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Malmborg, Julia, PhDORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9918-461X
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Malmborg, J., Roswall, J., Almquist-Tangen, G., Dahlgren, J., Alm, B. & Bergman, S. (2023). Associations between pain, health, and lifestyle factors in 10-year-old boys and girls from a Swedish birth cohort. BMC Pediatrics, 23(1), Article ID 328.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between pain, health, and lifestyle factors in 10-year-old boys and girls from a Swedish birth cohort
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2023 (English)In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

Pain is common in children and its associations with various biopsychosocial factors is complex. Comprehensive pain assessments could contribute to a better understanding of pediatric pain, but these assessments are scarce in literature. The aim of this study was to examine differences in pain prevalence and pain patterns in 10-year-old boys and girls from a Swedish birth cohort and to study associations between pain, health-related quality of life and various lifestyle factors stratified by sex.

Methods:

866 children (426 boys and 440 girls) and their parents from the “Halland Health and Growth Study” participated in this cross-sectional study. Children were categorized into two pain groups, “infrequent pain” (never–monthly pain) or “frequent pain” (weekly–almost daily pain), based on a pain mannequin. Univariate logistic regression analyses, stratified by sex, were performed to study associations between frequent pain and children’s self-reports of disease and disability and health-related quality of life (Kidscreen-27, five domains), and parents’ reports of their child’s sleep (quality and duration), physical activity time, sedentary time, and participation in organized physical activities.

Results:

The prevalence of frequent pain was 36.5% with no difference between boys and girls (p = 0.442). Boys with a longstanding disease or disability had higher odds of being in the frequent pain group (OR 2.167, 95% CI 1.168–4.020). Higher scores on health-related quality of life in all five domains for girls, and in two domains for boys, was associated with lower odds of being categorized into the frequent pain group. Frequent pain was associated with poor sleep quality (boys OR 2.533, 95% CI 1.243–5.162; girls OR 2.803, 95% CI 1.276–6.158) and more sedentary time (boys weekends OR 1.131, 95% CI 1.022–1.253; girls weekdays OR 1.137, 95% CI 1.032–1.253), but not with physical activity.

Conclusions:

The high prevalence of frequent pain needs to be acknowledged and treated by school health-care services and the healthcare sector in order to prevent pain from influencing health and lifestyle factors negatively in children. © 2023, The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Keywords
Health-related quality of life, Kidscreen-27, Pediatrics, Physical activity, Sedentary behavior, Sleep
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-51266 (URN)10.1186/s12887-023-04139-2 (DOI)001020935900006 ()2-s2.0-85163825684 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region HallandHalmstad University
Available from: 2023-07-12 Created: 2023-07-12 Last updated: 2023-08-11Bibliographically approved
Malmborg, J. S., Svedberg, P., Nygren, J. M., Aili, K. & Larsson, I. (2023). Parents' health experiences after their child with ADHD and sleep problems underwent a sleep intervention with a weighted blanket. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference, Halmstad, Sweden, 14-16 June, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents' health experiences after their child with ADHD and sleep problems underwent a sleep intervention with a weighted blanket
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Being a parent of a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep problems can be challenging and stressful. Weighted blankets have the potential to improve sleep and health in these children, but less is known about the potential effects the child's use of a weighted blanket may have on parents' health.

Purpose of the study: To explore parents' health experiences after their child with ADHD and sleep problems underwent a sleep intervention with a weighted blanket.

Methods: This study is a part of a randomized, controlled crossover trial with a 16-week sleep intervention with weighted blankets for children with ADHD and sleep problems. A total of 24 parents of children who preferred sleeping with a weighted blanket were interviewed about how the sleep intervention influenced their health. An inductive qualitative content analysis resulted in seven subcategories and two categories.

Findings: Children's sleep with weighted blankets influenced parents experienced health in terms of 1) coping with everyday life, including finding harmony, nurturing family relationships, and maintaining a sustainable structure, and 2) feeling well-being, including being well rested, sustaining energy, reaching calm, and achieving meaningful leisure time.

Conclusion: A sleep intervention with weighted blankets in children with ADHD and sleep problems influenced parents' health positively by improving management of life and well-being. For parents who struggle to meet the everyday challenges of their child's ADHD, this sleep intervention may contribute to a sustainable health. 

