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Gilljam, B.-M., Arvidsson, S., Nygren, J. M. & Svedberg, P. (2020). Child participation in health care (ChiPaC)—Development and psychometric evaluation of a self‐report instrument for children's participation in health care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(1-2), 107-118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Child participation in health care (ChiPaC)—Development and psychometric evaluation of a self‐report instrument for children's participation in health care
2020 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a self‐report instrument measuring 6‐ to 12‐year‐old children's own experiences of participation in health care.

Background: Validated measures to evaluate children's participation in health care can play a critical role in strategic work towards supporting children's participation at an individual level and in working towards quality improvements at an organisational level. There are, however, no available instruments to achieve this.

Methods: An instrument development design was used, together with the TRIPOD checklist. Item construction was based on research about children's perspectives on participation in health care and Shier's model for participation. The face and content validity was evaluated by 14 healthy children, 9 paediatric nurses and 8 children with different diseases. The construct validity, internal consistency and stability reliability were evaluated based on data from 138 children visiting a paediatric clinic.

Results: The testing of the face and content validity resulted in an instrument with child‐friendly language, additional instructions and visual attractive presentation. The principle component analysis resulted in the four‐factor solution: “To be included,” “To trust professionals,” “To take control,” and “To understand information.” Internal consistency and intraclass correlation coefficients were acceptable.

Conclusion: We conclude that the child participation in health care (ChiPaC) instrument has adequate reliability and validity when used to evaluate children's participation in health care. The involvement of children in the development of ChiPaC resulted in a brief, colourful and user‐friendly instrument for use in paediatric health care.

Relevance to clinical practice: This new questionnaire, ChiPaC, is adapted for children between 6–12 years measuring participation in health care from a child perspective. ChiPaC can be used in the practical work of supporting individual children's participation in health care as well as in the strategical work towards quality improvements on an organisational level.

What does this paper contribute to the wider global clinical community?

  • The instrument provides a contribution for the practical implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in health care.
  • The high degree of involvement of children in the development of the instrument resulted in a brief, colourful and user‐friendly instrument that can be used in paediatric health care.
  • The instrument can play a critical role in the practical work of supporting individual children's participation in health care as well as in the strategical work of quality improvement on an organisational level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2020
Keywords
child, healthcare worker, instrument development, patient participation, questionnaire
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40776 (URN)10.1111/jocn.15063 (DOI)31531995 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85074055575 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: The Region Halland (grant number HALLAND‐631071), and the Linnéa and Josef Carlssons foundation (grant number 2016/12).

Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-22 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, C., Carlsson, I.-M., Källstrand Eriksson, J., Svedberg, P. & Nygren, J. M. (2020). Creating a shielding place for children with leukaemia during sedation for intrathecal chemotherapy: A grounded theory study. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 44, Article ID 101711.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating a shielding place for children with leukaemia during sedation for intrathecal chemotherapy: A grounded theory study
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2020 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 44, article id 101711Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Childhood cancer invades the child's daily life and has a strong influence on their living conditions and lifestyle. The treatment is an unpleasant experience and the children often perceive the treatment as worse than the actual disease. The aim of the present study was thus to explore the process of how healthcare professionals improved care for children undergoing sedation for intrathecal chemotherapy.

Method: A constructivist grounded theory approach was applied and qualitative interviews with paediatricians (n = 2), anaesthetists (n = 2), paediatric nurses (n = 3) and nurse anaesthetists (n = 5).

Results: The theory of creating a shielding place emerged and conceptualized the pattern of behavior of healthcare professionals throughout the procedure of sedation for intrathecal chemotherapy for pediatric leukaemia. The theory explains the core category ‘shielding’ and the process of how healthcare professionals developed strategies to resolve their main concern: a striving to reduce discomfort and suffering induced by the procedure and the treatment. These strategies, used throughout the procedure, were; de-dramatizing, de-exposing and minimizing trespassing.

