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Luthra, R., Högdin, S., Westberg, N. & Tideman, M. (2018). After upper secondary school: Young adults with intellectual disability not involved in employment, education or daily activity in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 20(1), 50-61
Open this publication in new window or tab >>After upper secondary school: Young adults with intellectual disability not involved in employment, education or daily activity in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 50-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is limited knowledge about young persons with intellectual disability who are Not in Employment, Education or Daily activity (NEED) in Sweden. The aim of the study was to explore the post-upper secondary school situation for persons with intellectual disability not involved in traditional occupations. A national database containing 2955 persons, representing 24.1% of the total (N=12,269) was used. The results revealed a heterogeneous group where financial support was common and few made use of disability services. Gender, municipality, programme type, financial support and disability services were significantly associated with not having an occupation as opposed to being in employment, education or daily activity. Time was a central factor, as the early years after upper secondary school appear to be an important period for changing NEED status. This is the first large scale study to describe these persons not involved in traditional occupations in Sweden and further research is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2018
Keywords
Intellectual disability, post-school occupation, Not in Employment Education or Daily activity (NEED), Not in Employment Education or Training (NEET)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35036 (URN)10.16993/sjdr.43 (DOI)
Note

The study received financial support from Halmstad University and MISA AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
Luthra, R., Westberg, N., Högdin, S. & Tideman, M. (2018). ‘Just Because One has Attended a Special Class Does Not Mean that One Isn’t Capable’: The Experiences of Becoming and Being Not Involved in Traditional Occupations for Young People with Intellectual Disability. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Just Because One has Attended a Special Class Does Not Mean that One Isn’t Capable’: The Experiences of Becoming and Being Not Involved in Traditional Occupations for Young People with Intellectual Disability
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Young adults with intellectual disability face challenges in securing post-secondary school occupations. This can result in being Not in Employment, Education, or Daily activity (NEED). This qualitative interview study analyzes the subjective experiences of the process to becoming and being NEED. The analysis focuses on individual as well as structural factors, and how these are experienced in different arenas in society and in interactions with agencies. Interviews with 10 participants followed by thematic analysis were conducted. The results indicate that the process from secondary school to being outside of traditional occupations is not linear. Individual factors such as desires, abilities, and health problems, combined with structural factors of limited or unsuitable post-school occupations and challenges with formal support contribute to understanding people with intellectual disability who are NEED. The experiences of being NEED relate to social exclusion underlined with notions of normality and stigmatization of having an intellectual disability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, PA: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Intellectual disability, Not in Employment, Education, or Daily activity (NEED), post-secondary school
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38510 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1553734 (DOI)
Note

The study received financial support from Halmstad University and MISA AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

Available from: 2018-12-06 Created: 2018-12-06 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Mallander, O., Mineur, T., Henderson, D. & Tideman, M. (2018). Self-advocacy for people with intellectual disability in Sweden — organizational similarities and differences. Disability Studies Quarterly (DSQ), 38(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-advocacy for people with intellectual disability in Sweden — organizational similarities and differences
2018 (English)In: Disability Studies Quarterly (DSQ), ISSN 1041-5718, E-ISSN 2159-8371, Vol. 38, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-determination and the ability to express opinions and preferences are fundamental to all people. Self-advocacy (SA) among people with intellectual disability (PWID) presents opportunities for them to develop skills to have a say and influence changes in their local environments. The aim of this article is to explore and understand organizational similarities and differences of SA groups for PWID in Sweden by focusing their structures and activities. Within the theoretical framework of Resource-Dependency and New Institutional Perspectives, data from six Swedish SA groups belonging to two different national organizations, have been analyzed.

