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  • Axelsson, Liza
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Söderblom, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelsen av att leva med schizofreni2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Schizophrenia is a mental illness where the person’s experience of the disease is an important basis for nursing care. To improve the care, more knowledge is required about the experience of living with schizophrenia. The aim of the study was to describe the experience of living with the mental illness schizophrenia. The study was conducted as a literature study. The literature search was done systematically, resulting in 14 scientific articles that shaped the outcome of the study. A content analysis was conducted, which resulted in three categories: alienation, losses and valuable life. The results showed that people with schizophrenia feel loneliness and alienation. The disease also contributed to huge losses of life. Despite setbacks several factors that could lead to a meaningful life was revealed. To create good caring, people with schizophrenia felt that health professionals need to show respect, listen and give space. Increased knowledge about the disease is recommended to reduce the stigma of schizophrenia. Further research on how health professionals should behave against people with schizophrenia is requested.

  • Public defence: 2017-06-13 10:15 Hus O, sal 125, Halmstad
    Luthfa Karim, Sabrina
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The Uncertainty-Embedded Innovation Process: A study of how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and of how firms address that to create novelty2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite much discussion in the literature of uncertainties in relation to the innovation process, there is little knowledge of how they emerge in this process. This thesis accordingly aims to understand how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and how firms address that uncertainty to create novelty from the process. Uncertainty is embedded in the innovation process (Jalonen, 2012), which implies that it is not only a factor affecting the innovation process but also an outcome of the process itself. To fulfil the purpose of this study, it is important to understand how the innovation process unfolds over time. It is well established that innovation is a process of recombining resources (Schumpeter, 1934) through the performing and linking of certain activities in sequence (Richardson, 1972; Dubois, 1994; Bankvall, 2011) by various actors (i.e., firms and organizations) in a network context (Håkansson and Olsen, 2012; Lampela, 2012; Love and Roper, 2001; Pittaway et al., 2004; Powell et al., 1996). To fulfil the purpose of this study, the following research question has been asked: How and why do actors undertake and link resource recombination activities in a network context, thereby managing uncertainties in the innovation process?

    The thesis investigates the innovation process in two companies. One of the companies had completed its innovation journey and the other had almost done so. The discussion gives a detailed account of: the activities these companies performed alone and jointly with their partners in a network context; the resources they exchanged with each other and recombined to bring new solutions to the market; the uncertainties created in the process of recombining the resources; and the activities they undertook in response to address these uncertainties. The innovation process in the case companies is analysed in light of a conceptual model developed here based on Dubois’ (1994) “end product related activity structure model”, Håkansson’s (1987) “ARA model/network model”, and Goldratt’s (1997) “critical chain concept”.

    This study identifies the conditions under which uncertainties emerged in the innovation process in the studied companies. One of the significant conditions was resource unavailability, which was caused by actors’ reluctance to share resources, prohibition by government policy, and the resources’ own conflicting conditions and internal resistance (Håkansson and Snehota, 1995; Håkansson and Waluszewski, 2002; Waluszewski, 2004). Resource unavailability caused inertial and repetitive activities and delayed the process of producing an outcome, having such an impact on the activities under the condition of path dependency (Arthur, 1994; David, 2000). Another observed condition was the actors’ lack of knowledge of resource combination (Jalonen, 2011).

    A type of uncertainty that seriously affects the outcome of the innovation process is the activity void, a situation in which no activity is taking place. Activity voids are created from resource unavailability either by an actor’s reluctance to share resources or by the outcome of combining conflicting resource properties.

    The outcome of the innovation process is therefore affected by the key actor’s attempt to reduce the activity void by making compromises at the three levels, interplay among which construct the process, i.e., actors, resources, and activities. To manage uncertainties, managers make many compromises when they perform and link various activities. Although the underlying motivation for making compromises is rational, it is boundedly rational (Simon, 1957) because by making compromises, managers forego expectations of having all the properties or of being able to plan, undertake, and link activities as intended. This study also reveals that sometimes actors prefer not to make compromises despite knowing that this might cost a great deal. Accordingly, the findings suggest that compromises made within a working relationship allow actors to produce novelty without deviating from the desired path by ensuring access to resources and partners’ abilities. On the contrary, compromises not made in the relationship can threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty, as the exchange of partners’ resources and abilities is hindered in a poor relationship. Compromises made in resource configuration and activities threaten actors’ ability to produce the desired novelty by limiting their choices, while compromises not made in resource configuration and activities allow actors to produce the desired novelty without deviation.

  • Brännström, Julia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vindevall, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Livet med endometrios: kvinnors upplevelser av sjukvården2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Endometrios är en kronisk sjukdom som påverkar kvinnans liv på ett biologiskt, psykologiskt och socialt plan. Smärtan som uppstår vid endometrios kan begränsa kvinnan i vardagen. Känslor av isolering, maktlöshet, psykisk och emotionell stress kan uppstå till följd av sjukdomen. 176 miljoner kvinnor lider av endometrios, vilket är var tionde kvinna i fertil ålder. Vanliga symtom är kronisk buksmärta, dysmenorré, dysparenui och fatigué. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur kvinnor med endometrios upplever sjukvården. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie, där 11 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar sammanställdes. Resultatet visade att det fanns brister i bemötandet från både läkaren och sjuksköterskan gentemot kvinnor med endometrios. Det framkom att det fanns en kunskapsbrist, där fel diagnos ställdes och menstruationssmärtan ansågs vara naturlig vilket utmynnade i sen diagnostisering. Kvinnorna upplevde att de inte fick tillräckligt med information om sjukdomen eller hur de skulle hantera den. Kvinnorna fick höra att deras problem var ”kvinnoproblem”, de fick känslan av att endometrios inte var en sjukdom av intresse och det ledde till känslor av ensamhet och maktlöshet. Resultatet visade även på några lyckade bemötanden där kvinnorna kände sig bekräftade och betrodda. 