Conclusions: The theory of creating a shielding place offers a greater understanding of how healthcare professionals included the child's perspective in their work and thereby enabled a more sensitive and supportive care that had an impact on both quality of care and patient safety. The results from the study contributes with theoretical knowledge that can be used for developing evidence-based care guidelines for the procedure of sedating a child with leukaemia for intrathecal chemotherapy. © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Caring, Chemotherapy, Children, Grounded theory, Healthcare professionals, Leukaemia, Person-centered care, Quality of care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41286 (URN)10.1016/j.ejon.2019.101711 (DOI)2-s2.0-85076826444 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation
Note

Other funding: Region Halland Sweden

Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-02-18
Nygren, J. M., Svedberg, P., Lynn Radlick, R., Przedpelska, S. & Gammon, D. (2020). Digitally enhanced mentoring for immigrant youth social capital: Protocol for a mixed-methods pilot study and randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, Article ID 101711.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitally enhanced mentoring for immigrant youth social capital: Protocol for a mixed-methods pilot study and randomized controlled trial
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2020 (English)In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, article id 101711Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto: J M I R Publications, Inc., 2020
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41263 (URN)10.2196/16472 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2020-02-18
Nygren, J. M. & de Ruiter, H.-P. (2020). Examining the Ethical Implications of Health Care Technology Described in US and Swedish PhD Dissertations: Protocol for a Scoping Review. JMIR Research Protocols, 9(1), Article ID e14157.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the Ethical Implications of Health Care Technology Described in US and Swedish PhD Dissertations: Protocol for a Scoping Review
2020 (English)In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 9, no 1, article id e14157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The development of new biomedical technologies is accelerating at an unprecedented speed. These new technologies will undoubtedly bring solutions to long-standing problems and health conditions. However, they will likely also have a shadow side in the form of unintended effects or ethical implications accompanying them. It may be presumed that the research behind new technologies has been evaluated from an ethical perspective; however, the evidence that this has been done is scant.

Objective: The objective of this study is to gain an understanding, if and how PhD dissertations focused on health technologies describe actual or possible ethical issues resulting from their research.

Methods: The purpose of scoping reviews is to map a topic in the literature comprehensively and systematically to identify gaps in the literature or identify key evidence. The search strategy for this protocol will include electronic databases including ProQuest, Medline/Pubmed, Diva, SwePub and LIBRIS. Searches will be limited to PhD dissertations published in the US and Sweden in the last ten years. The study will be mapped in five stages: 1) identifying the research question, 2) identifying relevant studies, 3) study selection, 4) retrieving and charting the data, and 5) collating, summarizing and reporting the results.

Results: The findings of this study will indicate if and how researchers, PhD students and their supervisors, are considering ethics in their studies, including both research ethics and the ethical implications of their work. The findings can guide researchers in determining gaps and shortcomings in current doctoral education and offer a foundation to adjusting doctoral research education.

Conclusions: In a society where technology and research are advancing at speeds unknown to us before, we need to find new and more efficient ways to consider ethical issues and address them in a timelier manner. This study will offer an understanding of how ethics is currently being integrated into US and Swedish PhD dissertations and inform the future direction of ethics education at a doctoral level. © Jens M. Nygren, Hans-Peter de Ruiter. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 22.01.2020. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto: J M I R Publications Inc., 2020
Keywords
ethics, biomedical, technology, dissertation, doctoral education, scoping review, protocol
National Category
Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41255 (URN)10.2196/14157 (DOI)32012096 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2020-02-25
Gilljam, B.-M., Nygren, J. M., Svedberg, P. & Arvidsson, S. (2020). Impact of an eHealth service on child participation in pediatric oncology care – a quasi-experimental study. Journal of Medical Internet Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of an eHealth service on child participation in pediatric oncology care – a quasi-experimental study
2020 (English)In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, E-ISSN 1438-8871Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Background: There is a shortage of electronic Health (eHealth) services for children 6-12 years old, which promotes their participation in healthcare. Children with long-term diseases want to be more involved in their healthcare, and have the right to receive information, to be listened to, to express their opinions and to participate in decision-making in healthcare.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate children’s participation during appointments with pediatricians at pediatric oncology clinics, with or without the use of the eHealth service Sisom.

