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Weman Josefsson, K. & Back, J. (2019). The value of motivational theory to influence active transport behaviors – a Swedish example. In: The IAFOR Conference series 2019: Independence & Interdependence, Programme & Abstract Book. Paper presented at The IAFOR Conference series 2019 – Independence & Interdependence, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, January 3-5, 2019 (pp. 107-107).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The value of motivational theory to influence active transport behaviors – a Swedish example
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: The IAFOR Conference series 2019: Independence & Interdependence, Programme & Abstract Book, 2019, s. 107-107Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Cycle commuting have been shown to promote major health effects, studies showing as much as 41% lower overall mortality compared to car or collective transport (Celis-Morales et al 2017). Yet, for many of us, there are significant behavioral barriers in changing our transport behavior. On the positive note, studies have shown that bikes providing electric assistance when pedaling (pedelecs) also have positive effects on cardiovascular health and helps people meet physical activity recommendations. It is possible that pedelecs could facilitate active transport by reducing some perceived behavioral barriers by enhancing autonomous motivation in line with self-determination theory (SDT).   The overall purpose was to examine underlying motives for using the pedelec above passive transport (car, bus). Semi-structured interviews (N=14) were used to study motivational aspects of participation in a community based pedelec project. Qualitative content analysis revealed that motives to choose the pedelec was health reasons (regular exercise), economic reasons (e.g. avoid having two cars), environmental reasons (to reduce environmental impact) and personal values (e.g. related to exercise identity).   These four motivational themes can be related to the tenets of SDT and the significance of autonomous motivation for behavioral regulation. The step from passive to active transport might be challenging, but facilitating use of pedelecs and appropriate communication policy might facilitate such a transition. Application of SDT and addressing the motivational themes found in this study could shed some light on motivational drives for active transport and inform community interventions and policies design to adopt sustainable transport behaviors.

Nationell ämneskategori
Annan hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39295 (URN)
Konferens
The IAFOR Conference series 2019 – Independence & Interdependence, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, January 3-5, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-30 Skapad: 2019-04-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Weman Josefsson, K. & Back, J. (2018). Motivational perspectives of a community based electric bike project in Sweden. In: Abstract book for the ISBNPA 2018 Annual Meeting in Hong Kong: . Paper presented at Advancing Behaviour Change Science, Hongkong, China, June 3-6, 2018 (pp. 134-135).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Motivational perspectives of a community based electric bike project in Sweden
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Abstract book for the ISBNPA 2018 Annual Meeting in Hong Kong, 2018, s. 134-135Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Objective

A community in Sweden runs a project aiming to stimulate citizens to choose active transport to reduce city car traffic, emissions and noise; and to promote residents' health by increased physical activity. Citizens can borrow an electric bike providing electric assistance when pedaling (pedelec) for free for three months to “try and feel”, and are then offered to buy the bike after this period to a reduced price. The project has engaged approximately 500 participants over three years (2015-2017) distributed in three groups per year. Drawing from self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to examine underlying motives for choosing to use the pedelec above passive transport (car, bus) during and after the three month period.  

 Methods

Semi-structured interviews were performed with eight informants who had participated in the project during 2014-2016. These will be complemented with another 8-10 interviews from the 2017 participant groups. Qualitative content analysis was used to explore and describe attitudes, behaviors, goals and barriers regarding informants’ motives to physical activity in general, as well as specifically directed towards using pedelecs. The interviews were complemented with quantitative measures in two of the groups from 2017 before, during and after participation (N=19).

 Results

Analyses revealed four main themes of motivation. The informants chose the pedelec as a means of transport for health reasons (regular exercise), for economic reasons (avoid having two cars, reducing gasoline and parking costs), for environmental reasons (to reduce environmental impact) and for personal values (related to exercise identity and/or environmental-friendly). Those who used the pedelec regularly felt that their fitness improved and that they had more energy in everyday life. Participants also felt that the pedelec facilitated cycling to a larger extent, and in addition to using it for transport for work or school, they also used it for shopping and leisure activities.

 Conclusions

The step from passive to active transport might be challenging, but a pedelec might facilitate such a transition and reduce perceived behavioral barriers. This study could shed some light on how community interventions can be designed to facilitate autonomous motivation towards more sustainable transport behaviors.

Nyckelord
self-determination, motivation, physical activity, electric bike
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37065 (URN)978-1-7324011-0-5 (ISBN)
Konferens
Advancing Behaviour Change Science, Hongkong, China, June 3-6, 2018
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-14 Skapad: 2018-06-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Weman Josefsson, K. & Back, J. (2018). Motivational perspectives of a community based electric bike project in Sweden.. In: Abstract book Advancing Behaviour Change Science. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Hong kong, China, June 3-6, 2018.: . Paper presented at Advancing Behaviour Change Science. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Hong kong, China, June 3-6, 2018..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Motivational perspectives of a community based electric bike project in Sweden.
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Abstract book Advancing Behaviour Change Science. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Hong kong, China, June 3-6, 2018., 2018Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Objective

A community in Sweden runs a project aiming to stimulate citizens to choose active transport to reduce city car traffic, emissions and noise; and to promote residents' health by increased physical activity. Citizens can borrow an electric bike providing electric assistance when pedaling (pedelec) for free for three months to “try and feel”, and are then offered to buy the bike after this period to a reduced price. The project has engaged approximately 500 participants over three years (2015-2017) distributed in three groups per year. Drawing from self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to examine underlying motives for choosing to use the pedelec above passive transport (car, bus) during and after the three month period.  

