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Lindholm, A., Roswall, J., Alm, B., Almquist-Tangen, G., Bremander, A., Dahlgren, J., . . . Bergman, S. (2019). Body mass index classification misses to identify children with an elevated waist-to-height ratio at 5 years of age. Pediatric Research, 85(1), 30-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Body mass index classification misses to identify children with an elevated waist-to-height ratio at 5 years of age
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2019 (English)In: Pediatric Research, ISSN 0031-3998, E-ISSN 1530-0447, Vol. 85, no 1, p. 30-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:  Abdominal adiposity is an important risk factor in the metabolic syndrome. Since BMI does not reveal fat distribution, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) has been suggested as a better measure of abdominal adiposity in children, but only a few studies cover the preschool population. The aim of the present study was to examine BMI and WHtR growth patterns and their association regarding their ability to identify children with an elevated WHtR at 5 years of age.

Methods: A population-based longitudinal birth cohort study of 1540 children, followed from 0 to 5 years with nine measurement points. The children were classified as having WHtR standard deviation scores (WHtRSDS) <1 or ≥1 at 5 years. Student’s t-tests and Chi-squared tests were used in the analyses.

Results: Association between BMISDS and WHtRSDS at 5 years showed that 55% of children with WHtRSDS ≥1 at 5 years had normal BMISDS (p < 0.001). Children with WHtRSDS ≥1 at 5 years had from an early age significantly higher mean BMISDS and WHtRSDS than children with values <1.

Conclusions: BMI classification misses every second child with WHtRSDS ≥1 at 5 years, suggesting that WHtR adds value in identifying children with abdominal adiposity who may need further investigation regarding cardiometabolic risk factors.

© 2018, International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Nature Publishing Group, 2019
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38474 (URN)10.1038/s41390-018-0188-4 (DOI)30287892 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85054473136 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Halland Health and Growth Study
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
Larsson, I., Nyman, C., Svedberg, P., Nygren, J. M. & Carlsson, I.-M. (2018). Children and young people’s participation in developing interventions in health and well-being: a scoping review. BMC Health Services Research, 18(507)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children and young people’s participation in developing interventions in health and well-being: a scoping review
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2018 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18, no 507Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Greater interest is being shown in participatory approaches, especially in research on interventions that concern children and young people'shealth and well-being. Although participatory approaches have user involvement in common, they differ in terms of the explicit guidance on how to actually involve and engage children and young people in health research. The aim of this scoping review was to systematically map recent research involving children and young people in the development of interventions targeting issues of health and well-being. Methods: An interpretative scoping literature review based on: a scientific literature search in (health and social science) databases, reference lists, a manual search in key journals and contact with existing networks was conducted. A total of 4458 references were identified through the literature search, of which 41 studies published between 2000 and 2017 were included in the review. The target population was children and young people under 25 years old. Level of participation was categorized according to Shier's Pathways to Participation Model. Results: The review showed that participatory approaches were most often used in the development of interventions in school settings and in community and healthcare settings and on issues concerning support in lifestyle or in managing illness or disease. The level of participation varied from children and young people taking part just as active informants, through stages of greater participation both in quantitative and qualitative terms, to children and youngpeople becoming an active agent involved as a co-researcher where the research process was shaped by views of a higher level of mutuality. Most of the studies were categorised at a medium level and only three studies were judged to involve the children and young people at the highest level. Conclusions: This scoping review showed that work remains in enabling children and young people to influence the development of interventions targeting health and well-being. In relation to level of sustainability in the interventions, it is relevant that goals, strategies and processes are formulated by those who can gain from the interventions. Participatory approaches aiming for a higher level of participation where children and young people work together with the researchers in partnerships are thus warranted. © 2018 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2018
Keywords
Children, Intervention, Participatory approach, Scoping review, User involvement, Young people
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38203 (URN)10.1186/s12913-018-3219-2 (DOI)000436841600004 ()29954392 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049212510 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency: Centre of Welfare, Health and Sports at Halmstad University

Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, J., Winroth, J., Bremander, A., Haglund, E., Holmquist, M., Lindgren, E.-C., . . . Staland Nyman, C. (2018). Förändringsledarskap vid digital transformation inom vård och omsorg: En sammanfattande rapport från kompetensutvecklingsprojektet ”Trygg motivation och inspiration” i Kungsbacka kommun 2018. Halmstad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förändringsledarskap vid digital transformation inom vård och omsorg: En sammanfattande rapport från kompetensutvecklingsprojektet ”Trygg motivation och inspiration” i Kungsbacka kommun 2018
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: , 2018. p. 49
Keywords
Digitalisering, förändringsledarskap, hälsa, arbetsmiljö, lärande, kompetensutveckling, aktionsforskning
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38303 (URN)
Projects
HIcube Kompetenta vården
Funder
European Social Fund (ESF)
Available from: 2018-11-11 Created: 2018-11-11 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L., Twum-Antwi, A., Nyman, C. & van Rooyen, D. (2018). Prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of alcohol disorders among men and women in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Health & Social Care in the Community, 26(1), e143-e153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of alcohol disorders among men and women in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
2018 (English)In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 26, no 1, p. e143-e153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is growing concern about alcohol problems in low- and middle-income countries. More research is required, particularly among the younger generation. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of alcohol disorders and associated socioeconomic characteristics among young men and women living in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. This was a cross-sectional population-based study of 977 participants (52% male and 48% female) aged 18–40, the majority of whom lived in low-income areas. Data collection was carried out in 2012 by trained fieldworkers. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (DSM-IV) was used to investigate the prevalence of alcohol dependence (increased tolerance to alcohol, failed attempt to cut down, risk of physical and mental effects) and alcohol abuse (harmful use, consistent intoxication, risk behaviour, physically hazardous, social problems). A high 12-month prevalence of alcohol dependence was found (26.5% in total; 39.0% among men and 19.1% among women) as well as of alcohol abuse (9% in total; 19.0% among men and 6.0% among women). Few socioeconomic differences emerged among the men, except older men (OR 1.94, CI 1.11–3.42) and those supported by social grants (OR 2.28, CI 1.06–4.93), who presented higher odd ratios for alcohol dependence than the reference groups. Among the women, more differences emerged: women who were widowed/single (OR 2.35, CI 1.20–4.62), had no education (OR 3.41, CI 1.04–11.21), had a low income (OR 3.26, CI 1.55–6.80) and had no social support from friends when ill presented higher odd ratios (OR 1.73, CI 1.07–2.80). In the adjusted model, marital status and low income remained statistically significant. With regard to alcohol abuse, fewer socioeconomic differences emerged. Interventions need to address the early onset of alcohol misuse in order to meet both current needs and long-standing mental and physical illness. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018
Keywords
alcohol abuse, community mental health, nursing, poverty and health, social work and health, young people
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34875 (URN)10.1111/hsc.12487 (DOI)000418264900015 ()28868804 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85038369491 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Barriers to health care and the right to health for persons with mental illness in SA: How can access and right to health be improved?
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, SWE-2010-226
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved
Holmquist, M., Nyman, C., Urbas, A., Trolle-Schultz Jensen, J. & Gabrielsson, J. (2018). Samverkansinsatser inom Samordningsförbundet Halland: Slutrapport av följeforskningsuppdrag 2013-2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samverkansinsatser inom Samordningsförbundet Halland: Slutrapport av följeforskningsuppdrag 2013-2017
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 41
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36875 (URN)
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-06-01Bibliographically approved
Nyman, C. (2018). Social Inequalities in Mental Health and Illness – the Significance of an Interconnecting, Multi-Factorial and Dynamic Approach. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Canada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Inequalities in Mental Health and Illness – the Significance of an Interconnecting, Multi-Factorial and Dynamic Approach
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38472 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Canada
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Sundin, E., Stenberg, H., Nyman, C. & Andersson, L. (2018). Using Sensitive Visual Data: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Developing New Ethically Informed Methodologies. In: : . Paper presented at XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Canada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Sensitive Visual Data: Interdisciplinary Approaches for Developing New Ethically Informed Methodologies
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In today's digitized society, some phenomena need to be addressed in research in order to build knowledge and understanding that can be used to maintain integrity and safety for individuals. In this paper, we address the problematic issue of smartphone bystanders in accident scenes. Photographs and videos of victims in difficult circumstances, often with no possibilities to claim their own integrity, are widely posted on social media - and the phenomenon seems to be spread in many cultures. Photographs and videos become communicative "data" in content analysis of social media platforms, but what do researchers need to be aware of in analyzing and reporting research findings in this particular area? We believe that interdisciplinary approaches are useful when it comes to exploring and developing ethically informed methodologies in order to safeguard researchers working with sensitive data drawn from social media and the Internet in areas of social complexity.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38310 (URN)
Conference
XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, July 15-21, 2018, Toronto, Canada
Available from: 2018-11-13 Created: 2018-11-13 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Nyman, C. (2018). Work-life balance among doctoral students in health and life sciences. In: Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference: . Paper presented at 13th Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Adelaide, Australia, 17-19 April, 2018 (pp. 183-183).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work-life balance among doctoral students in health and life sciences
2018 (English)In: Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, 2018, p. 183-183Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Successful and timely accomplishment of a doctoral education is an important and increasingly addressed issue in PhD programs. Improvement of women’s and men’s education completion rates has been highlighted in an ongoing development of a gender mainstreaming plan in Swedish universities.

