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Hansson, A. M., Pedersen, E., Karlsson, N. P. E. & Weisner, S. E. B. (2023). Barriers and drivers for sustainable business model innovation based on a radical farmland change scenario. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 25(8), 8083-8106
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers and drivers for sustainable business model innovation based on a radical farmland change scenario
2023 (English)In: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 8083-8106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The agricultural sector has a critical role in creating social and environmental value of natural resources in addition to its traditional role of creating economic value by supplying food to the ever-increasing world population. In fulfilling this dual role, the agricultural sector often faces competing pressures: to operate financially profitable businesses and to create, maintain, and benefit from ecosystem services (ES) in their operations. This paper analyses these pressures in an examination of drivers and barriers to the initiation of the business model innovation process for sustainability (BMIpfS) as perceived by ten agricultural business managers who operate farms in southern Sweden. The paper explores the interplay between managerial cognition and business decisions as revealed in semi-structured interviews. The new ES in focus connect to radical land-use change, paludiculture, as used in the rewetting of farmland intended to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that drained peat soil causes. The paper contributes to the literature by identifying drivers and barriers that moderates the initiation of the BMIpfS. Although the managers acknowledge the importance of long-term, sustainable social, and environmental value creation, they have grave doubts about the profitability of activities associated with the preservation of peat soils and connected ES. These managers would benefit from taking a more proactive, long-term approach to business model changes for sustainability and from acquiring more knowledge about market demand for sustainability-oriented ES. Successful facilitation and implementation of knowledge transfer and government subsidies that support ES could improve the turning of profits based on sustainable value creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer, 2023
Keywords
Business model innovation process, Sustainable value creation, Agricultural businesses, Rewetting of peat soils, Ecosystem services
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46940 (URN)10.1007/s10668-022-02389-1 (DOI)000795192200001 ()2-s2.0-85132617656 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 155-2014-1745
Note

Funding: Open access funding provided by Halmstad University.

Available from: 2022-06-07 Created: 2022-06-07 Last updated: 2023-12-12Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, J. E., Weisner, S. E. .. & Liess, A. (2023). Wetland nitrogen removal from agricultural runoff in a changing climate. Science of the Total Environment, 892, Article ID 164336.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wetland nitrogen removal from agricultural runoff in a changing climate
2023 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 892, article id 164336Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wetlands in agricultural areas mitigate eutrophication by intercepting nutrient transports from land to sea. The role of wetlands for nutrient removal may become even more important in the future because of the expected increase in agricultural runoff due to climate change. Because denitrification is temperature dependent, wetland nitrogen (N) removal usually peaks during the warm summer. However, climate change scenarios for the northern temperate zone predict decreased summer and increased winter flows. Future wetlands may therefore shift towards lower hydraulic loading rate and N load during summer. We hypothesised that low summer N loads would decrease annual wetland N removal and tested this by examining 1.5–3 years of continuous N removal data from created agricultural wetlands in two regions in southern Sweden (East and West) during different periods. West wetlands showed relatively stable hydraulic loads throughout the year, whereas East wetlands had pronounced no-flow periods during summer. We compared East and West wetlands and tested the effects of several variables (e.g., N concentration, N load, hydraulic load, depth, vegetation cover, hydraulic shape) on annual absolute and relative N removal. We found no difference in annual N removal between East and West wetlands, even though summer N loads were lower in East than in West wetlands. A possible explanation is that stagnant water conditions in East wetlands suppressed decomposition of organic matter during summer, making more organic matter available for denitrification during winter. Absolute N removal in all wetlands was best explained by N load and hydraulic shape, whereas relative N removal was best explained by emergent vegetation cover and hydraulic shape. This study highlights the importance of design and location of agricultural wetlands for high N removal, and we conclude that wetlands in a future climate may remove N from agricultural runoff as efficiently as today. © 2023 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Climate change, Constructed wetland, Denitrification, Eutrophication, Nitrogen retention, Summer drought
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51445 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.164336 (DOI)001024704200001 ()37236460 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85161351488 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 19/114Swedish Board of AgricultureSwedish Agency for Marine and Water ManagementCounty Administrative Board of Kalmar County
Available from: 2023-08-17 Created: 2023-08-17 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, J. E., Weisner, S. & Liess, A. (2022). Wetlands in a future climate: How will drier summers affect wetland nitrogen removal?. In: Abstract Book: The Next Years: Sensing and Safeguarding Inland Waters. Paper presented at 36th Congress of the International Society of Limnology (SIL conference), Berlin, Germany, 7-10 August, 2022 (pp. 138-139).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wetlands in a future climate: How will drier summers affect wetland nitrogen removal?
2022 (English)In: Abstract Book: The Next Years: Sensing and Safeguarding Inland Waters, 2022, p. 138-139Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wetland nitrogen (N) removal is temperature dependent and therefore generally highest during summer in the northern temperate zone. However, climate change scenarios predict more frequent summer droughts in these regions, resulting in lowered N transports during summer to wetlands created for interception of agricultural runoff. This may adversely affect annual wetland N removal, thus reducing the mitigative effects wetlands have on eutrophication. In this study, continuous flow-proportional sampling was performed in six agricultural wetlands located on the east coast, and three on the west coast, of southern Sweden. These two regions represent different climate conditions, where precipitation is lower and summer temperatures are higher on the east coast. Our results showed a pronounced no-flow period during summer in east coast wetlands, but not in west coast wetlands. No-flow periods only decreased N load and removal rate during summer but had no effect on annual N removal. Annual N removal was instead best explained by multiple regression with annual N load and hydraulic efficiency as predictors. This indicates that low wetland N removal during drier summers may be compensated by higher N removal during other seasons. A possible explanation is that annual N removal through denitrification is determined by the amount of organic carbon provided by wetland vegetation, and that organic carbon not utilized during summer, due to lack of nitrate and oxygen under no-flow conditions, will be available for denitrification during other seasons. In conclusion, climate change might not have the anticipated decreasing effect on wetland N removal.

