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  • Eriksson, Lea
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Almqvist, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vårda patienter som motsätter sig behandling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A patient’s refusal of treatment may be for religious, ethical, or moral reasons. Since the nurse’s main task in her work is to promote health, restore health, prevent illness and relieve suffering, it is of interest to investigate the nurse’s experience of caring for patients who refused treatment. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the nurse’s experiences of caring for patients who refused treatment. Method: A literature review with an inductive approach and four categories emerged. Result: The study shows that nurse’s experiences of caring for patients who refuse treatment are: have a good relationship with the patient, respecting the patient’s autonomy, arguing for the patient’s treatment, and feel an emotional impact. It turned out that a good relationship between the patient and the nurse was important when the patient refused treatment. Nurses respected patient’s autonomy even although they sometimes tried to argue that patients would receive treatment. Nurses could experience strong feelings such as powerlessness, frustration, and anger when the patients refused treatment. Conclusion: The study showed that a good relationship between the nurse and the patient was important in the care of patients who refused treatment. The nurses were careful to respect the patient’s autonomy. If the patient did not want to receive treatment, the nurse tried to get the patient to receive treatment. If this did not work, strong feelings could be experienced.

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  • Nilsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Sofi
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av att få en bröstrekonstruktion efter mastektomi: En allmän litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer that affects women. In some cases, woman must remove parts of or both breasts, a so-called mastectomy. Losing breasts is both mentally and physically difficult and quality of life is affected and may choose to undergo breast reconstruction. Aim: The aim was to illustrate women's experiences in connection with breast reconstruction after mastectomy. Method: A general literature study was conducted with nine scientific articles with qualitative approach and analyzed with content analysis. Result: To illustrate women's experiences, result is presented through three themes: experiences of gaining information and support, changing body image, expectations and physical recovery, and quality of life and becoming whole again. Results showed the importance to have a contact nurse. With this contact, she felt secure and absorbed information and made choices without worry. The need for a support group for women during the recovery process emerged, body perception changed. Conclusion: Breast reconstruction gave their life back and felt whole again. It is therefore of great importance that nurse´s understand their experiences of how it feels to undergo a breast reconstruction so that they can offer support and provide care throughout the process.

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  • Bodmar, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. Varberg.
    Jeréz, Jacqueline
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. Varberg.
    Sjuksköterskors behov av stöd i samband med orosanmälan vid misstanke om att barn far illa: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children around the world suffer from abuse such as physical, psychological and sexual violence and neglect. Nurses meet children and adults in families in their work where children have been harmed or are at risk of harm. Nurses have an ethical responsibility and duty to report when children are at risk of harm in a report of concern. Although there are ethical codes and an obligation to report, there are circumstances that affect nurses to not always make a report when a child is at risk. The aim of this literature study was to investigate what support nurses need to make a proper report of concern, when there is a suspicion of a child at risk. The study revealed that nurses need emotional, informative and instrumental support to make a complaint. Nurses demand support through knowledge, which can be obtained through education, in order to identify children who are at risk of harm. In addition, organizational support and a good cohesion within a multidisciplinary team is of great importance in promoting nurses' handling of a report of concern, where everyone in healthcare can reflect and share knowledge with each other. Nurses' own upbringing and individual judgement of norms and values have an impact in their decision of what is acceptable in an adult / child relationship, which affect the application process. As a result, nurses need support so that they share the same base of values and duties towards the child and the offender.

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  • charuvila thekkethil simon, prince
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    joseph john, jibin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).
    A study on topology optimization and cost estimation of fused depostion modelling parts2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Additive manufacturing (AM) is acquiring a lot of importance in the manufacturing field. It makes the whole manufacturing process easier and effectively brings down the manufacturing cost compared to the traditional methods. It also provides the manufacturer with the freedom of customization according to each customer. In addition, the implementation of Topology Design Optimization helps in further reduction of costs by reducing the material consumption and energy needed to manufacture the product.

