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Karlsson, Niklas, PhDORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3068-5269
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Hansson, A. M., Pedersen, E., Karlsson, N. P. E. & Weisner, S. E. B. (2023). Barriers and drivers for sustainable business model innovation based on a radical farmland change scenario. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 25(8), 8083-8106
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Barriers and drivers for sustainable business model innovation based on a radical farmland change scenario
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 25, nr 8, s. 8083-8106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The agricultural sector has a critical role in creating social and environmental value of natural resources in addition to its traditional role of creating economic value by supplying food to the ever-increasing world population. In fulfilling this dual role, the agricultural sector often faces competing pressures: to operate financially profitable businesses and to create, maintain, and benefit from ecosystem services (ES) in their operations. This paper analyses these pressures in an examination of drivers and barriers to the initiation of the business model innovation process for sustainability (BMIpfS) as perceived by ten agricultural business managers who operate farms in southern Sweden. The paper explores the interplay between managerial cognition and business decisions as revealed in semi-structured interviews. The new ES in focus connect to radical land-use change, paludiculture, as used in the rewetting of farmland intended to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that drained peat soil causes. The paper contributes to the literature by identifying drivers and barriers that moderates the initiation of the BMIpfS. Although the managers acknowledge the importance of long-term, sustainable social, and environmental value creation, they have grave doubts about the profitability of activities associated with the preservation of peat soils and connected ES. These managers would benefit from taking a more proactive, long-term approach to business model changes for sustainability and from acquiring more knowledge about market demand for sustainability-oriented ES. Successful facilitation and implementation of knowledge transfer and government subsidies that support ES could improve the turning of profits based on sustainable value creation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Dordrecht: Springer, 2023
Nyckelord
Business model innovation process, Sustainable value creation, Agricultural businesses, Rewetting of peat soils, Ecosystem services
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46940 (URN)10.1007/s10668-022-02389-1 (DOI)000795192200001 ()2-s2.0-85132617656 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 155-2014-1745
Anmärkning

Funding: Open access funding provided by Halmstad University.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-06-07 Skapad: 2022-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Hansson, A. & Karlsson, N. (2022). Drivers and Barriers for Initiating the Business Model Innovation Process for Sustainability Based on Ecosystem Services. In: Michelini L.; Minà A.; Alaimo Di Loro P. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on New Business Models: Sustainable Business Model Challenges: Economic Recovery and Digital Transformation. Paper presented at 7th International Conference on New Business Models, Rome, Italy, June 23-24, 2022 (pp. 253-256). Rome: LUMSA University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Drivers and Barriers for Initiating the Business Model Innovation Process for Sustainability Based on Ecosystem Services
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on New Business Models: Sustainable Business Model Challenges: Economic Recovery and Digital Transformation / [ed] Michelini L.; Minà A.; Alaimo Di Loro P., Rome: LUMSA University , 2022, s. 253-256Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The agricultural sector has a critical role in creating social and environmental value from natural resources in addition to its traditional role of creating economic value through food production. In fulfilling this dual role, the agricultural sector faces what is often viewed as competing pressures: to operate financially profitable businesses and to create, maintain and benefit from ecosystem services (ES) in their operations. ES, such as food production, climate regulation, and water management, are benefits ecological systems provide humans and that are critical to the function of life-support systems on earth (Costanza et al., 1997).

Previous research shows that agricultural businesses associate maintenance of sustainability-oriented ES (other than those connected to food production such as climate regulation and water purification) with increased costs connected to their preservation, and uncertain incomes due to their intangibility and long-termism (Bocken and Geradts, 2019; Hansson et al., 2012; Smith and Sullivan, 2014). As a result, drivers, barriers, and changes in the external environment greatly shape business strategies and decisions on activities for creating, delivering, and capturing sustainable value (Kaplan, 2011; Teece, 2010; Yang et al., 2019). Moreover, the understanding of such moderating factors is especially important for realising sustainable business activities that require radical changes in current business models (BMs) (Lütz and Bastian, 2002; Bocken and Geradts, 2019). A BM describes the business logic of a company i.e., how economic value is created, captured, and delivered (e.g., Teece, 2010; Zott and Amit, 2007). It can be used to describe and implement a company’s current and future plans for financial success through producing, marketing, and selling sustainable goods and services (Karlsson et al., 2018).

