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  • Begovic, Lejla
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Segerhammar, Jenny
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Strategic Alignment i en digital era: En studie om hur Robotic Process Automation (RPA) påverkar relationen mellan IT-avdelningen och verksamheten i en organisation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More businesses are taking their own initiative to drive a lightweight type of technology in order to be able to fulfill their needs in a faster and more efficient way. A popular example of such a technology is Robotic Process Automation (RPA) used in organization to automate processes. What distinguishes RPA from more traditional techniques is that the robotisation software interacts with the user interface in the same way as a human being does. This means that RPA is not dependent on programming skills and can be managed by the business itself, outside the IT-function. This challenges Strategic alignment, which has been of importance to how organizations built a strategic way of working with IT in the organization to support business processes. This study therefore aims to investigate how the relationship between the IT-function and the business is affected by the introduction of RPA in an organization. The study was based on a qualitative research approach at three different companies. The result showed that the relationship between the IT-function and business is affected by organizational changes that take place when RPA technology is introduced into the business where a new department arises, the RPA-function. The result showed that there is no clear division between the IT department and the business, which means that organizations need to find new ways to cooperate and establish relationships.

  • Reis, Oscar
    et al.
    Svensson, Lydia
    Is trust just a number?: En kvalitativ studie om trovärdigheten och inställningen till influencers och micro-influencers på Instagram bland människor i åldrarna 18-25 år2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nilsson, Emil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Ljungdahl, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Elevers engagemang vid digital läs- och skrivinlärning i svenskämnet: En intervjustudie om lärares upplevelser av elevers engagemang vid datoranvändning i skolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en intervjustudie som involverar fem lågstadielärare från en F-6 skola. I denna studie har vi inriktat oss på engagemang hos eleverna vid digital läs- och skrivinlärning i svenskämnet. Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka fördelar som kan finnas genom användandet av en IKT-baserad läs- och skrivundervisning utifrån ett engagemangsperspektiv. Utifrån syftet konstruerades forskningsfrågor för att operationalisera vårt syfte: 1. Hur upplever lärarna att datorn som ett läs- och skrivverktyg kan bidra till engagemang hos eleverna inom svenskämnet? 2. Hur upplever lärarna elevernas engagemang i det digitala läs- och skrivlärandet? Tidigare forskning visar att digital läs- och skrivinlärning ofta gynnar elever i deras läs- och skrivlärande samt att engagemang är en väldigt viktig del som måste uppnås för att ett lärande ska kunna ske. Därför kände vi att det var relevant att undersöka hur datorn som ett läs- och skrivverktyg kan bidra till att skapa engagemang hos eleverna och hur lärarna upplever elevernas engagemang vid det digitala läs- och skrivlärandet.

    Efter att ha genomfört intervjuer och samlat in material så analyserade vi vår insamlade empiri. Efter analysarbetet synliggjordes ett resultat i form av tre övergripande kategorier och vi konstruerade följande slutsatser och implikation: Datorn kan enligt våra lärarrespondenter fungera som ett läs- och skrivverktyg som på olika sätt kan bidra till engagemang hos eleverna. Detta genom användandet av talsyntes respektive stavnings/grammatikkontroll, genom användandet av tangentbordet och genom användandet av digitala bilder. Lärarnas upplevelse av elevernas engagemang i det digitala läs- och skrivlärandet varierar men koncentration, arbetsvilja, fokus och inspiration är de orden som används mest för att beskriva elevengagemanget. Genom ytterligare forskning kring området, hade exempelvis kurslitteratur till lärarutbildningar kunnat innehålla mer pedagogisk vägledning gällande digital läs- och skrivinlärning samt elevengagemang vid undervisning. Lärare hade därmed, genom mer forskning och kompletterad kurslitteratur, givits bättre förutsättningar för att skapa en engagerande digital läs- och skrivundervisning som både lärare samt elever hade gynnats av.