 

Methods

Semi-structured interviews were performed with eight informants who had participated in the project during 2014-2016. These will be complemented with another 8-10 interviews from the 2017 participant groups. Qualitative content analysis was used to explore and describe attitudes, behaviors, goals and barriers regarding informants’ motives to physical activity in general, as well as specifically directed towards using pedelecs. The interviews were complemented with quantitative measures in two of the groups from 2017 before, during and after participation (N=19).

 

Results

Analyses revealed four main themes of motivation. The informants chose the pedelec as a means of transport for health reasons (regular exercise), for economic reasons (avoid having two cars, reducing gasoline and parking costs), for environmental reasons (to reduce environmental impact) and for personal values (related to exercise identity and/or environmental-friendly). Those who used the pedelec regularly felt that their fitness improved and that they had more energy in everyday life. Participants also felt that the pedelec facilitated cycling to a larger extent, and in addition to using it for transport for work or school, they also used it for shopping and leisure activities. 

Conclusions

The step from passive to active transport might be challenging, but a pedelec might facilitate such a transition and reduce perceived behavioral barriers. This study could shed some light on how community interventions can be designed to facilitate autonomous motivation towards more sustainable transport behaviors.

Serie
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, June 1, 2018
Nyckelord
electric bike, motivation, active transport
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39501 (URN)978-1-7324011-0-5 (ISBN)
Konferens
Advancing Behaviour Change Science. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Hong kong, China, June 3-6, 2018.
Tillgänglig från: 2019-05-27 Skapad: 2019-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Back, J. (2017). Mechanisms of Exercise Dependence – A person centred approach to study the predictiveability of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence. In: Gangyan, S., Cruz, J., & Jaenes, J.C. (Ed.), Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice. Paper presented at ISSP 14th World Congress, Sevilla, Spain, July 10-14, 2017 (pp. 537-538).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mechanisms of Exercise Dependence – A person centred approach to study the predictiveability of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice / [ed] Gangyan, S., Cruz, J., & Jaenes, J.C., 2017, s. 537-538Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Exercise dependence is a maladaptive pattern of exercise with a craving for physical activity that results in extreme exercise that may generate mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. Previous research suggests that individuals with certain personality traits are more prone to develop exercise dependence. However, research on personality traits and exercise dependence is still limited. In the current study, predictive abilities of anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation on exercise dependence were investigated. A longitudinal design was adopted to investigate if personality related factors could predict exercise dependence. The sample consisted of 206 regular exercisers (100 males and 106 females) from various exercise groups, sport clubs and sport science classes in Sweden (Mage = 28,5 years; SD = 9,97). The LPA (Latent Profile Analysis) showed that a model with two profiles provided best fit to the data, and that profile belonging at T1 could predict measures of exercise dependence at T2. Profile 1: “high risk exercisers” reported significantly higher levels of exercise dependence, anxiety, obsessive passion and appearance orientation compared to Profile 2: “low risk exercisers”. This study highlights factors that may characterize people who develop exercise dependence. High-risk exercisers are obsessively passionate about their training and exercise may function as a tool to cope with anxiety. If the individual for some reason is prevented from training, feelings of anxiety and guilt are often experienced. Furthermore, these individuals tend to be self-conscious about how they look and appear to other people. To them, exercise may also work as a way to achieve body ideals. The results of the current study suggest plausible mechanisms of why exercise behaviours become unhealthy and uncontrollable for some exercisers whereas others manage to remain healthy.

Nyckelord
anxiety, appearance orientation, exercise dependence, passion, physical activity
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35769 (URN)978-84-9148-282-6 (ISBN)
Konferens
ISSP 14th World Congress, Sevilla, Spain, July 10-14, 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-06 Skapad: 2017-12-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Weman Josefsson, K. & Back, J. (2017). Projekt elcyklist – ett motivationsperspektiv. In: Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson (Ed.), Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: . Paper presented at Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017 (pp. 39-39). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Projekt elcyklist – ett motivationsperspektiv
2017 (Svenska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 39-39Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35808 (URN)
Konferens
Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-11 Skapad: 2017-12-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Back, J. (2017). Who becomes exercise dependent? Exploring psychological risk factors for exercise dependence through a person centred approach. In: Hertting, K. & Johnson, U. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: . Paper presented at Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017 (pp. 65-66). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Who becomes exercise dependent? Exploring psychological risk factors for exercise dependence through a person centred approach
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’ / [ed] Hertting, K. & Johnson, U., Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, s. 65-66Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35737 (URN)
Konferens
Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, 22-23 November, 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-05 Skapad: 2017-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-20Bibliografiskt granskad
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