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Karlsson, N., Hoveskog, M., Halila, F. & Mattsson, M. (2018). Business modelling in farm-based biogas production: towards network-level business models and stakeholder business cases for sustainability. Sustainability Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business modelling in farm-based biogas production: towards network-level business models and stakeholder business cases for sustainability
2018 (English)In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Farm-based biogas production is a promising renewable energy technology with the potential for creating sustainable economic, environmental, and social value. However, Swedish farmers engaged in this activity struggle to turn a profit because of high-investment costs and severe price competition with fossil fuels. One way to address this situation is to re-organize the activity by innovating the business model (BM) towards sustainability. In this study, a team of researchers took an action research approach that proposed solutions for the financial difficulties at a farm cooperative that intended to develop its farm-based biogas production. Two participatory workshops (including researchers, producers, students, and consultants) were conducted using the sustainable business-modelling tool called the Flourishing Business Canvas (FBC). Based on the 215 ideas developed in the workshops, five sustainable BM prototypes were created. These five prototypes form the basis of an approach for initiating the development of a network-level BM for sustainability that highlights its superiority over a single-firm BM. The network-level BM’s main advantage in the farm-based biogas context is its strong focus on stakeholder collaboration that supports the development of a stakeholder business case for sustainability. Overall, this study highlights the usefulness of the network concept in the practice of sustainable BM development. Collaborative business modelling for developing network-level BMs that address environmental and social problems for and with stakeholders can be an effective way to increase long-term financial profit and promote the growth of a firm, a network, or an industry. © 2018 The Author(s)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tokyo: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Inc., 2018
Keywords
Business modelling, Stakeholders, Business case, Sustainability, Biogas production
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37236 (URN)10.1007/s11625-018-0584-z (DOI)2-s2.0-85047941054 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Biogas 2020
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-26
Karlsson, N., Hoveskog, M., Halila, F. & Mattsson, M. (2018). Early Phases of the Business Model Innovation Process for Sustainability: Addressing the Status Quo of a Swedish Biogas-Producing Farm Cooperative. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 2759-2772
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early Phases of the Business Model Innovation Process for Sustainability: Addressing the Status Quo of a Swedish Biogas-Producing Farm Cooperative
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 172, p. 2759-2772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years in Sweden, interest has grown concerning the possibilities of biogas production from organic waste. This interest reflects a general concern over environmental sustainability in society. However, given the lack of financial backing and the competition of other energy producers, few Swedish biogas plants have been profitable. This is particularly the situation with farm-based biogas producers. One response to this problem in the farm-based biogas industry is to engage in business model innovation that can lead to new ways of organizing business structures and activities. This qualitative study, which takes an action research approach, explores the early phases (initiation and ideation) of the business model innovation process for sustainability at a biogas-producing farm cooperative in southern Sweden. The main activities and the actors who are central to the execution of these activities are identified in six sub-phases. The paper describes two Flourishing Business Canvas workshops in which the participants were the researchers, members of the farm cooperative, external consultants, and university students. This study contributes theoretically to the literature with its detailed examination of the early phases of the business model innovation process for sustainability. It also contributes to practice with its conceptual model that demonstrates how biogas producers and farm managers can innovate and transform their current business models towards sustainability in order to improve competitiveness and long-term profitability. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: , 2018
Keywords
Business model innovation, Process phases, Sustainability, Flourishing Business Canvas, Biogas production
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36227 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.136 (DOI)000423002200130 ()2-s2.0-85038874690 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Biogas 2020
Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
Hoveskog, M., Halila, F., Mattsson, M., Upward, A. & Karlsson, N. (2018). Education for Sustainable Development: Business modelling for flourishing. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 4383-4396
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education for Sustainable Development: Business modelling for flourishing
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 172, p. 4383-4396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As companies and other organizations increasingly recognize society’s demand for greater social and environmental sustainability, university and college business schools have responded with new pedagogic approaches. Business schools have begun to offer courses in business models and business model innovation that focus not only on profit-normative goals but also on social and environmental goals. This paper describes an Experiential Workshop for university undergraduates in which the Service-Learning pedagogic approach is taken and Flourishing Business Canvas is applied as a tool for collaborative visual business modelling. In the Workshop, the students work with business model innovation for a biogas production cooperative of farmer-members in southern Sweden. The students take the role of problem-owners and problem-solvers as they co-create new business models ideas for the cooperative. The paper presents the students’ achievement of three Learning Objectives as they engage in meaningful, “real-world” simulations with a high degree of autonomy that allows them to combine their theoretical knowledge with practice. Implications for educators who wish to test the Experiential Workshop in their classrooms are proposed. The paper concludes with the suggestion that Education for Flourishing is a useful expansion of Education for Sustainable Development. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
business modelling, flourishing business canvas, education for sustainable development, experiential student learning, biogas cooperatives
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33740 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.112 (DOI)2-s2.0-85038823610 (Scopus ID)
Projects
BMI WindBiogas 2020Green Innovation
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20120315
Note