Sustainability-oriented BM changes can be realized via a business model innovation process for sustainability (BMIpfS) that builds on a systematic and holistic mindset of the involved actors (Stubbs and Cocklin, 2008; Zott and Amit, 2010). The BMIpfS requires businesses to make strategic decisions related to market, customers, and value propositions for optimizing social and environmental value creation (Bocken et al., 2014; Schaltegger et al., 2016). The BMIpfS can thus be crucial for driving the development of sustainable BMs (Karlsson et al., 2018) for agricultural businesses in which the creation and processing of ES are important elements. Through BM changes supported by the BMIpfS, inclusion of ES previously not captured by BMs could become a sustainable value-creating activity for agricultural businesses and their stakeholders (e.g., customers, suppliers, and retailers) by creating financial value from ES while simultaneously preserving the ecosystems.

Thus, the aim of this study is to further the understanding of drivers and barriers, as perceived by agricultural business managers, for initiating the BMIpfS based on the inclusion of sustainability-oriented ES. The study uses qualitative thematic content analysis (Graneheim and Lundman, 2004) to analyse the data of perceived drivers and barriers to the initiation of the BMIpfS as they are revealed in semi-structured interviews by ten agricultural business managers operating farms in southern Sweden.

The results show that business managers’ main business concerns were based on financial considerations that acted as either drivers or barriers for the initiation of the BMIpfS depending on whether the managers viewed the inclusion of sustainability-oriented ES as business risks or as opportunities. The drivers reported by the managers were based on the core idea of realising and taking advantage of business opportunities, both on a short-term and a long-term basis, in connection to the uncaptured value inclusion of sustainability-oriented ES in BMs can offer. The managers were also driven by their belief that sustainable value creation is a business responsibility in relation to stakeholders and the global population in which challenges to food supplies play an important part. The drivers included the idea that a breaking point may arrive when profit cannot be sustained and a new balance between shareholder and stakeholder value is needed. To proactively avoid such breaking points, they viewed value creation and capture of sustainability-oriented ES as an important part of sustainable farming systems. The barriers identified revealed that the business managers’ main concern was the financial risks associated with the sometimes substantial changes to current farming systems required to include sustainability-oriented ES. They were concerned with how these changes would affect their long-term profit, especially the impact on their revenue streams. This was emphasised by their low tolerance for uncertainty when making decisions about business changes, especially because they thought the proposed changes were antithetical to their traditional value-creating activities and their self-perception of what it means to be a food producer. Unclear benefits from meeting sustainability targets added to their doubts.