Method: A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods was used. Twenty-seven appointments with pediatricians for 14 children aged 6-12 years (mean 8.3) with a cancer diagnosis were filmed and analyzed. The intervention group consisted of children who used an eHealth service prior their appointments with pediatricians at a pediatric oncology clinic and the control group consisted of children during their appointments with pediatricians at four other pediatric oncology clinics. The data from the observations from the films were analyzed with quantitative and qualitative analysis. The quantitative analysis included manual calculations of how many times the pediatricians spoke directly to the children, of the proportion of the appointment time that the children were talking and their levels of participation. The qualitative analysis included directed content analysis included observations of the video films to assess the children´s levels of participation manifested themselves.

Results:  A greater proportion of what the pediatrician said in the intervention group was addressed to the child than occurred in the control group, but the proportion of the appointment time the children talked was almost the same for both the intervention and the control groups. The levels of participation corresponded to the first three levels of Shier´s participation model: Children were listened to, Children were supported to express their views and Children´s views were taken into account. The results showed an increased level of the children´s participation in the intervention group. Several codes were found about information, which did not fit into any of the existing categories, and a new category was thus formed: Children received information. Situations were also identified where children were actively excluded from participation; these were presented as negative codes.

Conclusions: This study shows that the eHealth service Sisom can increase children´s participation during appointments with healthcare professionals. Future research should focus on evaluating outcomes on individual and organizational levels and in different healthcare contexts. © The authors. All rights reserved

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto: J M I R Publications, 2020
Keywords
Cancer, child care, communication, eHealth, patient participation
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41605 (URN)10.2196/preprints.17673 (DOI)
Note

Funder: Region Halland and the Center for Research on Welfare, Health, and Sport at Halmstad University.

Available from: 2020-02-05 Created: 2020-02-05 Last updated: 2020-02-18Bibliographically approved
Svedberg, P., Arvidsson, S., Larsson, I., Carlsson, I.-M. & Nygren, J. M. (2019). Barriers and Enablers Affecting Successful Implementation of the Electronic Health Service Sisom: Multicenter Study of Child Participation in Pediatric Care. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(11), 1-15, Article ID 14271.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers and Enablers Affecting Successful Implementation of the Electronic Health Service Sisom: Multicenter Study of Child Participation in Pediatric Care
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 21, no 11, p. 1-15, article id 14271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Children's participation in health care is one of the most important components in the management of their disease. Electronic health (eHealth) services that are adapted to the needs of children have the potential for restructuring how children and professionals work together. Therefore, a digital interactive assessment and communication tool, Sisom, was developed to give children aged between 6 and 12 years a voice in their own health care. However, the implementation of eHealth services such as Sisom in daily practice in pediatric health care is rarely investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the process of implementing Sisom for children in pediatric care in Sweden. More specifically, the study aimed to (1) evaluate whether the implementation strategy was conducted as planned, (2) understand the barriers and facilitators of the implementation strategy in pediatric care settings, (3) gain insight into how professionals work with the specific intervention, and (4) gain insight into the usefulness and effects of the intervention from the professionals' perspectives. METHODS: A process evaluation design was used to study the implementation of Sisom at 4 pediatric care centers in Sweden. An extensive amount of qualitative and quantitative data was collected before, during, and after the intervention through self-report checklists, memos, and interviews with professionals. In total, 46 children, aged between 6 and 13 years, participated. The children used Sisom on two occasions during 6 months. When they used Sisom, a printed report formed the basis for a forthcoming dialogue between professionals, children, and their parents. RESULTS: To our knowledge, this is the first implementation study of an eHealth communication tool aimed at strengthening children's participation in pediatric health care. Key factors for successful implementation were alignment of the solution with the values and goals of the organization, health care professionals' beliefs in the usefulness and usability of the solution, and health care professionals' willingness to change their professional roles guided by the solution. CONCLUSIONS: The results from the study show that it is possible to restructure health care delivery toward a child-centered approach, if there is a willingness and preparedness in the organization to implement an eHealth solution with the aim of restructuring the way of working with children's participation. ©Petra Svedberg, Susann Arvidsson, Ingrid Larsson, Ing-Marie Carlsson, Jens M Nygren.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto: JMIR Publications, Inc., 2019
Keywords
children, eHealth, health care, quality improvement, diffusion of innovation, implementation science
National Category
Nursing Pediatrics Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41026 (URN)10.2196/14271 (DOI)000452782500038 ()31730040 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85074656706 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-24 Created: 2019-11-24 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved
Svedberg, P., Arvidsson, S., Larsson, I., Carlsson, I.-M. & Nygren, J. M. (2019). Barriers And Enablers for Successful Implementation of the eHealth Service Sisom for Improved Child Participation in Paediatric Care - A Multi-Centre Study. Paper presented at 51th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP), Lyon, France, October 23-26, 2019. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 66(S4), S122-S122, Article ID PPO18 SIOP19-1183.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barriers And Enablers for Successful Implementation of the eHealth Service Sisom for Improved Child Participation in Paediatric Care - A Multi-Centre Study
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2019 (English)In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 66, no S4, p. S122-S122, article id PPO18 SIOP19-1183Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Objectives:

