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  • Kadfors, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Demokrati i läroplanerna2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Demokratisk fostran har enda sedan demokratin fick sitt stora genombrott som ledande politiska styre i västvärlden efter andra världskriget. Hur denna fostran ser ut skiljer sig en del från land till land, men gemensamt brukar vara att skola och utbildning har stor betydelse. I Sverige har demokratisk fostran av elever till välfungerande medborgare funnits med som en central del i skolan styrdokument under en längre tid. Inom ramen för den här uppsatsen studeras sex stycken läroplaner från 1955-2011 för att se hur uppdraget kring demokratisk fostran har sett ut och förändrats över åren. Man kan tydligt se att detta har varit en viktig del i alla dessa läroplaner även om betoning och vikt varierat en del. En annan central del för den här studien har varit att studera samhällskunskapens betydelse för den demokratiska fostran av medborgare i den svenska skolan. Genom att studera kursplanerna för samhällskunskap och jämföra dessa mot andra liknande ämnen för att se skillnader och likheter i hur det behandlar ämnet demokrati ska vi kunna se om samhällskunskapen haft en större roll i den demokratiska fostran än de övriga. Även här visar resultatet att det är tydligt att samhällskunskap har en betydande roll att spela när det gäller att föra över våra demokratiska värderingar till kommande generationer.

  • Mogensen, Joel
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jakobsson, David
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Humankapitalets betydelse för riskkapitalister i investeringsprocessen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract     Title: The significance of Human Capital for venture capitalists in the investment process.    Subject: Candidate thesis, 15 hp.     Authors: Joel Mogensen and David Jacobsson.     Keywords: Venture capitalist, human capital and investment process.     The main issue: To what significance is the human capital to venture capitalists in the investment process?     Purpose: The main purpose of this essay is to describe and create understanding about the significance of human capital to venture capitalist in the investment process. Furthermore, the purpose is to develop a conceptual framework which explains venture capitalist investment process and the human capitals meaning.   Theory: Theories about venture capitalist and their investment process, human capital and what it comprises has been used. Furthermore, theories regarding relations and other circumstance which may influence the venture capitalist have been been of great value to our essay.     Method: A deductive approach has been used together with a qualitative design. We have completed a qualitative study in which the empirical material has been accumulated from interviews with nice venture capitalist. The collected theories, which have been used as the foundation of this paper, are scientific reviewed.   Conclusion: Human capital is the most significant investment criteria for venture capitalists in the investment process. Furthermore, the human capital is of significance to the venture capitalist during both the early and the later phases in the investment process

  • Wahlbäck, Kalle
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    General factors that regulate survival among ectotherms at northern latitudes: a study of sand lizard, Lacerta agilis, habitat in southern Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open sand habitats in Sweden has been declining for the past century and this is mirrored by the increasing fragmentation and attenuation of species bound to these habitats. Many threatened species coexist in the same habitats as sand lizards, habitats best described as warm sites with a long continuity. Often with a sand-based substrate and a mosaic landscape of heather Calluna vulgaris, herbs, and patches of grass. Generally, areas with open sand are one of the keys for species bound to these habitats considering many of the species use south-facing sand slopes as nesting sites since it holds a warmer microhabitat that is beneficial for incubation of eggs and thus is essential for the whole lifecycle. This study investigates four current sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) localities in the county of Skåne and compares them to four empty localities in Southern Halland with similar character. The data collected from the study sites were analyzed to see if there were any significant differences between the populated and empty localities and thus could give information if key structures in the habitat are missing. The result from the analysis clearly shows that both the study sites Vapnö and Långenäsudden have the key structures that are essential for the sand lizard and could be considered as suitable habitats for potential new sand lizard populations. Information about both recreational pressure and predator abundance in these study sites would be an essential step in the final evaluation of the adequacy of the habitat as a whole.

  • Engdahl, Emily
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olsson, John
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Skolpersonals roll i arbetet mot våldsbejakande extremism: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonals erfarenheter om våldsbejakande extremism i skolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The violent extremism represents the greatest threat towards the society of today. The school does not have an explicit assignment in the crime prevention work against violent extremism. The school and education, are important factors in preventing children and young people from being involved in violent extremism. Because of this, the school staff has an important task. The aim of this study was to shed light on school staff need to relate to and manage violent extremism in school. This study is conducted by having a qualitative method with six semistructured interviews, where the empirical information is analysed with a qualitative analysis. Further, the theoretical starting point is the theory of health known as Sense of Coherence (SOC) and Job- demands- control-support-model (JDCS), as well as Norm-critical pedagogy. Three categories could be found from the analysis. The personnel are in need of reducing uncertainty, The personnel are in need of increased support and The personnel are in need of knowledge. The conclusion is that school staff are in need of reducing uncertainty about expressing themselves wrong and dare to engage in dialogue with students. School staff are also in need of increased support in the form of collaboration with actors, access to an action plan and more resources. The school staff is also in need of more knowledge about violent extremism, the democratic mission and what the law says. Finally, they need better information and guidelines on how to act when a student risks being involved in violent extremism.

  • Zidan, Hussain
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Otálvaro Herrera, Nasly Andrea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    How does leadership develop contextual ambidexterity in project – basedorganizations?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Statistics show that a large number of companies struggle for their survival.About 20 % of the EU companies in all the different industries that were born in 2015 couldnot survive till 2016. More specifically, only less than half of the companies that were born in2011 are still active in 2016 (Eurostat, 2018). Moreover, corporate bankruptcies in Swedenincreased by 20 % in the years 2017 to 2018 compared to 2016 (Tillvaxtanalys, 2019 ).Therefore, the main challenge for managers is to consolidate short-term and long-termthinking, encourage visions while remaining focused on execution within employees.