    In this thesis, products of TylöHelo AB, a leading manufacturer of sauna and steam are studied and optimized. TylöHelo products are manufactured using injection molding methods, in this process, molds are prepared initially, and later molten plastics are shaped using these molds. Molds are expensive and hard to manufacture too. In these types of techniques, the rate of manufacturing is high, but customization is very hard for each new type of design. A new mold has to be printed for each new design. Due to the high cost of mold designing and manufacturing, customization is very rarely seen.

    In this thesis, a certain product of TylöHelo sauna assembly is selected and redesigned using Topology Optimization to achieve both reduced manufacturing cost and good mechanical properties without compromising on the functional behavior. Solid mechanics simulation is performed to assess the mechanical properties of the part optimized and is compared to the original part. Furthermore, Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), an extrusion-based AM, is used for fabricating the part and then implemented in the assembly of the sauna room. Finally, a detailed cost analysis is presented to provide an estimation of savings incurred for the company.

    This thesis identified two new topology optimized design based on manual methods and using the software. The results show that the new designs had nearly 58 to 67% cost reduction compared to the original 3D printed design and 64-69% reduction in mass of the product. This also means that the 3D printed topology optimized part can match the prices set by the injection molding. However, the 3D printed part quality and high-volume production can still be a challenge. This thesis also provides a guideline for the redesign manufactures, trying to incorporate Additive manufacturing in their production line.

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  • Nouparvar, Damoon
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Ahnlid, Gustav
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Betydelsen av det matematiska språket för elevers problemlösningsförmåga2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kunskapsöversikt är att ta reda på vad forskning säger angående vilken betydelse de matematiska språket har för elevers problemlösningsförmåga. Problemlösningsuppgifter är en stor i undervisningen inom matematik. Lärare använder sig av egna och andra matematiklärares olika tillvägagångssätt vid problemlösning för att bygga problemlösningsförmåga och det matematiska språket hos eleverna. För att besvara vår frågeställning har vi tagit fram och analyserat relevanta forskningsartiklar kring ämnet. Studierna som vi gått igenom i vår forskningsöversikt visar att det matematiska språket är abstrakt för eleverna, det vill säga orden är ovanliga i det vardagliga språket samt inom matematiken generellt för eleverna. Om eleverna tar mindre del i samtalet under matematikundervisningen får de träna mindre på det matematiska språket och därför blir deras textavkodning i matematik lidande.

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  • Beekhuis, Lovisa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Melldén, Kajsa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Betydelsen av elevers lässtrategier i engelska som andra- och främmandespråk2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är kunskaper inom det engelska språket en förutsättning för att kunna ta till oss information och kommunicera. Läsförståelse och lässtrategier är därmed viktigt för att eleverna ska kunna utvecklas till väl fungerande medborgare. I vår litteraturöversikt undersöker vi vilka lässtrategier eleverna använder för att skapa förståelse av läsning vid engelska som andra- och främmandespråk. Även eventuell utveckling av elevernas lässtrategier undersöks, samt vilken inverkan lärarnas interventioner av lässtrategier har på elevernas förståelse. Resultaten visar att där finns ett samband mellan elevernas ålder och deras användning av lässtrategier och att lärarnas interventioner har stor betydelse för elevernas användande av lässtrategier.

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  • Johnsson, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Liedman, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans smärthantering av cancerrelaterad smärta: Ur ett patientperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pain is one of the most common symptoms of cancer. Despite clear guidelines for the treatment of cancer-related pain, pain still remain a problem for many patients with cancer. The nurse has a significant role in the management of the patient’s pain. By exploring the patient’s perception increases the understanding of what’s important in the nurse’s pain management. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patient’s perception of nurses’ pain management in cancer-related pain. Method: The study was designed as a structured literature review with an inductive approach. Results: Main findings of the study results in four categories; the importance of the nurse’s knowledge, the importance of good communication, the importance of the relationship in pain management and the patient’s need for support. The results showed that patients’ perception of nurses’ pain management depended on the nurse’s knowledge of pain, pain assessment and pain management. Communication with the nurse was affected by the information the patient received, how the nurse cooperated with the healthcare team and that the care was individualized. The patient's relationship with the nurse depended on the nurse's attitude towards the patient and the pain experience, that the nurse was caring, and that the patient could have trust in the nurse. The nurse’s presence and ability to show empathy influenced the patient’s perception of the nurse’s support in pain management. Conclusion: The result demonstrated that more education is needed to evaluate the nurses’ knowledge about pain and pain management. Though education, the nurse has opportunity to relive patients’ suffering and promote quality of life and well-being.