  • Vinblad, Elin
    et al.
    Child and Youth Rehabilitation Services, Region Skåne, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Lönn, Maria
    Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Olsson, Emma
    Falkenberg Municipality, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Development of a Digital Decision Support Tool to Aid Participationof Children With Disabilities in Pediatric Rehabilitation Services: Explorative Qualitative Study2019In: JMIR Formative Research, E-ISSN 2561-326X, Vol. 3, no 4, article id e14493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Building a health care system in accordance with the rule of law requires child-centered care, where children andyoung people, regardless of ability, are allowed to participate in visits with their health care professionals. As part of an overallproject focusing on developing and implementing a digital decision support tool to increase the participation of children withdisabilities in pediatric rehabilitation, this study brings new knowledge as to how this specific patient group views participation.

    Objective: The aim of this formative study was to explore the experiences of children and young people with disabilities concerning increasing their participation in the pediatric rehabilitation services.

    Methods: The formative study had an explorative design, based on a latent qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Interviews were conducted with 20 children (6-17 years) and 8 young people (19-30 years) with disabilities about their experiences of participation in pediatric rehabilitation services.

    Results: A total of 3 categories emerged reflecting the participants’ possibilities of participation in the pediatric rehabilitation services: to feel involved, to feel independent, and to work in partnership. To feel involved meant being listened to and being connected, to feel independent meant being admitted and being enabled, and to work in partnership meant being supported andbeing able to entrust others with the decision making. With the overall theme moving toward empowerment of children in pediatric rehabilitation, a true feeling of participation can be experienced.

    Conclusions: The views of children and young people with disabilities are that children should be given the prerequisites for empowerment by being allowed to feel involved and independent as well as to work in partnership to experience true participation in the pediatric rehabilitation services. This finding is essential in the design of a digital decision support tool based on the children’s needs and perspectives. © Elin Vinblad, Ingrid Larsson, Maria Lönn, Emma Olsson, Jens M Nygren, Petra Svedberg.

  • Qvarfordt, Maria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Maria LE
    Section of Rheumatology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden & Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Larsson, Ingrid
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Factors influencing physical activity in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: A mixed-methods study2019In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 7, article id 2050312119874995Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The goal of this study was to provide a greater understanding of physical activity in patients with early rheumatoidarthritis. The aim was twofold: first to explore if physical activity was associated with factors in the clinical picture of rheumatoid arthritis in this patient group, and second, to explore factors influencing physical activity in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

    Methods: A total of 66 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis were included in the study. A sequential explanatorymixed-methods design was used, where quantitative data from a questionnaire were analysed with Mann–Whitney, post hocKruskal–Wallis and χ2 test in order to detect differences between groups, and find possible associations between physical activity and independent variables, such as disease activity, health-related quality of life and physical function. Qualitative datawere collected in a follow-up questionnaire with open-ended questions that focused on factors influencing physical activity.

    Results: Associations between physical activity, disease activity and health-related quality of life were seen in patients withearly rheumatoid arthritis together with strong negative correlations between physical activity and physical function. Patientson sick leave showed the strongest associations between disease-related variables and lower levels of physical activity.The findings from the qualitative analysis showed that physical limitations, awareness as a motivational factor and external environment factors influenced physical activity in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

    Conclusion: The results showed a complex underlying motive where physical, psychological and environmental factors influenced the physical activity in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. In order to provide more effective health interventions, it is important to consider the complex nature of practicing physical activity, where a person-centred approach should be considered. Factors such as physical limitations, economic aspects and time for practicing physical activity shouldbe included in the person-centred approach.

  • Larsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Svedberg, Petra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nygren, Jens M.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Parents’ experiences of an e-health intervention implemented in pediatric healthcare: a qualitative study2019In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 19, article id 800Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The growing field of participation in healthcare has the potential to provide a number of benefits for children, patients, healthcare professionals and also the healthcare systems. According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), children have the right to participate in their own healthcare and make their voice heard. Children’s opportunities for understanding their conditions, sharing their views and participating in decisions regarding their care depend on healthcare professionals but also on parents’ ability to communicate and include children. E-health solutions can remove barriers to children’s communication with healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to explore parents’ perspectives on the outcomes of an e-health solution, Sisom, used by children during healthcare appointments.

    Methods: The empirical data is based on interviews with 16 parents. In the present study constructivist, grounded theory was chosen as the method.

