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  • Garcia Hajdari, Romina
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Den mediala integrationsdebatten: En studie om gestaltningen av integration och invandrare i debatt- och ledarartiklar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Integration och invandring har debatterats flitigt i samhällets olika arenor, och inte minst tack vare den plötsliga volymökningen av asylsökande som kom till Sverige under 2015. Forskning har tidigare undersökt mediers påverkan och gestaltningar i olika frågor - så även i denna, men då framförallt fokuserat på nyhetsartiklar. Mitt tillskott till den vetenskapande verksamheten är därför att studera specifikt debatt- och ledarartiklar från de två största morgontidningarna i Sverige: Dagens Nyheter och Svenska Dagbladet. Med avstamp i gestaltningsteorin har jag genomfört en kvalitativ textanalys av totalt 21 artiklar som berör problemområdet, publicerade mellan 1 januari 2016 till och med 30 april 2017. Resultatet visar tre teman: (i) invandrare som okvalificerade för en svensk arbetsmarknad; (ii) det svenska bidragssystemet som alltför generöst och passiviserande; samt (iii) den stora volymen asylsökande som resulterat i en ”ny invandrargrupp” som ökat den kulturella skillnaden i landet. Det saknas genomgående en explicit definition av integration, men implicit antyds en ”ekonomisk integration”. Vidare gestaltas invandrare oftast negativt: mer specifikt som besittande av egenskaper och beteenden som inte är typiskt ”svenskt”.

  • Johansson, Mathias
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    "Så bör vi arbeta", förändring från myndighetsorganisation till serviceorganisation med kunden i centrum: en studie inom samhällsbyggnadsenheten i Åstorps kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Implementerandet av styrnings- och organisationsmodeller hämtade i det privata näringslivet ställer stora krav på den kommunala förvaltningen och dess tjänstemän. Rättssäkerhet, likabehandling och effektivitet ska kombineras med egna initiativ, personligt ansvarstagande och övergripande mål. En allt större grad av delegering från politiker och ledning till den enskilde tjänstemannen kräver nya sätt att arbeta och en ny syn på medborgaren. Rollerna riskerar att bli mer föränderliga och målen vaga samtidigt som det föreligger en ständigt närvarande kontroll och kontinuerlig utvärdering av verksamheten. Syftet med denna studie är att övergripande beskriva och analysera hur tjänstemännen hos samhällsbyggnadsenheten inom Åstorps kommun upplever sin egen och medborgarnas roll i en tid av förändringar i arbetssättet och där målet är att öka servicegraden och sätta kunden i centrum. Genom intervjuer med förvaltningens tjänstemän framkommer bland annat önskemål om större eget ansvar, tydligare politiska mål men utan detaljstyrning samt en mer ingående dialog med kunden. Studiens resultat pekar mot att det är möjligt att införa näringslivsinspirerande styrnings- och organisationsmodeller men dessa kan inte helt ersätta den offentliga förvaltningens traditionella legalbyråkratiska arbetssätt.

  • Sjögren, Viktoria
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Civilsamhälle och politisk påverkan i ett decentralisrat samhälle: -Organisation och lokalpolitik i Kisoro, Uganda2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Prgomet, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Having dyslexia and coping with the English language: A case study of a Swedish student with dyslexia2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, it is discovered that for a Swedish child with dyslexia writing in English is difficult to execute. However, according to the Education Act in Sweden, when students with dyslexia are graded, they do not have to fulfill all the required knowledge areas. This means that their skills in writing are often disregarded when being given a final grade. In this case study, the student Filip was found to have difficulties with English spellings, especially words containing monophthongs, which can also be a common problem for all Swedish learners of English. However, there are methods that can be used to overcome this difficulty such as working with “systematic phonics”. It is also clear that the learners need to be given as many opportunities to work with the language in all its forms and practice as much as possible. This is something that the student emphasized as one of most effective ways of developing his language skills.

  • Jarnemo, Anders
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS). Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-730 91 Riddarhyttan, Sweden.
    Minderman, Jeroen
    Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, United Kingdom.
    Bunnefeld, Nils
    Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, United Kingdom.
    Zidar, Josefina
    Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Månsson, Johan
    Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-730 91 Riddarhyttan, Sweden.
    Managing landscapes for multiple objectives: Alternative forage can reduce the conflict between deer and forestry2014In: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 5, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deer (Cervidae) cause considerable damage to forest plantations, crops, and protected habitats. The most common response to this damage is to implement strategies to lower population densities. However, lowering deer density may not always be desirable from hunting, recreational, or conservation perspectives. Therefore, knowledge is needed about additional factors beyond deer density that affect damage levels, and management actions that consider competing management goals. We studied the relationships between levels of bark-stripping by red deer (Cervus elaphus) on Norway spruce (Picea abies) and (1) relative deer density indices (pellet group count and deer harvest data), (2) availability of alternative natural forage (cover of forage species) and (3) proportion forest in the landscape, both at a forest stand scale and at a landscape scale. Extensive variation in damage level was evident between the six study areas. On a stand scale, the proportion of spruce damaged was positively related to pellet group density, indicating the importance of local deer usage of stands. In addition, available alternative forage in the field layer within spruce stands and proportion forest surrounding stands was negatively related to damage level. On the landscape scale, damage level was negatively related to availability of forage in the field and shrub layers and proportion forest, but was not related to any of the relative deer density indices. Increasing alternative forage may thus decrease damage and thereby reduce conflicts. Additionally, the proportion of forest in the landscape affects damage levels and should thus be considered in landscape planning and when forecasting damage risk. The relationship between local deer usage of stands and damage level suggests that future studies should try to separate the effects of local deer usage and deer density. © 2014 Jarnemo et al.

  • Ivarsson, Sofia
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Invertebrate colonisation and diversity in constructed wetlands in Halland: A comparison between 2004 and 20062017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mannersten, Julia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Steffensen, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Idrott för alla: En studie om idrotten som arena för ökad inkludering i samhället2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about how lending activities with leisure equipment can have a positive impact on the individual. The problem area during the course of the study is that too many are exclusion in a multicultural country, more people feel inclusion in society as well as exclusion should not occur. The purpose of the study is to illustrate which view business managers and the central actors has within how a venture on lending activities can contribute to more involvement in society. The method that this study leans on was conducted by a qualitative interview study consisting of five interviews. Those interviews were conducted with five different stakeholders who have a relationship with the lending activities being studied. The theoretical reference framework contains health promotion, health determinants, and acculturation in which the pedagogical part deals with integration with other individuals and different learning environments. The result resulted in three categories; Participation and community, physical activity as well as opportunities and challenges that proved to have a positive impact on individuals and that there are different health benefits on the way. The conclusion of the results showed that the primary objective of lending activities is not about physical activity, but instead of the side effects that physical activity can contribute to. 