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  • Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lagerström, Elin
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Listen Up!: A study of how teachers in SLA approach the listening skill within upper secondary schools in Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Listening comprehension and listening strategies plays a crucial role in the process of acquiring a language. This study aims to investigate to what extent the listening skill is practised in upper secondary schools in the south of Sweden. Research studies within the field of listening are few which indicates that the listening skill is not considered as essential in second language teaching as the other three skills: reading, writing and speaking. Previous studies indicate that teachers should educate students metacognitive awareness when teaching listening. The results summarize the teachers’ answers, reflections and attitudes conducted from semi-structured interviews. The analysis of the results focuses on the four categories distinguished from the teachers’ answers: Teaching Approaches, National Exams, The Individual Student and Metacognitive Awareness. Some of the teachers do not possess the knowledge of how to teach listening that develops students' listening proficiency. As a conclusion, the study shows that a hierarchy exists among the four skills to which teachers adjust to, and this may be detrimental in achieving educational aims. 

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  • Hake, Jesper
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vrethem, Clara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Parasport, motivation och livskvalité: en kvalitativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate physically disabled individuals motivation to participate in parasport and the importance of participation in their quality of life (QoL). In the study, 11 interviewees, five women and six men with physical disabilities aged 19-74 (M=32.6, SD=16.3) participated. All participants had been active in parasporting for at least two months within the initiated study. A semi-structured interview guide was used. The results were divided up in four themes based on motivation and quality of life; Physical activity like opportunity and difficulty, feeling of community, feeling mentally well-off and matching the conditions of the sport. The parasport participants felt that the parasport increased their quality of life and that it was a motivating factor to participate. The participants in the study expressed increased physical function, less pain, social community, mental well-being and joy as motives for participation. "Looking good" was a reported, not previously described, explanation of motivation for participating in parasport. Barriers that were perceived to limit participation in parasport were lack of energy, pain, social and practical barriers. Based on the results of this study, the recommendations are that further efforts are made to facilitate the winning of the barriers underlying low participation in parasport. In order to give more people the opportunity to take advantage of the positive health benefits that parasport can have on the quality of life.

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  • Bergholm, Agnes
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hermansson, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att vara förälder till ett barn med cerebral pares: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Having a child with cerebral palsy can be a major life change for the parents. It can be a big burden that can result in emotional stress, among other things. As a nurse it’s important to involve parents and family members when caring for a child with cerebral palsy. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate experiences of being the parent of a child with cerebral palsy. Method: A literature study where ten articles was analyzed with an inductive method. Main themes were identified in each article and a comparative analysis was conducted between the articles to find differences and similarities. Result: Eight main categories and three subcategories emerged. The main categories were: change in life, parents’ worry for their child, feeling of guilt, parents need for support, participation in caring, maintaining social participation, experience of exhaustion and its consequences, as well as hope and prospects. The subcategories were: family support, healthcare support and importance of information. Conclusion: Parents’ experience that it can be difficult to handle their situation, and that the teamwork with the healthcare staff is often lacking. A good relationship is therefore important as well as promoting parental involvement in the child´s care.