    Results: The theory of enhancing participation, by orientating communication about healthcare towards the voice of the child instead of the parents, summarizes the process of how the outcome of Sisom for children lead to enhanced participation, by making the child the main actor and an agent in his/her own healthcare. The facilitators for achieving participation in Sisom were four interrelated outcomes; engaging, voice-guarding, raising awareness and integrity preserving. In addition to generating increased participation, it emerged that the use of Sisom also initiated a process, which was evident in all four subcategories that facilitated the child in coping with the experience of having an illness.

    Conclusions: We conclude, that Sisom orientated communication about healthcare towards the voice of the child instead of the parents as well as including the child in the dialogue with the healthcare professional and thus increasing the child’s participation and human rights. © 2019 The Author(s)

  • Johansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Ottosson, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    RESONEMANGSFÖRMÅGAN  I MATEMATIKUNDERVISNINGEN: En kvalitativ studie om lågstadieelevers resonemang i grupp2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Taubner, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Afasi och narrativt aktörskap – mediebilder, självberättelser och multimodala litteracitetspraktiker2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aphasia is an aquired language disability, most commonly caused by stroke. Since aphasia involves difficulties producing and/or understanding language, written as well as spoken, it entails a reduced ability and opportunity to author one’s own narrative. In the face of this reduced narrative agency (Baldwin, 2005), people who acquire aphasia need to renegotiate their identity. To do so they mirror their stories of self in social structures, including the contemporary communication landscape in which digital tools play an important part, but also norms and attitudes – strongly influenced by the media – towards people with language disabilities. Drawing on theories about the interplay between agency and social structures, this doctoral thesis aims to – by studying media representations of people with aphasia, stories of self authored by people with aphasia and literacy practices within a group of people with aphasia – examine narrative agency in people who live with aphasia in a society influenced by textual and digitally mediated communication.Three studies (A-C), presented in four articles, were conducted. Study A aimed at investigating narrative types in Swedish newspaper articles about living with aphasia. A majority of the newspapers contained stories in which the person with aphasia was talked aboutrather than talked to. In the few cases in which the person was given voice (or was assisted by a vicarious voice), the stories were mainly framed as successs stories. Study B then aimed at examining stories of self authored by nine individuals with aphasia who were interviewed and then observed in social media. They applied a variety of strategies to manage their stigma (Goffman, 1963)and to navigate identity dilemmas (Bamberg, 2011). In addition, the participants experienced a higher degree of narrative agency when communicating in social media than in other practices. The key to this enhanced narrative agency was the multimodality offered by the digital tools. Finally, study C aimed at describing literacy practices within a group of people with aphasia attending an aphasia course at a Swedish folk high school. Ethnographic data were collected during three weeks. The group’s narrative agency was strongly influenced by the use of digital screens to access multimodal literacy practices and by co-creation of literacy events between group members in which they used each other’s abilities. To discuss the overall findings from all three studies, Bourdieus thinking tools linguistic capital, linguistic markets and legitimate language (1991)were used. Although aphasia means partial language loss, some linguistic capitals may remain. When a linguistic market includes multiple modalities, a person with aphasia may chose ways of communication based on her remaining abilities. Thus, her narrative agency increases when her remaining linguistic capitals correspond to what is considered legitmate language within a certain linguistic market. That was the case when the participants in study B and C engaged in multimodal literacy practices. But when the stories of people with aphasia are told in Swedish newspapers, they are portrayed with a low degree of narrative agency. In addition, the newspaper stories are framed as success stories, meaning that when people with aphasia renegotiate their stories of self, they mirror their stories in grand narratives about happy endings. Further research is suggested about representations of people with aphasia in other media types (with a higher degree of multimodality), but also about how the linguistic capitals of people with aphasia interact with other forms of social capital such as gender and class.

  • Shripal, Darshil
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Hlele, Leza
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Design six layers of PCB VIA for 2.4 and 5GHz2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Printed circuit boards are getting increasingly more complicated, as the electronics industry seeks methods to stay leading in modern technology. The competition to attain more economical solutions in terms of increasing complexity, integrity, optimum functionality, impose on design engineers to look for new horizons of solutions, then simulating and testing them theoretically and practically, before putting them into the labor market.

