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  • Hallgren, Nathalie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hedman, Emelie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Bostadsbolags hyressättning och investeringsbenägenhet i nyproducerade hyreslägenheter: hur införandet av presumtionshyra har förändrat bostadsbolag verksamma inom Halland.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Real estate companies´ rent setting and investment propensity in new construction of

    rental apartments –how the introduction of presumption rent has changed real estate

    companies operating within Halland.

    Problem background: The housing shortage has for a long time been a commonly known

    problem in Sweden and the greatest shortage consists of in particular rental apartments. Even

    though the shortage is a fact, today´s new construction is not enough to compensate for the

    many years of housing shortage in combination with the increasing population. Above all, the

    shortage is attributable to the lack of investment propensity in new construction of rental

    apartments, due to the fact that rental regulations limit its profitability. The limited

    profitability in new construction of rental apartments and the problems surrounding its rent

    setting was discussed as early as the time around World War II. Although the rent system and

    its regulations have changed significantly over the years, both the shortage and the problems

    surrounding new construction of rental apartments remain. Since real estate companies

    require probability to invest the government saw the need to reform the rent system. In 2006

    they introduced a possibility to abandon the current rent regulations, called the presumption

    rent. The purpose was to stimulate investment in new construction of rental apartments by

    allowing a higher rent during the first 15 years, and thereby increase its profitability.

    Purpose: The purpose of the essay is to explain how presumption rent has changed the rent

    setting and investment propensity in new construction of rental apartments in real estate

    companies operating within Halland. In order to fulfill the purpose, we will describe how the

    rent setting is done and how real estate companies make an investment decision.

    Research problem: How has presumption rent changed real estate companies´ rent setting

    and investment propensity in new construction of rental apartments?

    Method: The essay is of both deductive and inductive nature since previous research formed

    the core for gathering the empirical data and then was adjusted after completed interviews. As

    previous research within the subject was limited, we chose to conduct a qualitative survey

    through personal interviews with respondents from Halmstad Fastighets AB, Eksta Bostads

    AB, Fastighetsstaden i Halmstad AB and Trollängen Bostad AB. Since the essay was based

    on interviews with four real estate companies operating within Halland the intention was not

    to allow generalization.

    Findings: The result shows that real estate companies independent size and ownership for

    most part base their investment decisions on profitability, but also include preferences, values

    and intuition in their decision making. The result also shows that presumption rent has

    increased and that the greatest interest is found in large private real estate companies. The real

    estate companies that use presumption rent today agree that the rent system stimulates

    investment propensity in new construction of rental apartments, while other real estate

    companies claim that they have the same investment propensity since they reach equally high

    rent levels.

    Keywords: rent setting, presumption rent, new construction, rental apartments, investment

    propensity, investment decision.

  • Laihonen, Per
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Johansson, Robin
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ungas attityd till att spara i aktier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Saving has always been important. One reason may be for example in order to be able to have a stable standard of living according to the course of life. In today's society there are many different forms of savings. A savings product that is a bit risky but which can give good expected return is equities.

    From an economic perspective, it is good to invest in shares, which, for example, the state benefits from tax revenues and for businesses to attract money. Moreover, macro policies have made it easier for individuals to trade in shares as the investment savings account was introduced at the turn of 2011/2012. In addition, there are incentives from state to save in shares because the government-lending rate today is historically low.

    Previous research has examined various factors that affect stock market investments. However, they had only one to two factors in each study. Our paper aims to examine the young Swedes' attitudes to saving in shares, aged 17-30 years. Unlike previous research, we want to see how the attitude varies by several factors. The factors are gender, age, risk, income, education, knowledge and marital status.

    To implement this, a quantitative study was done by a questionnaire survey where responses were retrieved from 240 respondents aged 17-30 years. The material of the questionnaire were analyzed and compared with previous studies.

    The study showed that men have a more positive attitude to saving in shares. In addition, it was noted that age has a direct connection with the attitude you have to invest in shares. 17-18 year olds saves at least in shares, more than half of 19-28 year old individuals saves in shares and 29-30 year old individuals saves most in shares. It was also found that the older you are, the more risk you are willing to take. Another conclusion was that those with an income of SEK 20,000 or more a month tend to have a more positive attitude to save in shares than those with an income of less than 20,000 SEK per month. A related factor concerning education was also confirmed. A larger proportion of college students tend to have a better attitude to saving in shares than those with high school education. Through the study it was also possible to note that the higher the knowledge you have to save in shares, the better the attitude you have to the savings form. According to the study it was also found that single men are saving more in shares than single women. In addition, the study showed that even married men save a little more in shares than married women.

  • Marmander, Alida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Solman, Linnéa Solman
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Byggherrens resursförbrukning under exploateringsprocessens tidiga skede: relaterat till kommunens sätt att tilldela mark2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: How municipal land allocation affect developers resource consumption during the early stage of the exploitation process?

    Background: To increase construction of housing in Sweden’s growing cities and metropolitan areas requires increased access to construction appropriate land. In addition to private actors, parts of land are owned by the local municipalities. Municipalities have differing prerequisites and use different methods to allocate land. Studies concerning municipal land allocation give an indication of a complicated process. For example, property and land developers experience the early stage of the exploitation process, that can be equivalent to a business’s product research and development stage, as extensively resource consuming.

    Purpose: The purpose is to explain how municipal land allocation affects property and land developers resource consumption, focusing on the early stage of the exploitation process. In addition, we will understand how the builders and constructors experience the municipal land allocation.

    Methodology: To achieve the purpose, a qualitative study has been conducted through four personal interviews. The respondents are employed at different construction companies and have positions within the business and project development. Theoretical frame of reference is based on literature, industry publications and scientific articles, which together with empirical interviews could result in analysis and conclusion.

    Conclusion: The study shows that the municipal requirements have big impacts on developers’ resources consumption during the early stage of the exploitation process. There is no clear connection between practised land allocation method and resource consumption during the same stage. The developers emphasize that prequalification to competitors and standardized house models are working methods that can reduce resource consumption and provide more efficient processes. Progressing through the prequalification reduces the competition and the developers receive incentives to invest more resources on the project. Standardized housing models saves on resources mainly through less extensive architectural work. In addition, greater predictability and safer calculations are obtained.

    Keywords: Resource consumption, project, product development, allocation of land andearly stage of exploitation process.