    Problem background: While the current literature acknowledges both the importance oforganizational ambidexterity for companies’ survival, and the role played by managers todevelop ambidexterity, research on how to achieve such ambidexterity is still narrow.Moreover, the influence of the different leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity and itseffects on individuals have hardly been attended in the literature.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to develop an understanding on how leaders, throughambidextrous leadership styles, create a context that enables individuals to achieve contextualambidexterity. More specifically, this master’s thesis aims to define a conceptual frameworkthat shows the influence of the leadership styles on contextual ambidexterity

    Methodology: In order to answer our research question, a qualitative research was conductedwith a deductive approach. Eight Interviews, four managers and four employees, wereconducted in four project-based organizations within the software industry in Sweden.

    Findings: The key findings are that transformational leadership style was found to foster “trustand support” in social support, and “stretch” in performance management, while thetransactional leadership style was only found in discipline in the organizational context.

    Conclusions: This study shows how developing adaptability in an organization requiresmanagers to apply transformational leadership style to the social support dimensions of theorganizational context. On the other hand, developing alignment in an organization requiresmanagers to apply both transformation and transactional styles rather than transactional. Mangers also need to balance the intensity of their leadership styles as both styles need to be emphasized equally well.

  • Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    gahnsby, Simon
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    SolarTrade – Marknadsplats för nya solparksinitiativ2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kenjangada Kariappa, Ganapathy
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Bjersér, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
    Value as a Motivating Factor for Collaboration: The case of a collaborative network for wind asset owners for potential big data sharing2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world's need for energy is increasing while we realize the consequences of existing unsustainable methods for energy production. Wind power is a potential partial solution, but it is a relatively new source of energy. Advances in technology and innovation can be one solution, but the wind energy industry is embracing them too slow due to, among other reasons, lack of incentives in terms of the added value provided. Collaboration and big data may possibly provide a key to overcome this. However, to our knowledge, this research area has received little attention, especially in the context of the wind energy industry.   The purpose of this study is to explore value as a motivating factor for potential big data collaboration via a collaborative network. This will be explored within the context of big data collaboration, and the collaborative network for wind asset owners O2O WIND International. A cross sectional, multi-method qualitative single in-depth case study is conducted. The data collected and analyzed is based on four semi-structured interviews and a set of rich documentary secondary data on the 25 of the participants in the collaborative network in the form of 3866 pages and 124 web pages visited.  The main findings are as follows. The 25 participants of the collaborative network were evaluated and their approach to three different types of value were visualized through a novel model: A three-dimensional value approach space. From this visualization clusters of participants resulting in 6 different approaches to value can be distinguished amongst the 25 participants.  Furthermore, 14 different categories of value as the participants express are possible to create through the collaborative network has been identified. These values have been categorized based on fundamental types of value, their dimensions and four value processes. As well as analyzed for patterns and similarities amongst them. The classification results in a unique categorization of participants of a collaborative network. These categories prove as customer  segments that the focal firm of the collaborative network can target.  The interviews resulted in insights about the current state of the industry, existing and future market problems and needs as well as existing and future market opportunities. Then possible business model implications originating from our findings, for the focal firm behind the collaborative network O2O WIND International as well as the participants of the collaboration, has been discussed. We conclude that big data and collaborative networks has potential for value creation in the wind power sector, if the business model of those involved takes it into account. However, more future research is necessary, and suggestions are made.  

  • Marton, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Idrottsföreningsaktiva 65+ om värdet av fysisk aktivitet: -En studie om erfarenheter ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to highlight how 65+ sports associated people describethe experience and value of physical activity, as well as how the gender factorseparates the groups. Theoretical Reference Framework: A combination of holisticapproach, Bourdieu's theory, Genus theory and Social constructivism. Method:Athletes 65+ were recruited in this study, ladies from a golf club and gentlemen froma free gym association. A total of three groups participated in this study where focusgroup interviews were applied for data collection on two occasions. In addition, theinformants wrote a diary, which meant that in the second meeting discussions wouldbe based on those notes. Focus group interviews were recorded using digital tools,which then where carefully transcribed and analyzed using qualitative contentanalysis. Result: The analysis generated two categories and six subcategories, wherethe results showed that the value of physical activity is about promoting health andsocial relations, which was important for both groups. At the same time the resultsshowed that they enjoyed performing physical activities based on their own interests,needs, view of body ideals and the environment where the performed the physicalactivity. There are clear indications of how the ladies and gentlemen involvement inphysical activities differ and how they are influenced by taste and social and culturalexperience.

  • Mayilvaganan, Naveen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jacob, Juet
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Integrating Market-based Partners Into Fuzzy Front End of New Product Development2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is argued that most of the new product do not fail in the end but it fails in the beginning of the innovation. Managing front end of NPD, is the most important and difficult challenges facing the innovation managers. Effectively promoting front end activities can contribute directly to the success of the new product. So, integrating market-based partners (suppliers and customers) in the front-end phase enhances the quantity and quality of ideas.

    Problem discussion: Authors have suggested the involvement of market-based partners as early as possible in the NPD process will reduce the fuzziness in front end phase. The collaboration process with market-based partners implies that combining the idiosyncratic resources in unique ways, firms would relish greater innovation success. But this process of integration or collaboration with market-based partners are not that easy as it entails different appropriation and coordination concerns. Majority of the literature is concentrated on integrating market-based partners in the back-end activities of NPD, leaving a bit of void in the front-end phase of NPD.

    Method: The methodological choice of this thesis follows an exploratory study to seek new insights into an existing subject. The thesis is a following a deductive approach and is qualitative in the research choice.

    Purpose: To provide insights on integrating market-based partners in the front-end phase of new product development where the information is scattered around. This thesis identifies a structure that facilitates the integration of market-based partners in the fuzzy front end of NPD to mitigate the appropriation concerns and challenges.

