hh.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Lindwall, Magnus
Publikasjoner (10 av 58) Visa alla publikasjoner
Teixeira, P. J., Marques, M. M., Silva, M. N., Brunet, J., Duda, J. L., Haerens, L., . . . Hagger, M. S. (2020). Classification of Techniques Used in Self-Determinationheory-Based Interventions in Health Contexts: An Expert Consensus Study. Motivation Science
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Classification of Techniques Used in Self-Determinationheory-Based Interventions in Health Contexts: An Expert Consensus Study
Vise andre…
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Motivation Science, ISSN 2333-8113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

While evidence suggests that interventions based on self-determination theory can be effective in motivating adoption and maintenance of health-related behaviors, and in promoting adaptive psychological outcomes, the motivational techniques that comprise the content of these interventions have not been comprehensively identified or described. The aim of the present study was to develop a classification system of the techniques that comprise self-determination theory interventions, with satisfaction of psychological needs as an organizing principle. Candidate techniques were identified through a comprehensive review of self-determination theory interventions and nomination by experts. The study team developed a preliminary list of candidate techniques accompanied by labels, definitions, and function descriptions of each. Each technique was aligned with the most closely-related psychological need satisfaction construct (autonomy, competence, or relatedness). Using an iterative expert consensus procedure, participating experts (= 18) judged each technique on the preliminary list for redundancy, essentiality, uniqueness, and the proposed link between the technique and basic psychological need. The procedure produced a final classification of 21 motivation and behavior change techniques (MBCTs). Redundancies between final MBCTs against techniques from existing behavior change technique taxonomies were also checked. The classification system is the first formal attempt to systematize self-determination theory intervention techniques. The classification is expected to enhance consistency in descriptions of self-determination theory-based interventions in health contexts, and assist in facilitating synthesis of evidence on interventions based on the theory. The classification is also expected to guide future efforts to identify, describe, and classify the techniques that comprise self-determination theory-based interventions in multiple domains. © 2020, American Psychological Association.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association (APA), 2020
Emneord
Self-determination theory interventions, Autonomous motivation, Autonomy support, Need satisfaction, Motivational technique
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41058 (URN)10.1037/mot0000172 (DOI)
Merknad

Funding: Business Finland (grant # 1801/31/2105) & Marie-Sklodowska-Curie (EDGE) Fellowship programme (grant agreement No. 713567)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-01 Laget: 2019-12-01 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-16
Josefsson, T., Ivarsson, A., Gustafsson, H., Stenling, A., Lindwall, M., Tornberg, R. & Böröy, J. (2019). Effects of Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) on Sport-Specific Dispositional Mindfulness, Emotion Regulation, and Self-Rated Athletic Performance in a Multiple-Sport Population: an RCT Study. Mindfulness, 10(8), 1518-1529
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effects of Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) on Sport-Specific Dispositional Mindfulness, Emotion Regulation, and Self-Rated Athletic Performance in a Multiple-Sport Population: an RCT Study
Vise andre…
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 10, nr 8, s. 1518-1529Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aim of the study was to examine mediating effects of emotion regulation and sport-specific dispositional mindfulness on self-rated athletic training performance, following the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) intervention, compared to a Psychological Skills Training (PST) control group.

Methods

Sixty-nine competitive elite athletes who did not have any prior experience with mindfulness- and acceptance-based exercises, were recruited and randomly assigned into either a MAC group or a traditional PST group. Latent growth curve analyses were performed to examine longitudinal relationships among the study variables. Mediation analyses were conducted to test if the growth trajectory of each of the proposed mediators mediated the relationship between the intervention and perceived performance (measured at T3).

Results

Findings showed that the MAC intervention had an indirect effect on self-rated athletic training performance through changes in dispositional mindfulness and emotion regulation respectively. Further, the MAC-group obtained greater post-test improvements in athletic mindfulness, emotion regulation abilities, and perceived performance compared to the PST group.