  • Mostowski, Wojciech
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES).
    Arts, Thomas
    QuviQ AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hughes, John
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden & QuviQ AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Modelling of Autosar Libraries for Large Scale Testing2017In: 2nd Workshop on Models for Formal Analysis of Real Systems (MARS 2017) / [ed] Holger Hermanns & Peter Höfner, 2017, Vol. 244, 184-199 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate a specific method and technology for model-based testing of large software projects with the QuickCheck tool using property-based specifications. Our specifications are very precise, state-full models of the software under test (SUT). In our approach we define (a) formal descriptions of valid function call sequences (public API), (b) postconditions that check the validity of each call, and (c) call-out specifications that define and validate external system interactions (SUT calling external API). The QuickCheck tool automatically generates and executes tests from these specifications. Commercially, this method and tool have been used to test large parts of the industrially developed automotive libraries based on the Autosar standard. In this paper, we exemplify our approach with a circular buffer specified by Autosar, to demonstrate the capabilities of the model-based testing method of QuickCheck. Our example is small compared to the commercial QuickCheck models, but faithfully addresses many of the same challenges. © W. Mostowski, T. Arts, J. Hughes.

  • Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Klingvall-Arvidsson, Bodil
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Ring, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS), Lärande, Profession och Samhällsutveckling.
    Ericsson, Anders
    Eleiko Sport AB, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Schough, Camilla
    Eleiko Sport AB, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Bohman, Anders
    Rantzows Sport AB, Hjärnarp, Sweden.
    Havdrup, Lotta
    Rantzows Sport AB, Hjärnarp, Sweden.
    Open norm critical innovation for relational inclusion (ONCIRI).- “New Sports material for children with and without disabilities”2017In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: Halmstad University, 22-23 November / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, 26-26 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Children and young people with disabilities have a poorer state of health than other children without disabilities in Sweden. The knowledge about how the children should be included in Physical Education and Health is limited and inclusive Sports material for all children is missing in today's school.The project challenges standards relating to physical activity in general as well as specifically inclusion in the subject of Physical Education & Health and children with disabilities.The standards are about who is included and how these standards can be challengedby developing new tools in Physical Education and Health that are relevant to movement throughout the school context. This is done by collaborating with two different companies that design sports and fitness equipment. A starting point for innovation in the project is to ignore obstacles and instead prepare opportunities to create a society in which all children, adolescents, adults are included in sports and health activities regardless of ethnicity, disability or gender.

    Aim and theoretical framework: The overall purpose of the research project is to test and develop products and services together with companies that enable inclusive education in Physical Education and Health at school. One purpose is to study how the children perceive the products that are present and develop within the framework of the project. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is central to health and well-being. The norm-critical perspective and learning with the focus on "How we learn" are at the heart of this.

    Method: The project uses qualitative approaches through participatory observations, interviews and sequencing of lessons in Physical Education and Health so that the outcome can eventually form the basis for development and evaluation of sports tools in the subject of Physical Education and Health at school. The project is being carried out at 3-4 elementary schools with approximately 10-15 children with and without disabilities, a total of about 50 children aged 10-15 years.

    Results: The results from interviews with children with and without disabilities, as well as surveys for Physical Education teachers, have been analyzed and discussed with the companies. There is a need for playful material as well as guides, manuals, instructional films in support of use. There does not appear to be weight trainingor weights today. The children talk about the joy of movement at the lessons but thatit can be difficult with the motor and muscle strength. Rantzows Sport AB plans the prototype Sportblock, various building blocks / building materials that can be built together. Eleiko Group AB has developed the prototype Sand Glove, glovesin different weight for strength training and play. Applications for both sports materials are in both school and sports.

    Discussion and conclusions: The present project will contribute knowledge and tools that will make it possible for all to be included in the subject of Physical Education and Health at school. Previous research has often focused on the rights of people with disabilities and has had an evaluative role. Earlier development projects have also focused on custom sports tools that have not been available to everyone. The aim is to challenge existing norms and to have children with disabilities to be the norm for the development of sports equipment for all. Participation in Physical Education and Health will make a difference in the future for the children with disabilities, partly through improved health, and partly based on changed self-expectations and greater confidence in their own capacity throughout the school day. A norm in Physical Education and Health is, for example, in the education where a structure based on the majority's ability to participate is visible.

  • Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
    Lydell, Marie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nyholm, Maria
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Physical activity for children in need of support: views from coaches from local sports clubs2017In: Proceedings of the Nordic Sport Science Conference – ‘The Double-Edged Sword of Sport: Health Promotion Versus Unhealthy Environments’: Halmstad University, 22-23 November / [ed] Krister Hertting & Urban Johnson, Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017, 29-29 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Children in need of special support have, in comparison with their peers, poorer health, a more inactive lifestyle and less social interactions. Children in need of special support have also difficulty in establish close and intimate relationships, and difficulties in interacting with children without special support. The children do not participate in leisure time activity such as sports to the same extent as children without special support. Several factors may influence the participation in physical activity (PA) and sports organizations, such as the attitudes in the surroundings society, knowledge (or lack of knowledge) in the organizations and the children’s difficulties in joining sport activities in groups. In Sweden, prescriptions for PA and sports for children in need of support have been scarcely used in the Health care sector. In 2015 a project was implemented, a systematic collaboration between Child Adolescence Psychiatry centre (CAP), Halland Sport Federation (HSF) and local sport clubs.

    Aim and theoretical framework: The aim was to describe views of possibilities and barriers from coaches at local sports club, when implementing prescriptions for PA and sports where the goal was to motivate and organize activities for children in need of support. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as the United Nations Standard Rules and the Salamanca Declaration requires participation for children with disabilities. Participation in sport can be related to the child's total health.

    Method: Three focus group interviews were conducted in late Spring 2016, where 10 coaches from multiple sports were recruited from 10 local sport clubs. The interviews were performed by 1 moderator and 1 observer. The participants were informed about the aim of the study and full participant confidentiality was ensured via letter. The focus group interviews were conducted at Halmstad University or at the HSF, the lengths of the interviews ranged from 50 to 60 min. and were digitally recorded and subsequently transcribed verbatim. Data were categorized and qualitative content analysis was the chosen analysis method.

    Results: The children´s own context; the coaches discussed the impact of the child´s social context, they expressed problems with transport to the activities. They meant that the parent´s could both coach the children and disturb the sport activities. The social culture of the local sport clubs; the coaches discussed the social culture of the club and the lack of time, space for all children to do sports. They have learned how valuable it is for themselves to see those children do PA and link this to the value of sports – everyone can join. The interactions with the children; there was a need of knowledge about the children and the coaches felt uncertain about the child as they were urged for more knowledge about the diagnosis. They expressed that interaction with the children was a personal development. Sustainable resources; the coaches discussed the time limit of the project. The communication with CAP and HSF and the information material was therefore not kept updated. The coaches also expressed that there must be a structure for the future and saw the project as successful.

    Discussion and conclusions: The task for the local sports club is complex and requires different actions with a holistic perspective. For example, training in different skills for reach out to the child and consistent application of guidelines are important contributions, but there should also be more support from the community to maintain a sustainable organization for children in need of support and the local sport clubs. Realizing that coaches perceive barriers when motivate and organize activities for children in need of support in general is important and needs to be taken into account when planning, developing and implementing interventions including PA and sports.

  • Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Lundberg, Marcus
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Designriktlinjer för handinteraktion för att stödja immersion i VR: En studie om att skapa riktlinjer för design av handinteraktion för VR för att stödja immersion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Virtual reality (VR) is becoming more commonly used by people in areas like educationand entertainment. However, for VR to be a serious platform for creating education andentertainment services, the sense of immersion is an important part of the userexperience. Today there are several methods to interact with VR, but they often lack thefeeling of being natural and realistic. Hand interaction is seen as a natural way for peopleto interact with VR and has potential to create immersion. However, even though handinteraction is seen to be a natural way of interacting with VR there’s no guidelinesavailable to facilitate the design of VR-services with hand interaction. To study how handinteraction can be designed to support immersion in VR, we’ve asked the question:“How can hand interaction be designed for virtual reality to support immersion?”Through our study, we have identified aspects that are important for hand interaction tobe able to support immersion. The question has been studied through a design orientedapproach with qualitative data gathering methods such as participant test, interviews andobservations. The test participants were recruited based on their previous experience ofVR and games. The study contributes with knowledge regarding what is important for

  • Vasilev, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    An interactive 3D interface for hybrid model specification2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To ease development and lower the entry barrier for new adopters many development environments offer visual means to edit complex data. Cyber-physical systems are a perfect candidate for such manipulations since they are usually described in the form of isolated, well defined components that can be manipulated individually. The physical parts of such systems often can be directly translated into real world objects and allowing the developer to interact with those in a familiar manner can greatly increase the usability and agility of the development process. In this thesis we focus on the exploration of interactive manipulation of hybrid system models. Our research examines a solution based on the Acumen simulation environment. We describe the tight integration between the textual model and 3D visualisation, go into detailed analysis of the implementation and use case-studies to illustrate concrete applications

  • Malmberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Josefsson, Therése
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Influencer Marketing av miljövänliga livsmedel: Att nå Millennials i den digitala miljön2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Influencer Marketing är relativt nytt och ingen naturlig del av de flesta företags strategier. Däremot ökar det i popularitet. Detta innebär att företag behöver ett hjälpmedel, en slags nybörjarguide, för att förstå grunderna i Influencer Marketing på Instagram. Denna uppsats ämnar att undersöka hur marknadsföringsstrategin kan användas av företag som vill marknadsföra miljövänliga livsmedel på Instagram, till Millennials. Med detta är målet att bidra till forskning och marknadsföring av Influencer Marketing och den hållbara konsumtionen.

    All teori som använts kan på något sätt kopplas till Influencer Marketing. I teoridelen redogörs det för Stealth Marketing, Product Placement, Celebrity Endorsement, electronic word-of-mouth, Influencer Marketing, visuell kommunikation samt Two-step flow theory. För att få både konsumenternas och influencernas åsikter och attityder har en trianguleringsmetod används. Den kvalitativa datan har utgjorts av intervjuer med influencers, eko-experter och expert på Influencer Marketing. Den kvantitativa datan samlades in med hjälp av en enkät för Millennials som följer influencers på Instagram.

    Empirin ger bland annat en tydlig bild av vad influencers värdesätter i ett samarbete med ett företag, vad eko-experterna säger om Influencer Marketing av miljövänliga produkter och hur påverkade Millennials anser att de blir av strategin.

    I analysen sammanfattas intervjuobjektens åsikter och jämförs med Millennials attityder. Detta diskuteras tillsammans med de teorier som tas upp i studien. Ändringar i den tidigare strukturen som presenteras i den teoretiska referensramen diskuteras i samband med Millennials attityd och hur samhället har förändrats. Ett stort fokus ligger på den dolda marknadsföringen, hur den idag är olaglig och ineffektiv på målgruppen.

    Studiens slutsats är att Influencer Marketing är en effektiv strategi för den utvalda målgruppen, som har en positiv attityd till strategin så länge marknadsföringen är ärlig och transparent. Studien sammanfattas i en ny demonstrerande figur av den teoretiska referensramen, med förslag på hur teorierna borde diskuteras i framtiden. Dold marknadsföring är inte längre relevant att diskutera, då både Millennials och influencers har en negativ attityd till en sådan marknadsföring. Celebrity Endorsement föreslås även ses som en del av Influencer Marketing, istället för enbart föregångaren, då Influencer Marketing idag skapar nya kändisar på en ny sorts plattform. Analysen sammanfattas även i en modell vars syfte är att visa hur företag, influencers och Millennials kommunicerar sinsemellan, följt av rekommendationer till företag eller andra intresserade som enkelt vill ta del av och använda vad studien kommit fram till.

  • Oluju, Philemon
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Literature Review of the impacts of riparian vegetation on stream chemistry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Water quality in streams around the world continues to be degraded by a series of human activities that feed pollutants into the vulnerable stream ecosystem via surface and subsurface runoff. This continues to accelerate global biodiversity and habitat losses within the stream environments and across entire watersheds with net adverse effects on public health and the ability of communities and ecosystems to adapt or become resilient to the prevalent impacts of climate change. One commonly used approach for protecting stream water from pollution is the use of vegetated riparian buffer zones to mitigate pollutants in surface and subsurface runoff prior to runoff entry into the stream channel. The optimal success of this approach requires land and water resource managers to understand the mechanisms by which riparian buffer zones function and the full range of factors that influence the effectiveness of riparian buffer vegetation in abating stream water pollution. Despite this need, resource managers in different geographical locations around the world still struggle to understand the linkages between riparian vegetation and stream chemical quality. This literature review therefore sought to synthesize findings from various scientific articles on the ways in which the major attributes of riparian vegetation [type, age, width, restoration and shading effect] influence the effectiveness of riparian vegetation in protecting the chemical quality of water in streams. This was aimed at generating conclusions and perspectives that could improve academic knowledge and natural resource managers’ understanding of the intricate linkage between riparian vegetation and changes in water chemistry. The study finds that the factors of riparian vegetation type, age, width, restoration and shading effects require due consideration in the development of riparian buffer zone and stream water chemical quality management interventions. I find that these factors require a high degree of integration, triangulation and context-specificity to achieve the objectives of riparian management intervention. I further find that stream water quality decision-making processes need to combine riparian vegetation-based approaches with other measures for mitigating and containing the spillage of pollutants at the source.

  • Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Christiansson, Timmy
    Halmstad University.
    Recentibus, den portabla behandlingsbänken2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, more and more people are sitting, both at work and on their leisure time. And for many people, this creates problems in back, neck and shoulders etcetera. In many companies, therapists like naprapaths, chiropractors and masseuses are hired to help the staff with their problems. When these therapists are visiting the companies, they are in need of a portable treatment table, where they can execute their treatments.  At the therapist's clinic they usually have a very robust treatment table, that can easily be raised and lowered. However, when the therapist needs to execute their treatment at another location, this option is no longer available, due to the limited construction of the portable treatment tables today. This leads to a non-ergonomic working position for the therapist during the manipulations he or she needs to be doing. Also it leads to a non-optimal treatment for the patient. To get a better ergonomic, and more optimal working position, a lightweight portable treatment table is being developed. This portable treatment table can easily be adjusted in height. Due to its lightweight construction, the therapist´s can still easily carry the table and the therapist also get some of the benefits from a stationary treatment table. This result, offers a more ergonomic working position for the therapist and also a more optimal treatment for the patient, compared to the previous alternatives on the market today. In this project, a fully functional treatment table, has been developed as an alternative to the portable treatment tables today. The portable treatment table which been produced, offers adjustments in height, and also other components to attract a wider market. Recentibus portable treatment table is a necessity, in every therapist´s arsenal.