  • Göbel, Oskar
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Making Space to be Heard: A Phenomenographic Study on the Distribution of Talking Space in an English Class2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this study has been to research how talking space is distributed in an Englishspeaking classroom in Swedish schools. This aim has been answered by conducting a phenomenographic research method, as well as semi-qualitative interviews which have been analysed with regard to related literature and research. A second aim has been to establish whether teachers make use of pedagogical tools while trying to distribute talking space. Both literature and research, as well as the Swedish National Agency of Education, deem it essential that students utilize their talking space in order to optimise their English-speaking abilities, while additional research emphasizes the benefits of pedagogical tools as aids to achieve this. Experience suggests it is not unusual for learners to have difficulties in creating and recognising opportunities to speak in class. A major motivating factor for conducting this study has thus been to discover what teachers do to encourage less communicative students to contribute orally. The results show that teachers tend to be aware of the need to make their students speak as much as possible, although their methods trying to achieve this vary. The results also show that the interviewees display an overall negative attitude towards physical pedagogical tools, but that they instead view their students, general teaching methods, the setting of assignments etc, as pedagogical tools in their own right to achieve this purpose.

  • Maxe, Liza
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Entezarjo, Kiana
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Karegren, Douglas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Swap Notch2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Celander, Patrik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Strandsandjägaren (Cicindela maritima) i Gullbranna, Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat– förekomst, hot och förslag till bevarandeåtgärder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det halländska kustdynlandskapet har utsatts hårt historiskt av framförallt igenväxning, men även andra faktorer som exploatering och friluftsliv har påverkat. Plantering av bergtall och gräs på sanddynerna, för att förhindra sandflykten som drabbade bönderna redan på 1600- talet, gjorde att nästan hela kustdynlandskapet var täckt med vegetation på 1800- talet. Mellan 2012- 2018 restaurerades stora delar av Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat i samverkan med EU- projektet SandLife, vilkas syfte var att bevara sanddynmiljön, samt gynna dess hotade arter. I sanddynmiljön lever många evertebrater, däribland skalbaggen strandsandjägaren, som i rödlistningsbedömningen 2015 är klassad som Sårbar i Sverige och är föremål för ett nationellt åtgärdsprogram för dess långsiktiga bevarande. Södra Sveriges troligen enda återstående större population återfinns i Gullbranna naturreservat, som tillsammans med Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat utgör Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat. Strandsandjägaren lever i Halland längs havsstränder och vid åmynningar, där dess larver gräver tunnlar i lätt fuktig hårt packad fin sand. Tillbakagången av strandsandjägaren i detta habitat tros överensstämma med tillbakagången av det forna dynamiska kustdynlandskapet.

    Detta arbete har gått ut på att inventera larver av strandsandjägare i Laholmsbuktens sanddynreservat, att utvärdera om arten gynnats av de storskaliga sanddynrestaureringarna i samband med SandLifeprojektet 2012-2018, samt urskilja hot och förslag till konkreta bevarandeåtgärder. Jag fann att populationen har ökat betydligt de senaste 15 åren, dock inte till följd av riktade åtgärder utan troligen tack vare den nybildning av habitat som stormen Gudrun åstadkom 2005, samt att en viss spridning av populationen kan ses. Åtgärdsprogrammets långsiktiga mål fram till 2025 är dock inte uppnått än, men en positiv trend syns och möjligheterna finns i Halland att närma sig målet ytterligare. Restaureringarna inom SandLife verkar inte gynnat strandsandjägarpopulationen, då inga nyrestaurerade områden koloniserats, vilket indikerar att riktade bevarandeåtgärder krävs. En stor och förmodligen mycket underskattad störning i området är trampslitage, så åtgärder behöver vidtas genom att t.ex. sätta upp informationsskyltar och göra vissa lämpliga områden där larver hittats svårtillgängliga. Hela 97% av larvpopulationen, som räknades till 3287 larver, återfanns i augusti på näset i Gullbranna naturrservat, på en bara 6 m bred och 435 m lång yta, av habitattypen sandrevlar/åmynningar. I Tönnersa- och Hökafältets naturreservat fann jag bara enstaka larver längs habittypen havsstrand, men dock är det första gången som strandsandjägarlarver hittats i de områdena. Näst största lokalen med strandsandjägare hittades på norra stranden av Gullbrannas naturreservat, med 44 larver räknade i augusti. Resultatet indikerar att havsstränderna är ett sekundärt val för strandsandjägaren i området, och att de inre sanddynerna/sänkorna i nuläget inte verkar erbjuda lämpligt habitat överhuvudtaget, då inga larver återfanns i den habitattypen. Sandrevlar/mynningar är alltså det mest gynnsamma habitatet i området, men då inga larver hittades vid den andra ån Lagan så indikerar det att fler faktorer spelar in, inte minst frånvaro av alltför kraftigt trampslitage. Orsaken till att Genevadsåns mynning hyser nästan hela populationen är troligen att där finns ännu mycket bra habitat, strandsandjägarens troligen små hemområden med låg spridningstendens vid goda förutsättningar och få störningar. Resterande områden har mindre bra habitat, låg spridning till dessa områden, samt mer störningar. Med riktade åtgärder finns det dock potential för flera metapopulationer i de andra områdena, vilket kan leda till en livskraftigare population av strandsandjägaren i Halland.

  • Muhammad, Naveed
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Åstrand, Björn
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Predicting Agent Behaviour and State for Applications in a Roundabout-Scenario Autonomous Driving2019In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 19, no 19, article id 4279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As human drivers, we instinctively employ our understanding of other road users' behaviour for enhanced efficiency of our drive and safety of the traffic. In recent years, different aspects of assisted and autonomous driving have gotten a lot of attention from the research and industrial community, including the aspects of behaviour modelling and prediction of future state. In this paper, we address the problem of modelling and predicting agent behaviour and state in a roundabout traffic scenario. We present three ways of modelling traffic in a roundabout based on: (i) the roundabout geometry; (ii) mean path taken by vehicles inside the roundabout; and (iii) a set of reference trajectories traversed by vehicles inside the roundabout. The roundabout models are compared in terms of exit-direction classification and state (i.e., position inside the roundabout) prediction of query vehicles inside the roundabout. The exit-direction classification and state prediction are based on a particle-filter classifier algorithm. The results show that the roundabout model based on set of reference trajectories is better suited for both the exit-direction and state prediction.