  • Sandberg, Fanny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Aronsson, Patricia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Irritation vs Relevance: Presenting the Advertisement Scale: A study about the affecting variables on the Millennials’ perception regarding marketing methods online2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jaramillo, Rene
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Demokrati under planprocessen: En kvalitativ fallstudie av Sodra infarten i Halmstads kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Demokrati är en självklarhet i vårt samhälle. Men det är inget vi kan ta för givet. Demokrati är en ständigt pågående process och det är vårt gemensamma ansvar som medborgare att utveckla och förstärka vår demokrati. Statsvetenskapen har genom åren utvecklat olika modeller och teorier kring hur demokratin bäst kan förverkligas. I denna uppsats har jag valt att titta närmare på deltagardemokrati och deliberativ demokrati.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att utifrån teorier om deltagardemokrati och deliberativ demokrati analysera hur Halmstads kommun har arbetat med medborgarnas delaktighet i planprocessen gällande Södra infarten.

    Genom en kvalitativ fallstudie har jag studerat hur Halmstads kommun med fokus på projektet Södra infarten, arbetat med medborgarnas delaktighet i processen. Planprocessen styrs av Plan och bygglagen, som ställer krav på medborgarnas möjlighet till delaktighet i beslutsprocessen, och därmed finns det goda möjligheter att studera projektet Södra infarten utifrån ett demokratiperspektiv.

    Uppsatsen bygger främst på kvalitativa intervjuer med politiker och tjänstemän i Halmstads kommun som alla varit inblandade i beslutsprocessen på olika sätt, men även på offentliga styrdokument. Slutsatsen jag kommit fram till är att kommunen i viss mån saknat tydliga mål gällande demokratiarbetet i Södra Infarten. Medborgarna har inbjudits till att delta i planprocessen, men har inte gjort det i den utsträckning kommunen hade önskat.

    Med denna uppsats hoppas jag ge ökad insikt om betydelsen av att arbeta med demokratifrågor, samt inspirera till fortsatta statsvetenskapliga studier i ett relativt outforskat ämne - demokrati och delaktighet i planprocessen. 

  • Berglund, Hanna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Stereotypes of British Accents in Movies: A Speech Analysis of Character Types in Movies with British Accents2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the use of linguistic stereotypes in three different movies with British accents, namely Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and Narnia: The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe, with a main focus on phonology. It investigates whether attitudes towards British accents found in studies about ideological beliefs about accent variation are reflected in the selected movies and discusses the notion of linguistic identity. The essay analyses how studies of perceived prestige and attractiveness of accents correlates to the character types males, females, main heroes, villains, comic relief and mentors in the selected movies. The essay finds a correlation between Received Pronunciation and every character type. It also finds that accents rated high on the discussed lists most often correlate to the character types mentor, villain and hero, while accents lower down on the list correlates with the character types comic relief and villains. The use of accents in these movies is probably intentional and not coincidental.

  • Carlsson, Nils
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    English and Culture: Learning About Us and Them: A Study About Teachers' Conceptions and Teaching of Culture in the English Classroom2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, four teachers of English as a foreign language were interviewed about their conceptions of culture and language. The purpose was to investigate what they consider important to teach their students about culture and how they attempt to achieve this in practice. Furthermore, it was discussed whether the teaching of culture can be improved. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, using theory about culture taught from either a product perspective, as observable behaviors, facts and information, or from a process perspective, as values, attitudes and empathy with otherness. The results showed that the teachers generally aimed to teach culture from a process perspective, promoting empathy, deconstructing stereotypes and teaching about the students’ own culture as well as cultural features in other parts of the world. They also listed some methods of achieving this aim. However, many of the teaching methods were more centered around facts and information, particularly about national cultures. This suggested an approach more focused on culture as a product, which may be detrimental to the voiced goals of teaching culture as a process. 

  • Arifaj, Qendrese
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Grundström, Maria
    Halmstad University.
    Betydelsen av mjuk massage i omvårdnaden: ur mottagarens perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the daily care of the patient, touch is used as an intervention. Therefore, the touch becomes a central part for both the patient and the nurse. In case of illness, the need of touch may increase, and the nurse's touch becomes more important. When soft massage is a complement, it can satisfy this need. Soft massage is a collective term for different but similar techniques, among other tactile massage, tactile stimulation, soft tissue massage and touch massage. The aim of the study was to find out the importance of soft massage in nursing from the recipient's perspective. A general literature study was made based on nine scientific articles. The analysis of the articles emerged two categories and seven subcategories that were: Safety: The importance of the massage therapist, feelings of being seen, and feeling togetherness. Rest: The importance of the surroundings, Experience the body as a whole, To experience relief from suffering, as well as to experience bodily energy. The result showed that several factors influenced the experience of the soft massage and helped in different situations. With further research, based on the recipient's perspective, it can lead to increased understanding and increased interest in how the soft massage can be used in the best possible way in the daily care.

  • van Es, Jennifer
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Viebke, Ninni
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Kompetensförsörjning: Att behålla medarbetare när fler byter jobb allt oftare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s Labor market we can see a trend that more and more individuals change jobs moreoften, an unexplained subject in the field of skills supply. The trend places greater demandson organizations to attract, develop and retain their staff. This paper aims to investigate howthis trend can affect organizations work with skills supply and to find out which factorsorganizations are focusing on to keep their staff.This qualitative study that includes eight small and mediumsized organizations from differentindustries shows that some organizations adapt to the trend while others do not. Somemanagers say that the trend is a alternation, something that you are always supposed to beprepared for. Others say that you loose focus on the actual work if you lay your focus on thetrend and how you risk losing your employees. Another part believes that the trend issignificant and that it is important to take into account. The trend has been shown to influenceseveral industries, and many managers choose to focus more on retaining and developing theirstaff today than before. The study also shows that other factors than wages, such asdevelopment and well-being, tend to be more important in today's labor market.

  • Hägglund, Jonathan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Möller, Oscar
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Conceptual Designs of Weight Optimized Wheel2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Escenda Engineering AB is a Gothenburg located engineering consultancy company. They mainly work towards the automotive industry and are a supplier for Polestar Performance AB, which develops high-performance Volvo cars. This thesis is based on an older Bachelor Thesis where a topology optimized, or weight-optimized, wheel was developed for Polestar Performance’s Volvo S60 and V60. The main goal with this thesis is to further develop the obtained results from this wheel. The work-methods that has been chosen for this thesis is the early parts of Fredy Olsson and parts of the design method that is presented by SVID (Stiftelsen Svensk Industridesign, The foundation of Swedish industry design). In this thesis, great importance has been given to research regarding the different manufacturing methods on which the authors believe could be relevant if a wheel of this kind would be manufactured. The thesis will also give an account for various conceptual designs followed by a final conceptual design and end with a critical review regarding the whole project.