  • Bengtsson, Fanny
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Högberg, Liv
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Att välja Jehovas vittnen: En kvalitativ studie om individers konverteringsprocess2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jehovas vittnen är en omdiskuterad religiös rörelse som finns över hela världen. För att ge ett inifrånperspektiv valde vi att göra en kvalitativ analys genom att intervjua individer som alla valt att döpa sig i vuxen ålder. Syftet med uppsatsen är att belysa vilka orsaker som kan tänkas bakom en individs konvertering till Jehovas vittnen samt hur de införlivar organisationens retorik i deras konverteringsberättelser. Teorier som använts för att analysera det insamlade materialet är nätverksteori, deprivationsteori, socialiseringsteori, religion som jakt på mening och tillhörighet samt socialkonstruktivism. Vårt resultat visar att det är flera aspekter som samverkar i en konverteringsprocess. Det som är utmärkande i vårt resultat är att sociala nätverk spelar stor roll i samtliga respondenters konverteringsprocess. Jehovas vittnens strategier för att rekrytera nya medlemmar går ut på att just skapa nätverk.

  • Birgersson, Johan
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Larsson, Linus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Ledarskap och Personligt Varumärke: En kvalitativ studie om hur det personliga varumärket påverkar ledarskapet inom banksektorn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since the concept of the personal brand had been coined, observations and surveys of it have become more interesting since it has been proven to have positive effects for leadership and the organization. Since bank employees are responsible for doing business directly to thebank's customers, they are considered to be the organization's most important resource. It is this freedom and independence that puts high demands on clarity on the leadership within the banking sector. Since previous studies have shown that a leader's personal brand can contribute to this clarity of the leadership, we decided to do a study with an abductive approach, with the problem formulation: How does the personal brand affect the leadership within the banking sector?

    The study aims at investigating how the personal brand affects the leadership within the banking sector, viewed from the perspective of leaders and employees. It was done through a qualitative study where we focused on identify the basics about the personal brand and how it shows in the leadership. We chose to use Kapferer's model - Brand Identity Prism (2008) as an analysis model throughout the study. Our theoretical reference frame has been derived from scientific articles and literature. The empirical data consisted eight personal interviews in total, where six of them were with employees and two of them were with leaders. The interviews were conducted with a semi-structured interview guide. The conclusion of our study showed that the personal brand affects leadership through trust, clarity and communication. Therefore, it should be of outmost importance for a leader to become aware of it. Our hope is that individuals will use the studys’ result on how the personal brand affects leadership.

  • Persson, Linnéa
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Skyddsvärda kärlväxter i Haväng och Vitemölla strandbackar: – utbredning, hot och skötsel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-natural grasslands are one of the most threatened habitats in Scandinavia. The grassland in this study is situated in the northern part of the nature preserve of Haväng och Vitemölla strandbackar in the province of Skåne and consists of grey dunes and a pasture which partly consists of calcareous grassland and the vegetation type sand steppe which is very rare in Sweden. There are several threatened plants in the area and during the summer of 2017 their distribution was registered to be able to protect them during conservation management. The results showed that most of the area contained important species and the most important areas to protect were the sand steppe areas. This is probably due to the dry, sandy, calcareous and nutrient poor conditions in these areas which many of the threatened plants are connected to. Most of the threatened plants were found in abundance in the area but have a limited distribution in Sweden. The population of Eryngium maritimum however was very small and is threatened by extinction. The plants in the area are threatened by a long-term process of nutrient enrichment and continuous leakage of calcium which may lead to lower pH and a more nutrient rich soil which leads to a higher availability of phosphorous. This may lead to a change in species composition and loss of species richness. Continuous grazing, soil disturbance to expose lime-rich sand and also removal of litter to minimize the nutrient levels are needed to maintain favorable conditions in the area. However, the number of important species requires attention and careful planning, especially in the sand steppe areas. 

  • Grönvall, Kerstin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Svårigheter vid undersökning och bedömning av bristningar efter vaginal förlossning ur ett barnmorskeperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Of all women undergoing vaginal birth, 85% sustain some form of perineal trauma and the consequences vary from smaller problems to severe complications. An accurate diagnosis of the trauma is necessary for it to be adequately treated. A majority of the perineal and vaginal ruptures are managed by midwives, and earlier research has shown that there is a considerable variation in midwives knowledge and skills concerning perineal trauma. The aim of this study was to explore difficulties in midwives examinations and assessments of perineal trauma following vaginal birth. A survey with midwives attending 72 births within a medium- sized Swedish birth-clinic, was conducted in a period of 7 weeks. The most common obstacles in assessing perineal ruptures, were the patient ́s bleeding and pain. The largest difficulties in assessment were identifying the structures and anatomy within the rupture. In one case out of four, peer support from midwife colleague or doctor was sought, and there were cases of midwives estimating their competence as non-sufficient. The need for peer support and continuous training and education was expressed in cases with midwives having short and long experience. There is a need for further research in the focus on bleeding as an obstacle in assessment of perineal trauma, and a need for further evaluation of the anaestethical methods used in management of them. 

  • Emelie, Sjöberg Leigard
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Spädbarns föräldras jakt på sömnen: En analys av tre texter som avhandlar sömnmetoder för spädbarn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studien inriktar sig på tre texter som avhandlar sömnmetoder för spädbarn. Det finns idag i de västerländska kulturerna ett flertal olika sömnmetoder för småbarnsföräldrar att tillämpa på sina spädbarn som anses ha sömnproblem. Fenomenet är av vikt att studera då forskningen kring ämnet pekar åt olika håll samtidigt som definitionen på sömnproblem hos spädbarn är diffus.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är ur ett hälsopedagogiskt perspektiv belysa och jämföra tre texter som avhandlar sömnmetoder för spädbarn.

    Frågeställningar: Vilka pedagogiska idéer framställs till föräldrar i de olika texterna? Vilka hälsorisker framställs till föräldrarna i texterna? Vilken syn på föräldraskap framställs i texterna? Vilken kunskapsgrund bygger de olika sömnmetoder på?

    Metod: För att kunna svara på syftet med studien har en konventionell kvalitativ innehållsanalys används med en abduktiv ansats. Urvalet av texter har gjorts genom barnläkarförbundets beskrivning av sömnmetoder. Utifrån analysen framställdes fem kategorier för att svara på syfte och frågeställning. Kategorierna som framställdes var: 1) Tillrättavisande av misslyckat föräldraskap2)Råd till lyckat föräldraskap3)Tillämpning av sömnmetoder 4)Sociala, psykiska och fysiska hälsorisker 5) Legitimering av sömnmetod.

    Teori: Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt tar avstamp i Anthony Giddens teori om moderniteten, där nyckel begreppen expertsystem, tillit och risk används.