On a general level, this study contributes to the business model innovation literature by identifying drivers and barriers that moderates the initiation of the BMIpfS. It complements previous research regarding the connection between individual, sustainability concerns and organisational values in a BM change process (Bansal 2003; Rauter et al., 2017). Through the contributions of this study, the needs connected to sustainable BM change amongst agricultural business managers can be better understood and met as the managers acknowledge the importance of long-term, sustainable social and environmental value creation, while addressing their grave doubts about the profitability of activities associated with the initiation of the BMIpfS based on to the inclusion of sustainability-oriented ES. The managers would benefit from taking a more proactive, long-term approach to business model changes for sustainability and from acquiring more knowledge about market demand for sustainability-oriented ES. Support is needed by one or several actors that can facilitate (clarify, motivate, and practically assist) change and improve the turning of profits based on sustainable value creation (Kundrupi et al., 2021). The results could also be important for policy makers in the development of agricultural support systems and programmes. These, in turn, can benefit the implementation of sustainability-oriented BM changes that can play a crucial role in preservation of natural ecosystems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Rome: LUMSA University, 2022
Nyckelord
Business model innovation process, sustainable value creation, ecosystem services, agriculture
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48982 (URN)979-12-210-1188-3 (ISBN)
Konferens
7th International Conference on New Business Models, Rome, Italy, June 23-24, 2022
Tillgänglig från: 2022-12-21 Skapad: 2022-12-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, S., Svensson, G., Otero-Neira, C., Laurell, H., Lindgren, J. & Karlsson, N. P. E. (2022). Sustainable development considerations in supply chains: Firms' relationships with stakeholders in their business sustainability practices—A triangular comparison. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(4), 1885-1899
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sustainable development considerations in supply chains: Firms' relationships with stakeholders in their business sustainability practices—A triangular comparison
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 1885-1899Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to investigate focal firms' business sustainability relationships in connection with their stakeholders in supply chain networks. A questionnaire survey was sent to a sample consisting of large Swedish firms, with 107 usable questionnaires returned. The results reveal which stakeholders are of interest for firms in sustainability efforts. The results are compared with earlier findings from Norway and Spain in a triangular approach. The former is a similar country, while the latter is different to Sweden in several ways. In addition, the study uncovers which stakeholders in the supply chain network should be considered. The study also demonstrates how firms can implement business sustainability in their supply chain networks and shows the extent to which different stakeholders are considered in sustainability efforts. The study contributes to sustainability research and stakeholder theory in supply chain networks. Opposite to earlier findings, this study showed only minor influences from national culture and institutions on firms' sustainable business practices in supply chain networks. © 2022 The Authors. Business Strategy and The Environment published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
business sustainability, networks, stakeholder engagement, supply chain, supply chain management, sustainable development, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-48033 (URN)10.1002/bse.3225 (DOI)000842184000001 ()2-s2.0-85135939274 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-09 Skapad: 2022-09-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, S., Svensson, G., Molina-Castillo, F. J., Otero-Neira, C., Lindgren, J., Karlsson, N. P. .. & Laurell, H. (2022). Sustainable development—Direct and indirect effects between economic, social, and environmental dimensions in business practices. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 29(5), 1158-1172
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sustainable development—Direct and indirect effects between economic, social, and environmental dimensions in business practices
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, E-ISSN 1535-3966, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 1158-1172Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the direct and indirect effects between economic, social and environmental dimensions of triple bottom line (TBL), based on a questionnaire survey and cross-industrial sample in Sweden. The analyses apply partial least squares structural equation models. The study tests the direct and indirect effects between economic, social, and environmental dimensions of TBL and offers additional validity and reliability to establish the measurement and structural properties between the dimensions of TBL. The study extends earlier findings by explicitly discussing how the three TBL goals relate to each other and shows how the dynamic capability view can be a fruitful lens to investigate business sustainability. Some differences in sustainability business practices caused by differences in national cultures are identified. Sustainability reporting in a strong uncertainty avoidance (UA) country happens in accordance with regulations and laws. Conversely, for weak UA cultures, reporting and compliance with regulations are ways to build trust with stakeholders. That is, reporting is more transparent and widespread in weak UA countries. The study also provides a foundation to guide companies' actions of business sustainability. The model shows companies how to establish the order of actions undertaken across economic, social, and environmental dimensions. In addition, it clarifies that the economic dimension exerts an effect on the social and environmental dimensions. The model also grasps long-term economic performance by including competitiveness and brand value, while earlier research mainly has focused on more short-term measurements as return on assets. © 2022 The Authors. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
business sustainability, economic, social and environmental sustainability, sustainable development, Sweden, triple bottom line
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46489 (URN)10.1002/csr.2261 (DOI)000765146600001 ()2-s2.0-85125651894 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-03-18 Skapad: 2022-03-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Martens, M., Karlsson, N., Ehde, P. M., Mattsson, M. & Weisner, S. (2021). The greenhouse gas emission effects of rewetting drained peatlands and growing wetland plants for biogas fuel production. Journal of Environmental Management, 277, Article ID 111391.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The greenhouse gas emission effects of rewetting drained peatlands and growing wetland plants for biogas fuel production
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 277, artikel-id 111391Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are receiving increased attention among governmental and commercial actors. In recent years, the interest in paludiculture, i.e. the use of rewetted peatlands, has grown because of its potential to reduce GHG emissions by stopping soil decomposition. Moreover, cultivating wetland plants on rewetted peatlands for  bioenergy production that replaces fossil fuels in the transport sector, can contribute to additional GHG emission reductions. In this study, an analysis of literature data was conducted to obtain data on GHG emissions (CO2 and CH4) and biomass production from rewetted peatlands cultivated with two different wetland plant species: Phragmites australis (Pa) and Typha latifolia (Tl). In  addition, a  biogas experiment was carried out to investigate the biomethane yield of Pa and Tl biomass, and the reduction of global warming potential (GWP) by using biomethane as vehicle fuel. The results show that peatland rewetting can be an important measure to mitigate the GWP as it reduces GHG emissions from the soil, particularly on a 100-year timescale but also to some extent on a 20-year timescale. More specifically, rewetting of 1 km2 of peatland can result in  a  GWP reduction corresponding to  the  emissions from ±2600 average sized petrol cars annually. Growing Pa on rewetted peatlands reduces soil GHG emissions more than growing Tl, but Pa and Tl produced similar amounts of biomass and biomethane per land area. Our study concludes that Pa, because of a more pronounced GWP reduction, is the most suitable wetland plant to cultivate after peatland rewetting. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2021
Nyckelord
Paludiculture, Greenhouse gas emissions, Peatland, Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia, Biomethane
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Klimatforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-43340 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111391 (DOI)000593974400009 ()33049611 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85092313103 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 155-2014-1745
Tillgänglig från: 2020-10-26 Skapad: 2020-10-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-01-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Karlsson, N., Hoveskog, M., Halila, F. & Mattsson, M. (2019). Business modelling in farm-based biogas production: towards network-level business models and stakeholder business cases for sustainability. Sustainability Science, 14(4), 1071-1090
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Business modelling in farm-based biogas production: towards network-level business models and stakeholder business cases for sustainability
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 1071-1090Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Farm-based biogas production is a promising renewable energy technology with the potential for creating sustainable economic, environmental, and social value. However, Swedish farmers engaged in this activity struggle to turn a profit because of high-investment costs and severe price competition with fossil fuels. One way to address this situation is to re-organize the activity by innovating the business model (BM) towards sustainability. In this study, a team of researchers took an action research approach that proposed solutions for the financial difficulties at a farm cooperative that intended to develop its farm-based biogas production. Two participatory workshops (including researchers, producers, students, and consultants) were conducted using the sustainable business-modelling tool called the Flourishing Business Canvas (FBC). Based on the 215 ideas developed in the workshops, five sustainable BM prototypes were created. These five prototypes form the basis of an approach for initiating the development of a network-level BM for sustainability that highlights its superiority over a single-firm BM. The network-level BM’s main advantage in the farm-based biogas context is its strong focus on stakeholder collaboration that supports the development of a stakeholder business case for sustainability. Overall, this study highlights the usefulness of the network concept in the practice of sustainable BM development. Collaborative business modelling for developing network-level BMs that address environmental and social problems for and with stakeholders can be an effective way to increase long-term financial profit and promote the growth of a firm, a network, or an industry. © 2018 The Author(s)