Keywords
wetland, ecosystem service, hydraulic retention time, hydraulic shape, Nitrogen removal, Nitrogen loading
National Category
Natural Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48050 (URN)
Conference
36th Congress of the International Society of Limnology (SIL conference), Berlin, Germany, 7-10 August, 2022
Projects
Optimizing future wetlands for water retention and multiple ecosystem services
Available from: 2022-09-13 Created: 2022-09-13 Last updated: 2023-01-13Bibliographically approved
Martens, M., Karlsson, N., Ehde, P. M., Mattsson, M. & Weisner, S. (2021). The greenhouse gas emission effects of rewetting drained peatlands and growing wetland plants for biogas fuel production. Journal of Environmental Management, 277, Article ID 111391.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The greenhouse gas emission effects of rewetting drained peatlands and growing wetland plants for biogas fuel production
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 277, article id 111391Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are receiving increased attention among governmental and commercial actors. In recent years, the interest in paludiculture, i.e. the use of rewetted peatlands, has grown because of its potential to reduce GHG emissions by stopping soil decomposition. Moreover, cultivating wetland plants on rewetted peatlands for  bioenergy production that replaces fossil fuels in the transport sector, can contribute to additional GHG emission reductions. In this study, an analysis of literature data was conducted to obtain data on GHG emissions (CO2 and CH4) and biomass production from rewetted peatlands cultivated with two different wetland plant species: Phragmites australis (Pa) and Typha latifolia (Tl). In  addition, a  biogas experiment was carried out to investigate the biomethane yield of Pa and Tl biomass, and the reduction of global warming potential (GWP) by using biomethane as vehicle fuel. The results show that peatland rewetting can be an important measure to mitigate the GWP as it reduces GHG emissions from the soil, particularly on a 100-year timescale but also to some extent on a 20-year timescale. More specifically, rewetting of 1 km2 of peatland can result in  a  GWP reduction corresponding to  the  emissions from ±2600 average sized petrol cars annually. Growing Pa on rewetted peatlands reduces soil GHG emissions more than growing Tl, but Pa and Tl produced similar amounts of biomass and biomethane per land area. Our study concludes that Pa, because of a more pronounced GWP reduction, is the most suitable wetland plant to cultivate after peatland rewetting. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Paludiculture, Greenhouse gas emissions, Peatland, Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia, Biomethane
National Category
Environmental Sciences Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-43340 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111391 (DOI)000593974400009 ()33049611 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85092313103 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 155-2014-1745
Available from: 2020-10-26 Created: 2020-10-26 Last updated: 2021-01-20Bibliographically approved
Eller, F., Ehde, P. M., Oehmke, C., Ren, L., Brix, H., Sorell, B. K. & Weisner, S. (2020). Biomethane yield from different European Phragmites australis genotypes, compared with other herbaceous wetland species grown at different fertilization regimes. Resources, 9(5), Article ID 57.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biomethane yield from different European Phragmites australis genotypes, compared with other herbaceous wetland species grown at different fertilization regimes
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2020 (English)In: Resources, ISSN 2079-9276, Vol. 9, no 5, article id 57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia, T. angustifolia and Arundo donax are tall wetland graminoids with the potential to replace fossil fuels under sustainable cultivation conditions. We investigated the biomethane (CH4) production of these four species, including four different genotypes of P. australis, which represent the high intraspecific diversity of European reed. All plants were grown under three different macronutrient supplies (no nutrients added, an equivalent of 75 kg N ha−1 year−1 added and an equivalent of 500 kg N ha−1 year−1 added). Biomethane production was measured in four independent batch digestion tests. Across all experiments, fertilization regime had little effect on CH4 yield, which was on average 222 ± 31 L kg−1 volatile solids (VS). The lowest yield was produced by T. angustifolia (140 L kgVS−1) receiving no nutrients, while the highest yield was produced by A. donax (305 L kgVS−1) in the highest nutrient treatment. The intraspecific diversity of P. australis did not affect biomethane production. All P. australis genotypes produced on average 226 ± 19 L CH4 kgVS−1, which, although high, was still lower than conventional biogas species. The biomass production of P. australis was less increased by fertilization than that of Typha sp. and A. donax, but all species had similar biomass without fertilization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2020
Keywords
Arundo donax, biogas, paludiculture, pretreatment, sustainable agriculture Typha angustifolia, Typha latifolia
National Category
Bioenergy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-42055 (URN)10.3390/resources9050057 (DOI)000541018000009 ()2-s2.0-85085639743 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 155-2014-1745
Note