    In multi-layer boards, the issue of maintaining signal quality while transmitting it between different layers arises, it is a big deal, especially when dealing with RF signals, where each component through which the signal passes must be handled and designed with extreme accuracy to be received at output with a maximum matching with the input signal. 

    Vertical Interconnect Access (VIA) is the purpose of this thesis. The effect of geometrical shape and the dimensions such as pad, hole and clearance on the impedance due to parasitic capacitance and inductance, consequently on the reflection and attenuation of the passing RF signal passing through was investigated. Besides, a minimized reflection and attenuation was the aim of this project when signals with the frequencies of 2.4 and 5 GHz would pass through the VIA.

  • Karlsson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Nyroos, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Örnbielke, John
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    En kvalitativ analys utifrån unga vuxnas upplevelser av extremism representerat i media: "Det är hemskt men man har blivit avtrubbad från terrorattacker, det är helt sjukt”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extremism is a current topic and is regularly reported in the media. A group that grows up in this environment of media and extremism are young adults. The purpose of the study was to investigate how media’s reporting on extremism affects the perceived mental health of young adults. The study has been based on theories of media literacy and empowerment. A descriptive design has been chosen on the basis of a social-constructivist theoretical starting point. The data was collected via focus group interviews consistent of 24 young adults divided into five groups. The target group's description of extremism varied depending on the extremist group discussed. Extremism was most often associated with right-wing extremism, such as Nazism. Critical thinking varied depending on environments. In school, critical thinking was considered important while it was less important in private, and the confidence in authorities was strong. Extremism affected their mental health the most when they had a connection to it, if the young adults could relate to the event or if it was within a geographical proximity. The psychological health of the target group is most affected when extremism is close to their reality. There are constant changes in the media landscape which means that more tools are needed to analyze, evaluate and communicate within media. Media literacy and empowerment can, to a certain extent, promote the target group's mental health and increased sense of control as well as bring more critical thinking regarding media in everyday life. A consequence of higher media literacy, as well as empowerment, can naturally lead to higher knowledge of extremism.

  • Mubarak, Razia
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Food attitudes among Halmstad University students: A study on common food practices and the extent of prevalence of fast food in the daily lives of Halmstad University Students2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: University students face many obstacles in this phase of life with academic expectations, job opportunities, social problems as well as time management. The busy schedule may lead them to unstructured and unhealthy eating.Aim: The study is aimed to investigate the attitude of university students regarding their food pattern in their daily lives with the prevalence of fast food and to compare males and females food choices, and which significant factors are prevalent to take fast food rather than healthy diet in their routine life.

    Method:This study utilized the cross-sectional quantitative method. 105 students from Halmstad University were included in the study. Data were collected with a standardised questionnaire including 23 questions. The data was analysed with descriptive analysis technique. In analytic statistics, the p-value was used for the analysis with the chi-square test and Mann Whitney-U test for differences in attitudes between female and male students.

    Results: The students had a mean age of 24.6, with a range from 18 to 30 years. The university students’ food and fast food approach in their daily lives showed that more males compared to females skipped breakfast (p=0.011). The male students apparently consumed more large portions of fast food than females (p=0.001). The consumption of fast food during a day differed; mostly females consumed fast food in the evening, while male students had no specific time for consumption compared to females (p=0.013). Female students more often ate vegetarian food than males (p= 0.049). The favourite fast food of the students was pizza and hamburger, and favourite beverage with fast food was water, coffee, and soft drink. Fast food consumption during a week reported by students was mostly once in a week (71%). The motivational factors of choosing fast food were mostly the taste (30%), other factors were accessibility (15%), pleasure (15%) are with same percentage and followed by shortage of time and affordability (14%)are also similar factors in the choice of fast food.

    Conclusions: This study concluded that student’s attitudes regarding food showed that they are sometimes eating a balanced diet, but they also habitual consume fast food once a week. Consumption of unhealthy food seems not to be high compared to other developing countries. Overall, there were no significant differences between males and females’ food attitudes, except for a few habits.