  • Lundkrantz, Emelie
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Malmström, Louise
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ansträngning och belöning: De anställdas upplevelse av utfört arbete och mottagen belöning inom detaljhandel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to gain knowledge about the relationship between employee efforts and different reward areas. Further aim of the study was also to test hypotheses about the employee's experience at work in relation to factors such as gender, age and form of employment. The study was carried out with the support of Johannes Siegrist's effort- and reward model (1996). The study has been quantitative, with 119 employees within the organization answered questionnaires. The questionnaires used was developed by Siegrist (1996). The result showed that the majority of employees experience the effort at work as high and the various reward areas as high. The most rewarding reward for the result was the social reward. With the help of the study, we could conclude that a connection exists between the experienced efforts and some of the received reward within the organization.

  • Westergren, Richard
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Så påverkar en travbana och dess största evenemang den regionala utvecklingen.: Exemplet Halmstadtravet och Sprintermästaren.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Rickard, Hoff
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Besfort, Berisha
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    BWave PowerAmp2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is about developing a complete amplifier that can integrate with three differentclass-D amplifier modules. With the thought so that the product can later be sold on themarket.Where the use of the product can be used for either home or cinema audio systems.We have designed and reused existing schematic solutions and the company has assisted indeveloping some of the schematics. The result of this report is the development and design ofcircuit boards with EMC guidelines.

  • Rangbo, Sebastian
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Sulonen, Jarmo
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Fastighetsbolags uppfattning om hur värdet av deras kommersiella fastigheter påverkas av infrastrukturförändringar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Eriksson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Nilsson, Sandra
    Hur ett fastighetsbolag kan beskriva värdet av investeringar i socialt utsatta områden: En kandidatuppsats med fördjupning i bostadsområdena Andersberg och Falkagård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • van Huizen, Elina
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Olsson, Sara
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hybridisering i statligt ägda bolag: En fallstudie av Lernia AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan bolagiseringen av statliga affärsverk och myndigheter har staten börjat äga aktiebolag. Dessa bolag har två styrlogiker, affärsmässighet och demokrati, vilket innebär att de både har ett vinstintresse och ett samhällsintresse. Bolag som har båda dessa egenskaper kallas för hybridorganisationer. På grund av dessa intressen, som anses vara motstridiga, blir en hybridorganisation komplex (Thomasson, 2013). Denna studie studerar således hur hybridisering kan uppfattas i statligt ägda bolag med fokus på bolagets mål och identitet. Studien består av en fallstudie av Lernia AB, ett statligt ägt bolag som är verksamma inom bemanningsbranschen. Till grund för studien ligger material kring hybridisering och statligt ägda bolag men också ekonomistyrning och målstyrning, vilket beskrivs i den teoretiska referensramen i kapitel tre samt kapitel fyra. Primärdata, som presenteras i studiens femte kapitel, samlades in genom intervjuer med fyra av Lernias medarbetare. Dessa har någon form av ansvar och arbetar på olika nivåer i företaget. I sjätte kapitlet analyseras den teoretiska referensramen tillsammans med empirin. Resultaten från studien, som presenteras i studiens sjunde kapitel, visar på att målen i hybridiserade statligt ägda bolag, präglas av ett samhällsintresse och ett vinstintresse, där det även finns en balans dem emellan. Således styrs bolaget av båda styrlogikerna, vilket kännetecknar hybridorganisationer. Däremot präglas företagets identitet av ett stort samhällsintresse, vilket styr företaget och dess medarbetare i sättet av vara och agera. Denna studie visar också på att vilket mål som de anställda tycker är viktigast varierar utifrån vilken kunskap, position och egenskaper de har, vilket tydligt visar på att organisationen är hybridiserad. 

  • Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Tengnäs, Alexander
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Implementering av affärssystem - Påverkan på ekonomistyrning inom SMF2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nord, Jasna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Lärarrollen - En spegling av samhällets förändringar?: En studie om lärares syn på lärarrollen och hur denna har påverkats av samhället runt omkring.2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärarens roll har under århundraden förändrats i takt med samhällsutveckling, politik och värderingar. Bara under 1900-talet så har lärarens roll både i klassrummet men även som yrkesroll förändrats, vilket har skapat läraryrket som vi har idag. Men hur har rollen ändrats? Hur ser lärare på sin roll i klassrummet och utanför? Vad kan jag själv förvänta mig som nyexaminerad lärare i framtiden?

    Syftet med denna studie är att få en bild av hur lärare ser och förhåller sig till sin roll som just lärare och hur deras uppfattning är gentemot den generella som finns historiskt nertecknat. Syftet med studien är att få en bild av hur lärare ser och förhåller sig till sin roll som just lärare och hur deras uppfattning är gentemot den generella som finns historiskt nertecknat.

  • Karlsson, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Ljunggren, Michelle
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Rekryteringsprocess och kompetens i offentlig verksamhet: En kvalitativ studie om rekryteringsprocessen och den upplevda kompetensen hos chefer med rekryteringsansvar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations face the challenges of recruiting and providing opportunities for competence development. The person who performs recruitment has a central role and must have the right competence to be able to work professionally.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the recruitment process in public sector and how managers with recruitment responsibilities experience their own competence in work with recruitment. The questions answered are: How do managers with recruitment responsibilities in public sector describe work with recruitment? What competence do managers with recruitment responsibilities experience as required and demanded in the performance of recruitment? Do managers with recruitment responsibilities in public sector experience competence in work with recruitment?

    Through a qualitative study, semi-structured interviews have been conducted with managers who hold recruitment responsibilities in public sector. The result shows that managers with recruitment responsibilities apply a common recruitment process with different steps. They describe the work with recruitment in a similar way. They experience that the work with recruitment require and demand formal and actual competence and certain personal characteristics. Managers with recruitment responsibilities experience competencies in work with recruitment, but suggest that there are development opportunities.