This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Innovative Utilization of Common Reed (Phragmites Australis) in the Bioeconomy.'

Other funders: FACCE-JPI ERA-NET Plus on Climate Smart Agriculture (project CINDERELLA), the Carlsberg Foundation, grant number CF15-0330, the German Federal Minister of Education and Research under Project Number 031A545.

Available from: 2020-05-15 Created: 2020-05-15 Last updated: 2021-10-20Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, J. E., Liess, A., Ehde, P. M. & Weisner, S. E. .. (2020). Mature wetland ecosystems remove nitrogen equally well regardless of initial planting. Science of the Total Environment, 716, Article ID 137002.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mature wetland ecosystems remove nitrogen equally well regardless of initial planting
2020 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 716, article id 137002Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Restored and constructed semi-natural wetlands are increasingly used in the agricultural landscape to intercept nutrients from surface waters. Vegetated surface-flow wetlands remove more nitrogen (N) than those without vegetation. However, changes in N removal over time as differently vegetated wetlands progress from early successional stages to mature systems are less investigated. We monitored three different types of initial planting over the course of 12 years, with the aim to examine how planting of newly constructed wetlands affects long-term N removal. All our data were collected in an experimental wetland facility in south-western Sweden. The facility consists of 18 identical small (ca. 25 m2) surface-flow wetlands, simulating semi-natural wetlands in an agricultural landscape. Initially, the 18 wetlands were randomly divided into three treatments (vegetation types) with six replicates each and planted with (1) emergent vegetation, (2) submerged vegetation and (3) no vegetation for free development. Vegetation succession afterwards progressed uninhibited in all wetlands. Emergent vegetation wetlands initially removed more N than both submerged vegetation and free development wetlands. We found that N removal in submerged vegetation and free development wetlands increased with ecosystem age, whereas N removal in emergent vegetation wetlands did not. N removal in all three vegetation types converged when the wetlands reached a more mature state, around 8 years after wetland construction. However, although all wetlands contained emergent vegetation in year 8, the proportion of emergent vegetation cover and vegetation composition still differed substantially between wetland types. Our study indicates that it is not the cover of emergent vegetation per se which promotes higher N removal in more mature wetlands, but the maturation process itself; mature wetlands despite differing emergent vegetation coverage achieved equally high N removal. In conclusion, once wetlands reach maturity, beneficial effects of initial planting on N removal disappear. © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Created wetland, Nitrogen removal, Nutrient retention, Phragmites australis, Long-term study, Denitrification
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41721 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137002 (DOI)000519987300099 ()32036131 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85078896215 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