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  • Andersson, Sanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Johansson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar individer med diabetes mellitus typ 1 att utföra fysisk aktivitet: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical activity is a part of self-care for individuals with diabetes mellitus type 1. To not suffer from hypoglycemia and to maintain a good glycemic balance is described to be of difficulty. Aim: The aim was to highlight the factors that affect individuals with diabetes mellitus type 1 to execute physical activity as a part of their self-care. Method: The study was carried out through a literature review with inductive approach. The result was based on nine papers. Result: Three categories emerged: Knowledge, Strategies and Emotional support. Individuals experienced a fear of hypoglycemia while doing physical activities. This fear was strongly related to different factors and the nurse’s support was perceived as inadequate. Conclusion: The literary study showed the factors that affected the individual's execution for physical activity. Further research about factors that can facilitate physical activity for individuals with Diabetes mellitus type 1 is necessary. This should be implemented in the nurse’s instruction to the individual to give a wider knowledge. Also, to give a better emotional support thus contributing to better strategies in handling the individual’s self-care with physical activity.

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  • Cederlund, Emilia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundcrantz, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelser av att leva med kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive and irreversible disease that affects the respiratory function and causes suffering. The disease contributes to a significant need of healthcare and constitutes a large cost to society. The care needs to come from a person-centered perspective and in the form of multidisciplinary team with the purpose of promoting the patient's ability to manage their disease as well as possible. The aim of this literature study was to examine the patients experiences of living with COPD. The method was a literature study with ten scientific articles who were analyzed with the help of a five step-model. The result is presented in four themes: Everyday life limited by COPDCoping- strategies are important to manage the disease, Experiences of wellbeing with COPD and Experiences of support needs. The conclusion is that COPD is a disease which limits the daily life greatly and contributes to experiences of lost health and wellbeing. To manage the limitations, it is important to use coping-strategies. The disease also entails a great need of support which can be met by the relatives, the healthcare system and the community.

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  • Westin, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lindahl, Wilma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ensamheten i att vårda en närstående med hjärntumör2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The life of a patient with brain tumor changes drastically. Patients with brain tumors experience that the illness robs them of their independence and life-meaning. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of the caregiver. The study was conducted as a structured literature study in which ten articles were analyzed with an inductive approach. The literature study resulted in one main category; loneliness, and five subcategories; disorientation, uncertainty, reluctant takeover of power, frustration and longing for support. Caregivers of families with brain tumors showed a great strain when they accepted the caregiving role along with a need for support from friends, family and healthcare professionals. The caregiving role meant not only caring for the sick one, but also shouldering additional responsibility, such as the financials, the household and the family. This literature study shows that when a relative becomes a caregiver to a family member with a brain tumor there could be an existence of loneliness. This loneliness showed itself in many different ways, such as disorientation, uncertainty, reluctant takeover of power, frustration and longing for support. To help caregivers in this situation, care providers’ routines and guidelines on caregiving needs to be improved.

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  • Johansson, Isabella
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lindberg, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Psykologiska konsekvenser av förlossningsskador: Kvinnors upplevelser2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pelvic floor injuries are common due to vaginal delivery and can cause many troublesome symptoms. The physical symptoms affect women’s well-being and can lead to psychological morbidity. Aim: The aim was to describe the psychological consequences of pelvic floor injuries in relation to childbirth for women. Method: The aim was answered by conducting a general literature study based on nine qualitative articles. The articles were quality-tested and analysed, then one overreaching head category were created and three under categories. Results: The head category was Birth injuries causes psychological suffering, and it’s under categories Feeling guilt and shame, Loss of femininity and sexuality and Disappointment with the lack of information and support in healthcare. Women experienced psychological consequences such as shame, anxiety, hopelessness, depression and post-traumatic stress syndrome, secondary to pelvic floor injuries. It was also found that women didn’t receive the care they needed and felt that healthcare professionals neglected them and caused further psychological distress. Conclusion: The general literature study contributes to an increased understanding of how pelvic floor injuries affect women’s mental well-being. There is a need for development of guidelines as to monitoring and treatment of birth injuries. Further research is needed on how pelvic floor injuries and secondary to it psychological trauma can be prevented, repaired, treated and rehabilitated.