  • Guan, Miaoyin
    Halmstad University.
    A study on effect of Durex social media marketing on Chinese consumer’s purchase intention and Durex’s brand equity2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    China as the world’s largest social-media marketing place, its way of marketing is dramatically different from its counterpart in the western countries. This is greatly influenced by China’s special social environment and traditional culture. This study focus on the social marketing methods adopted by Durex and applied in China context. Durex use its official weibo account as the main channels to promote its product, corporate image and interact with consumers. The purpose of the study is to appraise the effect of Durex’s way of social marketing on Chinese consumer’s perceived brand image and consumer purchase intention and to what extent help build their brand equity. The mixed qualitative and quantitative methods are employed in this research. The findings demonstrate that consumers are very acceptable to Durex’s creative way of social marketing and it does help Durex to shape a valuable company brand image. 

  • Nilsson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Jämsén Findelius, Isabelle
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Yngre elevers samarbete i grupp i arbetet med problemlösningsuppgifter2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har visat sig att när elever får möjlighet att resonera för sina lösningsförslag ökar deras förståelse. Forskning visar att grupparbete har god effekt i arbetet med problemlösningsuppgifter inom ämnet matematik, trots detta har grupparbete som arbetsform minskat. Ett grupparbete kan inte endast appliceras, utan ett samarbete måste också finnas för att det ska vara gynnsamt. Av den orsaken undersöker studien hur elever i årskurs 1 resonerar och samarbetar i grupp i arbetet med problemlösning i matematik. Avsaknaden av tidigare forskning som berör årskurs 1 elevers resonemang gör studien unik. Syftet med studien är att bidra till en större förståelse för hur elever i lägre åldrar samarbetar i grupp när de arbetar med problemlösningsuppgifter inom ämnet matematik. För att besvara frågeställningen: På vilket sätt använder sig elever av resonemangsförmågan i arbetet med problemlösningsuppgifter i grupp i årskurs 1? har fem grupper om fyra elever studerats. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där olika gruppkonstellationer i årskurs 1 har observerats under fem tillfällen.  Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt utgår från fyra centrala begrepp; metanivå, objektnivå, effektiv och ineffektiv kommunikation med inspiration från Palmér och Van Bomméls (2016) analysverktyg. Det sociokulturella perspektivet har också varit en del av denna studie. Från resultatdelen framkom det att elever får större möjlighet att resonera i grupp än när de arbetar enskilt. Slutligen gav resultatet att laborativt material var ett effektivt hjälpmedel för att förstärka sitt resonemang och gav dessutom möjligheten att bygga vidare på resonemang. De didaktiska implikationerna denna studie medför är att problemlösningsarbete i grupp kräver utrymme i grundskolans tidigare år. Det möjliggör att elever får öva sin samarbets- och resonemangsförmåga från en tidig ålder. Studien synliggör hur elever använder resonemangsförmågan genom att analysera kommunikationen utifrån meta- och objektnivå. Lärdomar vi tar med oss från studien är att det är givande för elever att arbeta i grupp redan i årskurs ett, och få chansen att öva och utveckla samarbets- och resonemangsförmågan. Ett exempel på vidare forskning skulle kunna vara att undersöka hur laborativa hjälpmedel bidrar när elever resonerar i grupp i arbetet med problemlösningsuppgifter i ämnet matematik.

  • Vestman, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ensam är stark?: En studie om hur undersköterskor definierar, kartlägger och arbetar med ensamhet bland äldre på särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to illuminate the work with loneliness among older people and how assistant nurses work to chart older peoples psychosocial needs with following framing of questions: How does loneliness appear among older people? How does assistant nurses work to chart the work with loneliness among older people according to socialstyrelsens values? How does assistant nurses work with loneliness among older people? To answer those questions, I used seven qualitative semi-structures interviews and then analyzed it from a hermeneutical perspective. With that background, I temathisized the interviews to the concepts aging and loneliness, work with charting of the work with loneliness among older people from Socialstyrelsens values, the teory of activity and the theory of disengagement. The results showed that loneliness among older people was understood through physical disabilities and a lack of social network according to the persons who was interviewed. The work with older people according to Socialstyrelsens values (SFS 2001:453) has shown to be a combination with the theory of activity and the theory of disengagement because of the individually oriented care. According to the three themes and goals of Socialstyrelsens values (SFS 2001:453) to create an individually oriented care, to respect older people and that the staff should have an adequate competence was partly processed according to my respondents answers. The individually oriented care and the respect for the older people were connected when the assistant nurses work with liaisonship, social interactions with the individual and adaptation of the care depending on the individual and situation. It also seems that there are some issues with the charting of older peoples psychosocial needs according to Socialstyrelsens values because of an communication problem between the caretakers and the assistant nurses according to the persons who were interviewed, which means that the goal about adequate education partly is processed.

  • Al Azri, Sheikha Sulaiman Ali
    Modelling behaviour of Agents using a Particle Filter based Approach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Falk, Adam
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Söderström, Linus
    Styrning av fastighetsbyråer: En studie ur det balanserade styrkortets fyra perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Tysk, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Boksamtal som hälsofrämjande literacypraktik: En kvalitativ teoretisk litteraturanalys2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker om det finns möjligheter att integrera ett hälsofrämjande arbete i litteraturundervisningen genom Judith Langers (2017) didaktiska modell för boksamtal som en literacypraktik. Möjligheterna undersöks med en hermeneutisk forskningsansats som metod. Judith Langers (2017) didaktiska modell för boksamtal som en literacypraktik studeras utifrån en biblioterapuetisk teoribildning framtagen av Arleen Hynes & Mary Hynes-Berry (2012). Resultatet visar att Langers (2017) modell för boksamtal i en literacypraktik skulle kunna fungera hälsofrämjande och därmed möjliggörs det att tillhandahålla litteraturundervisning i skolan som kan fungera för elevers välbefinnande genom att Langers (2017) modell används.