  • Gustafson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Haby, Annie
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Belöningssystem för sjuksköterskor: - En studie på Hallands sjukhus Halmstad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Organisationer kan använda sig av belöningssystem i många olika syften, men i botten används det för att styra de anställdas beteenden. Det finns ingen optimal utformning av belöningssystem som passar alla organisationer därför är det viktigt att det situationsanpassas efter organisationen och människorna i den. I vården finns de olika yrkesgrupper varav sjuksköterskor är en av dem. Sjuksköterskor är en profession, vilket innebär att de har blivit skolade att agera självständigt och ta egna beslut. Samtidigt arbetar de tätt ihop med andra för att hjälpa patienterna. Belöningssystem inom vården bör således anpassas efter dessa förhållanden. Enligt Merchant och Van der Stede (2012) är belöningssystemen inom vården dock inte anpassade efter den typ av personal de attraherar. Vidare indikerar en studie från 2009 på att sjuksköterskor anser att belöningarna inte väger upp för den ansträngning de lägger ner. Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur sjuksköterskor uppfattar belöningar och förstå hur belöningar används i styrningen av den operativa verksamheten på ett offentligt sjukhus. I arbetet har en kvalitativ metod använts för att få en djupare förståelse för belöningssystem inom vården. Besöksintervjuer har gjorts med både sjuksköterskor och avdelningschefer. Detta för att nå både mottagarna av belöningarna samt de som använder sig av dem på den operativa nivån. Genom problemformuleringen “Hur uppfattar sjuksköterskor belöningar och hur används belöningar i styrningen av den operativa verksamheten på ett offentligt sjukhus?” har det i studien framkommit att de belöningar som sjuksköterskor uppfattar som belöningar är belöningar som är tydliga och påverkbara. Vidare framkom det att sjuksköterskor drivs av en etik att hjälpa människor. Studien indikerar att sjuksköterskor har en inre motivation och framförallt blir belönade av inre belöningar såsom självförverkligande och självkänsla. Vad gäller styrningen av den operativa verksamheten på ett offentligt sjukhus framkom det att belöningar används i syfte att informera, täcka arbetspass samt behålla personal. Slutligen visar studien att sjukvården, i sin styrning med belöningar, tar hänsyn till den sociala processen som belöningarna medför.

  • Popovic, Ana
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Sebestyén Fred, Erik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Vi lärare måste bara lära oss att förstå förortssvenska!": -Högstadielärares reflektioner över förortssvenska2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jingblad, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Johansson, Helena
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    How to Create an Environment in which Students are Self-Motivated to Read Fiction in English in the ESL-classroom: A Quantitative Study from Students' Point of View Analyzed with the Self-Determination Theory2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Söder, Eric
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Jonsson, Anton
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Elevhälsoteamets arbete: En kvalitativ studie för att motverka psykisk ohälsa bland elever2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding for the work that student health staff do in elementary school to face mental health issues among students. To investigate this we have used qualitative research by conducting 9 interviews.We conducted the interviews at 3 different schools in Halmstad municipality. We have used a hermeneutical methodological approach. In order to interpret the empirical data we used theories and concepts such as inclusion/ exclusion (Jan Inge Jönhill, 2012), social capital (Pierre Bourdieu, 2011) and stigma (Erving Goffman, 2011). Our study shows how the student health staff takes care of their assignments. Several of the informants mention that there is a good relationship between student health staff and students, which motivate staff and students to do a good job. A issue we saw based on empirical material was there is not enough space to perform preventive work. Also there were problems getting informations out.

  • Carlsson, Amanda
    Ämnesintegrering: En studie om ämnesintegrering och dess teoriers applicerbarhet inom svensk- och historieundervisningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnesintegrering kan ha en tvetydlig betydelse, jag kommer i detta arbete att utgå från ämnesintegrering där man samarbetar två eller flera ämnen vid ett undervisningsmoment. Min bakgrund är att jag utbildar mig till lärare inom bland annat svensk- och historieämnet, därför intresserar det mig, hur dessa två ämnen skulle kunna integreras med varandra. Den personliga åsikten som lett till detta arbete, är att genom ämnesintegrering kan man hos eleverna öppna upp för en djupare förståelse, en djupare mening med kunskaper, samt vad dessa kunskaper kan ha för användning.

  • Weddig, Ludwig
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Hellgren, Jakob
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Mobile activity logger2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has been to investigate if it’s possible to build a system that can be used to automate the process of measuring environmental parameters, and to examine the performance of the system. This thesis describes the development of a mobile activity logger and presents the achieved performance of the system. It consists of three subsystems: The mobile unit, the base station and the NAS (Network Attached Storage). The mobile unit measures environmental parameters such as temperature and acceleration, and connects them to a measured GPS position and time. This data is sent to the base station using LoRa which transmits the data to the NAS using GSM where it is stored on an FTP-server. A client application has been developed for accessing the data and visualizing it on the screen. Amaximum range of 1.84 km during line of sight has been achieved between the mobile unit and the base station, with a theoretical battery life span of roughly 50 days. The system has a measured accuracy of 1-2 m in open areas.

  • Buonassisi, Isabelle
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Holm, Ellen
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Förbättrad ergonomi för en mer brukarvänlig förarmiljö på Driver Test Station+2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Erlandsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Björkheim, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    ExFlex Glove: Ett träningsredskap för att stärka upp hand- och underarmsmuskulaturen hos äldre och artrospatienter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ekelund, Gustaf
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Jack The Gripper: Fixationsplatta för typ 3-frakturer på scapula2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (rTSA) is an increasingly common approach to treating different shoulder injuries. The rTSA results in increased force from m. deltoideus which originates from acromion. However, postoperative fractures on the scapula have occurred in some cases. These fractures are divided into 3 different types depending on where the fracture occurs. There is no recommended treatment for type 3 fractures. This project is a product development project with the purpose to find a solution to the fixation problem of type 3 fractures.To reach the project goal, the group has used well-known and proven product development methods, calculations, FEM analyzes and a model assembly analysis. The concept development was performed by interviewing orthopedics who have a lot of experience with rTSA and osteosynthesis related to these fractures. A prototype, which shows the features of the fixation plate, was made using 3D printers.The result of this project has provided a fixation plate that meets the groups requirements and has features that a modern fixation plate has today. In addition, two types of extra plates mounted on the fixation plate to the thin structure of spina scapula, was developed to counteract the axial force. The fixation plate shows excellent results on the FEM analyzes and assembly analysis performed on a scapula model. The prototype has also been given good testimonials from the orthopedics who participated in the project.

  • Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Carlfjord, Salli
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Utveckling av metod för benkvalitetsmätning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dental implant surgery is performed daily to replace single teeth and entire tooth rows. Implant selection is based on the bone quality of the cortical and trabecular bone in the jaw bone. Usually, the surgeon assesses the bone quality subjectively during drilling in the jaw bone. The aim of this project has been to increase the ability to give the surgeon a direct feedback on the bone quality during threading in a pre-drilled hole, so the right type of dental implant can be chosen. The idea of the project comes from Lennart Carlsson at TL Medical AB, who has developed a custom-made tap that is used together with a drilling machine that measures the torque during threading. Carlsson has done measurements in polyurethane foam with densities of 1050, 500 and 300 kg/m3.

     

    Through regression analyzes in MATLAB on Carlsson's measurements, a linear relationship between torque and number of turns the tap has threaded the material was found. The mean slope value of thirteen measurements/density ± SD was 8.0 ± 0.5 Ncm for density 1050 kg / m3. For density 500 kg / m3 the mean was 1.1 ± 0.2 Ncm and for density 300 kg / m3, the mean was 0.3 ± 0.1 Ncm. The relationship varied depending on which density that was investigated but the lowest achieved R2 value was 0.7. The project has resulted in a table of bone quality and maximum torque. The various ranges for maximum torques were divided into bone qualities as follows: Quality 1 ≥ 26 Ncm, 20 < Quality 2 < 26 Ncm, 12 < Quality 3 ≤ 20 Ncm and Quality 4 ≤ 12 Ncm. Own measurements in ribs from calf were performed to compare the results from the table with the reality. Five measurements out of 11 were in accordance with the table regarding bone quality while the other measurements were either one classification higher or one classification lower than the table.

     

    The most important findings are the relationship between the torque size during threading and the different material densities and that the custom-made tap produces a linearly increasing torque for each cut threading in the material. The project group realizes that more tests would have to be done, especially on human tissue, to validate the developed bone quality scale.

  • Nielsen, Mikael
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Norrman, Maida
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Handikappsanpassad cykelpedal2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a thesis report of 7,5hp for the CAD-Technician program at Halmstad Univeristy.

    The group was tasked with developing a prototype for a bicycle crank for an individual in Halmstad. The user has a bad knee, unable to bend it fully and is unable to use a normal crank for the right leg.

  • Karuppiah, Kaliprasath
    Temperature Influence on abrasive resistance of quenched and tempered steels2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The test evaluates wear resistance of quenched and tempered steels of 8 grade materials. The steels are low alloyed carbon steels within a hardness range of 120HV to 600HV. The carbon content in the range of 0.3-0.6%. The wear tests were undertaken in a laboratory at SSAB in Oxelösund with a newly designed wear test machine. The wear performance was evaluated by abrasive material clinkers and slag in Room temperature as well as High temperature at 400°C. Eight samples are used for each test, the samples are placed inside the drum with sample holders. The wear test performed by 217mm diameter drum rotate over the two-horizontal bar at 37 RPM, thus creating sliding, rolling and some impact over the surface of the materials. Investigations were performed by weight measurements of the samples, hardness measurements at room temperature, after the 400°C test, and at high temperatures up to 400°C, and light optical microscopy examinations. The results show that wear rate at Room temperature depends on hardness of material and hardness of abrasive material. The wear rate at high temperature 400°C show that wear rate depends on alloying element and the tempering temperature of the material. 

  • Pujar, Akshit
    et al.
    Pant, Rahul
    Design of New LED fixture2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Linares, Victoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sevestedt Widmark, Amanda
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Framgångsfaktorer i implementeringsprocessen: En studie om implementeringen av delen i AFS 2015:4 som rör kränkande särbehandling.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation process of AFS 2015:4, organisational and social work environment2, focusing on the part concerning victimization in the public sector. Another objective was to identify the central success factors in the implementation process.

    The study was conducted in a county in southern Sweden. The essay is centred around four questions. The first question concerned how Human Resources (HR) and managers have interpreted and followed the guidelines of AFS 2015:4, the second one how aware the workers were of earlier mentioned guide lines and the third question was about whether the different levels of employees had a uniform experience of the implementation of AFS 2015:4. The fourth question was about the central success factors in the implementation process. A method combination was used to collect the empirical material where four qualitative interviews were conducted on the HR and management levels and a survey with 27 respondents among the workers. The main result showed that HR and the managers had followed the guidelines of AFS 2015:4 and had an awareness of what those guidelines meant. The awareness among the workers was not quite as thorough but the majority of the workers was knowledgeable about the guidelines in AFS 2015:4. The most prominent success factors in the county were clear instructions, a well-functioning ”systematic work environment effort”, well established support functions, participation in the creation of the routines, education and a wide awareness about the implementation process on several levels. 

  • Alyhr, Viktoria
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Huss, Josephine
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Implementeringsfaktorer i skolans värld: En kvalitativ studie om de bakomliggande faktorerna till en lyckad implementering av en pedagogisk modell för lärare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Todays society is characterized by a constant change and development, which requires the school to develop at the same rate as the rest of society. The school should be equivalent to everyone. How can this be insured if we do not know which factors that affect the implementation of educational models? By ensuring the factors that affect implementation, better results can be achieved. This makes it more likely that the new educational model is used and becomes part of the everyday work. To make an implementation possible, a change work is carried out in the organization.

    We have conducted a qualitative study whose purpose is to study which factors teachers experience may affect the implementation of a new educational model in school. The survey has been conducted at three schools in a town in Sweden. The form of the interview has been semi-structured, two of which have been held in groups and one individual. Through the interviews we have acquired empirical evidence for our study.

    The result show that there are many different factors that affects, often in combination with each other, how well an implementation results in. The factors that are significant and have been made visible in our survey are the following: Relevance, attitude, advantageous, easy-to-use, customizable, coaching, support, time, participation, follow-up systems, clear results, culture and communication.           

  • Rydén, Claudia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Neda, Mirtorabi
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Fastighetsägarnas strategi utifrån plan eller process: Hur resonerar fastighetsägarna kring strategiförändring i ett gemensamt fastighetsutvecklingsprojekt?2017Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemformulering: Hur resonerar fastighetsägarna kring strategiförändring i ettgemensamt fastighetsutvecklingsprojekt?

