 31 – September 1, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurs’ imprinting history influences on international new venture creation
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
International new ventures, Internationalization, Entrepreneur, Imprinting
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51551 (URN)
Conference
The 27th McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference - Resilience of International Entrepreneurship in times of turbulence, Kalmar, Sweden, August 31 – September 1, 2023
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2023-08-31 Created: 2023-08-31 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Sörensson, A., Cawthorn, A. & Ghannad, N. (2023). Sustainable Value Creation Through Sharing and Renting – Lessons Learned from the Outdoor Industry in Sweden. In: Cristina Mele; Francesco Polese (Ed.), Proceedings of the 8th Naples Forum on Service: A service lens on business and society ; Ravello Italy, 6/9 June 2023. Paper presented at The 8th Naples Forum on Service 2023, A service lens on business and society, Ravello, Italy, June 6-9 2023 (pp. 165-165).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Value Creation Through Sharing and Renting – Lessons Learned from the Outdoor Industry in Sweden
2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th Naples Forum on Service: A service lens on business and society ; Ravello Italy, 6/9 June 2023 / [ed] Cristina Mele; Francesco Polese, 2023, p. 165-165Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to discuss how value can be created in new ways by sharing or renting service (e g products). This new type of businesses contributes to creating sustainable value both for the customers as well as for the environment. Today, it is no longer considered sustainable to always buy products, especially when it comes to products that will be used a few times. As a result, therefore, a sharing economy has emerged. It is both about renting out existing products against payment, but there are also examples of establishments where products are rented out free of charge. Lovelock and Gummesson (2004) addressed the non-ownership paradigm orrental paradigm almost 20 years ago but there is still lack of research in this area.

Study design/Methodology/Approach: The study was designed as a case study where eight different cases were selected in Sweden. The cases are all business in the outdoor and tourism industry. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with the managers as well as secondary data such as home pages, social media, and written materials.

Findings: The study show that in particular the outdoor industry and tourism the phenomen on ofrenting seems to be well established for some type of service. There are some areas that have along history of renting meanwhile other is never. The result also show that some segments of customers seem to be more openminded to renting rather than buying.

Originality/Value: Studies on the sharing economy is still a quite new phenomenon and this study contributes to a deeper knowledge.

Practical implications: The study could be useful for business owners that are seeking new more sustainable ways to develop their industry from traditional selling products to renting them. 

Keywords
Value creation, Share, Rent, Sharing economy, Sustainable economy, Rent, Outdoor, Tourism industry
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-50616 (URN)9791280262097 (ISBN)
Conference
The 8th Naples Forum on Service 2023, A service lens on business and society, Ravello, Italy, June 6-9 2023
Available from: 2023-06-09 Created: 2023-06-09 Last updated: 2023-12-20Bibliographically approved
Sörensson, A. & Ghannad, N. (2022). Business Development in Small Businesses During the Covid-19 Pandemic – Discovery of Opportunity or Necessity Driven?. In: : . Paper presented at R&D Management Conference - Innovation for people and territories, Trento, Italy, July 9-13, 2022..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business Development in Small Businesses During the Covid-19 Pandemic – Discovery of Opportunity or Necessity Driven?
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Covid-19 pandemic has affected entrepreneurship and there are still ongoing research on how the pandemic has affected small business around the globe (Dias et al., 2021; Galindo-Martín et al., 2021). Some industries like for instance tourism and travel have taken a huge decrease in sales meanwhile entrepreneurs like for instance in digital meetings and food stores have increased their sales (Boter et al., 2021). Because of the Covid-19 pandemic,the entrepreneurial spirit has experienced tuff times. Even though Covid-19 pandemic have affected entrepreneurs in different ways such for instance new demands, attitudes and collaborations as well as adjustments to new terms there has been hard to run business during the pandemic. There has also been geographical differences as well as industry differences for the entrepreneurs (Boter et al., 2021). Entrepreneurs therefore have continued their business in different ways and have made different decisions at different moments duringcrises (Veselovska et al., 2021).

Research in entrepreneurship is often separate necessity driven entrepreneurship from opportunity driven entrepreneurship as the main two perspectives (Reynolds, 2012; Liñán and Jaén, 2020). There is a larger debate about this difference and entrepreneurs’ motives and this difference is important to study more (Liñán and Jaén, 2020). These two perspectives are interesting to study more especially how especially how different entrepreneurs have adapted their entrepreneurship during the pandemic. The purpose of the study is to examine how small businesses have developed their businesses during the Covid-19 pandemic. What opportunities have entrepreneurs identified and applied during the Covid-19 pandemic? How have entrepreneurs adapted their business to by necessity to survive financially during the Covid-19 pandemic?

The study was designed as a qualitative study with interview as a data collection method. The interview guide was based on previous research with a focus on the following themes; X (REF). Data was also collected from secondary data like homepages and social media. Interviews were conducted with 131 entrepreneurs, mainly from Europe and Asia. The interviews have since been themed in levels of analysis based on Gioia et al. (2013).