    I slutet av studien prövas Langers (2017) didaktiska modell i sin funktion som en hälsofrämjande aktivitet i en exemplarisk närläsning av boken Slutet (2018) skriven av Mats Strandberg.

  • Karlsson, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sambandet mellan olika socioekonomiska indikatorer och mild psykisk ohälsa i regional befolkningshälsa2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies in public health show an increase in Common Mental Disorders, and where some socioeconomic indicators are differently associated with the prevalence of mental illness, it’s uncertain to what extent and how the associations displays in a regional public health context. The purpose of the study is to analyze, on the basis of regional data, the association between different socioeconomic indicators (Occupational group, Educational level, and Economic Stress) and Common Mental Disorders in relation to men and women in different age groups and discuss whether there is a socioeconomic gradient in Common Mental Disorders. The results shows that economic stress is highly associated to mental illness for both men and women in their different age groups. The regression analyzes also show gender and age differences both within the indicators' categories and the statistical significance of the correlations. No significant gradient between the various socioeconomic indicators used and Common Mental Disorders could be demonstrated since there were reverse associations within and between the statistical analyzes. The great variat ion in the correlationanalyzes shows that further stratifications can be made both for the independent and dependent variables.

  • Englund, Maja
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tasdelen, Alexandra
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Genus i barnlitteraturen: En forskningsöversikt av hur lärare kan arbeta för att öka elevernas förståelse utifrån modern barnlitteratur2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle växer medvetenheten kring människors olikheter allt mer i takt med att samhällsklimatet förändras. Vi möter olika och unika typer av människor på daglig basis, både ansikte mot ansikte men också tack vare de olika medier vi omger oss med. Det blir därför mer och mer aktuellt att barnen tidigt får insikt i dessa olikheter och lär sig att ingen person är mer värd än någon annan oavsett vad hen har för kön eller sexuell läggning, vilket också lyfts i läroplanen. En väg mot detta är att arbeta med frågorna i klassrummet och genom den skönlitterära barnlitteraturen. I denna studie är syftet att undersöka vad forskning säger om genus inom modern skönlitterär barnlitteratur samt hur lärare kan arbeta med detta med sina elever för att öka deras förståelse om genus. De frågeställningar vi arbetat med är:

    • Hur framställs genus i den moderna skönlitterära barnlitteraturen?
    • Hur kan lärare arbeta för att öka elevernas förståelse om genus utifrån modern barnlitteratur?

    Vi har genom denna studie funnit att den moderna skönlitterära barnlitteraturen, i kombination med praktiska moment, kan vara ett fördelaktigt verktyg att använda då man som lärare vill arbeta med genus i klassrummet.

  • Aoun, Samir
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Arvidsson, Fredrik
    Halmstad University.
    Undersökning av lämpliga sensorer till ett övervakningssystem för farliga zoner2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents surveys of various techniques to identify people in a predetermined area. RCWL-0516 radar module and camera monitoring were methods that were investigated and tested. A distance measurement test was done on RCWL-0516, once through different materials and another with sensitivity manipulation of the module. At the same time, we tested various image analysis methods in connection with camera surveillance. In the result, we concluded that video surveillance with image analysis, for example You-Only-Look-Once-algoritmen (YOLO), was a good solution to the problem presented while the radar module was not as suitable.

  • Holgersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Törnblom, Thomas
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Flervåningshus av trähusmoduler: Kostnadspåverkan på trähusmoduler till följd av ökade krav per våning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For more than a decade the construction of multi-storey wooden houses with more than two storeys was banned in Sweden. In 1994, regulations became function-based and multi-storey wooden houses was allowed once again. Due to the long ban, there is a lack of knowledge regarding multi-storey wooden houses. Despite this lack of knowledge there are still advantages with wooden houses, including the non-existing drying times and low weight, resulting in reduced transport and production times. In the case of wooden modules, the competitiveness increases with these reduced times, however, the technical solutions and needed material changes with the different regulations at different levels, thus affects the costs of modules.

    This study aims to show the change in cost of material and competitiveness due to the different regulations. The study is based of Swedish conditions and interviews with Swedish companies that work with wooden modules.

    Results of the study shows that the competitiveness of wooden modules mostly is affected by the change of fire restrictions and acoustics. With the use of modules, solutions such as savings in foundations is enabled. One conclusion of the study is that construction, production, transport times and environmental aspects impacts the competitiveness most. This enables modules to reduce the price by 10-15% in cases that require few detailed and architectural solutions compared to other construction alternatives.

  • Karlsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Jonson, Simon
    Volare: The future of sailing2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sailing has gone from being an effective mode of transport to now only be a hobby. The main reason for this is that the sailboats have not had the same rate of development as other modes of transport. The main reason for this is that the sail is attached to a mast which creates a large heeling angle on the boat.

    Volare's solution to the problem is to use a kite sails instead of the traditional sail making so that torque is minimized considerably, which in turn means that you can reach significantly higher speeds.

    Volare has developed a unique solution for launch of a kite on sail boats, which contains several patented solutions. The product project team has developed stands up well against the competition in the market as it is easy to use, designed to launchas by only one person and that it takes up little space on the boat when not in use.

    With a less heel and higher speed are Volare on the way to creating the future way to sail.

  • Friskvik, Mathias
    et al.
    Mirtorabi, Poya
    Icke-farmakologiska interventioner och dess effekter som stöd för personer med fibromyalgi2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fibromyalgia is a chronic syndrome and is one of the most common rheumatic syndromes that predominantly affect women. It has emerged that only drug treatment for fibromyalgia is not enough as a symptom relief for people with fibromyalgia. there is a need for increased knowledge of other nursing measures and treatment methods instead of just relying on drug treatment. Aim: The purpose of this study was to map non-pharmacological interventions and their effects on people with fibromyalgia. Method: The study was conducted as a general literature study where the result contains 14 scientific articles. Results: The results are presented in categories with effects on pain, mental health, bodily functions and quality of life. The literature study's results showed positive effects of symptom relief in these non-pharmacological interventions: aerobic training, breathing exercises, exergames, flexibility training, mindfulness, resistance training, music therapy, stretch training, strength training and tai chi. The effects noted in this study were less perceived pain, depression and decreased use of drugs. Conclusion: Each individual non-pharmacological intervention in the result is considered to be fully useful in the care and relief of symptoms in people with fibromyalgia. It is considered that further research is needed to identify a full range of non-pharmacological interventions and their effects in alleviating the suffering of people with fibromyalgia.