Keywords
parents' health, children with ADHD, weighted blanke, qualitative method
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Health Innovation, IDC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-52012 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference, Halmstad, Sweden, 14-16 June, 2023
Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2023-12-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, H., Malmborg, J., Ekengren, J., Lind, J. & Ivarsson, A. (2023). Skating on thin ice? Mental health and well-being in women’s ice hockey. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 9(4), Article ID e001746.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skating on thin ice? Mental health and well-being in women’s ice hockey
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2023 (English)In: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, E-ISSN 2055-7647, Vol. 9, no 4, article id e001746Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: First, to map the prevalence of symptoms of positive mental health, anxiety, depression and sleep difficulties, along with the coexistence of these symptoms, among players in the Swedish Women’s Hockey League (SDHL). Second, to investigate relationships between these mental health symptoms and demographic variables (ie, age, injuries, dual careers), social support and psychological flexibility.

Methods: Players from nine teams in SDHL (n=182; mean age 22.3±SD 4.8, range 16–35) participated in this cross-sectional study. An online survey, including validated self-assessment questionnaires, conducted data collection. The questionnaires were distributed just before the play-offs started in the 2022–2023 season. Mental health variables were presented as descriptive statistics, and associations were investigated through multivariate binary logistic regression analyses.

Results: The response rate was 91%. Moderate or severe symptoms were reported among 29.7% for sleep difficulties, 20.9% for anxiety and 18.1% for depression. Nineteen per cent reported comorbidities. Sixty percent reported flourishing mental health. Lower psychological flexibility was associated with lower odds of flourishing mental health and higher odds of symptoms of anxiety, depression and sleep difficulties. Social support was associated with higher odds of flourishing mental health and lower odds of sleep difficulties.

Conclusion: 6 of every 10 players reported not reaching the ideal state of mental health (ie, flourishing mental health without mental illness). Mental health symptoms were statistically significantly associated with psychological flexibility and social support, suggesting that these factors will be beneficial to consider when preventing mental illness and promoting mental health in this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-52145 (URN)10.1136/bmjsem-2023-001746 (DOI)38022763 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding: The Swedish Ice Hockey Association

Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2023-11-30Bibliographically approved
Malmborg, J. S., Roswall, J., Almquist-Tangen, G., Dahlgren, J., Alm, B. & Bergman, S. (2023). Smärta och hälsa hos 10-åriga barn från en födelsekohort. In: : . Paper presented at Barnveckan 2023, Halmstad, Sverige, 22-25 maj, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smärta och hälsa hos 10-åriga barn från en födelsekohort
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2023 (Swedish)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-52011 (URN)
Conference
Barnveckan 2023, Halmstad, Sverige, 22-25 maj, 2023
Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2023-12-01Bibliographically approved
Malmborg, J. S., Bremander, A., Bergman, S., Haglund, E. & Olsson, M. C. (2022). Musculoskeletal pain and its association with health status, maturity, and sports performance in adolescent sport school students: a 2-year follow-up. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 14(1), Article ID 43.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Musculoskeletal pain and its association with health status, maturity, and sports performance in adolescent sport school students: a 2-year follow-up
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2022 (English)In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2052-1847 , Vol. 14, no 1, article id 43Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Musculoskeletal pain and its risk factors are rarely assessed in studies on adolescent athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors at baseline that were associated with the persistence or development of musculoskeletal pain at a two-year follow-up in adolescent sport school students, and to study cross-sectional associations at follow-up between musculoskeletal pain and sports performance.

Methods: Sport school students (79 boys and 52 girls, aged 14 years at baseline) were divided into infrequent (never–monthly) or frequent (weekly–almost daily) pain groups, based on frequency of pain using a pain mannequin. Logistic regression analyses were performed to study longitudinal associations between frequent pain at follow-up and baseline variables: pain group, number of regions with frequent pain, health status by EQ-5D, maturity offset (pre, average, or post peak height velocity), and sports (contact or non-contact). Linear regression analyses were used to study cross-sectional associations between pain groups and 20-m sprint, agility T-test, counter-movement jump, and grip strength at follow-up. Results were stratified by sex.

Results: A higher percentage of girls than boys reported frequent pain at follow-up (62% vs. 37%; p = 0.005). In boys, frequent pain at follow-up was associated with being pre peak height velocity at baseline (OR 3.884, CI 1.146–13.171; p = 0.029) and participating in non-contact sports (OR 3.429, CI 1.001–11.748; p = 0.050). In girls, frequent pain at follow-up was associated with having frequent pain in two or more body regions at baseline (OR 3.600, CI 1.033–12.542; p = 0.044), having a worse health status at baseline (OR 3.571, CI 1.026–12.434; p = 0.045), and participating in non-contact sports (OR 8.282, CI 2.011–34.116; p = 0.003). In boys, frequent pain was associated with worse performances in 20-m sprint and counter-movement jump, but not in agility T-test and grip strength.