    Resultat: Resultatet påvisar att två av texterna anklagar föräldrarna för sitt spädbarns sömnproblem samt tillrättavisar föräldrarna i hur de istället ska gå tillväga. Den tredje texten framställer istället råd i hur föräldrar kan handskas med sitt spädbarns sömn. Det framkommer både skillnader och likheter i de tre sömnmetodernas genomförande. Antingen rekommenderades föräldrarna att lära sitt spädbarn själv-trösta eller införa läggningsrutiner med miljöförbättringar innan sänggående. I resultatet framgick även att två av texterna framställde hälsorisker med att inte lära sitt spädbarn sova på natten. Slutligen framgick att de olika författarna grundar sin sömnmetod på antingen egna erfarenheter, en vetenskaplig studie eller vårdens rekommendationer. De olika texterna håller inte med varandra och kritiserar varandras sömnmetoder.

  • Modig, Amanda
    How much does a tributary located in an industrial area contribute to nutrient loading of an agriculturally dominated river?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Eutrophication is a wide spread problem all over the world, this is due to enrichment of surplus nutrients entering water ecosystems. The high concentration of nutrients come from different sources like rural activities, industrial areas and other human activities. This can lead to a high nutrient load entering seas and lakes in the nature. Tributaries can contribute with nutrient loading to main rivers, a tributary like that is Kistingebäcken.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate how big the nutrient concentration and loading of phosphorus and nitrogen Kistingebäcken contributes to Trönningeån. It will also be investigated if there are any main point source emission of phosphorus and nitrogen from the industrial area located along Kistingebäcken.

    Method: Water samples were collected in a tributary called Kistingebäcken and in the main river Trönningeån located in the county of Halland, Sweden. These were analyzed to see how much nitrogen and phosphorus they contained. The definition of nutrient concentration is the nutrient level present in an area of a river, while the definition of nutrient load is the quantity of flowing nutrients trough a river which eventually enters lakes, rivers or the sea.

    Results: There was no significant difference in the total nitrogen concentration between sample point 6 (before the tributary) and sample point 7 (after the tributary) (P=0.904). 

    There was no significant difference in the total phosphorus concentration between sample point 6 (before the tributary) and sample point 7 (after the tributary) (P=0.743).

    The nutrient load from sample point 5 contributed with 17-26 kg N/day (11-14%) and 0.29-0.32 kg P/day (13-23%) to Trönningeån. The difference in nutrient load between sample point 6 and 7 was 48-61kg N/day (27-40%) and 0.16-0.5 kg P/day (11-23%).

    Tukey post hoc test showed that sample point 1 had significantly higher nitrogen concentration in comparison to sample point 2, 3, 4 and 5 (P= 0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001 and P<0.001). Sample point 2 had higher phosphorus concentrations in comparison to sample point 1, 3, 4 and 5 (P= 0.033, P<0.001, P=0.001 and P<0.001).

    Conclusion: Nitrogen and phosphorus do not increase in concentration after the tributary (sample point 7) in Trönningeån. However, the total nitrogen and phosphorus load increased between 27-40% and 11-23% in Trönningeån after the tributary. Sample point 1 and 2 had the highest nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and are the main point source emissions in Kistingebäcken, probably due to the landfill facility. 

  • Grüneberger, Ann
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Tärnqvist, Anna
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Upplevelse av hemgång dagen efter en knä- eller höftplastik: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knee and hip arthroplasty are among the most common surgeries available today and have a great impact on the quality of life of the individual. Several care models have been developed for patients having had knee or hip arthroplasty, not only to address the cost of healthcare, but also to improve the quality of the care itself. However, more knowledge about a patients experience following surgery is required as the care is continually progressing. The purpose of this study was to document the experience of a patient following a knee or hip arthroplasty. We aim to document their experiences returning home from a specialized elective unit, their first day post operation, as well as the initial period of recovery. Phone call interviews were carried out with 12 patients, and analyzed according to qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. The results were divided into five main categories, each with their own sub-categories. The main categories were; the importance of the home environment, information from the hospital, the necessity of help, challenges of recovery and health promotion contact. The participants reported a positive experience returning home after the first postoperative day and were able to handle potential issues in an adequate manner; on their own, with support from informative documentation, with help from relatives or through contact with the hospital. The experience of returning home the first day post operation, after a knee or hip arthroplasty is considered comfortable.

  • Luszczynski, Jakub
    Alternative discharge methods of HVDC cables for a DC test2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse alternative discharging methods of HVDC cables for a DC test in a real situation. It is necessary to research relevant data and consult contacts in order to solve the task. The project is based on the implementation of a developed system on the testing object and preceded by tests in the High Voltage Laboratory in Karlskrona. Simultaneously the main requirement is to completely exclude any human contribution in the discharging process of the DC cable and to maintain the highest safety standards in line with ABB policy. Currently the discharge process after DC testing is completed manually.

    Testing is carried out by increasing the voltage until the test voltage is reached and kept constant throughout the test period. Followed by switching off the voltage and allowing the cable to initially self-discharge, before it forces the discharge through the discharging water resistor. When the voltage is zero, cable termination ground by providing a secure grounding. Initially the cable charges out through self-discharge and this must continue down to the Uo. To avoid damaging the test object by maintaining the voltage for too long, discharge can begin after 45 minutes if the voltage drops below under 1,2 Uo. The forced discharge occurs by an earth rod connecting the discharge resistance to the ground.

    Past tests have shown the occasional use of a linked up Water Conditioning Unit system consisting of the pump and filters to ground out by hoses filled with deionized water. This method has been reviewed and modernized which made it more accessible and reliable.

  • Jensen, Nils
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Dubbelnamn i Sverige: En studie av attityder kring dubbelnamn 20172017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är att kartlägga de attityder som finns till dubbelnamn i Sverige 2017. Uppsatsen vill klargöra varför namnet dubbelnamn har ökat under de senaste åren hos nyfödda barn. Statistiska centralbyrån klargör i en artikel publicerad 2014 att frekvensen av dubbelnamn har ökat det senaste decenniet. Det är främst nya moderna varianter av dubbelnamn som Nova-Li som tagits in i namnskicket. Hur förhåller sig personer till dessa nya dubbelnamn jämfört med mer klassiska dubbelnamn som Anna-Karin?

    För att besvara ovanstående frågor har en enkätundersökning med olika frågor kring dubbelnamn skickats ut på det sociala mediet Facebook, samt delats ut till vänner och bekanta. Det var 32 respondenter som deltog i enkätundersökningen.

    Resultaten från enkätundersökningen visar att den generella attityden till dubbelnamn 2017 är negativ. Men att attityden och inställningen till dubbelnamn i hög grad kan kopplas samman med åldern hos respondenten. Yngre respondenter är mer negativa medan äldre är mer positiva. Negativa och unga respondenter är också mer positivt inställda till namnet Nova-Li än vad äldre respondenter är. Detta kan ha att göra med att namnval och moderiktighet ofta är starkt sammankopplat enligt Kiviniemi (2003). Det kan tyckas paradoxalt att de yngre respondenterna som generellt sett är emot dubbelnamn även kan vara de som slutligen återinför dem i namnskicket.