This study was partly funded by the Biogas 2020 Project in the EU-Interreg ÖKS programme (Grant No. NYPS 20200437), Green Innovation, as well as by the Swedish Knowledge Foundation (Grant No. 20120315).

Available from: 2017-04-24 Created: 2017-04-24 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M. (2017). Landsbygdsutveckling kan bidra till att uppnå klimatmålen. In: Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket (Ed.), Så här ligger landet - tankar om landsbygdsprogram och landsbygdsutveckling: (pp. 72-76). Jönköping: Jordbruksverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Landsbygdsutveckling kan bidra till att uppnå klimatmålen
2017 (Swedish)In: Så här ligger landet - tankar om landsbygdsprogram och landsbygdsutveckling / [ed] Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket, Jönköping: Jordbruksverket , 2017, p. 72-76Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jordbruksverket, 2017
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35040 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2017-09-21Bibliographically approved
Bauhn, L., Ekberg, C., Fleischer, S. & Mattsson, M. (2017). On the spot study reveals the missing carbon sink. In: Martin Novak (Ed.), : . Paper presented at BIOGEOMON 2017, 9th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior, August 20-24, 2017, Litomyšl Chateau, Czech Republic.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the spot study reveals the missing carbon sink
2017 (English)In: / [ed] Martin Novak, 2017Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An increasing amount of CO2 emitted from human activities globally does not add to the increase in the atmosphere. Taking the ocean sink into acount, the fate of about 3 Gt C annually remains to be explained. This huge amount is calculated as the residual from known fluxes1 We present an `on the spot´ study that is based on systematic soil sampling in different regions and over the years since 2004. The difference between gross heterotrophic respiration (GHR) in the soil, and net heterotrophic respiration (NHR) that is the part of the carbon dioxide leaving the ground surface, was analyzed. The accumulated data indicate a within-soil CO2 sink of the same magnitude as the sink derived from different fluxes1 . Both approaches describe the same sink but our results show that the sink is CO2 uptake from the soil atmosphere, not emitted CO2 that is returned to some unknown area on land. The energy yield needed from nitrification to explain the observed reduction of CO2 to organic material is large, and NH4 + is recycled several times. It was unexpectedly observed that O2 was released in this gross nitrification cycle and this was confirmed with H2 18O incubations in soils2 . The large CO2 sink changes between seasons, between sites and even from a sink to an additional source, which may explain why it has so long been ”missing”.

1 Le Quéré et al. 2015. Global Carbon Budgets 2015. Earth Syst. Sci. Data 7, 349–396

2 Fleischer S. et al. 2013. Dark oxidation of water in soils. Tellus B 65, 20490

National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35042 (URN)
Conference
BIOGEOMON 2017, 9th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior, August 20-24, 2017, Litomyšl Chateau, Czech Republic
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Holmquist, M., Jonasson, M., Mattsson, M., Ulvenblad, P.-O. & Weisner, S. (2017). Slututvärdering av det svenska landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013: DELRAPPORT IV : Synteser för en hållbar landsbygdsutveckling : Utvärdering av programmets samlade effekter (1ed.). Jönköping: Jordbruksverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Slututvärdering av det svenska landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013: DELRAPPORT IV : Synteser för en hållbar landsbygdsutveckling : Utvärdering av programmets samlade effekter
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2017 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport är en del av utvärderingen av landsbygdsprogrammet 2007–2013. Fyra grupper med forskare från universitet och högskolor har gjort slututvärderingen. Den publiceras i fyra delrapporter varav detta är en. Frågor som handlar om hela programmet besvaras huvudsakligen i delrapport IV. Frågor om enskilda åtgärder besvaras i de tre andra delrapporterna. En översikt av vilka frågor som besvaras i vilken rapport finns på följande sidor.