Participation in healthcare is one of the most important components in management of children’s disease. eHealth services that are adapted to the needs of children have the potential to reorganize how children and professionals work together. The digital interactive communication tool Sisom, was developed to give children in pediatric oncology care “a voice". However, the implementation of eHealth services, such as Sisom, in daily practice is rarely being investigated. The objective of this study was to explore the process and effects of implementing Sisom at four pediatric care centers in Sweden.

Design/Methods:

A process and effect evaluation design was used to investigate the implementation of Sisom in a clinical context at four pediatric care centers in Sweden. In total, 46 children, age 6- 13 years, participated and most of them had a cancer diagnosis. The children used Sisom at two occasions during 6 months. Following the use of Sisom, a printed report formed the basis for a forthcoming dialogue between professionals, children and their parents.

Results:

Key factors for successful implementation of Sisom was; i) alignment of the solution with values and goals of the organization, ii) professional’s beliefs in the usefulness and usability of the solution, and iii) professional’s willingness to apply changes in their professional roles promoted by the solution. Sisom directed healthcarecommunication from the parents’ voices toward the child’s voice and made children’s needs and preferences explicitly visible in decision-making.Sisom was experienced, by the children, as a user-friendly tool through which they could find ways to express themselves and share information with their parents and healthcare professionals.

Conclusions:

The results show how healthcare deliverycan be reorganized towards a child-centered approach, and the importance of implementing an eHealth service to support restructuring ofways of working with children’s participation to succeed with this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40803 (URN)10.1002/pbc.27989 (DOI)000488458001098 ()31568621 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85072767768 (Scopus ID)
Conference
51th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP), Lyon, France, October 23-26, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Vinblad, E., Svedberg, P., Nygren, J. M., Lönn, M., Olsson, E. & Larsson, I. (2019). Children and young people’s experiences of participation in pediatric rehabilitation: a qualitative study. Paper presented at 31st Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Childhood Disability Conference (EACD), Paris, France, May 23-25, 2019. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 61(S2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children and young people’s experiences of participation in pediatric rehabilitation: a qualitative study
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 61, no S2Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Creating a healthcare system of justice requires a child-centered care where children and young people, regardless of disability, are allowed to participate in their own rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to explore children and young people’s experiences of participation in pediatric rehabilitation.

Patients and methods: The study had a descriptive design with a qualitative content analysis approach. Interviews were conducted with 20 children (6-17 years old, 9 girls and 11 boys) and 8 young people (18-30 years old, 6 women and 2 men) with intellectual disabilities, physical disabilities or autism spectrum disorders.

Results: Three categories emerged that reflected children and young people’s experiences of participation in pediatric rehabilitation: to be included; to be empowered; and to feel supported. To be included meant that children and young people are respected, listened to and involved in shared decision-making. To be empowered comprised autonomy, responsibility and understanding as essential aspects for participation. To feel supported meant that children and young people described their parents as facilitators for enabling participation by supporting communication and being a bridge between child and professionals.