Factors such as affinity and expectations show limited differences, while power distribution, rules and the role of support persons point to greater diversity. However, good relations within the local organizational field seems to be essential to maintain strong SA for PWID.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Libraries, 2018
Keywords
Self-advocacy, Intellectual disability, organization
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36401 (URN)10.18061/dsq.v38i1.5505 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 201200576
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Tideman, M., Lövgren, V., Szönyi, K., Bergkvist, C. & Haghjo, A. (2017). Intellektuell funktionsnedsättning och arbete. Forskning i korthet (10), 2-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intellektuell funktionsnedsättning och arbete
Show others...
2017 (Swedish)In: Forskning i korthet, ISSN 2001-4287, no 10, p. 2-8Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Personer med funktionsnedsättning tillhör de grupper i samhället som har svårast att etablera sig på arbetsmarknaden. Flera olika faktorer har betydelse för möjligheterna att få ett arbete. Studier pekar på att det handlar om individuella förutsättningar och förmågor men också om omgivningsrelaterade faktorer som lagstiftning, tillgång till individuellt utformat och långsiktigt stöd, arbetsgivares attityder med mera. Majoriteten av unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning i Sverige står utanför arbetsmarknaden. 22 procent har förvärvsarbete i någon utsträckning, oftast med någon form av lönesubvention till arbetsgivaren. Om andelen personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, särskilt kvinnor, i arbete ska öka behöver mer hänsyn tas till faktorer på olika nivåer, och till hur de samspelar. Mer kunskap behövs om vad personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning själva upplever som främjande för etablering på arbetsmarknaden, samt hur olika stödsystem påverkar möjligheterna till arbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Forte, 2017
Keywords
Intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, arbete, litteraturöversikt
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34961 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-15 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2017-11-23Bibliographically approved
Mineur, T., Tideman, M. & Mallander, O. (2017). Self-advocacy in Sweden—an analysis of impact on daily life and identity of self-advocates with intellectual disability. Cogent Social Sciences, 3, Article ID 1304513.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-advocacy in Sweden—an analysis of impact on daily life and identity of self-advocates with intellectual disability
2017 (English)In: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 3, article id 1304513Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-determination and the ability to express opinions and preferences are fundamental to all people. Some people with intellectual disability no longer accept a subordinated role as disabled and new self-advocacy groups have evolved. The aim of this study was to analyse the meaning and importance of engagement in a self-advocacy group for self-advocates daily life and identity. An interpretative abductive approach was used to analyse data from interviews with 26 self-advocates from six self-advocacy groups in Sweden in relation to the theoretical concepts; recognition, social capital, culture capital and self-determination. The key finding is that the vast majority of the participants experienced a changed self-perception, as more skilled, social and confident people, depending on group affiliation, their personal engagement and positions within the group. The conclusion is that self-advocacy is important for daily life and identity of people with intellectual disability. The self-organized movements indicate an important change in society and the results are of importance not only for the target group but for shaping future support and treatment from society of people with intellectual disability. © 2017 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Cogent OA, 2017
Keywords
intellectual disability, self-advocacy, identity and belonging, attitude change, attitudes, empowerment approach, self-determination, self-esteem, Sweden
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35179 (URN)10.1080/23311886.2017.1304513 (DOI)000397718900001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-00576
Available from: 2017-10-12 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Tideman, M. (2016). A welfare state in transformation – effects on people with intellectual disability in Sweden. Canjiren Yanjiu (1), 4-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A welfare state in transformation – effects on people with intellectual disability in Sweden
2016 (Chinese)In: Canjiren Yanjiu, ISSN 2095-0810, no 1, p. 4-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ideologically propelled by the Normalization Principle the Swedish policy and service system for people with intellectual disability has since the 1960th undergone drastic changes like deinstitutionalization and decentralisation of services to the local municipalities. This paper aims to analyze experiences of the Swedish welfare system and later year’s changes and reforms in respect to people with intellectual disability. Based on a description of different types of welfare models, Swedish policy and laws and the transformation of the welfare system, an analysis and discussion follow based on current research knowledge about major trends in practice and everyday life for people with intellectual disability. Special focus is on the greater variation in support and services, increasing self-advocacy, the impact of 20 years with a right-based law and on the increasing marketization of disability services in relation to quality of services and outcomes for people with intellectual disability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Beijing: Canjiren Shiye Fazhan Yanjiuhui / Center for Studies on Disability Work, 2016
Keywords
Welfare, transformation, intellectual disability, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30675 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, J., Staland Nyman, C., Widén, S. & Tideman, M. (2016). Efter(sär)gymnasial sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning - betydelsen av föräldrars utbildningsnivå och födelseland.. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efter(sär)gymnasial sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning - betydelsen av föräldrars utbildningsnivå och födelseland.
2016 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Förbundet för forskning i socialt arbete (FORSA), 2016
Keywords
sysselsättning, social bakgrund, intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, gymnasiesärskolan
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30767 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2018-12-17
Arvidsson, J., Staland-Nyman, C., Widén, S. & Tideman, M. (2016). Intersectional perspectives on post-school occupation among young adults with intellectual disabilities in Sweden. Paper presented at 15th World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSIDD), 14 -19 August 2016, Melbourne, Australia. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(7-8), 771-771
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intersectional perspectives on post-school occupation among young adults with intellectual disabilities in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, ISSN 0964-2633, E-ISSN 1365-2788, Vol. 60, no 7-8, p. 771-771Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study explores and analyses, from an intersectional perspective, the association between parents’ country of birth as well as their level of education and their children's type of occupation after graduating from Swedish upper secondary school for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID).