  • Alonso-Fernandez, Fernando
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Farrugia, Reuben A.
    University of Malta, Msida, Malta.
    Bigun, Josef
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Iris Super-Resolution Using Iterative Neighbor Embedding2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Iris recognition research is heading towards enabling more relaxed acquisition conditions. This has effects on the quality and resolution of acquired images, severely affecting the accuracy of recognition systems if not tackled appropriately. In this paper, we evaluate a super-resolution algorithm used to reconstruct iris images based on iterative neighbor embedding of local image patches which tries to represent input low-resolution patches while preserving the geometry of the original high-resolution space. To this end, the geometry of the low- and high-resolution manifolds are jointly considered during the reconstruction process. We validate the system with a database of 1,872 near-infrared iris images, while fusion of two iris comparators has been adopted to improve recognition performance. The presented approach is substantially superior to bilinear/bicubic interpolations at very low resolutions, and it also outperforms a previous PCA-based iris reconstruction approach which only considers the geometry of the low-resolution manifold during the reconstruction process.

  • Gustafsson, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Kartläggning av horisontella kriterier: En förstudie inom Arena grön tillväxt2017Report (Other academic)
  • Breman, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Persson, Kristine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Palliativ vård i hemmet för patienter med hjärtsvikt: ett patientperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Heart failure is a common diagnosis that cannot be cured but onlysymptom relieved and these patients are often in need of home care at the end of life.Quality of life can be improved for patients with heart failure when cared for at homeby the district nurse. Aim The purpose was to describe patients with heart failure's perception of the support they wish for palliative care at home Method The study was conducted as an integrative literature and fourteen articles were analyzed. Results showed that patients expressed the desire for symptom relief at home when the needarose. The sense of security was created by the care team and district nurse by being available and including relatives. In addition, there was a need for continuous information on the disease as well as on care.

  • Alm Nilsson, Carolina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Liljeblad, Lovisa
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Utanförskap och inkludering i svenskundervisning: en kunskapsöversikt om huruvida andraspråkselever kan inkluderas i ordinarie svenskundervisning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I nuläget invandrar många barn och vuxna till Sverige av olika anledningar. Barnen ska bli en del av den svenska skolan och lära sig det svenska språket. I den svenska skolan finns ämnet svenska som andraspråk för de elever som inte har svenska som modersmål. De elever som har svenska som modersmål har däremot undervisning i svenska. Andraspråkseleverna hamnar ofta utanför klassrummet och utanför gemenskapen. Kunskapsöversikten undersöker hur andraspråkselever kan inkluderas i svenskundervisningen, vilka för- och nackdelar och vilka metoder läraren kan använda sig av. De vetenskapliga artiklarna har vi systematiskt sökt i olika databaser. Resultat som kommit fram är att metoder, så som samundervisning, digitala verktyg och grupparbete, som gör att andraspråkselever och modersmålselever får kommunicera kan leda till inkludering. Slutsatsen är att det inte finns några riktlinjer för hur man ska inkludera eleverna utan man får testa sig fram med olika metoder. Fortsatt forskning bör ske kring hur andraspråkselever kan inkluderas i alla ämnen.

  • Nilsson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Woodbridge, Niclas
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    NORMER, IDENTITET OCH BÖCKER: Ämnesintegrering av Svenska och Samhällskunskap2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur lärare, som arbetar i både Svenska och SO, ser på ämnesintegrering mellan Svenska och samhällskunskap samt hur de beskriver hur de genomför sådan i skolan. Den undersöker också hur man kan använda sig av lässtrategier för att förbättra läsförståelsen, det vill säga hur man tolkar text och genom det omvärlden/individen, samt använda skönlitteratur inom arbetsområdet identitet och normer i samhällskunskapen. Undersökningen visar att lärare gärna vill ämnesintegrera men att det ofta blir i andra ämnen

    än samhällskunskap och att de inte använder litteratur i samhällskunskapen då de ser det som mer nödvändigt att använda nyhetstexter. Den visar också på att det är viktigt med lässtrategier som ställer frågor till eleverna för att utveckla deras läsförståelse för ett vidare perspektiv och ge dem förståelse för samhället runt om dem.

  • Hildingsson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Unnestam, Louise
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    ”Du kan ta den gula spaden här om du vill vara med i leken”: En studie om yngre barns sociala samspel och lek i sandlådan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka barns sociala interaktion samt hur pedagoger möjliggör denna interaktion under leken i utomhusmiljön. Studiens forskningsfrågor är följande: vilken betydelse har tillträdet till leken för det sociala samspelet i de yngre barnens lek och hur skapar pedagoger möjlighet för ett socialt samspel mellan de yngre barnen under den fria leken i sandlådan? Denna studie tar inspiration från ett sociokulturellt perspektiv och Lev Vygotskij som är grundare till detta perspektiv. Denna kvalitativa studie närmar sig ett resultat genom utförda videoobservationer och fältanteckningar med fokus i sandlådan med interaktionsanalys som analysmetod. Studien genomfördes på två förskolor under tre tillfällen vardera. Studien resulterade i att de yngre barnen på förskolan samspelade genom att imitera varandra där de utförde liknande handlingar. Genom att barnen utförde liknande handlingar fick leken en gemensam handlingsram vilket visade sig vara av vikt för barnens sociala samspel. Det framkom även att pedagogerna både möjliggjorde och hindrade barnens samspel i leken. Pedagogerna möjliggjorde samspelet mellan barnen genom att stötta dem in i andra barns lek. När pedagogerna blev för delaktiga i barnens lek och styrde lekens handlingsram kunde detta leda till att barnens sociala samspel avbröts. Resultatet visade även på att utifrån hur pedagoger såg möjligheter med artefakterna styrdes barnens lek men även barnens användande av artefakterna i leken medförde att andra barn tog efter och imiterade deras handlingar. 

  • Erlandsson, Fredrik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    We don't need no education: A study on the motivational effects of cultural media in ESOL education2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay poses the question of how the use of cultural media in the ESOL classroom can promote motivation with students. Building on existing theories and research within the field, this study surveys  opinions from students and teachers through interviews and questionnaires, and also includes a case study in the form of a music project conducted with students attending Swedish upper secondary school. The results point to the beneficial aspects of implementing cultural media, but also to a reluctance among teachers to use tools to which they are not accustomed. The study concludes that teacher education needs to be reformed to include a wider variety of cultural material and ways of working with it pedagogically in order to meet student needs.

  • Lundaby, Madeleine
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    L. Lundberg, Louise
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    "Mitt arbete ger mig stress, det ger mig sjukt mycket press men även jättemycket glädje": En kvalitativ studie om mellanchefers arbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, we want to highlight the problems that middle managers face in the company. Middle manager is one of the most significant operators in a company, but also one of those most challenged position. Therefore, we want to increase the understanding of the problems through making a qualitative study using semistructured interviews and making use of the understanding the by using hermeneutic as analytical tools. To explain the empirical study we have used two theories - requirement, control and support model and the concept of KASAM. As a result, it emerged that the meaningfulness of work is an important aspect for the middle manager and are reflected in how the middle manager perceives the work load.