Conclusions

Overall, findings suggest that dispositional athletic mindfulness and emotion regulation may function as important mechanisms in MAC, and that the MAC approach is a more effective intervention compared to the PST condition in reducing emotion regulation difficulties, as well as enhancing sport-relevant mindfulness skills and perceived athletic training performance in elite sport.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York, NY: Springer, 2019
Emneord
Emotion regulation, MAC, Mediation analysis, Mindfulness, Mindfulness-acceptance-commitment, Performance, PST
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39189 (URN)10.1007/s12671-019-01098-7 (DOI)000473450900006 ()2-s2.0-85071731223 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2016-0037
Merknad

Funding: the Swedish Research Council for Sport Science (D2016-0037/P2016-0146) and from the Center of Research on Welfare, Health, and Sport, Halmstad University, Sweden

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-02 Laget: 2019-04-02 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Fröberg, A., Jonsson, L., Berg, C., Lindgren, E.-C., Korp, P., Lindwall, M., . . . Larsson, C. (2018). Effects of an Empowerment-Based Health-Promotion School Intervention on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time among Adolescents in a Multicultural Area. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(11), Article ID 2542.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effects of an Empowerment-Based Health-Promotion School Intervention on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time among Adolescents in a Multicultural Area
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, nr 11, artikkel-id 2542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Physical activity (PA) decreases with age, and interventions are needed to promote PA during adolescence, especially, among those in low-socioeconomic status (SES) areas. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention had any effects on changes in (a) moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), (b) sedentary time (SED), (c) exercise training (ET) frequency, and (d) ET duration, among adolescents. Participants (aged 12⁻13 years at baseline) from one intervention school and two control schools, were recruited from a multicultural area of Sweden, characterized by low-SES. During the course of the two-year intervention, a total of 135 participants (43% boys) were included in the study. The intervention was developed and implemented as a result of cooperation and shared decision-making among the researchers and the participants. MVPA and SED were measured with accelerometers, and ET frequency and duration was self-reported at the beginning of the seventh, eighth, and ninth grade, respectively. There were no significant effects of the two-year, empowerment-based health-promotion school intervention on changes in the accelerometer-measured MVPA and SED, or the self-reported ET frequency and duration, among the adolescents. Overall, the intervention was unsuccessful at promoting PA and reducing SED. Several possible explanations for the intervention's lack of effects are discussed.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Basel: MDPI, 2018
Emneord
empowerment, exercise, health promotion, participatory, physical activity, school, sedentary behavior
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38492 (URN)10.3390/ijerph15112542 (DOI)000451640500216 ()30428548 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85056651266 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
How-to-Act?
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-12-04 Laget: 2018-12-04 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Stenling, A., Ivarsson, A., Lindwall, M. & Gucciardi, D. F. (2018). Exploring longitudinal measurement invariance and the continuum hypothesis in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): An exploratory structural equation modeling approach. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 36, 187-196
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Exploring longitudinal measurement invariance and the continuum hypothesis in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): An exploratory structural equation modeling approach
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 36, s. 187-196Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aims of the present study were to: (a) examine longitudinal measurement invariance in the Swedish version of the Behavioral Regulations in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ) and (b) examine the continuum hypothesis of motivation as postulated within self-determination theory.

Design

Two-wave survey.

Method

Young competitive athletes (N = 354) responded to the BRSQ early in the season (November) and at the end of the athletic season (April). Data were analyzed using exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and bifactor ESEM.

Results

We found support for strict longitudinal measurement invariance in the BRSQ. Latent mean comparisons showed an increase in external regulation and amotivation across the season. The latent factor correlations indicated some deviations from a simplex pattern related to amotivation, external regulation, and introjected regulation. In the bifactor model, intrinsic motivation items had negative factor loadings on the global factor, identified regulation items had factor loadings approaching zero, and introjected and external regulation and amotivation items all had moderate to strong positive factor loadings.