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Tokyo: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Inc., 2019
Nyckelord
Business modelling, Stakeholders, Business case, Sustainability, Biogas production
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37236 (URN)10.1007/s11625-018-0584-z (DOI)000471345600017 ()2-s2.0-85047941054 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Biogas 2020
Anmärkning

Funding: the Biogas 2020 project in the EU-Interreg ÖKS programme

Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-21 Skapad: 2018-06-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Karlsson, N. (2019). Business models and business cases for financial sustainability: Insights on corporate sustainability in the Swedish farm-based biogas industry. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 18, 115-129
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Business models and business cases for financial sustainability: Insights on corporate sustainability in the Swedish farm-based biogas industry
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 18, s. 115-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, Swedish farmers have begun investing in biogas technology in an attempt to become more sustainable. Biogas production from organic waste on farms combines renewable energy production with increased resource efficiency. However, many farmers have found this activity less profitable than expected. This paper investigates the corporate sustainability strategy used by Swedish farm businesses, in particular how this strategy influences the development of business models and business cases for sustainability in the effort to increase economic profitability from biogas production. A questionnaire, administered to farm business managers, was used to collect the paper’s empirical data. The study’s findings show that the farmers currently use a reactive corporate sustainability strategy that hinders profits because biogas production is realized as an indirect financial business case for sustainability. The study concludes that the farmers could benefit financially from biogas production if they adopted a proactive corporate sustainability strategy. Such a strategy, if adopted, enables the development of a business model for sustainability, the capture of sustainable value for stakeholders, and the creation of biogas production as a direct financial business case for sustainability. This study contributes to the literature on business cases for sustainability, specifically in how their creation is connected to, and influenced by, the corporate sustainability strategy and by related business model changes. The study adds to our understanding of how sustainable investments can contribute to long-term, sustainable business success. © 2019 Institution of Chemical Engineers