The results show that there is a clear division of entrepreneurs regarding necessity driven business development while others have not been affected to the same extent have instead discovered new business opportunities during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study also shows that it is of great importance which social safety net the various countries have had where some countries have offered state support. In contrast, the entrepreneurs who run their businesses in countries where there is a complete lack of state support. For these companies, it is their own responsibility to solve problems with financing, which has often been done with the help of the family and banks. © The Authors, 2022. 

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48143 (URN)
Conference
R&D Management Conference - Innovation for people and territories, Trento, Italy, July 9-13, 2022.
Available from: 2022-09-24 Created: 2022-09-24 Last updated: 2023-07-06Bibliographically approved
Sörensson, A. & Ghannad, N. (2022). Challenge and Opportunities in International Business During the Covid-19 Pandemic – a Comparative Study Between European and Asian Entrepreneurs. In: Paper presented at the CIMaR 29th Annual Conference: . Paper presented at CIMaR 29th Annual Conference, Consortium for International Marketing Research, Bodø, Norway, June 20-23, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenge and Opportunities in International Business During the Covid-19 Pandemic – a Comparative Study Between European and Asian Entrepreneurs
2022 (English)In: Paper presented at the CIMaR 29th Annual Conference, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48144 (URN)
Conference
CIMaR 29th Annual Conference, Consortium for International Marketing Research, Bodø, Norway, June 20-23, 2022
Available from: 2022-09-24 Created: 2022-09-24 Last updated: 2022-11-16Bibliographically approved
Sörensson, A. & Ghannad, N. (2022). Sustainable Businesses by Women Entrepreneurs during the Covid-19 pandemic - a Comparative Study between Europe and Asia. In: Anna Sörensson; Georgiana Grigori; Anders Lundström; Alin Stancu; Besrat Tesfaye; Maria Bogren (Ed.), The 9th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business: . Paper presented at ICSR2022 (The 9th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business), Östersund, Sweden, September 15-16, 2022 (pp. 55-56). Bucharest: ASE, 9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Businesses by Women Entrepreneurs during the Covid-19 pandemic - a Comparative Study between Europe and Asia
2022 (English)In: The 9th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business / [ed] Anna Sörensson; Georgiana Grigori; Anders Lundström; Alin Stancu; Besrat Tesfaye; Maria Bogren, Bucharest: ASE , 2022, Vol. 9, p. 55-56Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose is to explore and gain a greater understanding of women's entrepreneurship during the Covid-19 pandemic. How have women entrepreneurship changed their entrepreneurship during the Covid-19 pandemic? What dimensions are highlighted by women entrepreneurs for a sustainable entrepreneurship during the Covid-1.9 pandemic? The study was conducted with a qualitative design where multiple case studies were conducted with 30 women. Data were collected through qualitative interviews with the women entrepreneurs in Europe and Asia. The results from the study show that female entrepreneurs have mainly focused on financial resources. Economic sustainability is required for companies to survive a crisis in the form of a pandemic. The study has shown what lessons women have from the pandemic where the four Ds constitute a first step to a theoretical contribution, For women, it is about dollars (e g economic sustainability), demand from customers, the role that digitization has played and distribution both to customers but also from suppliers. © The Authors, 2022. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bucharest: ASE, 2022
Series
Working Papers Series on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business, E-ISSN 2602-1056
Keywords
women entrepreneurship, female entrepreneurship, digitalization, crises, management, distribution, demand
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48145 (URN)
Conference
ICSR2022 (The 9th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business), Östersund, Sweden, September 15-16, 2022
Available from: 2022-09-24 Created: 2022-09-24 Last updated: 2023-04-06Bibliographically approved
Andersson, S. & Ghannad, N. (2019). The role of entrepreneurs’ imprinting in the creation of born global firms. In: : . Paper presented at The 23rd McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, August 28-30, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of entrepreneurs’ imprinting in the creation of born global firms
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study shows how imprinting episodes in entrepreneurs’ childhood and prior life story influence their mind-sets, which influence the entrepreneur’s venture creation and their firms international behaviour. Depending on the imprinting experiences, entrepreneurs develop skills and mind-sets with preferences and especially desires that will affect the total behaviour of their future organization.  The study also shows how firms’ international growth can be an important part of a firm’s strategy, but also a consequence of strategy that not per se include internationalization.

Keywords
Born Global, Internationalization, Entrepreneur, Imprinting
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40472 (URN)
Conference
The 23rd McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, August 28-30, 2019
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved
Kobuszewski Volles, B., Hoeltgebaum, M., Odebrecht da Silva, H. & Ghannad, N. (2016). The COO Effect in the International Brand Positioning Strategy. Future Studies Research Journal: Trends and Strategies, 8(3), 200-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The COO Effect in the International Brand Positioning Strategy
2016 (English)In: Future Studies Research Journal: Trends and Strategies, ISSN 2175-5825, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 200-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aims to develop a model in order to understand how Chinese companies strategically position their brands, considering the causes of the country of origin (COO) effect, when going through the process of internationalization.