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att studera hur fastighetsägarna resonerar kringstrategiförändring i ett gemensamt fastighetsutvecklingsprojekt. Det här specifikafastighetsutvecklingsprojektet handlar om högskoleområdet i Halmstad därfastighetsföretagen som ingår är Intea, Fragerus och Castellum.

    Metod: Vår studie bygger på en kvalitativ metod, där empiriska data har samlats ingenom olika intervjumetoder. Studien genomfördes via en deduktiv ansats där vi utgåttifrån teorin.

    Slutsatser: Resultatet påvisade att det utifrån fastighetsbolagens resonemang är svårt attkomma fram till om företagen har en strategi som plan eller strategi som process. Dettaeftersom strategi som process och strategi som plan i ren form har inte visats i vårstudie, utan endast visats en kombination av dessa.

  • Eriksson, Hannes
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Brange Sollie, Ivan
    Halmstad University.
    Wireless IO: A wireless accessory for integration of an Axis Communications camera in a sensor network.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When installing new network security cameras in buildings, the cameras are often connected to sensors via signal wires. Since most building already have internet and electricity drawn throughout the structure, the procedure of routing a new signal wire can be costly and time demanding. By replacing this wire with a wireless link, the cost and time it takes for the customer to install a camera could be reduced.

    The objective for this thesis is to investigate different wireless technologies used in short range, low power wireless communication networks such as PANs and LANs. Focusing on technologies used in the surveillance segment a decision will be made on which wireless technology that would suit as a link between a sensor and a camera for transmitting trigger signals. The technology will then be implemented in a proof-of-concept accessory, which can give an Axis Communications camera wireless functionality through it’s IO port.

  • Dalati, Fares
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Martinez Lopez, Pablo Enrique
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Vital Sign Radar Redesign: Further Development of a Compact, Highlyintegrated 60 GHz Radar for Human Vital SignMonitoring2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, thanks to the modern technologies, the human being has been able todevelop new techniques to solve problems present in the past. Regarding the medicalfield, it is common to use several apparatus in order to measure the vital signs. Themain drawback about the traditional methods employed for this purpose is that theyare invasive towards the patient. However, in this thesis it has been developed afurther design of a radar system so as to be able to measure these vital signs in awireless way.

    Based on a 60 GHz frequency modulated continuous wave radar chip, it has been ableto increase the performance of the measurements by adding a second radar chip.Because of this new feature, the radar system is now having a better precision byprocessing greater data matrix to analyse the targets positions and theirmeasurements. In addition, an enhanced MCU has been incorporated in order toavoid performance bottlenecks because it is necessary to handle the processing of thedata received by the two radar chips. Lastly, reducing the sweeping time (periodbetween the lowest frequency broadcast to linearly reach the highest frequencybroadcast) from 20 ms the previous design to 1 ms, which requires higher samplingrate to cover the fast sweep and provide higher flow of information that leads to fasterdetection process.

    A 3D design of the prototype has been designed to show the physical appearance itwould have once entering in production. The result is a compact and highlyintegrated radar system which will be able to monitor the heart beating andrespiration frequency of a human being in a range of ten meters.

  • Khudair, Mohammed
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    The search for sport-specific tests in boxing: Strength, power and anaerobic measurements2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sport of boxing is widely practiced around the world, and to compete internationally atthe World championships and the Olympic games, boxers need a high fitness level and one ofthe tools used to achieve a high fitness level is physical and physiological testing formethodological monitoring and planning of training. The aim of this thesis was to study therelationship between training time in boxers, as in the recalled number of weekly traininghours, and the results from four different tests, upper body Wingate anaerobic test (UWAnT),countermovement jump (CMJ), hand grip strength (HGS) and isometric mid-thigh pull(IMTP). The choice of each tests is discussed from a physiological perspective to show itsassociation to boxing performance. Testing consisted of one testing session, which was heldduring a competition period, and 16 male boxers (age=23±5 years) in the senior ranks wereincluded. The results showed that the number of weekly training hours had a weak correlationto HGS (r=0.236, r2=0.056), a strong correlation to CMJ(r=0.570. r2=0.325), a moderatecorrelation to peak isometric strength in IMTP (r=0.343, r2=0.118), a weak correlation torelative peak isometric strength in IMTP (r=0.189, r2=0.036) and a strong correlation to peakanaerobic power, relative peak anaerobic power and the fatigue index in UWAnT (r=0.574,r2=0.329; r=0.769, r2=0.591; r=0.641, r2=0.411 respectively). In the thesis, the appliedmethods and the group of participants included are also discussed to find a suitable way ofstudying the relationship between these and other tests that could be suitable to explaindifferent characteristics of boxing performance. Based on the findings in the thesis, it wasconcluded that HGS and IMTP do not explain strength in boxing performance and, therefore,should be studied further. Also, it was concluded that the different variables in UWAnT andCMJ do explain anaerobic power and capacity and lower body explosive strength in boxingperformance and could, therefore, be used as sport-specific test for boxing.

  • Bengtsson, Eva Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Biondic Rosander, Karolina
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Storn, Bibbi
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Faktorer av betydelse för att sjuksköterskans överrapportering på en akutmottagning ska ske patientsäkert.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work environment of the emergency department is stressful and dynamic. It had a constant high flow of patient, who need an urgent multiple care and nurse care. The most common transition of information between nurse´s is the patient handover, where the information is used for the care and the nursing care. Patient safety is jeopardized in case of lack of communication, where essential information is unfulfilled in the case of handover, both within and between different professions in health care. Lack of communication causes frequently health injuries and the emergency department is the section at the hospital where handover is most common. The purpose was to investigate which factors are important for the nurse's handover at the emergency department to occur safe for the patient. A literature study was conducted which was based on 10 articles of quantitative and qualitative methods. The results revealed two main categories with five associated subcategories: Handover within the emergency department; The importance of a structure, The work environment´s importance and The teamwork´s importance. Handover to and from the emergency department; The importance of creating an overall picture and The importance of cooperation between units within health organizations. Factors which affected the handover and accordingly the patient safety was unstructured clinical handover model, shift changes, interruptions, the environment for handoffs, interruptions, clarity, collaboration in team and between organizations, working experience, working relationships, health cultures, and ethical issues. Further research needs to highlight the factors of importance in the handover for the nurse on emergency departments.