  • Funck, Frida
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Sigbo, Emma
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Tre arbetslösa unga vuxnas berättelser om deras förutsättningar, engagemang och resurser att ta sig ur arbetslösheten: Samt vilket förhållningssätt ledarna för ett arbetslöshetsprojekt har till arbetslösa unga vuxna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien har två delar. Första delen handlar om att belysa hur några arbetslösa unga vuxna, som deltar i ett arbetslöshetsprojekt, ger uttryck för sitt engagemang och förutsättningar för att ta sig ur sin arbetslöshet. Därefter syftar studien till att belysa ledares, för arbetslöshetsprojektet, förhållningssätt och agerande i förhållande till gruppen arbetslösa unga vuxna utifrån ledarnas egna perspektiv.

    Metoden Studien har utgått från en kvalitativ ansats och studiens data samlades in i form av intervjuer. Deltagarna i studien var tre stycken arbetslösa unga vuxna samt två stycken ledare från ett arbetslöshetsprojekt. Teorier som studien använder sig utav är Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) och Habitus. Studien använder KASAM för att kunna förstå hur de unga vuxna klara av de påfrestningarna som finns under arbetslösheten. Habitus kommer användas för att se om individens vägval och framtidsplaner har formats utifrån socioekonomiskt område och familj, utifrån deras berättelser. Studiens resultat visade att arbetslösa unga vuxna hade ett engagemang att förändra situationen som arbetslös. Förutsättningarna att ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden var olika beroende på stöd och bakgrund. Ledarna för projektet arbetade med att motivera, informera och stödja deltagarna. Slutsatsen är att att förutsättningarna för att kunna etablera sig på arbetsmarknaden ser olika ut beroende på vilket socioekonomisk område de är uppvuxna i samt familjeförhållande. Ledarna för arbetslöshetsprojektet individanpassar stödet för att kunna möta individens behov av stöd. Det stödet som de unga vuxna får har en betydelse för att individen ska kunna ta ansvar för sin situation som arbetslös.

  • Pettersson, Petter
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    What about historical fiction?: Ways to use historical fiction in an ESL-classroom setting.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Pullissery, Mehthab
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
    Reduction of heat loss for an immersion heater2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, an electrical immersion heater mounted on a water tank has been investigated. Themain aim was to reduce heat transfer and to utilize the maximum energy available from heater toheat the water. To observe the effects of essential geometrical and operating parameters on thesystem performance, different computational test cases were run for three different designs.In the first case of simulation, the immersion heater of existing design mounted on a water tankhas been analyzed. The cold-water tank with inlet and outlet and given appropriate boundaryconditions was used to see the temperature contours inside the water tank and temperature of theimmersion layer itself.In the second case, an insulation plate has been introduced in the immersion heater head in orderto reduce heat loss by considering the possible heat leakage through the gap inside the heaterhead by radiation.In the third case, an insulation ring has been introduced in the immersion heater head as asubstitute for the insulation plate which has the same aim as second case.The results obtained from the CFD simulation shows the thermal performance of immersionheater in a water tank for three different cases. The results are helpful in optimizing both heatingelement and immersion heater by introducing different changes to optimize the design. It showsthat the redesigned immersion heater and storage tank can provide improved working conditions.Also, at early design stages, CFD simulations could be used as an effective tool to optimizethermal storage tank parameters, so it may add value to the storage tank and immersion heaterperformance and efficiency, by optimizing the whole thermal heating system design and size.Different materials and geometry design are tested giving the minimum heat losses from thesystem and uniform temperature distribution in the water heater.

  • Vaidya, Varun
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Bheemesh, Kushal
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), CAISR - Center for Applied Intelligent Systems Research.
    Adaptive Warning Field System2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on the work carried out in the field of safety systems for Autonomous Guided Vehicles(AGV). With autonomous vehicles being more prominent today, safe traversing of these is a major concern. The same is true for AGVs working in industry environment like forklift trucks etc. Our work applies to industrial robots. The method described here is developed by closely following an algorithm developed for safe traversing of a robot using a warning field. The report describes the literature review with work related to the safe traversing, path planning and collision avoidance in robots. The next part is dedicated to describing the methodology of implementation of the Adaptive Warning Field Method and the Dynamic Window Approach. The evaluation of the Adaptive Warning Method with the previous developed Warning Field Methods is done and test cases are designed to test the working of the designed method. Vrep simulation environment and Industrial data is used to run a simulation of the robot using the method developed in this work. We find that the method performs better compared to the previous methods in the designed scenarios. Lastly we conclude the report with the future work that can be carried out to improve and extend the algorithm.

  • Ringmark, Viktor
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Våg till bikupor2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Henriksson, Kim
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Hellström, Patrik
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology.
    Vidareutveckling av granulat 3d-skrivare2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The average 3d-printer has a relatively small print surface which limits the sizeof the prints themselves and there is a void on the market for printers that can printparts as big as, for instance, a car bumper . This project aims to further advancethe construction of a large 3d-printer started by previous students at Halmstad University and focuses at print quality and accuracy.

  • Ring, Mikael
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS).
    En omvärldsanalys med utgångspunkt från att starta ett nytt utbildningsprogram2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport utgör en bilaga till en ansökan om att starta ett nytt utbildningsprogram vid Högskolan i Halmstad. Analysen har till viss del använts i den faktiska ansökan och programutveckling vid Akademin för Lärande, Humaniora och Samhällsvetenskap. Avsikten är att publicera denna omvärldsanalys av det skälet att det kan finnas delar i omvärldsanalysen som kan användas av andra aktörer i regionen, och för andra syften och därför fanns det anledning att göra den tillgänglig via DIVA och Högskolans bibliotek. Dessa resonemang handlar om attraktionskrafter och pendling för studier och arbetsmarknad, samt drivkrafter för högre studier ur ett rumsligt perspektiv. 

  • Cajander, Håkan
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Rektors ledarskapspussel: – en aktionsforskningsstudie om relationen mellan rektors pedagogiska ledarskap och skolutveckling2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This action research study focuses on the task of headmasters as educational leaders responsible for the teachings and educations of the school. Some research and some reports indicate a developmental need to strengthen the headmasters task as educational leaders. In various roles working with schools and in collaboration with headmasters, I have experienced that headmasters are not always successful in their educational leadership. The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge concerning the educational leadership in the everyday work of headmasters. The starting point of the study was to make visible what practical components are included in the educational leadership of headmasters, as well as identify how the headmasters can develop in order to improve the effects of their leadership on the teachings of the school. Together with the headmasters I wanted to make visible the practices of headmasters through dialogue, text and images. The result shows how five components of educational leadership are expressed in relation to the context of the headmasters. Every component fills a purpose, and so does the relationship between them and how, together, they create a complete picture of educational leadership. Implications for the research is that; headmasters must increase their knowledge concerning analytical abilities, creating complete ideas and developing a school culture that benefits it, as well as how headmasters develop their dialogue skills and how they run improvement processes. Furthermore, the educational practices of municipalities should find a common thread in their developmental processes from administration to student, with a starting point in the teachings of the school. Another implication is that the persons responsible for teacher training should introduce elements in the education of teacher students aimed at strengthening their dialogue skills and their systematic quality work, connected to the teachings of the school.