Conclusion

The present study adds longitudinal measurement invariance to the psychometric evidence of the BRSQ. Research on why the latent means of the behavioral regulations changed over the athletic season is warranted. The continuum hypothesis was partially supported. Latent factor correlations and factor loadings on the global factor in the bifactor ESEM highlighted that the discriminant validity of the controlled regulations and amotivation needs further investigation. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018
Emneord
Latent mean changes, Motivation continuum, Self-determination theory, Temporal stability
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36388 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85043782981 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Funding: Andreas Stenling was supported by grants from Umeå School of Sport Sciences (Dnr: IH 5.3-12-2017) and the Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (CIF), grant numbers P2014-0043 and P2015-0114. Daniel F. Gucciardi is supported by a Curtin Research Fellowship.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-06 Laget: 2018-03-06 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Weman Josefsson, K., Johnson, U. & Lindwall, M. (2018). Zooming in on the Effects: a Controlled Trial on Motivation and Exercise Behaviour in a Digital Context. Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), 37(1), 250-262
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Zooming in on the Effects: a Controlled Trial on Motivation and Exercise Behaviour in a Digital Context
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 250-262Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study is a description of a short-term digital exercise intervention based on the theoretical framework self-determination theory and tested in a controlled trial. The sample consisted of 318 adult women (n = 279) and men (n = 40) aged 23–67 years (M = 46.7; SD = 9.4) participating in a digital step contest provided by their employer. All participants completed study baseline measures via validated web-based versions of the following instruments: Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale, Behavioural Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire-2, and Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire. These measures were repeated twice, 3 weeks (post-intervention) and 6 weeks (follow-up) after study baseline. The experimental group had access to the intervention platform for three weeks. Data were analysed by analyses of covariance and mediation variable analysis. Results showed the intervention to affect exercise level and intensity as well as basic psychological need satisfaction and behavioural regulations. Intervention effects on amotivation post-intervention were found to mediate total exercise behaviour at follow-up. Moderation analyses showed intervention effects on light exercise to be stronger for those participants engaging in moderate or high levels of light activities at study baseline. Also, the effect on identified regulation was stronger for those with low levels of identified regulation at study baseline. This study adds to the knowledge on exercise motivation based on short-term intervention effects on level and intensity of exercise and physical activity. The use of mediating and moderating analyses uncover processes underlying the main intervention effects. Findings are discussed in relation to self-determination theory and previous research. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2018
Emneord
Exercise Intervention Mediation Moderation Self-determination
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32123 (URN)10.1007/s12144-016-9508-1 (DOI)000427195600026 ()2-s2.0-84988942781 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Knowledge Foundation
Merknad