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  • Mado, Hendrin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olsson, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av förlossningsrädsla ur ett patientperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Fear of childbirth is a phenomenon that has been made known over time and which, according to research from 1981, 1998 and 2009 has increased over the years. The occurrence, degree of fear and experience of fear differ amongst women. The encounter with a woman who are afraid of childbirth can happen everywhere in the health care system, so it is of great importance that general nurses possess this knowledge of the encounter with scared and worried women. Aim The aim of this study was to shed light on women's experiences of fear of childbirth from a patient perspective. Method The method used was a general literature study. Result The result is divided into a qualitative and a quantitative result. The qualitative result is based on two main categories; feeling of concern and encounter. Four subcategories were identified; unpredictability and pain as well as dialogue and trust. The quantitative result is based on reasons that are considered to contribute to women's fear, which later were matched to the different categories. Conclusion Fear of childbirth is a problem that imprint women's experience and management of pregnancy and childbirth. It was identified that the most common factor behind the fear is based on a feeling of worry and a negative perceived encounter. Important aspects that were considered to reduce fear were a well-established dialogue, information and mutual trust.

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  • Davidsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Koch, Malin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kvinnor respektive mäns upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, myocardial infarction is the most common cause of death. Knowledge about experiences of myocardial infarction in various patient-groups is lacking in both the general public, patients and healthcare professionals. The lack of knowledge is partly due to the fact that preconceptions about how a heart attack should feel and how the actual experience is experienced, do not agree. A registered nurse should educate and support knowledge in patients as well as relatives and other professional professions. The nurse should also work to establish, maintain and apply and provide equal care. Aim: The aim was to illustrate women and men’s experiences of myocardial infarction. Method: A general literature study was conducted. Ten articles were analyzed based of a content analysis. Results: Four main categories emerged: (1) varied symptom description, (2) lack of knowledge about myocardial infarction, (3) fear and uncertainty and (4) varying trust in healthcare, with associated subcategories: women and men. The literature study showed that experiences of myocardial infarction could be both similar and various among women and men. Conclusion: Individualized care and high knowledge appeared to be central parts for the proper assessment of patients with heart disease. It was found that uncertainty or lack of knowledge characterized the patients' experience of myocardial infarction, which linked how a patient acted in relation to the condition.

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  • Kumlin, Emma
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ryberg, Jeanette
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ungdomar med depression: Ett föräldraperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurence of depression in adolescents is increasing. Since researchsuggests that a large part of the care of young people with depression is carried out byparents at home, it is of great importance to support and facilitate for these parents.Knowledge of parents' experiences enables the nurse to meet parents and their child intheir current lived situation. Aim: To examine parents' experiences of having anadolescent with depression. Method: The study was conducted as a general literaturereview. Scientific articles were identified through a structured literature search and thenreviewed and compiled. Result: The results of the literature study revealed thefollowing themes: (i) The impact of depression on the family, (ii) Parents' knowledgeand understanding of adolescent’s depression, (iii) Guilt and denial related toadolescent’s depression, (iv), The need for support related to adolescent’s depression.Conclusion: The literature study shows that the lack of knowledge among parents ofadolescents with depression is high. This lack of knowledge contributes to adolescentsnot getting the help they need. The importance of health service support proves to beessential for parents, however many parents feel that the support is not sufficient.

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  • Evans, Denice
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hallenheim, Fia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer som bidrar till felaktig läkemedelshantering och bristande patientsäkerhet: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The nurse is largely responsible of drug management, thus one important factor that the nurse should consider within the drug management should be the patient safety aspect. The aim was to identify factors risking the patient safety in the nurse’s drug management. The method used was a literature study. The study was conducted by a critical review of relevant literature and scientific research. The results describe factors that cause, risk or contribute to unsafe drug management. From 11 scientific articles the following theme was designed: Nurse’s handlingImpact of the work environment and Contributing organizational factors. The nurse’s unfavorable work environment, an inadequate number of patients per nurse, as well as long work sessions and several shifts per month are factors that cause unsafe drug management. Nurses should possess the ability to handle stressful situations and be able to interpret unclear prescriptions. Interruptions during the preparation of medicines is an obstacle to the safety during drug handling. Conclusion: Factors that was identified in the literature study were found in different layers by the healthcare organization. The identified factors show improvement areas in individual and organizational levels in order to maintain patient safety.