Design/methodology/approach: The study approach a qualitative case study that incorporates two different Chinese companies with subsidiaries settled in Brazil. It was conducted depth interviews with different components of the studied firms.

Findings: In this way, it was developed a model that try to explain the positive and/or negative effect of general attributes from China (labor market, institution framework and education) on the brand positioning divers (value preposition, points of leverage, primary target and image reinforcement), which influences on the cost-benefit strategy approach of the brands when positioning internationally.

Research limitations/implications: Considering that this research is a qualitative study of two Chinese companies, further qualitative and quantitative studies would be fruitful to the validity of the presented model.

Originality/value: In order to contribute to the academic field, it was found that this research present a unique model considering different causes of the COO effect that might affect the international branding positioning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sao Paulo: Future Studies Research Journal: Trends and Strategies, 2016
Keywords
brand positioning, country-of-origin, Chinese companies, general attributes, COO effects
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-45655 (URN)10.24023/FutureJournal/2175-5825/2016.v8i3.279 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-09-27 Created: 2021-09-27 Last updated: 2022-06-07Bibliographically approved
Pehrsson, T., Ghannad, N., Pehrsson, A., Abt, T., Chen, S., Erath, F. & Hammarstig, T. (2015). Dynamic capabilities and performance in foreign markets: Developments within international new ventures. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(1), 28-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamic capabilities and performance in foreign markets: Developments within international new ventures
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 28-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies on the relationship between level of internationalization and performance of new ventures show conflicting results indicating a need for more in-depth understanding of the mechanisms underlying the relationship. This study draws on dynamic capability theory and extends the understanding of the issue. The study contributes to international entrepreneurship literature by developing a proposed model built on analyses of event histories of US operations of three Swedish international new ventures. The events take place during more than 20 years. It is proposed that the number of organizationally stable periods of the foreign unit strengthens the positive relationship between product/market knowledge transferred to the unit and its dynamic capabilities, and knowledge acquired locally by the unit and its dynamic capabilities. Also, it is proposed that dynamic capabilities aligned with the transferred and local knowledge are associated with high financial performance. Contributions to literature on international entrepreneurship are discussed. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Abstract [de]

Studien über den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Niveau der Internationalisierung und der Leistung der neuen Unternehmen zeigen widersprüchliche Ergebnisse, die einen Bedarf an mehr in ein tiefes Verständnis der Mechanismen, die Beziehung zugrunde liegt. Diese Studie stützt sich auf dynamische Fähigkeit Theorie und erweitert das Verständnis des Problems. Die Studie trägt dazu bei, International Entrepreneurship-Literatur durch die Entwicklung einer vorgeschlagenen Modell auf der Analyse von Ereignisentwicklungen der US-Operationen von drei schwedischen International neue Unternehmen gebaut. Die Ereignisse während mehr als zwanzig Jahren statt. Es wird vorgeschlagen, dass die Zahl der organisatorisch stabiles Perioden der ausländischen Einheit stärkt die positive Beziehung zwischen Produkt / Marktkenntnisse, um die Einheit und ihre dynamischen Fähigkeiten übertragen, und das Wissen vor Ort von dem Gerät und seinen dynamischen Fähigkeiten erworben. Es wird auch vorgeschlagen, dass dynamische Fähigkeiten mit der übertragenen und lokales Wissen ausgerichtet sind mit hohen finanziellen Leistungsfähigkeit verbunden. Beiträge zur Literatur über internationale Unternehmertum werden diskutiert. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Springer, 2015
Keywords
International new venture, Dynamic capabilities, Performance, Knowledge transfer, Knowledge acquisition, Event histories
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26750 (URN)10.1007/s10843-014-0139-z (DOI)000409793100003 ()2-s2.0-84939965317 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved
Ljungquist, U. & Ghannad, N. (2015). Growth in international new ventures: facilitating and redundant components beyond start-up. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 7(2), 103-127
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Growth in international new ventures: facilitating and redundant components beyond start-up
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 103-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the paper is to identify facilitating and redundant components of core competence development during the growth of international new ventures (INVs). Through a longitudinal empirical study comparing three cases based on a large number of interviews, we describe how individual competences essential for the start-up firm (entrepreneurial, market and network) over three phases (small, youth and mature) eventually become redundant or transform into institutionalised routines. An INV built on technology competence needs to combine with market competences, preferably in parallel, for ideal market development. To expand further, the entrepreneurial competence ultimately should be reduced or omitted. To boost expansion, explicate visions and policies should be added to maintain the entrepreneurial spirit and legacy, and to guide employees. Copyright ©2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney, Bucks: InderScience Publishers, 2015
Keywords
international entrepreneurship, international new ventures, INVs, core competences, firm growth, longitudinal study, redundant components, facilitating components, startups, market development
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29636 (URN)10.1504/IJEV.2015.068567 (DOI)000436525700001 ()2-s2.0-84926631300 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-10-18 Created: 2015-10-18 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
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