  • Svensson, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Persson, Jessica
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med sväljningssvårigheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swallowing difficulties occur in people of all ages, but is increasingly common in the elderly. Malnourishment and aspiration pneumonia are consequences of swallowing difficulties that lead to increase in ill-health and high costs for society. Swallowing difficulties are not an illness, but a symptom of other diseases. Since malnourishment is common in people with swallowing difficulties nurses should have knowledge of patients with experiences of having swallowing difficulties. The purpose of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of swallowing difficulties. Through the performance of a literature review four themes emerged: Experiences of swallowing difficulties hindering the meal, Experiences of limitations in daily life, Experiences of dealing with everyday life and The joyless meal. The meal was characterized by coughing, feelings of choking and food getting stuck in the throat. Social life and family life alike were limited. Patients handled the situation by avoiding eating with others. Patients no longer experienced joy in eating. Further research on public’s attitude towards swallowing difficulties are of interest. The development of a texture modified menu for restaurants would be helpful for this patient group.

  • Ask, Stephanie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Edberg, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    När sjuksköterskan bär samvetet på sina axlar: En litteraturstudie om samvetsstress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the nurse's work, care is given to patients where emotional strain become visible to the nurse. When the demands become larger than the nurse can manage while he or she is susceptible to other people's feelings, stress of conscience occurs. The aim of the study was to explore stress of conscience in the nurse. The method in this study was a general literature study that included 12 result articles. The result resulted in three themes: contributing factors, health effects and preventive factors. The result demonstrated that an insufficient working environment and bad conscience are factors that generate stress of conscience and that nurses have different tendency to be affected by stress of conscience, depending on their background and their experiences. Stress of conscience can be prevented by getting support from home, support from the organization and from colleagues, but also through the opportunity of reflection. The nurse which are affected by stress of conscience will have consequences that affect his/her private life which eventually can lead to burnout. Present research on stress of conscience is insufficient. Increased knowledge and additional research on the subject is required to lessen this relatively unexplored health problem.

  • Jönsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskeledd patientutbildning förastma och kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom –metoder och effekter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately between 400 000 and 700 000 individuals has been diagnosed with

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in. COPD is diagnosed at an

    asthma- and COPD-reception led by a district nurse with residency in asthma and

    COPD where the patients will receive further care.

    Aim

    : The aim of this study was to describe the district nurse led patient education and

    the effects on patients with asthma- and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Method

    : The method of choice was an integrative literature review. Results: The

    content of the education, education method, the effects of education and the effects of

    education methods were revealed as pervading themes. The content of the education

    is based on general guidelines, but the method of choice is based on the capacity and

    attitude of the patient which determines the effect on the disease. Through the

    implementation of patient education a stable condition can be achieved in the patients

    with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  • Mårtensson, Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Bengtsson, Jonatan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Från BIM-modell till beräkningsprogram: Kompatibilitet mellan Tekla Structures 21 och FEM-Design 15 3D Structures2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Building designing can be made by a powerful tool, BIM-programs. With these programs, you quickly get a view of future design. Elements of the model are intelligent, which means that they are more than just some dashes. These intelligent elements can be analytically studied with programs that make calculations according to finite element methods. This report describes the export of BIM-elements into a calculation program that calculates static using the finite element method. Applications for the method and appropriate project size and complexity is described in the report. The software used in the case studies in the report is the BIM modelling software Tekla Structures 21 and the calculation program FEM-Design 15. To determine if the connection between the chosen applications are possible, two case studies has been made. The case studies have shown that a one-way transfer from Tekla to the FEM-Design is possible and useful. But because the reversal is not possible when the calculations and analysis are completed, the method can't be implemented in an automatized BIM- design.

  • Zingmark, Erika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wiklund, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Förändrad kosthållning genom motiverande samtal: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Unhealthy eating habits are a major problem that causes most diseases in Sweden today. Diet has a major impact on becoming ill and good healthcare is of high importance for av healthier population. Within healthcare Motivational Interviewing is used as a method to increase motivation to make a change. Aim: To describe the patient's experience and change following a MI-based dietary counseling performed by the nurse. Method: General literature study with content analysis. Result: The literature study is based on nine scientific articles that resulted in three main categories with respective subcategories. The result showed that MI counseling can help people change their diet with the help of motivation and support from the nurse, but it also showed barriers to the implementation of a change in diet. The result also took on the physical and cognitive changes that occurred after the MI interview with the nurse. Conclusion: To make a change, motivation is required. Motivation can be positively or negatively affected by various aspects such as the caregiver's implementation of the conversation and the patients own will to change. The result indicated that the patient's change is affected by the quality of the motivational interview.

  • Bennefors, Sandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Bergström, Debbie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Mötet efter suicidförsöket: Sjuksköterskans kunskapsbehov vid bemötande av patienter som försökt begå suicid2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter with suicidal patients can occur in different departments depending ontheir need for somatic health care after suicide attempts. There is a need for broaderinterdisciplinary collaboration and knowledge about the encounter and care ofsuicidal patients as low experience in this area can create a risk of poor understandingand treatment of this patient. The nurses’ ignorance and fear to meet these patientsimpede adequate care. The aim was to highlight what knowledge nurses need to carefor patients in somatic departments who have survived suicide attempts. A literaturereview was used as method and included five qualitative and four quantitative articlesthat resulted in two themes and six categories. The first theme Approach in care ofpatients after attempted suicide had the subcategories: radiate hope and empathy;reflect on ones own attitudes, barriers and professional role; understand theimportance of good communication. The second theme Individualized holistic carefor prevention of further suicide attempts had the subcategories: see the whole person;identify risk factors and stressors; find resources for the will to live. The result can bethe implemented in clinical practice to provide nurses with greater knowledge andunderstanding of treatment, personalized guidance, patient safety and the preventionof further suicide attempts. There is an obvious need for updated guidelines,suggestions for continuing aftercare and further research on how suicidal patientsshould be treated in health care.

  • Samuelsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jason, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Patienters upplevelse av omvårdnaden vid Amyotrofisk lateral skleros2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a generic name for various neurological and incurable diseases characterized by the breakdown of the motor nervous system. Symptoms such as muscle weakness occur gradually and causes respiratory failure and paralysis. Today there is no cure for ALS, but instead are the sight on symptom relief. In order to provide good care to patients with ALS, it is important to increase knowledge and understanding of health care, which can lead to a better quality of life. The purpose of this study was to examine how patients with ALS experience nursing care during illness. The method used was a literature review based on 11 scientific articles. The result appeared in three categories; to be co-creators in their care which involved patients felt that decision making, control and lack of knowledge affected the care. To get individualized care meant to get support, time and good treatment. Patients felt that they become dependent on nursing felt as a burden and powerless. It is important with research that examines how patients with ALS experience care as current research mainly focuses on how patients experience the disease.

  • Liljengren, Viktor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Stenzel, Michael
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att överleva ett trauma: Ett framåtskridande av lidande2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People who survived a trauma are exposed to a threat to their identity, self-esteem and safety. The existential wounds can be hard to detect and the healingprocess complex. A better understanding for the human suffering can help the nurse to support the victims in a professional manner. The aim of this study was to illustrate patients’ experience of having survived a life-threatening trauma. The study was carried out as a literature review with a deductive approach and resulted in nine articles in the review. The articles in the result were categorized according to Rehnsfeldts theory, The progression of suffering. The theory consists of three phases; a darkness in understanding of life – unbearable suffering, turning point – existential caring encounter and alleviation of suffering – bearable suffering. These phases gave a rich description about experiences regarding trauma events. The nurse’s task is to provide each individual victim with appropriate support and relevant information so the victim can highlight their suffering and reach the phase of bearable suffering. The main result of this study is that knowledge about the progression of suffering can contribute to knowledge for nurses that care for trauma victims. 

  • Abdou Mahmoud, Nora
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Persson, Rattana
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Personcentrerad vård vid demens: Ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With an aging population here is also an increase in dementia. World Health Organisation estimates that in 2016, there were 47,5 million people with dementia and the number of incidents doubles every 20 years. The nurse meets people with dementia in different care situations. People with dementia are a particularly vulnerable group with special health care needs that require person-centered care. The aim was to describe personcentred care for dementia from a nurse perspective. A literature study was conducted using articles relevant to the subject,  then eleven qualitative articles responded with the purpose. The result revealed three themes: The need of the time, relations importance and need for knowledge. The results emphasize the personal characteristics of the nurse was important to create a relationship of trust and training in person-centered care was required to create a commitment. The result was imbued by the need for knowledge and relations important that nurses may face in different care situations. In order to care for people with dementia in a person-centered approach, more research on the subject, and more time and training in person-centered dementia care in nursing is needed.

  • Johansson, Karin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Samuelsson, Ida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Människan med stomi och upplevelsen av sexualitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a human is integrated with an ostomy on its body image, sexuality can change. Underlying illness, complications from surgery or the existence of the ostomy can constitute an obstacle for the human to exercise sexuality. The objective of this study was to describe what sexuality is for a human with an ostomy. The literature review was conducted by 10 scientific articles to the result. Five themes compiled: Loss, Anxiety, Mutual openness, New reality and Less different. Challenges for the human with an ostomy might be sexual dysfunctions and intimacy. One concern may be experienced around the leakages and the gas within intimate relationships also not being sexually attractive. The ostomy can be considered an embarrassment, both in appearance and by loss of body function. By not seeing the ostomy as an obstacle, the human can experience a new reality. Through various strategies, can a human with an ostomy, facilitate sexual relationships. Research highlights gaps in information related to sexuality before the surgery. Contemporary nursing models emphasize the importance of assessing the patient’s sexuality. An affected sexuality can occur amongst a human with an ostomy and something that should attend in the nursing process and in further research. 

  • Carlstrand, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Thorén, Annika
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Alzheimers sjukdom: Att vara anhörig2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alzheimer´s disease is growing steadily and is expected to have risen to the double by 2050. When a loved one is affected by Alzheimer´s disease it also changes the lives of the relative. As a nurse, it is very important to be aware of this to be able to give the relative information and the necessary support in the best way. Involving the relative in the care of the loved one´s health is very important to get as optimal care possible. The aim was to highlight the relative`s experience of living with a person with Alzheimers´s disease. The study was conducted as a literature review of ten scientific articles, the articles were reviewed, analyzed and coded. The coding resulted i six different categories. The results show that the relative´s life is turned up side down when a loved one is suffering from Alzheimer´s disease. The need of information about Alzheimer´s diease and support of various health care initiatives throughout the disease process is big. The nurse calls for more tools and more knowledge about Alzheimer´s disease in order to provide optimal care. This was strengthened when the relatives felt ill-prepared to provide care because the lack of knowledge.

  • Hansen, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Orre, Robert
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vuxna individers upplevelse av att leva med stomi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a nurse and other healthcare professionals, it is common to meet individuals living with a stoma. In order to provide good care, it is important to have knowledge and understanding of the individual's experience of living with a stoma. This knowledge is required to adapt the care so that their individual needs are met. The purpose of this study was to elucidate adult individuals' experience of living with a stoma. The method used was a systematic literature review. Systematic searches and critical review of the current research was conducted. The results articles were based on nine qualitative research articles that resulted in four categories: changes in life, the experience of a changed body, stoma psychological impact and Support role. The individuals experienced difficulties in adapting and stoma resulted in a decrease in self-confidence. The choice of clothes had been affected. Subjects experienced uncertainty about the handling of the stoma. Gases and leakage from the stoma aroused feelings of shame. Support and information was important. The study's results show that the experience of living with ostomy needs attention. Further research is needed to find out how healthcare professionals can provide these individuals with as good care as possible according to their individual needs.

  • Nilsson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rosengren, Linda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vårdinformatik utifrån ett patientperspektiv: Teknologin som ett komplement inom omvårdnad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing informatics process and perform informatics throughtechnology. Nursing informatics should be a support in reaching measures in nursing. With a growing population, the need for care increase and an increasing need fornursing informatics arise within nursing. Aim: Highlighting patients´ experienceof nursing informatics within nursing. Method: A literature review of nine scientificarticles was conducted from a systematic search of databases. The scientific articleswere analyzed using hermeneutic analysis. Results: Nine themes emerged; patient- nursing informatics-confirmation, patient- nursing informatics -uncertainty, patient- nursing informatics- availability, patient- nursing informatics- home environment, patient- nursing informatics- person-centered and patient- nursing informatics- independent. Patients experience of nursing informatics is dependent on education,information and treatment. The experience of nursing informatics is dependingon age, illness, training and/or technology. Conclusion: Patients experience is important to highlight in order to develop education, information, service and supportin connection with nursing informatics. Focus on education and information should be added to both patients and nurses. With individualized nursing informatics, thepatient`s quality of life increases.