During the last decade the organizational demands in academia have however been intensified. Increased expectations on scientific output in terms of publications in international high- ranked scientific journals together with stricter regulations and routines have imposed more work tasks to be handled with a reported stressful and demanding work situation among doctoral students as a result. The informal prevailing culture that meets the doctoral student in academia is also often characterized by long working hours involving expectations of unlimited work time. The research project, process and outcomes are anticipated to be put in first place.

Moreover, the traditional concept of work assumes a separation between work and private life where work is expected to be ranked as the primary commitment. Previous research on work- life balance have showed that the situation in academic work places, i.e. often long work hours and comprehensive work demands in combination with high job commitment and high job autonomy, could have an adverse effect on the individual’s possibility to achieve a balanced work-life situation.

The doctoral education period often collides with the family formation period, including raising children, which makes work- life balance issues even more worth addressing. The proportion of female doctoral students is high in PhD programs in health and life sciences in Sweden as in many other countries. Gender stratification has been reported in relation to responsibility for household and family issues which might influence the ability to achieve a more optimal work-life balance.

Research has foremost been conducted with a pre-view that interference between work and family are gendered and that the two domains are experienced differently by women and men. The aim of this study is to investigate potential conflicts between work and private life that can arise from academic workload and affect work-life balance in female and male doctoral students. A secondary aim is to describe how an (im)balanced situation may influence doctoral students self-perceived well-being and coping strategies.

Keywords
doctoral student, academia, work-life balance, well-being, coping strategies
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38471 (URN)
Conference
13th Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Adelaide, Australia, 17-19 April, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Lindholm, A., Roswall, J., Alm, B., Tangen, G. A., Bremander, A., Dahlgren, J., . . . Bergman, S. (2017). Children with Normal Body Mass Index may have an Increased Waist to Height Ratio. Hormone Research in Paediatrics, 88, 525-526
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children with Normal Body Mass Index may have an Increased Waist to Height Ratio
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2017 (English)In: Hormone Research in Paediatrics, ISSN 1663-2818, E-ISSN 1663-2826, Vol. 88, p. 525-526Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: S. Karger, 2017
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35608 (URN)000412595405213 ()
Available from: 2017-12-04 Created: 2017-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Holmquist, M., Urbas, A., Nyman, C. & Trolle-Schultz Jensen, J. (2016). Delutvärderingsrapport 1 styrelsen i Samordningsförbundet Halland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Delutvärderingsrapport 1 styrelsen i Samordningsförbundet Halland
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 7
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31600 (URN)
Available from: 2016-07-06 Created: 2016-07-06 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4773-1447

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