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2019
Nyckelord
Sustainability, Business models, Business cases, Biogas, Farmers
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38864 (URN)10.1016/j.spc.2019.01.005 (DOI)000464015100010 ()2-s2.0-85061101576 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Biogas 2020 EU-Interreg ÖKS
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-08 Skapad: 2019-02-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Mattsson, M., Karlsson, N., Hansson, A., Hoveskog, M. & Halila, F. (2019). Circular Economy in the Agricultural Sector. Farm based biogas production as a way forward. In: Lüdeke-Freund, F. & Froese, T. (Ed.), 4th International Conference on New Business Models. New Business Models for Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation: Full Conference Proceedings. 1-3 July 2019, ESCP Europe Berlin, Germany. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on New Business Models: New Business Models for Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation, Berlin, Germany, July 1-3, 2019 (pp. 44-48).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Circular Economy in the Agricultural Sector. Farm based biogas production as a way forward
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: 4th International Conference on New Business Models. New Business Models for Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation: Full Conference Proceedings. 1-3 July 2019, ESCP Europe Berlin, Germany / [ed] Lüdeke-Freund, F. & Froese, T., 2019, s. 44-48Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41012 (URN)978-3-96705-001-1 (ISBN)
Konferens
4th International Conference on New Business Models: New Business Models for Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation, Berlin, Germany, July 1-3, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-22 Skapad: 2019-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Karlsson, N. (2019). Doing well by doing good: The business model innovation process for sustainability in farm-based biogas production. (Doctoral dissertation). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Doing well by doing good: The business model innovation process for sustainability in farm-based biogas production
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Research on innovation that leads to change and adaptation in dynamic business environments has increased rapidly in recent decades. This doctoral thesis, which focuses on business model innovation (BMI), contributes to that research with its examination of how businesses can alter their structures to create, deliver, and capture greater economic value as well as environmental and social value. The overarching aim of the thesis is to explore how the business model innovation process for sustainability (BMIpfS) can contribute to profitable biogas production at Swedish farm businesses. Biogas, which is a renewable energy resource produced from microbial decomposition of organic material in an oxygen free environment, can be used to produce heat, electricity, or vehicle fuel. The thesis examines the initiation, implementation, and use of the BMIpfS at biogas-producing farms in ways that support the development of business models for sustainability (BMfS). In addition to economic value, a BMfS enables farm businesses and external stakeholders (e.g., municipalities and local companies) to capture environmental value and social value from biogas production and create business cases for sustainability (BCfS) that can improve biogas profitability.

Both an inductive and deductive reasoning approach is taken in this research that is presented in a case study, two action research studies, and two survey studies. The case study identifies and describes various success factors for BMI for sustainability in a biogas network. The action research studies explore how BMI process can be modified to address sustainability considerations and the outcomes useful for supporting stakeholder collaboration and facilitating the development of a BMfS. The survey studies investigate how the farm businesses’ corporate sustainability strategies and stakeholder considerations influence the development of BMfS and the creation of BCfS. All studies were conducted at farm businesses in Sweden. The data were collected in interviews, workshops, and questionnaires.

The results from this research show that BMI for sustainability takes place in three main phases: the pre-phase, the ongoing phase, and the post-phase. Based on these three phases, the BMIpfS Framework is developed. The Framework illustrates how a business model (BM) can be changed and adapted to realize sustainable value creation. Several factors determine the success of the BMIpfS Framework at biogas-producing farm businesses. In the pre-phase, these factors include a long-term perspective on biogas profitability, integration of sustainability considerations into business strategies, promotion of cooperation with customers, and the establishment of interactions with the consumer markets. Use of the Flourishing Business Canvas tool in the ongoing phase can enhance external stakeholders’ understanding of BMs and BMI, and can promote idea generation for the BMfS. Sustainability-oriented BM prototypes are used in the post-phase to support network collaboration in development of BMfS and in the creation of BCfS, both of which are intended to increase biogas profitability by solving sustainability issues.