  • Bengtsson, Elin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Andreasson, Alfons
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    X.int: An internationalization service developed in collaboration with Cactus Utilities AB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nilsson Ringi, Amanda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Wahlman, Andreas
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hur internkommunikation påverkas av IT-baserade kommunikationskanaler2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to better understand if the prefered way of communication differs depending on which organizational position the person currently holds. Since we are now living in a world where both work related life and private life to a greater scale depends on the ability to keep yourself updated with both the situation worldwide and communication with your peers with the help of different IT solutions. Earlier research results show that a majority of research groups prefers face to face communication. This research used interviews with people on different steps of the corporate ladder to find out what their standing were on the subject. The respondents where both male and female, in varying age and had been employed from one to ten years in the organization. The results found in this research were not equivalent with the earlier research since our results found that almost all respondents were pro written communication (e-mail).

  • Bergquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Man and Information technology laboratory (MI-lab).
    Ljungberg, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Remneland, Björn
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From e-government to e-governance: social media and public authorities legitimacy work2017In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), 2017, 858-872 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media increasingly condition how public authorities build legitimacy when engaging with citizens. In this paper we report on a study of the increasing use of and exposure to social media and social networking platforms in two Swedish public authorities, the Social Insurance Agency (SIA) and the police force. Although formally grounded on the same civic principles, the two authorities have significantly different approaches to social media as a way to generate internal and external legitimacy. SIA has mainly implemented an e-government approach to rationalize services to become more efficient and customer oriented, by using social media as one of several media channels. The police force, however, adopted an e-governance approach to build legitimacy through interaction and reflexive discussion between government and citizens as a way to create transparency and nuance citizens’ attitude towards the police force. Building on a two-dimensional public government/governance framework, we reflect on how the two studied authorities’ social media practices shape and are shaped by different governing practices in their legitimacy work.

  • Foureaux, Charlotte
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Liang, Stephanie
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Väljer vi ett polariserat samhälle?: En studie om individers sociala preferenser och hur de påverkar segregationens utformning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a big gap in knowledge when it comes to how segregation is influenced by people’s own preferences, which is what we aim to shed light on in this study. Since social mix is a leading concept amongst policy makers in Sweden we also wanted to study whether residents of Halmstad want to live in socially diverse neighbourhoods or not.This study investigates how residents of Halmstad reason about the city’s segregation and the city planners’ use of social and housing mix to combat the residential segregation. Through 106 surveys we determined the main themes of segregation and social mix, which we then where able to explore by using 6 interviews with locals. Our empirical findings were analysed with the help of the following sociological theories: Jenkin's identity theory, May’s theory of belonging, Goffman's stigma theory, Wilkinson and Pickett's definition of the social evaluative threats and Lidskog's theory of public space and the multicultural society.Our findings show that the segregation in Halmstad is largely linked to structural factors such as the economy and the labor and housing market. It is however clear that social and cultural issues related to the feeling of safety, rumors, social identity and different senses of belonging are crucial for the choice of one's residential area. Furthermore, it also shows that a self-chosen segregation exists in the city, where people actively choose residential areas where like-minded residents live. The self-chosen segregation is based on how different groups create their identities and a sense of belonging and safety in different ways. Although our interviewees and respondents saw opportunities in social mix they also problematised the implementation of social mix in a neighbourhood. They argued that economical aspects, such as the housing prices, and social aspects, such as conflicts and fear among different socio-cultural groups, hindered the process of creating social mix.

  • Eriksson, Tobias
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Burnelius, Rasmus
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Projekt TvättBjörn: Innovativ Tvättmaskin2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Almost every person on earth is wearing clothes, which means everyone once in a while have to do their laundry. To wash by hand is hard labor and very time consuming. When the washing machine first came people, especially women, got more time over for taking care of their children, time for education and the possibility to get a job.

     

    But the washing machine that is used today needs stable electricity, running water and some sort of heater for the water. This type of working infrastructure is not certain for a large part of the world’s population, even if many people have the economic means to get a washing machine. There is today no suitable alternative between the washtub and the complicated, expensive and resource demanding washing machines that is produced today.

     

    The goal of this project has been to develop a new type of product which solves the problem with the bad compatibility with today's machines, which needs running water and stable electricity. After extensive database scrutiny and several interviews with knowledgeable people has a distinct demand been specified.

     

    The project has resulted in a new type of innovative washing machine which from now on is called Tvättbjörn. Tvättbjörn aims shuts the big product gap that is between the washtub and today's complicated washing machines. The project group's vision is to contribute to a new view of how energy is produced and how it is used in a sustainable way. The project group wants to show an alternative to how laundry machines can be designed. 

  • Jonas, Johansson
    3D Smart Sensor2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Danesved, Adam
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Skapande av relationer och maktförhållanden i dagens och dåtidens svenska partiledardebatter.: En komparativ analys av den interpersonella strukturens förändring i svenska politiska debatter.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research of the historical change of format, language and power in Swedish political debates is non existent. The general attitude is that the political debates have gotten more aggresive and rough.The purpose with this thesis was to examine in what way the swedish political debates have changed. The main focus was on the interpersonal structure, which laguage they use to create power relations. The analyzing method was a critical discourse analysis and a comparative analysis of four different parliament debates; two older ones and two newer ones. The thesis result showed that the debate climate in swedish political debates have become more kindhearted and with more positive language use. On the other hand have the political debates increased in the matter of tempo and format, this gives people the perception of an more aggresive and negative debate.The conclusion is that the swedish political debates of today is more positive in form of building relations, though further research is necessary.

  • Olsson, Emil
    et al.
    Rexmyr, Johan
    Customer's perception of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) techniques in sales communication2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Brick and -mortar stores and its sales personnel have gained incomparable competition when it comes to influencing customers purchase intentions after internet provided customers with online shopping and indefinite access to product knowledge. However, we now value human interaction more, but are the trust towards the traditional salesperson increasingly questioned? Have the times arrived for a focus shift in current sales communication praxis from strictly informative to holistic interpersonal interactions? An approach that claims itself a guru in human interaction is Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) which contains instructions to finding people's preferred way of communicating and how we can use those insights to influence others and ourselves at subconscious levels. NLP has exemplified a wide range of techniques transmittable to sales. The purpose of this research is with further incitements inspire practice and research of NLP in sales communication, which leads to two research question: How commonly do customers notice NLP techniques? and What NLP techniques do customers believe to negatively or positively affect their attitude towards a salesperson? Backed up by previous studies, the empirical data from this quantitative study indicates that some NLP techniques work the unconscious part of the brain and some are more perceptible in sales communication. Between customers and in-store salespeople, NLP techniques are not frequently perceived and noticed by customers but have an unknown to positive believed effect on attitude towards salespeople according to customers. The conclusions are drawn from a survey directed to the customers perspective where NLP techniques have been disguised as exemplified relatable scenarios. This paper suggests there are incitements for adapting Neuro-Linguistic Programming into sales communication but more research are required to prove or disprove its effect and current distribution.