Conclusions: Baseline risk factors for having frequent pain at follow-up were late maturation in boys, frequent pain and worse health status in girls, and participation in non-contact sports in both sexes. Boys with pain performed worse in sports tests. Coaches and school health-care services should pay attention to the risk factors and work towards preventing pain from becoming persistent. © 2022, The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
Keywords
Epidemiology, Exercise physiology, Health status, Maturity, Sports performance
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-43031 (URN)10.1186/s13102-022-00437-x (DOI)000771455100001 ()35313966 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85126734264 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Halland, HALLAND-639101Region Halland, HALLAND-469111Halmstad University
Note

Funding: Open access funding provided by Halmstad University. The study was supported financially by Halmstad University; Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad; Region Halland (Grant Numbers HALLAND-469111, HALLAND-639101, and HALLAND-749041); and the Mayflower Charity Foundation, Sweden. The sources of funding had no involvement in the study design, data collection, analysis of data, interpretation of data, writing of the manuscript, or submission for publication.

Available from: 2020-09-02 Created: 2020-09-02 Last updated: 2023-01-02Bibliographically approved
Malmborg, J., Roswall, J., Almquist-Tangen, G., Dahlgren, J., Alm, B. & Bergman, S. (2022). Pain and its association with health-related quality of life, sleep, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in 10-year-old children from a Swedish birth cohort. Paper presented at Annual European Congress of Rheumatology EULAR, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1-4 June, 2022. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 81(Suppl. 1), 988-988
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pain and its association with health-related quality of life, sleep, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in 10-year-old children from a Swedish birth cohort
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2022 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 81, no Suppl. 1, p. 988-988Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2022
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46970 (URN)10.1136/annrheumdis-2022-eular.1006 (DOI)
Conference
Annual European Congress of Rheumatology EULAR, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1-4 June, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-09 Created: 2022-06-09 Last updated: 2022-06-09Bibliographically approved
Almgren, J., Löfström, E., Malmborg, J. S., Nygren, J. M., Undén, J. & Larsson, I. (2022). Patients' Health Experiences of Post COVID-19 Condition – A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(21), Article ID 13980.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' Health Experiences of Post COVID-19 Condition – A Qualitative Study
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 21, article id 13980Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Patients who suffer from long-term symptoms of COVID-19, described as post COVID-19 condition, are a new and large group of patients. There is a lack of knowledge concerning health experiences in this patient group. The aim of this study was to explore patients' health experiences of post COVID-19 condition. Data collection was performed through 14 semi-structured interviews. The qualitative content analysis resulted in six sub-categories, three categories, and an overall theme. Patients experienced symptoms of varying duration-ranging from 5-21 months. The results showed that patients' health experiences of post COVID-19 condition moved between uncertainty and new insights. This was shown by patients experiencing: (1) loss of abilities, including losing smell and taste and lacking energy, (2) loss of control, including being foreign to oneself and seeking answers, and (3) revaluation of life, including accepting the transformed body and prioritizing health. This study illustrates that patients living with post COVID-19 condition need to be treated with flexibility, based on each individual's unique challenges and experiences of the symptoms and the consequences for their health. © 2022 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2022
Keywords
COVID-19, experience, health, lifestyle, long-term symptoms
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48673 (URN)10.3390/ijerph192113980 (DOI)000881086200001 ()36360860 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85141554462 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Halland, HALLAND-965985Knowledge Foundation, Dnr-280042
Note

Other funding: The Foundation of Sparbanken Varberg (HALLAND-967873)

Available from: 2022-11-22 Created: 2022-11-22 Last updated: 2022-11-24Bibliographically approved
Malmborg, J., Bremander, A., Bergman, S., Haglund, E. & Olsson, M. C. (2021). Musculoskeletal pain in adolescent sportschool students – a two-year follow-up. In: : . Paper presented at Fysioterapi 2021, digital konferens, 19-20 oktober, 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Musculoskeletal pain in adolescent sportschool students – a two-year follow-up
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2021 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Keywords
Pain and pain rehabilitation, Children and adolescents, Physical activity, Sustainable health, Exercise medicine
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46969 (URN)
Conference
Fysioterapi 2021, digital konferens, 19-20 oktober, 2021
Available from: 2022-06-09 Created: 2022-06-09 Last updated: 2022-06-10Bibliographically approved
Söderström Malmborg, J. (2020). Pain and health in adolescents and young adults – pieces of a puzzle. (Doctoral dissertation). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pain and health in adolescents and young adults – pieces of a puzzle
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a burden for the individual and for society, and it has a negative impact on overall health. The biological, psychological, and social factors that govern pain and health form a complex puzzle to put together. Musculoskeletal pain conditions may be alleviated by physical activity, but a too high level of physical activity may also increase the risk of pain. Youth athletes may be especially vulnerable to developing pain due to factors related to training load and physical maturity. Being physically active and maintaining a healthy diet is associated with better health, but if carried out to excess these health behaviours may become unhealthy. Our understanding of musculoskeletal pain and health in adolescents and young adults needs to be developed, both in individuals involved in sports and exercise and in the general population.