This thesis contributes to the literature with its findings on how the BMIpfS Framework can be used in organizational changes. These findings show how an organization can move from its existing BM to a more sustainability-oriented BM. The thesis identifies the internal and external antecedents related to the initiation and implementation of the BMIpfS and offers new insights on the development of BMfS through the integration of sustainabil­ity considerations using business modelling tools that facilitate BM experimentation and stakeholder collaboration. Moreover, the thesis explains how use of the BMIpfS Framework can create sustainability-oriented BM prototypes that enhance network BM collaboration with stakeholders in the value chain (i.e. BMfS development and BCfS creation). As far as practical contributions, the thesis highlights the usefulness of the BMIpfS Framework in farm-based biogas production. With the BMIpfS Framework, the thesis presents a structured approach that practitioners can follow in initiating and implementing sustainability-oriented changes to their existing BMs. Practitioners who want to increase the profitability of their biogas production through sustainability should initially focus their BMI activities on the business infrastructure (key partner identification and interaction) and customer interface (relationships, distribution channels, and segments) of existing BMs.

This thesis ultimately concludes that biogas-producing farm businesses should initiate and implement a BMIpfS that leads to economic, environmental, and social value creation. Stakeholder considerations and interactions are key factors in all phases of BMIpfS. In this process, sustainable business modelling tools and BM prototype development can be used to facilitate incremental sustainability-oriented changes to existing BMs. The BMIpfS Framework has an important role for the development and implementation of BMfS in the biogas industry as a contributor to the circular economy that features renewable and sustainable energy systems. 

Abstract [sv]

Innovationsforskning som leder till företagsmässig förändring och anpassning i ett dynamiskt affärsklimat har ökat dramatiskt de senaste decennierna. Denna doktorsavhandling som fokuserar på affärsmodellsinnovation (BMI) bidrar till denna forskning genom att undersöka hur företag kan förändra dess struktur för att skapa, leverera, och fånga ekonomiskt värde samt miljömässigt- och socialt värde. Det övergripande syftet med avhandlingen är att undersöka hur affärsmodellsinnovationsprocessen för hållbarhet (BMIpfS) kan bidra till lönsam biogasproduktion hos svenska lantbruksföretag. Biogas är en förnybar energiresurs som produceras genom mikrobiell nedbrytning av organiskt material i en syrefri miljö och används för att framställa värme, el eller fordonsbränsle. Avhandlingen undersöker hur initieringen, implementeringen och användningen av BMIpfS kan främja utvecklingen av affärsmodeller för hållbarhet (BMfS). Genom en BMfS kan lantbruksföretag och deras intressenter (t.ex. kommuner och lokala företag), utöver ekonomiskt värde, också fånga miljömässigt- och socialt värde från biogasproduktion. Detta kan skapa affärscase för hållbarhet (BCfS) som kan förbättra biogaslönsamheten.

Forskningsansatsen som tillämpas i avhandlingen kombinerar induktiva och deduktiva inslag och inkluderar en fallstudie, två aktionforskningsstudier och två enkätundersökningsstudier. Fallstudien identifierar och beskriver framgångsfaktorer för BMI för hållbarhet i ett biogasnätverk. Aktionsforskningsstudierna utforskar hur BMI-processen kan modifieras för att integrera hållbarhetsaspekter, samt vilka processresultat som kan vara användbara för att stödja och underlätta intressentsamarbete och utveckling av BMfS. Enkätstudierna undersöker hur lantbruksföretagens hållbarhetsstrategier och förhållningssätt till intressenter påverkar utvecklingen av BMfS och BCfS. Samtliga studier utfördes i en svensk kontext och data samlades in genom intervjuer, workshops och enkäter.

Resultaten visar att BMI för hållbarhet sker i tre huvudsakliga faser (pre phase, ongoing phase, post phase). Baserat på dessa tre faser utvecklades BMIpfS-ramverket. BMIpfS-ramverket visar hur en affärsmodell (BM) kan förändras och anpassas för att realisera hållbart värdeskapande. Flera faktorer påverkar hur framgångsrikt BMfS-ramverket blir för biogasproducerande lantbruksföretag. I pre phase inbegriper dessa faktorer ett långsiktigt perspektiv på biogaslönsamhet, integrering av hållbarhetsöverväganden i affärsstrategin och etableringen av affärssamarbeten för att få tillgång till kunder och en säker marknad. I ongoing phase kan användningen av affärsmodelleringsverktyget Flourishing Business Canvas underlätta förståelsen av befintlig BM och stödja idégenerering och affärsmodellering för utvecklingen av en BMfS tillsammans med relevanta intressenter. I post phase används hållbarhetsinriktade BM-prototyper för att stödja nätverkssamarbete vid utvecklingen av BMfS och i skapandet av BCfS som båda syftar till att öka biogaslönsamheten genom att lösa hållbarhetsproblem.