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  • Rosborg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Svensson, Felicia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Att använda opioider: Opioidanvändande och opioidberoende personers upplevelser av mötet med vården2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Opioid addiction is a public health problem and the consumption of opioids is constantly increasing. An addiction can develop after using opioids regularly and can be recognized by cognitive and physiological characteristics. A person's dependence can develop unknowingly despite following the opioid prescription. People with an addiction experience support from the nurses who listen to them and show compassion. Aim: The aim of this literature study was to highlight how people who use opioids and people with an opioid addiction experience the encounter with healthcare. Method: This study is a literature study. The searches were made using two databases and the searches generated nine result articles. Result: Three categories were formed: Experiences of worry; The experiences of the encounter; Desires of a good healthcare encounter. Conclusion: People’s experiences of getting treatment with opioids was characterised with concerns of becoming addicted. The effect opioid treatment had on people's lives and the stigmatization of opioid use with healthcare professionals led to distrust. People who received care from healthcare professionals who had an open mind and were non-judgmental were more likely to finish their care.

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  • van der Ven, Adriana
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Thynell, Nicole
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Barn med cancer: den påfrestande tiden: Ur föräldrars perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a child develops cancer, the whole family is affected. Children that have been diagnosed with cancer, have a long health care process ahead of them with treatments that could result in major side effects. To be a parent with a child who suffers from cancer, is psychologically strenuous. The purpose was to describe how parents are affected by having a child undergoing cancer treatment. The methodology applied for the study was a literature review where searches were done in two different databases with a health care focus. The searches resulted in nine scientific articles, which were reviewed and then merged into a result. The result describes the parent’s experiences in the following categories: that the family and relations are affected, travel to and from the hospital, to be strong and find hope and to be responsible for the child when returning home. It was revealed that it is important that the parents participate in their child’s care because it made them feel important and in control of the situation. When participation was lacking, the parents experienced anxiety and apprehension. The conclusion on the results from the literature review highlights the need for good collaboration between parents and health care staff for the parents to feel secure. Multiple options for support to the parents are required. The support groups that exist today are not considered adequate. It is therefore recommended that research continues to examine parents experiences, with aim of giving the nurse as well as other health care staff, greater understanding on how to support the parents well-being during this demanding time period.

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  • Akiki, Hiba
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Goodwin, Jennifer
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av faktorer på arbetsplatsen som påverkar omvårdnadsdokumentation inom slutenvård: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing documentation is an important part of the nurse's work. Because of developments in healthcare, laws and the patients’ varying problems, documentation is increasingly needed, leading to nursing documentation constantly changing. For improving nursing documentation and its’ quality, it is important to explore the nurses' experiences of factors that affect nursing documentation in an inpatient setting. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to explore nurses' experiences regarding factors at the workplace affecting nursing documentation in inpatient setting. Methods: The literature study was based on empirical studies. Data analysis was performed according to a qualitative manifest content analysis. Results: The analysis of ten articles resulted in three categories: Technique, Communication, and Organization. The experiences differed between nurses who considered thetechnology behind the electronic documentation systems as positive and others who experienced it as negative. In addition, the nurses' experiences of nursing documentation in an inpatient setting as a communication tool differed between those who considered it appropriate and others who experienced it poorly. Moreover, nurses’ experiences of nursing documentation were affected by the management and their control over the nurses. Conclusion: The chain of care should be hold together through a clear communication and a supportive organization. Further research should investigate how electronic nursing documentation can be made simpler and how the patients experience participation in nursing documentation.