  • Noreman, Rickard
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Pollinerande insekters (Apidae, Rhopalocera och Syrphidae) förekomst intill vägar i södra Sverige.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More conservation programs directed towards insects are needed in order to prevent the continue decline in which many insect species in the world are heading to. New ways to use the remaining microhabitats are needed to mitigate the fragmentation and degradation that urbanization and modern agriculture have contributed to in the southern Swedish landscapes. This study focusses on how microhabitats like road-verges can help the conservation projects of pollinating insects. To increase the knowledge about three groups of pollinators (Apidae, Rhopalocera and Syrphidae) and their distribution between two different microhabitats, a malaise trap was set up in road verges and in sample locations further away from the road-verges. The result from this study shows that road-verges are a microhabitat that could work as mitigation to the decline of some pollinating species, if right actions are taken. This study shows that Syrphidae was most acceptant to the hostile environment close to the roads. If these actions are going to help the most treated species is still unknown.

  • Lundgren, Sara
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Gustavsson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Så uppnår byggbranschen jämställdhet: En studie om den decentraliserade organisationsstrukturens betydelse för jämställdhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Daunfeldt, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundberg Pulli, Sarah
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Det är en självklarhet för oss att hänga med i framtidens utveckling": - En kvalitativ studie om ledares uppfattningar av krav, resurser och lärande i en organisatorisk digital förändringsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As digitalization increases in speed and we become more digital, changes are brought upon every part of society, not least our workplaces. While these changes often create efficiency in organizations, they also come with high demands on individual learning and well-being. Leaders play a central role in change processes, thus improvingleadership is of utmost importance. The purpose of this study was to examine leaders’perception of job demands, resources and learning in an organizational digital change process and contribute to the body of research with understanding of what creates success and health promotion in such change processes. To examine and answer the research questions, eight semi-structured interviews were held with leaders from the care office of the municipality. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis. The results from this study show that theleaders’ positive attitude towards digitalization induce wellbeing and that individualmotivation drivers are important resources to support healthiness. The study also finds that the most prominent demand that leaders experience in the digitalization process is to be a good role model. Further, the results show that occasions for education and reflection regarding digitalization are main drivers to promote leaders’ learning.Success is created from having a positive attitude, individual motivation drivers, a supportive learning environment for formal learning, and opportunities for informal learning. For an organizational digital change process to be health promotional, motivation and support are important factors as they create opportunities for improvement of well-being and learning at the workplace.

  • Bengtsson, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Kan du förklara hur du tänkte?: En kumulativ studie om matematiska resonemang och vilket sätt de bidrar till lärande i grupp2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tal i bråkform anses som ett arbetsområde som både lärare anser är svårt att lära ut och eleveratt lära, särskilt när det är i kombination med en tallinje. Forskning visar att mycket avmatematiken framförs via envägskommunikation, oftast genom lärare till elev. Samtidigt visarforskningen även att flervägskommunikation är en väsentlig del i matematiken för att nå enhögre kunskapsnivå. Syftet för denna studie är att utveckla kunskaper om hur resonemang kanbidra till elevers lärande om tallinjen i en årskurs 3. Följande frågeställningar är: Vilka typerav resonemang kan identifieras i 33 elevers diskussioner om tallinjen? På vilka sätt bidrarresonemang till lärande i grupp? 33 elever deltog i studien och klassens mångkulturellavariation kan anses som låg. Bakgrunden förklarar centrala begrepp och tidigare forskningsom går i linje med studiens ämne. Detta är en kumulativ studie, som innebär att dennastudies resultat har som grund pålitlig tidigare forskning (Cronehed, 2009: 52). Resultatetvisade att arbete i grupp och användandet av resonemang hade tendenser till att utöka eleversförmåga att resonera, samt utveckla matematiska kunskaper om tal i bråkform i samband medtallinjen. Kreativt matematiskt resonemang visade större tendenser för utvecklad kunskap ände övriga resonemangen. Studiens resultat visade även att den med viss sannolikhet går attanvända inom hela matematiken som skolämne, både enskilt och i grupp. I rubriken”didaktiska implikationer” anges vad verksamma pedagoger kan ha för nytta av det resultatet idenna studie givit. Pedagoger kan använda sig av resonemang för att gynna elevers lärande igrupp. I synnerhet kreativt matematiskt resonemang, då det visade störst tendens till lärande.Pedagogerna bör även se värdet av att arbeta i grupp och vilka möjligheter det kan medföra.

  • Samadi, Nima
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Lupan, Mihail
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Radio Jamming Detection and Forensics Analysis of Inter-Vehicular Communication Traces2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hofvander, Cassandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lindgren, Noak
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Arbetssätt för en likvärdig språkutveckling hos barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan: En hermeneutisk forskningsstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få en djupare förståelse för förskollärares tolkning av vilka arbetssätt de använder för att erbjuda en likvärdig språkutveckling för barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Detta undersöktes med forskningsfrågan; vad har förskollärare för föreställningar om en likvärdig språkutveckling och sitt arbete med språkutveckling hos barn i behov av särskilt stöd. Studien utgår ifrån hermeneutik som teori och metod samt genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Utifrån studiens resultat framkom det att förskollärares arbete mot en likvärdig språkutveckling utgår ifrån användande av olika arbetssätt. Forskning samt studiens resultat pekar på att barn i behov av särskilt stöd gynnas av alternativa kommunikativa arbetssätt för att uppnå en likvärdig språkutveckling i förskolan.