  • Nordqvist, Adam
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Glory to Arstotzka: En studie om datorspelet Papers Please användning av ideologier och frihetsbegreppet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks for the usage of ideology and the definition of freedom according to these in the video game Papers Please. To analyze this game a method has been constructed which uses the parts: playthrough, picture analysis and a text analysis. As the main tool for the analysis a theory based model will be used. This model breaks down the chosen ideologies: liberalism, socialism and fascism into the factors of agent, obstacle and goal to explain their definition of freedom. The study shows that the game Papers Please uses these ideologies in the gameplay, but in different ways. The definition of the ideologies that was based on the model used for the analyses was not fully used correctly in the game, and the ideologies in the game had a different definition of these. It also became very clear that the game had very much control over the player’s choice over which ideology to stick to, since the game could frequently punish the player for making the wrong choice. Lastly the game uses some of the chosen ideologies very more hiddenly in the game and it was later discovered that it was very dominated by fascist undertones even though the government in the game was describe as a communist state. Liberalism was used as a tool for showing the player how to combat these undertones of fascism. In the end the definition of freedom is up to the player to choose since it is defined by their actions in the game.

  • Svensson, Joakim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Yalda, Milad
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Trådlös Övervakning av Inomhusklimat och PIR-baserad Passageräkning: En Demonstrationsanläggning åt Sweco Position AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a technical complement to Johanna Hernnäs and Linnea Martinssons bachelor work paper AerQ - Ett produktutvecklingsprojekt för att läsa av inomhusklimatet. This report describes the design of an indoor climate and people counting demo facility consisting of two wireless and battery-powered units for indoor climate and people counting and a mobile application to which the data is presented. The climate unit measures temperature, relative humidity and carbon dioxide, and communicates via Wi-Fi and BLE and visually via RGB LEDs. The people counter detects a passage with a PIR sensor and communicates via BLE. The report presents the implementation of the demo facility and a investigation of PIR sensors. The result shows that it is possible to detect direction with a PIR sensor as well as a long-term battery operation of a sensor node equipped with RGB LEDs, Wi-Fi and VOC Sensor (MEMS Metal Oxide Sensor). The system's role may be to feedback demand-driven ventilation and / or to alert users about their indoor climate.

  • Nagy, Victor
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Robild, Henrik
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Context Matters: A Qualitative Study of the Teaching of English Vocabulary at the Swedish Upper Secondary Level2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to identify effective ways of teaching English vocabulary at upper secondary level in Sweden. We have answered three research questions:

    -  In what ways do local English teachers at the upper secondary level teach vocabulary?

    -  How do local students at the upper secondary level perceive their acquisition and learning of English vocabulary?

    -  According to research regarding vocabulary acquisition, what is necessary to include when constructing an effective module for teaching vocabulary? 

    We gathered the data needed to answer the research questions by conducting interviews with both teachers and students as well as an independent study. The independent study investigated which of six pre picked vocabulary teaching methods gave the best results in a single English 6 class and was the most preferred by those students. The interviews as well as the independent study indicated that one of the most effective ways of teaching vocabulary is through context-based exercises. Our conclusion is that the students’ retention of new vocabulary may be directly connected to the amount of context in which the words are taught. Based on our findings, we have constructed frameworks for a series of lessons which focus on teaching vocabulary.

  • Johansson, Josefin
    Halmstad University.
    No Laughing Matter: A study of the use of comedy in public service announcements2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a study which is intended to explore how public service announcements in broadcast media use humour as a method of conveying their core messages in a manner which is both memorable and persuasive; to consider why humour is chosen as a strategy; and to identify the similarities and differences in the use of humour in PSAs and commercial broadcast advertising. Six video commercials were analysed in total: three PSAs and three advertisements. The analysis identified semantic and stylistic features including metaphors, puns, idioms, vagueness, polysemes, homonyms, homographs and homophones, as well as visual metaphors. It continued on to investigate how PSAs contextualise their messages, applying Grice's co-operative principle, as well as the principles of relevance, as proposed by Sperber and Wilson (1986).

    The results revealed that the PSAs examined appear to show the application of a range of linguistic devices that contribute to making their content humorous. Ambiguity, mostly generated by verbal and visual metaphors, vagueness and polysemy, appears to be the most common strategy for stimulating interest and engaging the viewer. It was observed that viewers must possess the ability to recover meaning through non-linguistic signifiers, such as body language, and through contextual cues. It was also established that similar linguistic devices tend to be used in the production of PSAs and advertisements to create humorous content, but to a different extent.

  • Åsberg, Felicia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Katja, Johnsson
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Den personliga digitaliseringen av skolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans digitalisering är ett fenomen som har fått mycket uppmärksamhet den senaste tiden. Den svenska skolan ligger i framkant vad gäller att ha tillgång till digitala verktyg samtidigt som rapporter och tidigare forskning visar att det saknas kompetens kring själva användandet av dessa. Lärare runt om i landet efterfrågar kompetensutveckling och direktiv uppifrån. Skolverket har på uppdrag av Regeringen tagit fram en ny nationell IT-strategi för skolväsendet där den svenska skolan senast år 2022 ska uppnå en vision att stärka förutsättningarna för en likvärdig tillgång till IT, stärkt digital kompetens hos både elever och lärare, samt förutsättningar för att digitaliseringens möjligheter ska tas tillvara för utveckling av skola och undervisning.

    Syftet med denna studie var att förstå fenomenet digitalisering och digital kompetens utifrån sex gymnasielärares livsvärld och vad denna kan ha för betydelse för morgondagens skola och de reviderade kursplanerna. För att besvara denna studies syfte och frågeställning har kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med ett explorativt syfte valts som metodologisk utgångspunkt. Vi har även valt att inspireras av en fenomenologisk ansats då vår studie är inriktad på lärares arbetsvardag med utgångspunkt i deras egen livsvärld och verklighet.

    Resultatet visar att lärarnas förståelse av fenomenet digitalisering och digital kompetens är högst personlig och att deras personliga inställning till fenomenet är avgörande för hur digital deras undervisning är. Lärarna uttrycker ett behov av kompetensutveckling och utrymme för diskussion och reflektion kring digitaliseringens hinder och möjligheter i undervisningen.