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  • Isacson, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Merkel, Ulrika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Föräldrars erfarenhet av att leva med ett barn som har diagnosen Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder amounts to 7% among children globally. ADHD has high heredity, about 57% and the course of ADHD’s physiological appearance are still being sought. Aim: The purpose was to describe parents' experiences of living with children diagnosed with attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Method: A general literature study was conducted with a content analysis of nine scientific articles. Result: Three categories were included in the result. Exclusion and lack of understanding, Fear of losing control and The importance of confirmation and support. Parents experienced the constant struggle to manage control of the child, the lack of understanding from the surroundings, feelings of not having their own life, not feeling believed and insufficient support, as a result, parents felt alienated and isolated. Conclusion: Parents of children with ADHD describe difficulties in getting the right to investigation but the subsequent diagnosis often went quickly. Both positive and negative experiences of support and guidance emerged, but most parents experienced security and relief in contact with health professionals who had experience with children with ADHD. In professional interactions where there was knowledge about ADHD, there was a holistic approach to the child with ADHD and its families but in general health care, there was limited knowledge and understanding.

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  • Axelsson, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wyndhamn, Victoria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vuxna patienters upplevelser av perifer venkateter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) is an indwelling catheter in a vein, in purpose to administrate treatment. Patients can experience PIVC as unpleasant and it is in the nurses’ interest to provide a safe and patient-centered care to promote patient participation in care. The aim of the literature study was to illustrate factors that can affect adult patients experiences of peripheral intravenous catheters. The study was conducted as a structured literature review with an inductive approach. The result was based on ten scientific articles which highlighted factors that affect adult patients experiences of PIVC. Categories that emerged was Patients feelings, Information and communication, Patients’ experiences of health professionals and Pain. The result highlighted that patients’ feelings needed to be taken into consideration, as well as the nurse’s role and way of working affected a good experience. Lack of information, communication and documentation had a negative impact on patients experiences of PIVC-insertions. Pain was a recurrent factor when PIVC-insertion was performed, and several distraction-methods and tools appeared to reduce the patients experiences of pain. The conclusion was that the PIVC experience improved when nurses related to the factors affecting patients’ experiences of the procedure.

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  • Leon, Johanna-Louise
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Gellberg, Stephanie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Information om fertilitet och risk för infertilitet vid en cancerbehandling: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer treatments can have many consequences in women where damage to their ovarian tissue can lead to medical infertility. Fertilitypreservation is a method that should be offered to women undergoing cancer treatment to preserve gametes in women in risk of becoming infertile depending on cancer diagnosis, cancer treatment and relationship status. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to illuminate women's experiences receiving information regarding fertility and risk of infertility during a cancer treatment. Method: The literature study was based on five qualitative and three quantitative studies. Result: There's a distinct red line in women's experiences of lack off or no information at all related to how fertility could be affected by a cancer treatment. When informed the experience was mostly negative and women were left unknowing with reflections and thoughts. Out of the eight studies two main themes emerged: Lack of information and Non equal information. Conclusion: Because of the chances of cancer survival in todays society are higher than before the healthcare community needs to prioritize individuals and focus on life after cancer. Information given should be individualized for patients to enable the best conditions for family planning after a cancer treatment.

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  • Broberg, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pagnin, Caroline
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Implementering av ICT-verktyg i bygg- & anläggningsbranschen – dess planering och förberedande arbete: En studie av planeringsprocessen inför implementering av ett ICT-verktyg.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ICT-tools is increasingly being used by the construction industry to streamline the production and simplify the dissemination of information. When implementing ICT-tools, the industry challenges the outcome with its many factors. Despite existing guidelines regarding implementation, there is a tendency to not utilize ICT-tools since it is not considered applicable by the industry. The case study focusses on the planning before implementation of ICT-tools, in order to find out what these attitudes depend on and how to handle them.

    The purpose is to see how the process before implementation can look like, highlight key factors that are typical for construction and find solutions to them.

    The method is a combination of a case study and a literature study. The report follows a classic construction company when it is planning implementation of an ICT-tool. The authors evaluate the work with a constant comparative and ethnographic participant observation, where behaviour patterns are analysed. Observed patterns are divided into four themes by the authors which is discussed and leads to the conclusion that the structure and information flows are not clear in the construction industry. Finally, the authors present an activity schedule, in order to facilitate planning of implementation. It primarily permeates notes that instruct clarity and consistently preparatory activities.

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