  • Weiss, Rebekka
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Tied-Up Heads versus Marble Skin: Agatha Christie’s Portrayal of Middle Eastern and African Colonised2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agatha Christie set a number of her popular novels in British colonies in the Middle East, Africa and the Caribbean. While there is a lot of research about the portrayal of the colonised in the Middle East, there is only little to be found on those of Africa and the Caribbean. Therefore, this thesis aims to compare the portrayals of the Middle Eastern, African and Caribbean colonised by analysing Christie's The Man in the Brown SuitMurder in Mesopotamia, Appointment with Deah, and A Caribbean Mystery.

  • Palmstierna, Ann
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johnsson, Terese
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnad av patienter med obstipation: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    About 70 percent of the elderly population is suffering from constipation. Living with constipation is related to discomfort, reduced quality of life and can lead to unpleasant consequences. Constipation is a medical condition that affects the lives of patients and additional knowledge is necessary for caring out nursing interventions that facilitate the patient. The aim of the study was to elucidate nursing interventions to alleviate and prevent constipation in adults and elderly patients. The study was based on 11 scientific articles and was conducted as a literature study. Four themes emerged in the results; "Consulting, exercise, diet and liquid", "Nursing intervention such as massage, acupressure and hot compresses", "Information and documentation of toilet routines” and “Laxative a nursing intervention with advantages and disadvantages”. It was found that with an individual exercise program with proper diet and liquid intake, decreased patient discomfort. Alternative nursing interventions such as massage, acupressure and hot compresses, showed positive improvements. Regular toilet habits are important nursing interventions to prevent constipation. Further results showed that laxatives in conjunction with opioid therapy reduced the risk of developing constipation. Elimination is a vital physiological function which is essential. Further research is needed to prevent and relieve patients with constipation.

  • Lindegren, Matilda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Persson, Josefin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Språkbarriärer i omvårdnaden: Sjuksköterskans perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The globalisation is increasing, with its demographic changes the healthcare is exposed to communication problems in the form of language barriers. These barriers affect the nurse’s ability to perform proper care and their conditions for building relations with the patient. Not least is the security of the patients affected when important information cannot be transferred. The aim of this literary review was to study the nurse’s experience of language barriers while caring for patients who do not speak the official language of the country. Eleven scientific articles where used in this literary review. The nurses explained that they experienced language barriers as a common and frustrating problem which increased the nurses’ stress and workload. The authorized interpreter was described as unavailable but also as a security for the nurses when caring for patients who do not understand the language. An ethical dilemma that occurred was how the children of patients where used as interpreters instead of authorized interpreters. For future research, it is suitable to study the effects of language barriers on patient security as this is a reoccurring problem according to the nurses.

  • Karlsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Frida
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Vi ska vårda sjuka på arbetet, inte bli sjuka av arbetet: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbetsrelaterad ohälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A contributing factor to the large nursing shortage today is deficiencies in the nurses’ work environment. This affects both nursing care and risks nurses’ health. The employer has the obligation to ensure that nurses’ do not suffer from ill-health. Despite this, nurses’ belongs to a profession that had the most number of sick leaves. The aim of the study was to investigate the nurses’ experience of work related illhealth. The study was done as a literature review with a systematic search. The data processing result in three categories which highlights Workload as a contributing factor to illness, Stress as a contributing factor to illness and Organization and the Healthcare system as a contributing factor to illness. The result shows that work environment, organization and the healthcare system puts obstacle for nurses’ to be able to apply a good, evidence and safety patient care. This entails that nurses’ feel insufficient, dissatisfied and suffer from somatic symptoms such as insomnia and anxiety as a result of stress. By obtaining an understanding and knowledge of what contributes to work related ill-health provision could be made to promote nurses’ health which also benefits the patient care. Further research on modifiable factors in the workplace that are not strictly controlled by the organization could facilitate for nurses’ and thereby contribute to development in the nurse profession. 

  • Bengtsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Pettersson, Martin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Musikintervention: Att använda musik för att lindra smärta2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pain in all its dimensions is a state of ill health as well as a problem that affects the entire life-world of the individual. At the same time, music is something that all individuals have a subjective experience of what it means and how the body and mind are affected by its rhythm, harmony and melody. Therefore the study aimed to investigate how music as an intervention was perceived as a relief in pain. A literature study was used as method, where 11 scientific articles of both qualitative and quantitative approach was reviewed. The result was divided by code words and placed under the different pain dimensions. The result demonstrated that the music affected the individual's experience of pain in all of the dimensions. The physiological dimension, which focused on the physiological causes of the pain appeared most strongly influenced by the music intervention. Weakest influence the music had on the socio-cultural dimension, which focused largely on how the pain was manifested in the surroundings of the individual. The results also revealed that the most important thing for music intervention to be perceived as reliving in pain was that the piece of music was sufficiently appreciated by the individual.

  • Amos, Gideon Jojo
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL). University of Education, Winneba, Ghana.
    Multinational Enterprises and Distance: Exploring Opportunities and Challenges involved in Practicing CSR in Host-Countries2017In: Journal of Developing Country Studies, ISSN 2224-607X, E-ISSN 2225-0565, Vol. 7, no 4, 80-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how multinational enterprises (MNEs) should implement corporate social responsibility (CSR) to build external legitimacy, especially in subsidiaries operating in host-countries, where the effects of distance is felt most by MNE foreign subsidiaries. For long, international business (IB) research has analysed the effects of distance on MNEs’ expansion to host-countries, while a parallel strand of work in economic geography investigates the dimensions of proximity and how they influence firms’ knowledge development, especially in the varying host-countries they operate. Despite the noticeable relatedness and complementarities, these two bodies of literature have so far poorly interacted. Moreover, despite increased strategic motivation for corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices, we still lack understanding of the effects of distance on MNEs’ CSR behaviour in host-countries. The present study addresses this limitation by analysing and integrating the extant literature on how MNEs can, through their CSR behaviour in host-countries, cope with and mitigate the effects of distance. It provides perspectives on what may constitute appropriate CSR strategies in varying host-countries’ institutional environments (i.e., what CSR strategies might be appropriate for MNEs to adopt in a more proximate/less distant and less proximate/more distant institutional contexts and their implications for the effects of distance). Based on an analysis of the extant literature, the present study discusses patterns of complementarities across distance and proximity, and draws attention to avenues for future research that, in a more effective way, interact the two strands of literature, thereby setting the ground for empirical testing of a conceptual framework proposed by this study.