  • Chau, Kevin
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Chau, Jimmy
    Halmstad University.
    SmartBand Alert: Produktframtagning2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project members has chosen to collaborate with the taskpersons David Almgren and Hussam Alshammari. Because both are ambitious and driven students from Halmstad University with an interesting project in product development and want to further develop the 3D-model as the authors has developed for them. The task has been to develop a new design for capsule and bracelet to Smartband Alert which consists of circuit components as the taskpersons has programmed and developed.

     

    The thesis is based on Fredy Olsson’s method of principle construction, primary construction and manufacturing construction. The method is used when a new product is to be developed but also when it comes to the development/improvement of a product. The authors do not follow Fredy Olsson's method from beginning to end but has chosen content which is relevant for the project.

     

    In the project, the authors have developed 3D-models in the CAD-program; CATIA V5-6R2016 as a tool to be able to produce a conclusive 3D-model that fits existing component parts, as taskpersons has assigned to the authors. In order to be able to manufacture the product, the authors produced 3D-drawings. Finally has a model been manufactured by a 3D-printer to the taskpersons, to be able to see and test the model in reality.

  • Kalén, Anna
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Håkansson, Katarina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    ”Alltså tid finns ju aldrig i samhällskunskapskurserna”: En intervjustudie kring hur samhällskunskapslärare implementerar ekonomiundervisningen i samhällskunskap 1a1 och 1b.  2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative interview study is examining how five teachers of social studies implement formal instruction in economics for the Swedish school courses of social studies 1a1 and 1b. The results of the study account for the process of implementation based on interview questions which have their basis in three different stages of planning: preactive, interactive and postactive. The implementation itself stems from the view of teacher as a bureaucrat. Our analysis yields positive aspects but also a certain degree of implementation difficulties. The positive aspects are related to the bureaucrat’s access to teaching material, which facilitates the said implementation when teaching economics. Further education, while offered at the respondents’ workplaces, was not considered a priority amongst the subjects of this study. In spite of this, various implementation difficulties could be observed that stem from a lack of resources having to do with time at one’s disposal to plan lessons and the fact that the syllabus was perceived as too heavy given the limited period of time for the given course. Aside from this problem, one could also detect another difficulty encountered by the bureaucrat with regard to the interpretation of the syllabus, which states that course objectives are identical in both courses whereas the modules differ.  

  • Isebring, Linnea
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Alet - en inventering av områdets kärlväxter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2016 an inventory was performed of vascular plants in the area Alet in Halmstad which is planned to be a nature reserve. The aim of the study was to investigate how vascular plants occur in the different habitats of the area, the forest of Aleskogen, the open landscape of civila flygfältet and the beach and dunes of Västra stranden. Findings of plants with a natural value was of priority to be able to compare these findings with previously reported plants from the area. Alet have been left without management, which has led to major changes in the landscape over time. These changes could be reflected in the results of the study which showed that most species were found in the forest of Aleskogen both regarding the total number of species and species with a natural value. The results also showed that 40% of the species with a natural value that once existed in the area had disappeared. The most affected area were the open landscape where the disappeared species almost exclusively once grew.

  • Evensson, Ulla
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Self-hatred and Its Consequenses in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Toni Morrison's novel The Bluest Eye from 1970, shows how the upbringing and society's norms can affect a young girl in an African-American society, where racism and a feeling of inferiority is the standards. Pecola's wishes for blue eyes since that may make her part of a world where she has never belonged. Her wish is not only a futile attempt to be looking differently but also a wish for a better life.

  • Christoffer, Broling
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Reklamens grammatik: Diskurs och konsumentkultur i reseannonser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vilka diskurser som finns i reklamannonser för

    resebolag. Frågeställningen anknyter till något som kallas för konsumentkultur: föreställningen

    om att den moderna människan konstruerar sin identitet utefter de konsumtionsval som han

    eller hon gör. Den analysmodell som används bygger på en grammatikteori som heter

    systemisk-funktionell grammatik, vilken pekar ut betydelse och funktion som språkets centrala

    delar.

    Resultatet visar att reklamannonserna utnyttjar konsumentkulturen genom att sätta läsaren i

    fokus och presentera en rad olika valmöjligheter för honom eller henne; erbjudandena sträcker

    sig i ett spann mellan lugna och aktiva upplevelser för att nå ut till så många som möjligt.

    Diskursen är säljande och går ut på att ge läsaren makten att själv få välja, det vill säga

    konstruera sin egen identitet.

  • Sandberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Nilsson, Philip
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning inom banksektorn: En studie om hur ökad transparens kan påverka bankernas klimatarbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problem: Svenska banker har de senaste åren utökat hållbarhetsarbetet mendet finns fortfarande många områden där kraven inte uppfylls, däribland miljöområdet.Växthusgasutsläpp till följd av svenskars sparande på världens börser motsvarar utsläppenfrån deras konsumtion, boende och resor. Finansiella företag är vana att hantera risker, men i och med klimatförändringarna tillkommer nya utmaningar. Banker spelar en viktig roll för att motverka klimatförändringarna, men idag är transparensen bristande vilket gör det svårt för kunder att ta klimatsmarta beslut.

    ● I vilket syfte arbetar banker för att minska sin klimatpåverkan?

    ● Hur arbetar banker för att minska klimatrelaterade risker?

    ● Hur kan ökad transparens påverka bankers klimatpåverkan?

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva varför banker arbetar med klimatrelaterade frågor,hur de förhåller sig till klimatrelaterade risker samt hur ökad transparens mot intressenter påverkar omfattningen av bankers klimatarbete. Studien bygger främst på kvalitativ insamling av data. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i en deduktiv ansats med inslag av en induktiv ansats. Intervjuer har genomförts med fem banker, Svenska Bankföreningen, Finansinspektionen och Swedwatch för att erhålla olika perspektiv på problemområdet.

    Bankerna arbetar för att minska sin klimatpåverkan för att stärka sina varumärken, reducera ryktes- och klimatrelaterade risker samt för att skapa förutsättningar för långsiktig lönsamhet. De klimatrelaterade riskerna hanteras i kreditgivningen och i bedömningen avinvesteringar. Ökad transparens kan påverka bankernas klimatpåverkan genom att välinformerade kunder kan ta mer klimatsmarta beslut samt att ökad transparens driver på konkurrensen mellan bankerna vilket i sin tur driver på dem att minska deras klimatpåverkan.