Slututvärderingen görs för att besvara EU-gemensamma och specifika svenska utvärderingsfrågor om vilka effekter programmet har haft, i vilken utsträckning det har bidragit till att uppfylla målen och hur effektivt detta har gjorts.

Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket ansvarar för att de svenska EU-programmen där Jordbruksverket är förvaltande myndighet blir utvärderade. Det innebär att utvärderingssekretariatet beställer och genomför utvärderingar av landsbygdsprogrammet, havs- och fiskeriprogrammet samt programmet för lokalt ledd utveckling inom regionalfonden och socialfonden. Programmen utvärderas dels var för sig men också tillsammans. Utvärderingarna görs i relation till målen i programmen och de övergripande EU 2020-målen.

De flesta utvärderingarna genomförs av externa aktörer. Vi tar hjälp av forskare för att kvalitetsgranska rapporterna innan de publiceras. I slutet av rapporterna finns ett utlåtande från granskarna. Rapporterna publiceras i en särskild rapportserie och rapportförfattarna är ansvariga för slutsatserna. Slutsatserna utgör inte Jordbruksverkets officiella ståndpunkt.

/Utvärderingssekretariatet vid Jordbruksverket

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jordbruksverket, 2017. p. 253 Edition: 1
Series
Utvärderingsrapport 2016:5
Keywords
Utvärdering, Landsbygdsutveckling, Syntesutvärdering
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33425 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-08 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Cansu Ertem, F., Wang, L. & Mattsson, M. (2016). Analyzing the impacts of inoculums to substrate ratio and pretreatment methods on the anaerobic biogas production from sugar beets. In: ETIKUM 2016: Proceedings. Paper presented at ETIKUM 2016, Scientific Conference With International Participation, December 6-6, 2017, Novi Sad, Serbia (pp. 113-116). Novi Sad: Faculty of technical sciences department of production engineering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analyzing the impacts of inoculums to substrate ratio and pretreatment methods on the anaerobic biogas production from sugar beets
2016 (English)In: ETIKUM 2016: Proceedings, Novi Sad: Faculty of technical sciences department of production engineering , 2016, p. 113-116Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study evaluates the impacts of three different pretreatment methods on the biogas production from sugar beet, when it is anaerobically digested with a variety of inoculum mixing ratios. In this context, this research focuses on the influences of different pretreatment methods and inoculum on the digestibility on the digestibility. Sugar beet was anaerobically digested at 37°C. Actively digested cow manure slurry, vegetable and fruit residues mix was used as inoculum. The series of laboratory experiments using 32 digesters (each 1 L) were performed in batch operation mode. The results prove that inoculum and pretreatments could either enhance the biogas potential or totally inhibit the digestion. Key words: sugar beet, inoculum, pretreatment methods, biogas production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Novi Sad: Faculty of technical sciences department of production engineering, 2016
National Category
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35041 (URN)
Conference
ETIKUM 2016, Scientific Conference With International Participation, December 6-6, 2017, Novi Sad, Serbia
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, N., Halila, F., Mattsson, M. & Hoveskog, M. (2016). Success factors for agricultural biogas production in Sweden: A case study of business model innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142(Part 4), 2925-2934
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Success factors for agricultural biogas production in Sweden: A case study of business model innovation
2016 (Swedish)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 142, no Part 4, p. 2925-2934Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As government officials, policymakers, and the general public increasingly express their concern about global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions, scientists search for alternative sources of vehicle fuel and electric power. One sustainable energy source that shows considerable promise is biogas produced from organic waste. For various reasons, biogas plants in Sweden struggle with profitability. This is especially true for agricultural biogas plants. Suggestions on how to deal with this problem include the use of business model innovation (BMI) to develop agricultural networks and to implement new strategies for arranging, producing, and marketing farm-produced biogas. This qualitative study, influenced by grounded theory, identifies and examines the success factors in an agricultural network in which biogas is produced at four farms in Sweden with distribution by pipeline to a refinery for purification and conversion to vehicle fuel. Fourteen interviews were conducted with various individuals in this network: farmers, a local politician, municipal employees, and external consultants. Of the six success factors identified in the network for farm-produced biogas, the long-term perspective on profitability was found most important. The six factors were used to create a conceptual business model framework for such networks that adds new value propositions while retaining the original value propositions. We propose that long-term government subsidies and other incentives can make farm-produced biogas profitable, not only in social and environmental terms but also in economic terms. Our main conclusion is that BMI can be used to create public-private networks that invest in farm-based biogas production. Such investments can stimulate rural development and provide new business possibilities for SMEs in the agricultural sector. This study also shows that BMI that takes a long-term perspective can result in high-value environmental and social benefits as well as financial profitability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Business model innovation, Biogas production, Network, SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32368 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.178 (DOI)000391516300048 ()2-s2.0-85028238891 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-11-04 Created: 2016-11-04 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Karlsson, N. & Bergström Nilsson, S. (2015). Biogas från hästgödsel i Halland – från kvittblivningsproblem till ekonomisk och miljömässig resurs. Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biogas från hästgödsel i Halland – från kvittblivningsproblem till ekonomisk och miljömässig resurs
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Hästgödsel som substrat för biogasproduktion undersöktes i tre rötningsförsök. Resultaten från dessa tillsammans med olika strömedels för- och nackdelar, transportlogistik för gödseln och ekonomiska överväganden har bedömts med syfte att kunna presentera en helhetslösning för hästägare och hästföretag.