  • Farah, Hamad
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hybrid solar system for heat and electric demands in a simple housing within Sweden and China2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The access to ideal heating and power techniques has always been highly thought after.This is mainly due to the development in housing architecture and the cold nature of certain regions which has led to an increase in popularity of the heating market and modernised heating technologies. The current DH systems make use of CHP plants for thegeneration of power and electricity. These CHP plants for the most part, are powered through biomass and during winter periods the demand for heating is highly increased.The biggest issue with relying on biomass solely is the constant need to burn wasteproducts which not only results in increasing the demand for consuming in more waste,but also results in producing remains (by-products) that cannot be broken down further and hence might require the utilization of land-space (landfills) for their disposal. Solar modules on the other hand, have gained increased popularity in the recent age. This is mainly due their extremely high flexible ability in converting solar irradiance intoelectrical and thermal energies. This study will try to provide a comprehensive study intothe utilization of a hybrid solar system that combines a standard PV module with a flat-plate collector through estimating the energy demands for a simple housing within Sweden and China. This will be the main aim of the study, however the possibilities of integrating this hybrid solar system alongside current DH systems will mostly be discussed in the first sections to proof the possibility of executing such a system. The theoretical work carried out will only include simulations of having just separate,standalone PV and flat-plate collector modules. However, designing a hybrid solar and DH system will not be the major focus of this study. The results at the end of the report,concluded that the electrical production for the Swedish case were noticeably higher thanthat of the Chinese case in spite of maintaining the same load values through both cases and higher solar irradiation for the Chinese case. Due to PVsyst simulation constraints,the results show that the investment cost of the Swedish PV (electrical component) module was about 3.6 times greater than that of the Chinese which could possibly mean that the Swedish case has a bigger PV module area than the Chinese case in order to meetel ectricity demand monthly. However, when it came to the thermal energy production, it was possible to assume different collectors cases and hence an area of 7m2 was chosen for the Swedish perspective while an area of 4m2 has been considered for the Chinese case. The thermal useful energy values where then compared with heating demands for both of the cases. Finally, the thesis concluded that there was no requirement for having an integrated DH network within the standalone houses, having small electricity and heat demand and hence, it might be more beneficial to have an integrated DH and solar system within more densely populated housing areas.

  • Gravert, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Cutic, Stefanija
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Att förstärka sitt varumärke via influencer marketing: En studie om hur och varför företag använder sig av influencer marketing för att förstärka sitt varumärke2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencer originally comes from the English word influence which means that you influence someone, for example in different purchases. Influencer marketing has over the years become a popular marketing strategy that companies use to strengthen and spread their brand. A person with a large network creates an influence with their followers and can influence their lifestyle decisions.

    The purpose of this study is to find out how and why companies use influencer marketing to strengthen their brand. Furthermore, the authors study how the companies choose the right influencers in order to best strengthen the brand. To answer the question, the authors have made a qualitative study and interviewed three different companies that use influencer marketing: Boostified who is the intermediary between companies and influencers, Oscar Jacobson which is a clothing company and finally iDeal of Sweden who sells trendy phone accessories.

    The study shows that companies market themselves through influencer marketing in order to spread brand awareness and to strengthen their brand. For the brand to be strengthened, it is important that influencers can stand behind the brand and genuinely like and feel connected to the product or service.

  • Siwert, Pontus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jonasson, Jonathan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Challenges with strategy execution for digital transformation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As the world is moving from an industrial to a digital one an increasingly important factor for companies has become their digital transformation. This, Industry 4.0, has brought forward a new set of challenges but conventional strategy-making has not been able to keep up with them, whilst considering that change, in practice, is difficult to implement. The strategy execution for digital transformation has therefore become increasingly important but the challenges faced has not been researched to a sufficient degree.

    Research question: What are the main challenges with strategy execution during a digital transformation process and how can they be managed?

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to find and describe the main challenges with strategy execution for digital transformation that has been experienced and or perceived by practitioners working in companies that are a part of a concern. These findings will be conceptualised out of which guiding principles will be created and presented.   

    Method: In this study a qualitative method has been used together with an abductive approach to reasoning. Semi-structured interviews have been performed with eight respondents chosen by a strategic selection for their knowledge about the studied field.

    Theoretical frame of reference: Theories about strategy execution, change-management, what a digital transformation is, and how it evolves as well as the activity-based process model have been put forward. Within digital transformation some earlier seen challenges that has been a basis for this research are discussed.

    Conclusions: An overall conclusion that can be drawn from the analysis is that the primary areas that have been looked at, i.e. strategy development; strategy execution and digital transformation, in themselves create challenges. Whether they are correlated with each other or would exist no matter the other factors cannot be discerned from the findings of this thesis, resulting in the fact that the results of the analysis while able to give a foundation and interpretive thoughts, are, in their nature, uncertain. This would mean that albeit an answer to the research question can be presented by the conceptualisation and guiding principles they should not be seen as general for any given population but rather as a description and analysis of the studied population.