Funded by Halmstad University, University of Gothenburg and the Swedish KK-foundation.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-10-02 Laget: 2016-10-02 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Weman Josefsson, K., Ivarsson, A., Johnson, U. & Lindwall, M. (2017). Effects of a digital intervention program on motivational regulation patterns in an exercise context: A latent transition analysis of the “motivational soup”. In: Gangyan, S., Cruz, J. & Jaenes, J.C. (Ed.), Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the XIV ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology. Paper presented at ISSP 14th World Congress of Sport Psychology, Sevilla, Spain, 2017, July 10-14, 2017 (pp. 319-320). Sevilla: International Society of Sport Psychology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effects of a digital intervention program on motivational regulation patterns in an exercise context: A latent transition analysis of the “motivational soup”
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sport Psychology: Linking theory to practice: Proceedings of the XIV ISSP World Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] Gangyan, S., Cruz, J. & Jaenes, J.C., Sevilla: International Society of Sport Psychology , 2017, s. 319-320Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Within the self-determination theory of motivation the concept “motivational soup” refers to motivational regulations forming profiles of accumulated drives towards behavior. Few studies have examined the probability of intervention effects to change such motivational profiles over time, knowledge that might inform future program design to promote sustainable exercise motivation. Participants (N=318) were 279 women and 40 men, aged 23-67 years (Mage=46.7; SD=9.4) consisting of adult members of a web-based step contest provided by their employers. Of the 166 individuals randomly assigned to the experimental group, 85 logged in to the digital intervention platform at least once and were considered treated as intended. This group had access to a web-based digital exercise motivation intervention based on SDT for three weeks. The trial had three measure points; T1 baseline, T2 (3 weeks) and a follow up T3 (6 weeks). To investigate the potential effect of the intervention on the odds of participants to change motivational profiles between T1 and T3 we used Latent Transition Analysis. The intervention had positive main effects on exercise level. A four profile solution showed good quality of classification into the separate profiles (entropy = .92). The profiles were labeled high-high (n=262), high-low (n=26), low-high (n=8), and low-low (n=12), where the label high reflected a more autonomous regulation pattern (missing n=10). Participants in the autonomous profile at T1 had high probabilities of remaining there at T3, but slightly lower probability in the control (82%) than the intervention (95%) condition. Participants in the control condition also had a statistically significant increased probability to belong to the profile with a decreased level autonomy T3 (high-low profile) (OR=4.0, p=.008).These results indicate that this digital exercise motivation intervention can increase the likelihood for participants to sustain autonomous motivation profiles over time.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sevilla: International Society of Sport Psychology, 2017
Emneord
motivational soup, latent transition analysis, exercise, self-determination, motivational profiles, intervention
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34970 (URN)978-84-9148-282-6 (ISBN)
Konferanse
ISSP 14th World Congress of Sport Psychology, Sevilla, Spain, 2017, July 10-14, 2017
Forskningsfinansiär
Knowledge Foundation
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-15 Laget: 2017-09-15 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Stenling, A., Ivarsson, A., Hassmén, P. & Lindwall, M. (2017). Longitudinal associations between athletes’ controlled motivation, ill-being, and perceptions of controlling coach behaviors: A Bayesian latent growth curve approach. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 30, 205-214
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Longitudinal associations between athletes’ controlled motivation, ill-being, and perceptions of controlling coach behaviors: A Bayesian latent growth curve approach
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 30, s. 205-214Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Although many scholars have argued that leadership is a dynamic process jointly produced by leaders and followers, leadership in sports is most often researched as a unidirectional process from coaches to athletes. Within self-determination theory (SDT), individual characteristics are suggested to influence how people perceive external events such as coaches' behaviors. In the present study, we examined this jointly produced leadership process by investigating longitudinal associations between athletes' controlled motivation, ill-being, and perceptions of coaches' controlling behaviors at the between- and within-person levels. The participants were 247 young elite skiers enrolled at Swedish sport high schools who responded to self-report questionnaires at three time points over the course of an athletic season. At the between-person level, increases in perceptions of coaches' controlling behaviors over the season positively predicted controlled motivation at the end of the season, and controlled motivation at the beginning of the season positively predicted ill-being at the end of the season. At the within-person level, athletes' controlled motivation positively predicted perceptions of coaches’ controlling behaviors. The results at the between-person level support the unidirectional perspective and the tenets of SDT. The results at the within-person level suggest that individual characteristics such as motivation can influence how athletes perceive external events, which has been proposed theoretically but seldom examined empirically. Three plausible explanations for this reversed association are presented in the discussion.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017
Emneord
Bayesian estimation, Depression/anxiety, Growth models, Interpersonal control, Leadership, Sports
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33548 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.03.002 (DOI)000400038900023 ()2-s2.0-85015661965 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Andreas Stenling was supported by grants from Umeå School of Sport Sciences and the Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (CIF), grant numbers P2014-0043 and P2015-0114.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-13 Laget: 2017-03-13 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Weman Josefsson, K., Fröberg, K., Karlsson, S. & Lindwall, M. (2017). Mechanisms in Self-Determined Exercise Motivation: Effects of a Theory Informed Pilot Intervention. Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), 36(1), 90-100
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mechanisms in Self-Determined Exercise Motivation: Effects of a Theory Informed Pilot Intervention
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 90-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose was to examine the effects of an exercise pilot intervention informed by Self-determination theory. The 64 participants were randomized into experimental and control group. The main questions were whether the intervention would influence (a) exercise level, (b) motivation quality, and (c) autonomy and competence need satisfaction. We also examined the indirect effects of self-determined motivation on exercise. Significant intervention effects were found regarding exercise level and motivation quality. Also, intervention effect on exercise was found to be mediated by motivation quality and identified regulation. The results provide interesting information about the underlying mechanisms involved in exercise behaviour change. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York, NY: Springer, 2017
Emneord
Exercise, Intervention, Motivation, Self-determination
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29677 (URN)10.1007/s12144-015-9388-9 (DOI)000395448500010 ()2-s2.0-84944929511 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