  • Public defence: 2017-06-02 13:15 Wigforss, Halmstad
    Savas, Süleyman
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Utilizing Heterogeneity in Manycore Architectures for Streaming Applications2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, we have seen a transition from single-core to manycore in computer architectures due to performance requirements and limitations in power consumption and heat dissipation. The first manycores had homogeneous architectures consisting of a few identical cores. However, the applications, which are executed on these architectures, usually consist of several tasks requiring different hardware resources to be executed efficiently. Therefore, we believe that utilizing heterogeneity in manycores will increase the efficiency of the architectures in terms of performance and power consumption. However, development of heterogeneous architectures is more challenging and the transition from homogeneous to heterogeneous architectures will increase the difficulty of efficient software development due to the increased complexity of the architecture. In order to increase the efficiency of hardware and software development, new hardware design methods and software development tools are required. Additionally, there is a lack of knowledge on the performance of applications when executed on manycore architectures.

    The transition began with a shift from single-core architectures to homogeneous multicore architectures consisting of a few identical cores. It now continues with a shift from homogeneous architectures with identical cores to heterogeneous architectures with different types of cores specialized for different purposes. However, this transition has increased the complexity of architectures and hence the complexity of software development and execution. In order to decrease the complexity of software development, new software tools are required. Additionally, there is a lack of knowledge on what kind of heterogeneous manycore design is most efficient for different applications and what are the performances of these applications when executed on current commercial manycores.

    This thesis studies manycore architectures in order to reveal possible uses of heterogeneity in manycores and facilitate choice of architecture for software and hardware developers. It defines a taxonomy for manycore architectures that is based on the levels of heterogeneity they contain and discusses benefits and drawbacks of these levels. Additionally, it evaluates several applications, a dataflow language (CAL), a source-to-source compilation framework (Cal2Many), and a commercial manycore architecture (Epiphany). The compilation framework takes implementations written in the dataflow language as input and generates code targetting different manycore platforms. Based on these evaluations, the thesis identifies the bottlenecks of the architecture. It finally presents a methodology for developing heterogeneoeus manycore architectures which target specific application domains.

    Our studies show that using different types of cores in manycore architectures has the potential to increase the performance of streaming applications. If we add specialized hardware blocks to a core, the performance easily increases by 15x for the target application while the core size increases by 40-50% which can be optimized further. Other results prove that dataflow languages, together with software development tools, decrease software development efforts significantly (25-50%) while having a small impact (2-17%) on the performance.

  • Savas, Süleyman
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Ul-Abdin, Zain
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Nordström, Tomas
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Designing Domain Specific Heterogeneous Manycore Architectures Based on Building Blocks2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance and power requirements has pushed computer architectures from single core to manycores. These requirements now continue pushing the manycores with identical cores (homogeneous) to manycores with specialized cores (heterogeneous). However designing heterogeneous manycores is a challenging task due to the complexity of the architectures. We propose an approach for designing domain specific heterogeneous manycore architectures based on building blocks. These blocks are defined as the common computations of the applications within a domain. The objective is to generate heterogeneous architectures by integrating many of these blocks to many simple cores and connect the cores with a network-on-chip. The proposed approach aims to ease the design of heterogeneous manycore architectures and facilitate usage of dark silicon concept. As a case study, we develop an accelerator based on several building blocks, integrate it to a RISC core and synthesize on a Xilinx Ultrascale FPGA. The results show that executing a hot-spot of an application on an accelerator based on building blocks increases the performance by 15x, with room for further improvement. The area usage increases as well, however there are potential optimizations to reduce the area usage.

  • Karlén, Nellie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Odelberg, Wiktoria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta med sjukvårdsrådgivning via telefon2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Telenursing is a growing concept within the western society. More nurses are employed by medical care hotlines. It involves estimating medical situations, referring, and giving counseling advice. The purpose of this study was to investigate nurses experiences with executing their profession over the phone. The method was a literature study, with inspiration drawn from content analysis. Two quantitative and nine qualitative studies were discussed and resulted in three categories: Calls and callers, Nursing and profession, Organizational structure and technique. These categories represent the various parts of the working environment and conditions that a telenurse operates within. Despite the physical distance to the caller, the telenurses still felt they were nursing, using their voices and communication. Lack of visual impressions can be a cause of obstruction for telenurses in judging the callers condition, but also in an ethical sense since the nurse could never be confident in the callers identity. The result of this study identifies a need for further education as a preparation to becoming a telenurse.Research is needed regarding the usage of computerized decision aid, to make adequatejudgements and thus giving the correct referrals. Communications is the key tool fortelenursing, and further education that focuses on improving this should be given to employees within the field. 

  • Hallmer, Filip
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kyrk, Pierre
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Smärta inom äldrevården: En litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pain is a common problem in the elderly population, which is handled differently by nurses. There are some difficulties related to aging and drugs, including altered physiology. The elderly may have beliefs that pain is naturally occurring withage. The nurse's role is to provide adequate care and thus pain treatment. Aim: To elucidate the nurses’ experience of pain in the elderly care. Method: General literature review using content analysis. Nine articles were included in the result. Results: The literature review revealed two main themes and eight sub themes which show that there are different reasons for why the pain treatment is lacking, such as a fear of over-medicating or difficulties interpreting the painful expressions because of ambiguous body language. The nurses considered that they did not possess sufficient knowledge to perform adequate pain assessment and pain management. Conclusion: There is need for more targeted training for nurses, both at work and during the nursing education. To provide an adequate pain management the nurses need to relate to the person-centered and evidence-based nursing.