  • Patel, Keval
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Prospective of Tidal Energy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sjöholm, Therese
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Changes in Running Technique At Shod and Barefoot Running Condition: - An analysis of Muay Thai Fighters2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: everal studies mean that individuals accustomed to running barefoot and habitually barefoot individuals choose a fore foot or mid foot strike rather than a rear foot strike when running. This is partly to do with the proprioceptive feedback given from the soles of the feet. The common denominator of the barefoot runner and the Muay Thai fighter would be this proprioceptive feedback due to general bare foot training. A contributing factor to a non heal strike pattern could perhaps also be found in the sport specific movement pattern of Muay Thai where the athlete is trained to execute several actions from the fore foot. Aim: The first aim was to analyse differences in angles of the knee, ankle and foot at initial contact while running shod compared to barefoot in Muay Thai fighters accustomed to training barefoot. A second aim was to investigate if there was a difference in running technique regarding foot strike pattern when running shod compared to bare foot. The foot strike pattern is defined as heal strike, mid foot strike or forefoot strike. Method: Seventeen Muay Thai fighters (13 male 4 female) volunteered to participate in the test of the cross- sectional experimental study. The study took place at PT-Studion Halmstad. The participants performed 2x3minutes of running shod and barefoot respectively at a subjective speed equal to a 12 on the Borg scale. Both conditions were video recorded from a sagittal plane using an iPhone 6. The dominant leg defined as the non-weight bearing leg at the preferred boxing stance was analysed. Data was collected two-dimensionally of the angels of the knee, ankle and foot position to horizontal. Foot strike pattern was also determined. Landmarks were marked to ease the analysis. T-tests of paired samples were used to examine whether there were any differences between the angle of the knee, ankle and foot at barefoot and shod conditions. The significance level for this study was set to be statistically significant if p ≤ 0.05. Foot strike frequency distributions were compared between shod and barefoot runners using chi-square (X2) analysis. Result: A significant difference at the angle of the foot (p=0,034) at initial contact with the ground while running between shod (12 ± 9) and barefoot (17 ± 9) was found. No significant difference in the angle of the knee (p=0,076) or ankle (p=0,081) was found. Changes in foot strike pattern were observed. At shod condition 88% used a rear foot strike, 6% used a mid foot strike and 6% used a forefoot strike. At barefoot condition 41% used a rear foot strike, 0% used a mid foot strike and 59% a fore foot strike. Conclusion: This study shows that the there is a significant difference in foot strike pattern when running shod and barefoot which confirms previous studies. The test group have in common that they train Muay Thai although; their sport specific training doesn’t appear to in this case have any impact on the foot strike pattern.

  • Svenningsson, Petronella
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sandén, Clara
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    En kvalitativ studie om konsumenters syn på utformning av samarbeten mellan influencers och varumärken på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att ge företag som vill utvinna maximal effekt av ett samarbete med en influencer, information om hur konsumenten ser på samarbetens utformning.

    Forskningsfrågor: Vad kännetecknar ett lyckat samarbete mellan en influencer och ett företag enligt konsumenten?

    Hur tätt bör ett lyckat samarbete vara mellan en influencer och ett företag enligt konsumenten?

    Teori: Huvudteorin för denna studie är influencer marketing, vilket kompletteras med relevanta teorier om electronic word of mouth, innebörden och betydelsen av goda affärsrelationer och slutligen deras gemensamma samarbeten på Instagram för att attrahera konsumenten.

    Metod: Studien innehåller en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och intervjuer användes för att bättre förstå konsumenternas tankar och åsikter om samarbeten på Instagram. Studien bestod av 20 intervjuer med kvinnor och män i åldern 21–27 år. För att stödja den primärdata som sammanställts utifrån intervjuerna tillämpas tidigare forskning och teorier inom området.

    Slutsats: Efter genomförd studie kan vi konstatera att konsumenten anser att långvariga relationer är direkt avgörande för att man ska anse att samarbeten på Instagram är trovärdiga. Vi har kommit fram till tre parametrar som konsumenten anser är de viktigaste för att samarbeten ska vara trovärdiga vilka är: återkommande samarbeten mellan båda parterna, samarbeten sker inte med liknande aktörer samt att båda parternas värderingar går hand i hand. Konsumenten anser dessutom att täta samarbeten mellan företag och influencers är viktiga för att båda parternas expertis och kunskap tydligt ska avspeglas i samarbetet.

  • Adolfsson, Matilda
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Vibrationer och engesvängningar i Alfdex separator2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to create a greater understanding of what happens inAlfdex’s separator in terms of natural frequencies, also called resonances. Try in asystematic way to find out where the problem is and produce a possible solutionto the problem. To achieve this smoothly, vibration measurements were made onthree different models with two variants, a total of six different variants. Themeasurements made with an electric shaker were set to run a sweep of 2-500Hz,which means that it increases the frequency from 20-500Hz with a constantacceleration of 2G. The measurement was first made on these six variants and, onthe basis of the results, it has been possible to compare with the modificationsmade.As the first modification, the disks in the separator were glued together to see ifthey made any difference from the previous result. As the next test spacers wereprinted out of the 3D-printer, that would replace the existing springs in theseparator, to aww what happens if we do not have any springs. There was also atest where the top of the separator the so-called house, was cut into a larger holeso as to see how the disks hold a constant amplitude relative to each other, whichmeans that the disks are not exposed to any natural frequencies. The springs werefilmed to see how they act and move, where it is clear that there are naturalfrequencies in the springs.Based on these tests, it can be concluded that the disk in question are not aproblem. The problem instead has its foundation in the springs that carry the diskstack throughout the separator, resonances in these give a great influence in theentire contents of the separator.

  • Fridehjelm, Maja
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Broström, Linn
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Olsson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    ”Jag känner mig inte bra nog”: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars upplevelser av hur sociala medier påverkar deras hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Among adolescents aged 16-18 in Sweden, mental illness has increased in recent years and is expected to continue to increase. Sweden is one of the most digitized countries, where 99 % of Swedish teenagers have access to and are estimated to use social media from two to over six hours daily. Previous research in the field demonstrates a connection between the use of social media and the emergence of mental illness. The purpose of this study was to highlight what experiences adolescents have about how social media and the prevailing norms of health portrayed on social media affect their self-perceived mental health. The study has a social constructivist basis with an abductive approach. In the study, four focus group interviews with 17 informants were carried out, which were then analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. The result showed that the adolescents feel that social media primarily have a negative impact on their self-perceived mental health since they are afraid of missing things while also comparing themselves with others on social media. The adolescents also experience that their self-perceived mental health is mainly negatively affected by the prevailing norms of health that flourish on social media, since norms about body ideals and lifestyles primarily lead to feelings of anxiety, demands, pressure, disappointment, failure and inadequacy. The study's conclusion is that the adolescents are mainly affected negatively by what they see on social media and the prevailing norms of health that are portrayed on social media related to their self-perceived mental health.