Other funding: Halmstad University

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2021-10-25Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, J. E., Liess, A. & Weisner, S. E. .. (2020). Näringsavskiljning i anlagda våtmarker i Kalmar län. Länsstyrelsen Kalmar län
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Näringsavskiljning i anlagda våtmarker i Kalmar län
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I den här studien beräknades kväve- och fosforavskiljningen utifrån automatiserad flödesproportionell provtagning i fem anlagda våtmarker i Kalmar län under tre års tid samt i ett anlagt fosfordike i länet under två år (fortsättningsvis benämns alla sex studieobjekt som våtmarker). Syftet med studien var att utvärdera funktionen av våtmarker i Kalmar län för avskiljning av kväve och fosfor. I rapporten presenteras även nya beräkningsmetoder som tagits fram för att hantera de osäkerheter som oundvikligen följer av denna typ av situ-studier. Denna rapport bör kunna bidra till förbättrade mätmetoder och analyser i framtida våtmarksstudier.

De våtmarker som ingår i studien är lokaliserade i fem olika kommuner i Kalmar län. Våtmarkerna som studerats är Hanåsa (Högsby kommun), Resmo (Mörbylånga kommun), Påboda (Torsås kommun), Grisbäck (Torsås kommun), Hossmo (Kalmar kommun) och Häckenstad (Västerviks kommun). Urvalet av våtmarker är gjort av Länsstyrelsen med målsättningen att få ett representativt urval av våtmarker i Kalmar län. Våtmarkerna i studien skiljer sig därför från varandra både i utformning och i vilken omgivning de är anlagda. De flesta av våtmarkerna är cirka en halv hektar stora, men den största våtmarkens area är 2,5 hektar och den minsta har en area på endast 220 kvadratmeter. Några av våtmarkerna har mycket hög andel åkermark i tillrinningsområdet, medan andra våtmarker främst har skog i sitt tillrinningsområde.

Flödesproportionell provtagning har kontinuerligt genomförts vid in- och utlopp i fem våtmarker från november 2016 till och med december 2019, och i en våtmark från maj 2018 till och med december 2019. I tre av våtmarkerna mättes flöde både vid inlopp och utlopp, och i tre av våtmarkerna mättes flöde endast vid utlopp. Flödesmätning gjordes en gång per minut, och varje vecka hämtades vattenprover från våtmarkerna för att analyseras för bland annat innehåll av näringsämnen. Den data som samlats in har sedan bearbetats, beräknats och korrigerats för att kunna användas i bedömningen av våtmarkernas näringsavskiljning.

Flödena i våtmarkerna följde vanligen tydliga säsongsmönster där sommarflöden var låga och flödestoppar skedde under höst, vinter och vår. Resmo, på Öland, hade längre torrperioder än övriga våtmarker i studien. Näringskoncentrationerna vid de olika våtmarkernas inlopp var i genomsnitt under studien mellan 1,7 och 9,9 mg kväve per liter och mellan 64 och 157 µg fosfor per liter. Kvävet var huvudsakligen i form av nitratkväve, och fosforn var i huvudsak partikelbunden fosfor. Både kväve- och fosforavskiljning i våtmarkerna ökade med ökad belastning. Den genomsnittliga årliga kväve- och fosforavskiljningen per hektar vattenyta skiljde sig stort mellan våtmarkerna. Den varierade från negativ avskiljning i den största våtmarken till över 1 000 kg per hektar vattenyta och år för både kväve och fosfor i den minsta våtmarken (tabell 1). Angivet i procent avskildes i genomsnitt upp till 14 % av den årliga kvävebelastningen och upp till 70 % av den årliga fosforbelastningen. Jämfört med tidigare modellerad kväve- och fosforavskiljning för våtmarker i Kalmar län och andra delar av Sverige var avskiljningen i våtmarkerna i denna studie generellt högre.