Aim: The overall aim was to study musculoskeletal pain and its relationship to various health-related factors in adolescents and young adults enrolled in sport or general education programmes.

Methods: Study I was a cross-sectional study on university students (aged 19–29) from an exercise science programme (n = 118) and a business programme (n = 89), assessing health status, physical activity, and orthorexia nervosa (an exaggerated fixation on healthy food). Study II was a cross-sectional study (n = 178), and Study III a 2-year longitudinal (n = 131) study on sport school students (aged 14 at baseline), assessing musculoskeletal pain, health status, physical maturity, and sports performance. Study IV was a 3-year longitudinal study on students from a general upper secondary school (n = 256, aged 16 at baseline), assessing chronic musculoskeletal pain, health status, physical activity, sleep, stress, anxiety, and depression.

Results: In Study I, compared to business students, exercise science students reported more pain, but better general health. A high level of physical activity in combination with orthorexia nervosa was most prevalent in men from the exercise science programme. In Studies II and III, pain was common in sport school students. At baseline, boys with constant pain were not as physically mature as boys with infrequent pain. Students with constant pain reported a worse health status than students with infrequent pain. At follow-up, frequent pain, frequent pain in two or more body regions, and a worse health status at baseline were identified as risk factors for having frequent pain at follow-up in girls. For boys, late physical maturation at baseline was a risk factor. Involvement in non-contact sports was also an identified risk factor over time in both sexes. Pain was associated with a worse sports performance in boys at both baseline and follow-up. In Study IV, chronic musculoskeletal pain was common in students from a general upper secondary school. A worse health status, severe sleeping problems, anxiety, and chronic musculoskeletal pain at baseline were associated with reporting chronic musculoskeletal pain at follow-up.

Conclusions: Pain was prevalent, and also persistent, in adolescents and young adults, irrespective of attending sport or general education programmes. Pain is a biopsychosocial phenomenon and must be treated as such. Pain should be frequently monitored, and treatment should be introduced early on to prevent pain from becoming persistent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2020. p. 113
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations ; 73
Keywords
musculoskeletal pain, health status, physical activity, orthorexia nervosa, sports, sleep, stress, anxiety, depression, physical maturity, students, school, biopsychosocial
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-43044 (URN)978-91-88749-54-3 (ISBN)978-91-88749-55-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-10-09, Baertlingsalen, Visionen (hus J), Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-09-08 Created: 2020-09-04 Last updated: 2021-03-26Bibliographically approved
Ek, S., Wollmer, P., Karlsson, M. K., Peterson, T., Thorsson, O., Olsson, M. C., . . . Dencker, M. (2020). Relative Age Effect of Sport Academy Adolescents, a Physiological Evaluation. Sports, 8(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relative Age Effect of Sport Academy Adolescents, a Physiological Evaluation
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2020 (English)In: Sports, E-ISSN 2075-4663, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relationship between birth quarter distribution and physiological characteristics related to athletic skills, in adolescent sport academy students has not been fully investigated. In a cross-sectional study, we recruited 86 boys and 52 girls aged 12-14 years during their first term at a sport academy school. We measured body size, cardiac size, pulmonary function, body composition, lower body power, cardiorespiratory fitness parameters, and running endurance by standard methods and analyzed these estimates in relation to birth quarter by ANOVA. Birth quarter distribution in our cohort was compared with birth quarter distribution in the same ages in the whole of Sweden and analyzed by logistic regression. The academy had an overrepresentation of students born in the first quartile of the year compared to those born in the last quartile (odds ratio 2.3 (95% CI: 1.1-4.7)). When comparing the physiological characteristics between birth quarters, uniformity is prominent since out of 26 performed physiological and anthropometric tests only four showed statistically significant group differences. We thus believe that the selection process to the sport academy favours athletes with higher chronological age, i.e., a so-called relative age effect is present. © 2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2020
Keywords
exercise physiology, fitness testing, physical maturation, relative age effect, talent selection
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41601 (URN)10.3390/sports8010005 (DOI)000511878400003 ()31936102 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85096321107 (Scopus ID)
Projects
MUSSE
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, 2018-0008
Note

Other funders: The Swedish Heart and Lung Association (20120269), Lund University Grants and Halmstad University (46118, 98913, 819961).

Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-02-04 Last updated: 2021-10-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9918-461X

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