Conclusion: To increase participation, children need support in communication with the healthcare professionals in a way that they feel respected, empowered and able to be included in decisions concerning their own pediatric rehabilitation. This result constitutes an important step in the development of a forthcoming digital communication and decision tool, with the main objective to increase participation, for children with disabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: , 2019
Keywords
child, participation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39492 (URN)
Conference
31st Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Childhood Disability Conference (EACD), Paris, France, May 23-25, 2019
Note

Conference Poster

Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Teleman, B., Karsson, C., Svedberg, P., Vinblad, E., Larsson, I. & Nygren, J. M. (2019). Co-construction of child personas in the development of a digital communication support system for increased participation in pediatric habilitation. Paper presented at 31st Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Childhood Disability (EACD), Paris, France, May 23-25, 2019. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 61(S2), 17-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-construction of child personas in the development of a digital communication support system for increased participation in pediatric habilitation
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 61, no S2, p. 17-17Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Digital communication support systems have great potential to facilitate the provision of child-centered care where children and young people are allowed and enabled to participate in planning and decision-making in their own habilitation. The aim of this study was to co-construct child personas together with children and young adults from pediatric habilitation for the design of a digital communication support system.

Patients and methods: The child, parent and practitioner perspectives on goals, needs and behaviours in relation to participation in pediatric habilitation were characterized based on interviews with 20 children (6-17 years old) and 8 young people (18-30 years old) with intellectual disabilities, physical disabilities or autism spectrum disorders, 17 parents (aged 31-62 years) and 10 practitioners. Data were interpreted and explained together with children from the interviews (n=14) in two explorative design workshops and a validation workshop.

Results: We present findings and insights on how to co-construct child personas in the context of pediatric habilitation. The work resulted in three personas with different priorities that model the behaviors, attitudes, and goals of three user archetypes tailored for developing digital communication support systems in this particular use context.

Conclusion: By applying our progressive steps of data collection and analysis, we arrive at authentic child-personas that are now used to design and develop a digital communication support system for the particular goals, needs and behaviors of children in pediatric habilitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2019
Keywords
Co-construction, digital communication tool, participation, personas
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39493 (URN)10.1111/dmcn.14244 (DOI)
Conference
31st Annual Meeting of the European Academy of Childhood Disability (EACD), Paris, France, May 23-25, 2019
Note

Oral presentation 37

Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved
Arnarsson, A., Nygren, J., Nyholm, M., Torsheim, T., Augustine, L., Bjereld, Y., . . . Bendtsen, P. (2019). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction
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2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other. Methods: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. It included 32,210 boys and girls, aged 11, 13, and 15, living in the six Nordic countries. Results: The prevalence of cyberbullying by both pictures and by messages was around 2% in all the Nordic countries except Greenland. There it was considerably higher. The prevalence of being bullied in a traditional manner varied widely by country. For boys, this type of bullying was most frequent in the youngest age group and then decreased steadily in the older age groups. Girls were on average more likely to be cyberbullied. Cyberbullying was more common among 13- and 15-year-olds than 11-year-olds. Higher family affluence was unrelated to the risk of cyberbullying. However, it was related to traditional bullying and combined forms of bullying. Compared with intact families, cybervictimization was commoner among single-parent families and stepfamilies. Adjusting for age, gender, family affluence, and family structure, those subjected to cyberbullying had lower life satisfaction than those who were not bullied. Conclusions: We found relatively little overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, indicating that the two may be separate phenomena stemming from different mechanisms, at least in the Nordic context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Bullying, cyberbullying, Nordic, adolescents, life satisfaction, family structure, family affluence
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38833 (URN)10.1177/1403494818817411 (DOI)30672390 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060714783 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Projects
Peer support intervention for improved mental health in children [2012-27_Formas]; Halmstad University; Publications
Einberg, E.-L., Nygren, J., Svedberg, P. & Enskär, K. (2016). ‘Through my eyes’: health-promoting factors described by photographs taken by children with experience of cancer treatment. Child Care Health and Development, 42(1), 76-86
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3576-2393

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