Tabell 1. Genomsnittlig kväve- och fosforavskiljning angivet per hektar vattenyta och år och i procent av den årliga belastningen i de sex våtmarkerna i studien. På grund av mätosäkerheter anges avskiljningen i vissa av våtmarkerna som ett intervall. 

                     Kväveavskiljning                   Fosforavskiljning

Våtmark       kg ha-1 år-1   %                     kg ha-1 år-1    %

Hanåsa          -351               -37                   -49                  -91

Resmo           407                3,8                   19                    31

Påboda          845 – 1 013    12 – 14             20 – 28            22 – 29

Grisbäck        523 – 899       7,2 – 12            113 – 153        45 – 54

Hossmo         346 – 965       2,7 – 7,3           -1,1 – 14         -4,4 – 13

Häckenstad    1 471             4,3                    1 688              70

Resultaten i denna studie visar att våtmarker i Kalmar län kan uppnå hög näringsavskiljning, men att skillnaderna mellan olika våtmarker är stora. Resultaten visar också att hög kväve- och fosforavskiljning kan uppnås i våtmarker med relativt låg andel åkermark i tillrinningsområdet, och att mycket hög fosforavskiljning kan uppnås i små våtmarker även utan en djuphåla. Projektet bidrar till en bättre bild av vilken avskiljning av kväve och fosfor som kan uppnås i anlagda våtmarker i södra Sverige. Resultat från projektet kan tillsammans med tidigare mätningar utgöra en grund för säkrare modellberäkningar av kväve- och fosforavskiljning, vilka kan användas för att på ett enklare sätt undersöka avskiljningen i ett större antal våtmarker eller för att prediktera vad som kan uppnås i planerade våtmarksprogram. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Länsstyrelsen Kalmar län, 2020. p. 125
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-43706 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Agency for Marine and Water ManagementSwedish Board of Agriculture
Available from: 2020-12-15 Created: 2020-12-15 Last updated: 2021-02-15Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Pedersen, E. & Weisner, S. (2019). Assessing cultural ecosystem services as individuals’ place-based appraisals. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 39, 79-88
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing cultural ecosystem services as individuals’ place-based appraisals
2019 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 39, p. 79-88Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Though the existence of cultural ecosystem services is dependent on people’s activities and experiences, these services are still commonly assessed using top–down approaches. In this study, appraisal theory and research into human responses to natural environments formed the basis of a systematic multilevel investigation of appraisals of created wetland areas. The aim was to explore how appraisals could be used as a bottom–up approach to assessing the perceived contribution of wetland areas s to people’s quality of life (QoL). In total, 111 participants assessed environmental perceptions, affective experiences, and restorative potentials on site at three wetlands in Sweden. The results indicate that wetland areas and specific places with different ecological functions within these areas were appraised significantly differently. Moreover these places were perceived to support various QoL aspects to different degrees. Concepts and methods tested here give environmental planners hands-on tools for facilitating communication with expected users about the cultural ecosystem services of created wetland areas. © 2019