  • Kronholm, Johanna
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
    Living with Knee Osteoarthritis and its Influence on Daily Life in Middle Aged Individuals: The Knee Project; a Sub Study2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gopathi, Pranay
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. Miljöbron Skåne.
    Surve, Pratik
    Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. Miljöbron Skåne.
    Possibilities and Limitations of using Production Waste PET and PES materials in Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing Technology)2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Prack, Berit
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Aktiv anpassning till förändrade villkor: Fem kvinnors erfarenheter av kroniskt nedsatt funktionsförmåga och återskapande av ett meningsfullt liv2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of the study is to develop an understanding of

    the women’s experiences of suffering from and living with chronically

    reduced physical ability in adulthood. In addition to the study’s descriptive

    and knowledge-building objective, it also aims at helping

    towards developing research in the field of “health and lifestyle”. The

    study is based on active interviews with five women who have suffered

    from reduced physical abilities in adulthood, due to chronic disease

    or injury. The analyses were conducted over two stages that

    gradually provided a more in-depth understanding of the women’s

    stories. The first stage was to thematically analyse the content of the

    women’s stories. The thematic analyses was summarised by how the

    women personally, through various methods, emphasised specifically

    important parts of their stories. The second stage of the analyses used

    previous research and symbolic interaction perspectives. The study’s

    compatibility increased via the results of previous research and theoretical

    context.

    The results of the study were compatible with previous research,

    confirming such things as the significance of time while adapting to a

    life of reduced physical ability, where control over one’s life was restored

    either through planning day-to-day life, giving the individual

    enough energy for the essentials in life, or by compressing time to the

    here and now, taking one day at a time and shying away from the uncertainties

    of the future. There were also findings that exceeded what

    previous research had reported on. The women who took part in the

    study mapped out their social rights, and reconstructed an identity

    from previous experiences, with a lifestyle in balance between the

    world around them and their own expectations of their reduced physical

    abilities. Circumstances that contributed to a healthy lifestyle were

    women’s organising in social network and engaging in non-profit

    v

    organisations, were they could experience the compassion that they

    sometimes felt was lacking when interacting with caregivers or governmental

    authorities.

    The women that took part in the study appeared more active and

    creative than was usual among women with reduced physical abilities

    from other studies. The women in the study explained how they took

    the initiative, planned and carried out extensive life projects, like

    study initiatives and starting businesses, which was not as common in

    previous studies. Some women displayed their independence by not

    unconditionally accepting healthcare and government authorities’

    decisions, but opposed such things that were counter intuitive to their

    desire to realise personal objectives. The women bolstered their selfesteem

    and developed alternative lifestyles and identities by using

    previous experience, from which they could form new lifestyles, characterised

    by relative good health and wellbeing. This happened either

    by developing an interest for team sports with other athletes with disabilities,

    or by maintaining a fresh and youthful appearance, confirmed

    by modelling for a fashion show.

    The results of the study are important for strengthening women

    with impaired functional ability in adulthood, but also for professionals

    who meet women in the same situation and their relatives.

  • Grönberg, Rebecka
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Arbetsförmedlarnas syn på möjligheten för nyanlända frånutomeuropeiska länder att erhålla en fast anställning: En kvalitativ studie baserad på intervjuer med arbetsförmedlare i Götaland2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to spread light on Swedish employment officer's view on the possibilities for immigrants from outside the Europe to get a job in Sweden. The study is limited to include immigrants who are covered by the Swedish law SFS 2010:197. They have the rights to take part in work related activities and internship within a year from the day they got their permanent recidence permit. They are being seen as newly arrived from two years after the day they register at a Swedish employment office. A qualitative method has been used and the results are based on four interviews with employment officers at the Swedish employment service Arbetsförmedlingen. The picture given by the employment officers show that the Swedish language is the biggest obstacle, but also the prerequisite to get a job. Highly educated immigrants have bigger chances to get a job with in their profession. Immigrants with no or low education have more difficulties to get a job and more often get low wage-jobs. Work experience is also described as increasing the chances to get a job. The group which has the hardest time finding a job is newly arrived immigrants who are women, and illiterate. Contributions from the society is described as increasing the prerequisite to get a job and keep it. Qualifications acquired in Sweden seems to increase the possibilities to get a job, rather than qualifications acquired outside the EU. If discrimination plays a role is hard to tell since the respondants chose to not get into this subject.

  • Esati, Ergin
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Oliwer, Wolff
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Intim omvårdnad av kvinnliga patienter: Manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser och strategier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sannolikheten att manliga sjuksköterskor väljer att avsluta sin yrkeskarriär är fyra gånger större än för kvinnliga sjuksköterskor – en anledning kan vara svårigheterna att utföra intim omvårdnad på kvinnliga patienter. Syftet med studien var att belysa manliga sjuksköterskors upplevelser av intim omvårdnad på kvinnliga patienter samt vilka strategier som användes i omvårdnadssituationerna. Intim omvårdnad innebär omvårdnadsåtgärder som involverar patientens kroppsfunktioner, personlig hygien samt blottning av könsdelar. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där tio resultatartiklar granskades och sammanställdes i subteman. Resultatet visar att manliga sjuksköterskor upplever den intima omvårdnaden av kvinnliga patienter som genant samt känner oro för att bli missförstådda och anklagade för sexuella trakasserier. För att undvika det har manliga sjuksköterskor utvecklat särskilda strategier. Dessa strategier har erfarits genom praktisk erfarenhet, inte från evidensbaserad utbildning. Manliga sjuksköterskor upplever att deras sjuksköterskeutbildningar inte tillhandhåller nödvändig kunskap om hur intim omvårdnad ska utföras på kvinnliga patienter, vilket resulterar i att de känner sig dåligt förberedda inför det praktiska arbetslivet. Studiens resultat rekommenderas vara till grund för en implementering av problemet i sjuksköterskeutbildningen men även i den kliniska vårdverksamheten för att förbättra den kvinnliga patientupplevelsen och arbetsmiljön för manlig hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal.

  • Bengtsson, Filippa
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Fagerström, Angelica
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lundahl, Sandra
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Förutsättningar för kompetensutveckling ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie på en kommunal kostenhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on a health promotion perspective and involves studying workplace learning on a communal dietary unit in Sweden. The Aim: The aim of this study was from a health promotion perspective examine employees experiences of workplace learning at individual- and group level. Method: The study has been made on a qualitative approach and results have been collected through three focus group interviews. In total, nine people participated from the communal dietary unit. The study's results have been analyzed abductive through a health promotion perspective. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework of this essay had its foundation in educational and health promotion areas with focus on workplace learning and wellness factors. The educational approach is based on experiential learning. The study relates to health factors as concepts and approaches, for example through social relationships and participation. Conclusion: The study shows the importance of social interactions and to share each other's experience for workplace learning. The groups indicate that workplace learning is experienced in daily work situations at a group level, but no major effort and investment is experienced in this regard. Creating conditions for this would promote development at both group- and individual level. From a health promotion perspective, all learning factors mentioned above can benefit the well-being and continuous development of employees.