Avhandlingens resultat bidrar med ny teoretisk kunskap genom att visa hur BMIpfS-ramverket kan användas i organisatoriska förändringar. Dessa resultat visar hur en organisation kan gå ifrån sin befintliga BM till en mer hållbarhetsinriktad BM. Avhandlingen identifierar interna och externa faktorer som kan föranleda initieringen och implementeringen av BMIpfS, och bidrar till en ökad förståelse kring utvecklingen av BMfS genom att visa hur integreringen av hållbarhetsaspekter kan genomföras med hjälp av affärsmodelleringsverktyg som underlättar experimenterande med BM samt initierandet av intressentsamarbete. Dessutom visar avhandlingen hur användningen av BMIpfS-ramverket kan skapa hållbarhetsinriktade BM-prototyper som kan förbättra nätverksbaserat affärsmodellssamarbete med intressenter i värdekedjan för att utveckla BMfS och skapa BCfS.

De praktiska bidragen från doktorsavhandlingen framhåller användbarheten av BMIpfS-ramverket  för gårdsbaserad biogas. Med BMIpfS-ramverket presenterar avhandlingen ett strukturerat tillvägagångssätt som företagare kan följa för att initiera och genomföra hållbarhetsinriktade förändringar av befintlig BM. Företagare som avser förbättra biogasens lönsamhet genom hållbarhet bör börja med att förändra affärsinfrastrukturen (identifiering och interaktion med nyckelpartners) och kundgränssnittet (relationer, distributionskanaler och kundsegment) i befintlig BM.

Avhandlingen konkluderar att biogasproducerade lantbruksföretag som avser förbättra lönsamheten bör initiera och implementera en BMIpfS som kan skapa ekonomiskt, miljömässigt och socialt värde. Överväganden kring, och interaktioner med, intressenter är av central betydelse i alla tre faser av BMIpfS. I BMIpfS kan hållbara affärsmodelleringsverktyg och utvecklingen av affärsmodellsprotoyper användas för att underlätta inkrementella och hållbarhetsinriktade förändringar av företagens befintliga BM. Användningen av BMIpfS-ramverket för att främja utveckling och implementering av BMfS i biogasbranschen kan spela en viktig roll för att öka biogasproducenters betydelse i ett framtida förnybart och hållbart energisystem, liksom dess bidrag till den cirkulära ekonomin.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2019. s. 89
Serie
Halmstad University Dissertations ; 63
Nyckelord
Business model innovation, Sustainable value creation, Stakeholders, Biogas production, Farmers
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljöledning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40716 (URN)978-91-88749-34-5 (ISBN)978-91-88749-35-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-12-06, O124, Linjegatan 12, Halmstad, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-17 Skapad: 2019-10-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Laurell, H., Karlsson, N., Lindgren, J., Andersson, S. & Svensson, G. (2019). Re-testing and validating a triple bottom line dominant logic for business sustainability. Management of environmental quality, 30(3), 518-537
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Re-testing and validating a triple bottom line dominant logic for business sustainability
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 518-537Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The triple bottom line (TBL) is still commonly explored in research without joint consideration of economic, social and environmental elements of business sustainability (BS). The purpose of this paper is to re-test and validate a BS framework based on the TBL approach.This study is based on a questionnaire survey consisting of the largestfirms in corporate Sweden. A total of 107 usable questionnaires were ultimately received, for a response rate of 36.5 percent. The findings validate and extend a framework of a TBL-dominant logic for BS. A total of 19 dimensions indicating satisfactory validity and reliability of the BS framework were identified. The BS framework offers relevant insights to monitor and assess a TBL-dominant logic for BS. It also provides opportunities for further research. Managers can use the BS framework as a tool to map firm priorities in connection with BS. Each dimension of the BS framework offers insights into how to monitor and assess firms’ efforts in the TBL.This study contributes to validate and extend the TBL-dominant logic for BS. The BS framework also offers a timely and relevant contribution to both scholars and practitioners engaging in business sustainability. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Nyckelord
Sweden, Validation, Business sustainability, Triple bottom line
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38171 (URN)10.1108/MEQ-02-2018-0024 (DOI)000461046500002 ()2-s2.0-85053262807 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-17 Skapad: 2018-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-05-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3068-5269

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