Method: This is a quantitative study based on three registers (HURPID, LSS, LISA). The analyses are based on logistic regression, interaction analysis and chi-square tests. The sample size was 12,269.

Results: Children of less-educated parents tend to have paid employment and children of highly educated parents tend to participate in disability day programs. Parents’ country of birth and level of education affect the former pupils’ post-school occupation in different ways. The association between parents’ country of birth and former pupils’ occupation is modified by parents’ level of education.

Conclusions: Knowledge and awareness of different background conditions among children graduating from upper secondary school for pupils with ID need to increase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31917 (URN)10.1111/jir.12306 (DOI)000383462000739 ()
Conference
15th World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSIDD), 14 -19 August 2016, Melbourne, Australia
Note

Conference poster

Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, J., Widén, S., Staland Nyman, C. & Tideman, M. (2016). Post-School Destination—A Study of Women and Men With Intellectual Disability and the Gender-Segregated Swedish Labor Market. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 13(3), 217-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-School Destination—A Study of Women and Men With Intellectual Disability and the Gender-Segregated Swedish Labor Market
2016 (English)In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 217-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowledge about people with intellectual disability (ID) and their connections to the labor market is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the entry into and representation in the Swedish labor market for people with ID, discussed with a special focus on the gender perspective. This study included 2,745 individuals (30% women and 70% men) who graduated from Swedish upper secondary schools for pupils with intellectual disability (USSID) in the 2000s, and who were defined as employees in 2011. Graduation data from 2001 to 2011 were analyzed in relation to employment data from 2011 and adjusted for gender, graduation year, and educational program. Results show that men who attended a national USSID program and graduated between 2001 and 2006 were the most likely group to have a job. The authors conclude that the gender differences in the Swedish labor market are more clearly pronounced among women and men with ID in relation to employment rate, wage levels, and professions than in the general population. Education, welfare-services, and interventions specifically targeted to meet the needs of people with ID have to develop in more gender-sensitive ways. © 2016 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016
Keywords
employment, labor market, intellectual disability, gender, Sweden
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30765 (URN)10.1111/jppi.12157 (DOI)000383714700003 ()2-s2.0-84971016693 (Scopus ID)
Note

The study received financial support from MISA AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

Available from: 2016-04-18 Created: 2016-04-18 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Tideman, M. (2016). Self-advocacy: New roles strengthen self-determination but also resistance. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(7/8), 750-750
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-advocacy: New roles strengthen self-determination but also resistance
2016 (English)In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, ISSN 0964-2633, E-ISSN 1365-2788, Vol. 60, no 7/8, p. 750-750Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study aimed to further understand the new forms of self-advocacy in Sweden by describing and analyzing the characteristics and organisation of the movement and its activities and by analyzing the meaning for the members and the influence for identifications, self-determination, relations and daily life.

Method: A national mapping identified more than 60 self-advocacy groups. Case studies of four groups, selected to reflect organisational diversity, were conducted using interviews, focus-groups, observations and document review.

Results: Self -advocacy groups can be everything from totally independent to controlled by parents or staff. Despite this, the self-advocacy groups have an important impact on the lives of their members through the value they experience by achieving independence, self-determination and social connections with each other and outsiders. The most independent groups have also mounted resistance to society´s views and treatments of people with ID and the ways of delivering services.

Conclusions: Self-advocacy-groups in Sweden are important to their members daily life and are slowly beginning to influence attitudes towards people with ID and traditional ways to offer and organise support and service.

© 2016 MENCAP, the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2016
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35635 (URN)10.1111/jir.12305 (DOI)000383462000636 ()
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Projects
Between care paternalism and empowerment? On self-organization: The case of activities for young adults with intellectual disabilities. [2012-00576_Forte]; Halmstad University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7519-6488

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