Rötningsförsöken visade att hästgödsel kan samrötas med nöt-, svin-och hönsgödsel med godtagbar metanproduktion. Svingödsel har ett högt näringsinnehåll (framförallt kväve) som kompletterar den näringsfattiga hästgödseln på ett bra sätt samtidigt som den är mer flytande och därmed gör hästgödseln mer pumpbar. Både torv och halmpellets kan användas som strömedel med godtagbar metanproduktion. Kväveinnehållet blir lägre och kol-kvävekvoten högre med torv jämfört med halmpellets men halmpellets har praktiska och ekonomiska fördelar framför torv. Färsk hästgödsel producerade mer metan med torv än med halmpellets, men efter lagring i en månad producerade hästgödseln med halmpellets mer metan än torvgödseln. Lagring i två månader var däremot negativt för metanproduktionen från båda hästgödsel/strömedel kombinationerna.

Sammantaget leder resultaten till en möjlig modell för hästgödselns utnyttjande för biogasproduktion innefattande samrötningssubstrat, strömedel, lagring, transport och ekonomi som kan rekommenderas för hästnäringen.

Flera miljömässiga fördelar med en ökad biogasrötning av hästgödsel kan lyftas fram. Produktion av ett förnybart bränsle, minskade klimatgasutsläpp och näringsförluster samt ett bättre kretsloppstänkande är några uppenbara sådana.

Rapporten ser stora möjligheter för utnyttjande av denna potential men pekar också på behovet av mer forskning och utveckling inom området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad, 2015. p. 38
National Category
Agricultural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29836 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Magnheden, M. & Fleischer, S. (2015). Catch Crop Known to Decrease N-leaching also Counteracts Soil CO2 Emissions. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 6(3), 180-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Catch Crop Known to Decrease N-leaching also Counteracts Soil CO2 Emissions
2015 (English)In: Journal of Resources and Ecology, ISSN 1674-764X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 180-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CO2 emissions to the atmosphere were studied in a fertilized sandy agricultural soil with and without a catch crop sown into the main crop. The catch crop was grown primarily with the purpose to decrease N-leaching but this study also wanted to find out if the catch crop could have an effect in a climate change perspective. Plots with catch crop showed decreased CO2 emissions from the soil. Since previous results have shown that catch crops effectively decrease N-leaching we recommend growing catch crops as an effective measure for helping both the climate and the eutrophication issue. Seasonal variations in CO2 emissions were pronounced with maximum emissions from the fertilized agricultural soil in June and from an adjacent unmanaged grassland in August. From the plot with catch crop emissions decreased in July and August but somewhat increased later in the autumn. Fertilized agricultural soil showed a within-soil CO2 sink after harvest, i.e. within-soil CO2 uptake. Availability of NH4+ or NO3- in the soil seems to influence the within-soil CO2 sink, with NH4+ enforcing the sink while the same amount of NO3- instead increased CO2 emissions. © 2015 BioOne All rights reserved

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Beijing: Zhongguo Kexueyuan Dili Kexue yu Ziyuan Yanjiusuo / Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, 2015
Keywords
catch crop, N-leaching, grassland, CO2 sink, seasonal change
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29832 (URN)10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2015.03.007 (DOI)
Note

This research was supported by the Bertebo Foundation and the Brita and Sven Ramn Foundation.

Available from: 2015-11-29 Created: 2015-11-29 Last updated: 2019-01-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9157-7400

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