  • Dahlgren, Annika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Malmsten, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Att leva i sus och brus: - om upplevelsen av att leva med tinnitus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tinnitus is a symptom that makes people experience sound in the ears occurring without a known source. Although tinnitus is common and several million people are affected worldwide, tinnitus is rarely acknowledged as a problem. The lack of knowledge leads to people not getting the help that is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of living with tinnitus. In the literature study a systematic database search was conducted with keywords relevant to the purpose. The literature study was based on nine scientific articles, which were evaluated for quality and analyzed. The results are presented in two categories and seven subcategories which were Vulnerability: Reactions, Limitations, Lack of understanding, as well as Insomnia and Manageability: Acceptance, Strategies and Revaluation. The experience of living with tinnitus was individual and could affect the person's life in different ways. Tinnitus could contribute to great suffering and impaired quality of life for the sufferer. Further research could lead to a broader knowledge in health care which can lead to tinnitus being recognized as a problem. If nurses have an increased awareness of tinnitus and its impact, it could mean a better care for people suffering from tinnitus. 

  • Fingren, Nathalie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Christensen, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad av könsstympade kvinnor i västerländsk sjukvård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a custom that is performed for traditional, cultural or religious reasons. The increase of immigration to the western world has caused that nursing staff will meet and care for females that have undergone FGM. Lack of knowledge and practical skills amongst the hospital personnel treating the patients may lead to implications for the caring procedures. Purpose: To highlight genitally mutilated women’s experiences of cultural factors in nursing care. Method: A literature study with a directed content analysis. A literature research was performed in health scientific databases. Results: The findings from eleven scientific articles were placed in the predetermined categories which were: experiences of religious and cultural beliefs, experiences of language and communication, experiences of technology, experiences of education, experiences of kinship and social ties and experience of politics. Conclusion: The meeting between genitally mutilated women and western healthcare is often characterized by communication problems and cultural differences. Nurses’ lack of knowledge in caring for women with FGM causes the women to feel insecure, badly threated and may cause unnecessary suffering. Future research should focus on how these women wants to be cared for which can be of benefit to all active nurses. 

  • Arnell, Erika
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Höjskeld, Lena
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Diagnosen få känner till: Erfarenheter av Myalgisk encefalomyelit/kroniskt trötthetssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex disease of unknown etiology. Although ME/CFS is not visible on the outside, it leads to disability in varying degrees. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the disease, which often leads to a delayed or incorrect diagnosis. ME/CFS represents an ethical challenge for research, society and especially for healthcare professionals since no evidence-based nursing or treatment are available. The aim was to investigate people’s experiences with ME/CFS. Three categories emerged in the data analysis: meeting with the health care, impact on daily life and adaption to the new life situation. The result shows experiences of people with ME/CFS and how they feel they are treated by the healthcare system and the lack of knowledge that exists. It appears that the disease affects identity, relationships and abilities in physical activity. The result also shows how life changes and what strategies are required to manage everyday life when the conditions in life change. To meet the nursing needs of people with ME/CFS, more research on the subject, as well as education for healthcare professionals, are necessary.

  • Johansson, Jörgen
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    Severinsson, Ronny
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Årsrapport 2016: Kommunstyrelsens arbetsgrupper och de politiska beredningarna i Ängelholms kommun2017Report (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Jannica
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Environmental Science.
    Traditionell köttproduktion och produktion av insekter: En jämförelse av miljöpåverkan och näringsinnehåll i kött från traditionell boskap respektive insekter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The production of meat is a resource consuming process that affects the environment considerably and the demand for meat is expected to increase as the population grows. A large part of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions come from the livestock sector  which uses a third of the earth's surface. Insects emit fewer greenhouse gases than traditional livestock, and also uses less resources, such as land and feed.

    Entomophagy, consumption of insects, has long been part of the human diet and are still eaten on all continents. But modern people in Western countries find it difficult to accept insects as food, as their mental barriers prevent them from doing so.

    Insects are a newly discovered alternative protein source that is positive for the environment, nutrition, economy and biodiversity. However, there are currently many uncertainties about insects, they may be toxic or allergenic, and these risks must be evaluated before they can be classed as food insects. Researchers suggest that insects begin reared commercial to ensure access without pose a risk to consumers or damaging the environment.

  • Olsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Walliander, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Fysisk aktivitet vid depressiva tillstånd hos kvinnor: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a disease that can affect anyone. Approximately 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression, and it is twice as common for women to suffer. Science shows that physical activity has a moderate to high antidepressant effect on depression symptoms. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the importance of physical activity among women with depressive disorders. The method was a public literature review of systematic searches in the three databases. The result is based on 12 scientific articles and shows that physical activity has a positive impact and reduces depressive symptoms in women. Physical activity along with others and the feeling of support is important to increase women´s motivation to exercise. It is important to implement physical activity in the nursing care for depression instead of mostly treat with medications. For this to be possible to implement on a practical level in the health care, the nurse need an extended knowledge about physical activity and its effect in depression.

  • Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Delaktighet för barn och unga i hälso- och sjukvård: En realitet eller ett omöjligt uppdrag2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Att söka förlossningsvård i tidigt förlossningsskede2008In: Forskningskonferens: Konferens med fokus på forskning inom omvårdnad/vård, folkhälsovetenskap, handikapp, socialt arbete och idrottspsykologi, 2008, 16-16 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Carlsson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Länssjukhuset i Halmstad, Halmstad, Sverige.
    Hallberg, Lillemor
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
    Odberg-Pettersson, Karen
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Kvinnor som söker vård i tidigt förlossningsskede och deras upplevelse av latensfasen2007In: Reproduktiv Hälsa, Stockholm: Svenska Barnmorskeförbundet , 2007, 21-21 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Fetahovic, Armin
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Development of an innovative project handling website2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Större företag finner det ofta svårt att sprida information om innovation och innovativa projekt. Projektet ska underlätta för företag att föra vidare och sammla in information om innovation och innovativa projekt. Detta uppnås genom utveckling av en webbsajt som kan hantera projekt. Webbsajtens funktionalitet är likt en aktiemarknad där alla användare(de anställda på företaget) kan investera i projekt som de tror har hög innovationspotential. Med hjälp av eget konstruerade algorithmer så kommer detta bli möjligt. Analyser och uträkningar utförs samt deras resultat redovisas på webbsidan. Det är en krav att varje användare registrerar sig först innan de får tillgång till webbsidan.

    Databasen är gjord i mySQL. Utvecklingen av algoritmen och serversidan är programmerad i PHP och SQL. Clientsidan är programmerad i HTML, CSS och JavaScrip. 

  • Jackson, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "The Sibyl was safe in her jar, no one could touch her, she wanted to die": Possessing Culture and Passion in A.S. Byatt's Possession2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to discuss the power narration has over our gender roles. John Fiske and Pierre Bourdieu´s theoretical texts have been used to discuss the connection between power and culture in A.S. Byatt’s novel Possession: A Romance. Possession demonstrates how male academics take part in shaping knowledge about the past and the present from their perspective. Byatt uses allusions to myth and folktales to emphasise both the romance theme of the novel and how the past has formed us and continues to affect us in our relationships and social roles. The novel reveals how women are trapped by cultural myths about women’s roles in society. The female characters’ fates demonstrate the complexity of heterosexual relationships for independent women in a society where women are supposed to be taken care of by men. The roles imposed on women in romance stories in particular can be seen as a reductionist patriarchal view of women. Byatt emphasizes how women who at varying levels do not collaborate with men are punished for their chosen lifestyles and how some, like homosexual women, have been removed or have chosen to remove themselves from society in different ways. Byatt attempts to demythologize social myths concerning women and men by rewriting traditional myths and fairy tales. Still, Possession does not ultimately challenge the importance of the heterosexual relationship or the male and female characters’ gender roles.

  • Ingelhag, Anders
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Samarbete mellan tekniklärare vid framtagning av undervisningsmaterial2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingången till detta arbete är att författaren upplever framtagning av material att använda iundervisningen som en mycket tidkrävande process. För lärare som börjar undervisa i en ny kurs blirdetta extra tydligt när allt material ska tas fram. Med material menas planeringar, lektionsinnehåll,instuderingsuppgifter och bedömningsmaterial. Författaren har förförståelsen att lärare skulle vinnapå att samarbeta och dela material mellan sig.I arbetet undersöks, genom en enkätundersökning, hur gymnasielärare i teknik gör när de tar frammaterial till en ny kurs eller utvecklar materialet till en kurs. Vidare undersöks vilka eventuella hinderdet finns för samarbete och vilket material lärare helst vill få tillgång till från kollegor.Resultatet visar att den absoluta majoriteten av lärarna i den undersökta gruppen inte ser någrahinder att dela sitt material. Gymnasielärarna i teknik delar med sig. Det kan dock finnas praktiskahinder för om att läraren är ensam på sin skola att undervisa i ämnet, finns det ingen att samarbetamed. Eller att det inte finns någon gemensam lättanvänd Community, en mötesplats på internet, attdela på. I arbetet förs också en diskussion kring möjligheter med digitalisering av material.

  • Hazotte, Chloé
    et al.
    Roy, Manon
    Portrayals of men in advertising2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • LAVAL, Maeva
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    NOIRAUT, Alexian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Perception of consumers regarding the use of data in the sharing economy2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Title Perception of consumers regarding the use of data in the sharing economy. Authors Laval Maeva & Noiraut Alexian Level Bachelor thesis, 15 ECTS credit Supervisor Venilton Reinert Examiner Hélène Laurell Keywords sharing economy, Y generation, consumers’ perception, and data Background As link between consumption of collaborative economy and perception of data had not yet been investigated; a more indepth analysis of consumer perception of data use by companies is needed. Purpose The purpose of this study is to understand the consumers’ perception about the use of their data by companies of the sharing economy. The goal is to see if they are aware of this phenomenon and if it would modify their behavior regarding the use of these online platforms. Research Question How does the generation Y perceive the fact that companies use their data in Sharing Economy businesses? Method A quantitative, qualitative research has been done for this study to understand generation Y's perception of the sharing economy regarding the use of data by companies. With this research, we focused on a survey but also on four focus groups composed of five persons: French students aged from 18 to 25 years old who travel often for both studies and leisure. We took people from different social backgrounds and have chosen different studies. We emphasize this research with previous theories about the consumer behavior with the buyer decision process in the sharing economy, the selfperception and the price-perception. Theoretical framework: Theories regarding perception on several aspects, from the individual values, to benefit going through price have been included as a basis of discussion in order to analyze our empirical findings. Findings and conclusion Through our research study, we have seen that the Y generation uses the sharing economy essentially for the economy benefit and the time saved but also for its social character and its environmental aspect. Data protection is a really concerning matter for Y generation but they don’t do much about it. Internet use is essential for young people so they accept, when they are aware, to give their data against the free usage of the platform. In addition, we have noticed that the main marketing application of data collection, customized advertising, are misconducted by companies and doesn’t reach users. Despite the awareness of users regarding the protection of data, this generation thinks that collaborative platforms are not so intrusive in their privacy regarding personal information request.

  • Särnblad, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svensson, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Orsaker till otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Insufficiently activity has become a major public health problem throughout the world. Many people are insufficiently active and the more sedentary individuals are, the higher risk that they will suffer from a disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of an inadequate physical activity among people aged 40-75 years. The study was conducted as an integrative literature review that handles both qualitative and quantitative research. The results are based on twelve articles and presented under five themes: behavioral factors, competing demands, perceived barriers, situational aspects and personal factors. Attitudes towards physical activity are based on people's upbringing and past experiences. Many lack knowledge about the positive effects of physical activity and, when coupled with a lack of encouragement and support, there is a risk that people will be insufficiently active. One of the primary reasons for insufficient activity was lack of time which was otherwise devoted to family and work. People who have experienced health benefits and receive support have an easier time implementing a healthy change in their level of physical activity. This support can take the form of health talks which foster a sense of security for the person and increase the likelihood that a positive change is implemented. To motivate improved health, it is important that district nurses have a good background  knowledge as to the common reasons why people are insufficiently active. 

  • Engman, Gustav
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skoglund, Daniel
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Nyanlända elever i ordinarie klass: en studie av hur lärare påverkas i sin undervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska skolan har under de senaste åren tagit emot ett ökat antal nyanlända elever, det vill säga barn och ungdomar som nyligen invandrat till Sverige. Detta har inneburit nya förutsättningar för många av landets skolor och lärare.

    Vi har i vår studie undersökt några lärares syn på de utmaningar som uppstår med nyanlända elever i klassrummen och hur dessa hanteras. Datainsamlingen har gjorts genom intervjuer med lärarna vilka sedan analyserats genom en fenomenografisk metod.

    Resultatet har visat en varierande syn bland de intervjuade lärarna där vissa inte ansett sig behövt anpassa sin undervisning medan andra sett större behov av detta. Vilka anpassningar som gjorts har bland annat varit beroende av ämnet läraren undervisar i och tillgängliga resurser.