This research was financially supported by the Centre for person-centred care at Gothenburg University and by Halmstad University.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-10-26 Laget: 2015-10-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Josefsson, T., Ivarsson, A., Lindwall, M., Gustafsson, H., Böröy, J., Mattsson, E., . . . Falkevik, E. (2017). Mindfulness Mechanisms in Sports: Mediating Effects of Rumination and Emotion Regulation on Sport-Specific Coping. Mindfulness, 8(5), 1354-1363
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mindfulness Mechanisms in Sports: Mediating Effects of Rumination and Emotion Regulation on Sport-Specific Coping
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 1354-1363Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The main objective of the project was to examine a proposed theoretical model of mindfulness mechanisms in sports. We conducted two studies (the first study using a cross-sectional design and the second a longitudinal design) to investigate if rumination and emotion regulation mediate the relation between dispositional mindfulness and sport-specific coping. Two hundred and forty-two young elite athletes, drawn from various sports, were recruited for the cross-sectional study. For the longitudinal study, 65 elite athletes were recruited. All analyses were performed using Bayesian statistics. The path analyses showed credible indirect effects of dispositional mindfulness on coping via rumination and emotion regulation in both the cross-sectional study and the longitudinal study. Additionally, the results in both studies showed credible direct effects of dispositional mindfulness on rumination and emotion regulation. Further, credible direct effects of emotion regulation as well as rumination on coping were also found in both studies. Our findings support the theoretical model, indicating that rumination and emotion regulation function as essential mechanisms in the relation between dispositional mindfulness and sport-specific coping skills. Increased dispositional mindfulness in competitive athletes (i.e. by practicing mindfulness) may lead to reductions in rumination, as well as an improved capacity to regulate negative emotions. By doing so, athletes may improve their sport-related coping skills, and thereby enhance athletic performance. © The Author(s) 2017.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York, 2017
Emneord
coping, emotion regulation, mindfulness, performance, rumination, sport
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34964 (URN)10.1007/s12671-017-0711-4 (DOI)000411241000022 ()2-s2.0-85029680696 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2016-0037/ P2016-0146
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-15 Laget: 2017-09-15 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ivarsson, A., Johnson, U., Andersen, M. B., Tranaeus, U., Stenling, A. & Lindwall, M. (2017). Psychosocial Factors and Sport Injuries: Meta-analyses for Prediction and Prevention. Sports Medicine, 47(2), 353-365
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psychosocial Factors and Sport Injuries: Meta-analyses for Prediction and Prevention
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sports Medicine, ISSN 0112-1642, E-ISSN 1179-2035, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 353-365Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Several studies have suggested that psy- chosocial variables can increase the risk of becoming injured during sport participation.

Objectives: The main objectives of these meta-analyses were to examine (i) the effect sizes of relationships between the psychosocial variables (suggested as injury predictors in the model of stress and athletic injury) and injury rates, and (ii) the effects of psychological interven- tions aimed at reducing injury occurrence (prevention).

Methods: Electronic databases as well as specific sport and exercise psychology journals were searched. The literature review resulted in 48 published studies containing 161 effect sizes for injury prediction and seven effect sizes for injury prevention.

Results: The results showed that stress responses (r = 0.27, 80 % CI [0.20, 0.33]) and history of stressors (r = 0.13, 80 % CI [0.11, 0.15]) had the strongest associations with injury rates. Also, the results from the path analysis showed that the stress response mediated the relationship between history of stressors and injury rates. For injury prevention studies, all studies included (N = 7) showed decreased injury rates in the treatment groups compared to control groups.

Conclusion: The results support the model’s suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically, based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Auckland: Adis International Ltd., 2017
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31630 (URN)10.1007/s40279-016-0578-x (DOI)000393332100011 ()27406221 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84978066615 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-07-13 Laget: 2016-07-13 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner