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Mathiesen, Brian VadORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3917-1184
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Connolly, D., Lund, H., Mathiesen, B. V., Werner, S., Möller, B., Persson, U., . . . Nielsen, S. (2014). Heat Roadmap Europe: Combining district heating with heat savings to decarbonise the EU energy system. Energy Policy, 65, 475-489
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heat Roadmap Europe: Combining district heating with heat savings to decarbonise the EU energy system
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2014 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 65, p. 475-489Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Six different strategies have recently been proposed for the European Union (EU) energy system in the European Commission’s report, Energy Roadmap 2050. The objective for these strategies is to identify how the EU can reach its target of an 80% reduction in annual greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 compared to 1990 levels. None of these scenarios involve the large-scale implementation of district heating, but instead they focus on the electrification of the heating sector (primarily using heat pumps) and/or the large-scale implementation of electricity and heat savings. In this paper, the potential for district heating in the EU between now and 2050 is identified, based on extensive and detailed mapping of the EU heat demand and various supply options. Subsequently, a new ‘district heating plus heat savings’ scenario is technically and economically assessed from an energy systems perspective. The results indicate that with district heating, the EU energy system will be able to achieve the same reductions in primary energy supply and carbon dioxide emissions as the existing alternatives proposed. However, with district heating, these goals can be achieved at a lower cost, with heating and cooling costs reduced by approximately 15%. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Europe, district heating, mapping and modelling
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24173 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2013.10.035 (DOI)000330813800047 ()2-s2.0-84890315283 (Scopus ID)
Note

The work presented was partly funded by Euroheat and Power. It is also the result of the Strategic Research Centre for 4th Generation District Heating Technologies and Systems (4DH), which is partly financed by the Danish Council for Strategic Research.

Available from: 2013-12-15 Created: 2013-12-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Connolly, D., Mathiesen, B. V., Østergaard, P. A., Möller, B., Nielsen, S., Lund, H., . . . Trier, D. (2013). Heat Roadmap Europe 2050: Second Pre-study for the EU27. Aalborg: Aalborg University
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2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many strategies have already been proposed for the decarbonisation of the EU energy system by the year 2050. These typically focus on the expansion of renewable energy in the electricity sector and subsequently, electrifying both the heat and transport sectors as much as possible. In these strategies, the role of district heating has never been fully explored system, nor have the benefits of district heating been quantified at the EU level. This study combines the mapping of local heat demands and local heat supplies across the EU27. Using this local knowledge, new district heating potentials are identified and then, the EU27 energy system is modelled to investigate the impact of district heating. The results indicate that a combination of heat savings, district heating in urban areas, and individual heat pumps in rural areas will enable the EU27 to reach its greenhouse gas emission targets by 2050, but at a cheaper price than a scenario which focuses primarily on the implementation of heat savings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aalborg: Aalborg University, 2013. p. 236
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27977 (URN)978-87-91404-48-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Heat Roadmap Europe 2050
Note

Funding: The Danish Council for Strategic Research

Available from: 2015-03-12 Created: 2015-03-12 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Connolly, D., Mathiesen, B. V., Østergaard, P. A., Möller, B., Nielsen, S., Lund, H., . . . Trier, D. (2012). Heat Roadmap Europe 2050: First Pre-study for the EU27. Aalborg: Aalborg University
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2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This pre-study presents the findings concerning a considerable outlined expansion of the district heating sector within the current EU27 member states until 2050. Heat deliveries are presumed to grow by a factor of 2.1 until 2030 and by a factor of 3.3 until 2050.

The current energy policy context is that the latest energy communication from the European Commission (Energy Roadmap 2050) contains only a very modest growth in the future for district heating systems and additional industrial heat use from industrial CHP plants. A small increase is foreseen for industrial demands, while heat deliveries to the residential and service sectors are expected to decrease. In total, the heat delivered is expected to increase by less than one per cent per year, giving a total increase of 20% until 2030 and of 40% until 2050.

In this prestudy, more ambitious growth rates are assessed for district heating in the EU27 between 2010 and 2050. The chosen methodology in this pre-study contains a combination of hour-by-hour energy modelling of the EU27 energy system and mapping of local conditions, which is essential for district heating analysis. However, the link between these two actions has not been fully utilised in this pre-study due to the limited working time available: The mapping action has only indicated the input to the energy modelling action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aalborg: Aalborg University, 2012. p. 101
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27976 (URN)
Projects
Heat Roadmap Europe 2050
Note

Funding: The Danish Council for Strategic Research

Available from: 2015-03-12 Created: 2015-03-12 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3917-1184

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