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
München: Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Created wetland areas, Cultural ecosystem services, Environmental appraisal, Quality of life
National Category
Social Sciences Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39030 (URN)10.1016/j.ufug.2019.02.011 (DOI)000461424100009 ()2-s2.0-85062238338 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 13/148
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2020-05-11Bibliographically approved
Song, X., Ehde, P. M. & Weisner, S. (2019). Effects of Water Depth and Phosphorus Availability on Nitrogen Removal in Agricultural Wetlands. Water, 11(12), Article ID 2626.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Water Depth and Phosphorus Availability on Nitrogen Removal in Agricultural Wetlands
2019 (English)In: Water, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, no 12, article id 2626Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Excess nitrogen (N) from agricultural runoff is a cause of pollution inaquatic ecosystems. Created free water surface (FWS) wetlands can be used as buffering systems to lower the impacts of nutrients from agricultural runoff. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate critical factors for N removal in FWSwetlands receiving high nitrate (NO3) loads from agriculture. The study was performed in 12 experimental FWS wetlands in southern Sweden, receiving drainage water from an agricultural field area. The effects of water depth (mean depth of 0.4 m and 0.6 m, respectively) and phosphorus (P) availability (with or without additional P load) were investigated from July to October. The experiment was performed in a two-way design, with three wetlands of each combination of depth and P availability. The effects of P availability on the removal of NO3 and total N were strongly significant, with higher absolute N removal rates per wetland area (g m−2 day−1) as well as temperature-adjusted first-order area-based removal rate coefficients (Kat) in wetlands with external P addition compared to wetlands with no addition. Further, higher N removal in deep compared to shallow wetlands was indicated by statistically significant differences in Kat. The results show that low P availability may limit N removal in wetlands receiving agricultural drainage water. Furthermore, the results support that not only wetland area but also wetland volume may be important for N removal. The results have implications for the planning, location, and design of created wetlands in agricultural areas. © 2019 by the authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2019
Keywords
free water surface wetlands, agricultural runoff, nitrogen removal, water depth, phosphorus
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41208 (URN)10.3390/w11122626 (DOI)000507378600198 ()2-s2.0-85079610843 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Pedersen, E., Weisner, S. & Johansson, M. (2019). Wetland areas' direct contributions to residents' well-being entitle them to high cultural ecosystem values. Science of the Total Environment, 646, 1315-1326
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wetland areas' direct contributions to residents' well-being entitle them to high cultural ecosystem values
2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 646, p. 1315-1326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wetlands in urban areas will be crucial to counteract the effects of climate change, for example, by improving flood protection and regulating local climate. To gain acceptance for larger-scale creation of wetlands, total values must be identified and revealed. Provisioning and regulating ecosystem services can be described as the quantitative effect, but cultural ecosystem services require other assessments. This study sought to determine whether peri-urban and urban wetland areas contribute to the well-being and quality of life of nearby residents, and to capture their value relative to two other types of green areas (i.e., parks and urban forests). A postal questionnaire survey, based on validated environmental psychology instruments, was distributed to residents in three municipalities with wetland areas of different structures and locations. In these municipalities, respondents (n = 474; response rate = 40%) reported that the wetland area contributed to several quality-of-life aspects, such as encountering nature and experiencing beauty. The areas also facilitated activities that support well-being, were perceived to have high restorative qualities, and evoked positive affective responses. All wetland areas were rated high on most of the measured concepts, but their value relative to other green areas differed possibly depending on the accessibility of the wetland and the availability of other green areas. The location and extent to which the wetland area was integrated in the residential area determined what quality-of-life aspects were most satisfied. Wetland areas can be ascribed cultural ecosystem service values based on how residents perceive their contribution to their quality of life. These values can be added to those of provisioning and regulating ecosystem services, forming the basis for planning urban environments. © 2018 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Created wetlands, Cultural ecosystem services, Urban planning, Environmental perception, Quality of life, Environmental psychology
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38018 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.236 (DOI)000445164800128 ()2-s2.0-85050739044 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 13/148
Available from: 2018-09-19 Created: 2018-09-19 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
Projects
CINDERELLA [2014-1745_Formas]; Halmstad University; Publications
Hansson, A. M., Pedersen, E., Karlsson, N. P. E. & Weisner, S. E. B. (2023). Barriers and drivers for sustainable business model innovation based on a radical farmland change scenario. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 25(8), 8083-8106Martens, M., Karlsson, N., Ehde, P. M., Mattsson, M. & Weisner, S. (2021). The greenhouse gas emission effects of rewetting drained peatlands and growing wetland plants for biogas fuel production. Journal of Environmental Management, 277, Article ID 111391. Eller, F., Ehde, P. M., Oehmke, C., Ren, L., Brix, H., Sorell, B. K. & Weisner, S. (2020). Biomethane yield from different European Phragmites australis genotypes, compared with other herbaceous wetland species grown at different fertilization regimes. Resources, 9(5), Article ID 57.
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5181-0391

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